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Encyclopedia > Francisco I. Madero
Francisco Ignacio Madero González
Francisco I. Madero

In office
November 6, 1911 – February 18, 1913
Vice President(s) José María Pino Suárez
Preceded by Francisco León de la Barra
Succeeded by Pedro Lascuráin Paredes

Born October 30, 1873(1873-10-30)
Parras, Coahuila
Died February 22, 1913 (aged 39)
Mexico City
Nationality Mexican
Political party Anti-reelectionist Party
Spouse Sara Pérez
A graphical timeline is available here:
Timeline of the Mexican Revolution

Francisco Ignacio Madero González (October 30, 1873February 22, 1913) was a politician, writer and revolutionary who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913. As a respectable upper-class politician he supplied a center around which opposition to the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz could coalesce. However, once Díaz was deposed, the Mexican Revolution quickly spun out of Madero's control. He was deposed and executed by the Porfirista military and his aids that he neglected to replace with his revolutionary supporters. His assasination was followed by the most violent period of the revolution (1913-1917) until the Constitution of 1917 and revolutionary president Venustiano Carranza achieved some degree of stability. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Shortcut: WP:NPOVD Articles that have been linked to this page are the subject of an NPOV dispute (NPOV stands for Neutral Point Of View; see below). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4576x6224, 3871 KB) en: Francisco I. Madero, former Mexican president. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... José María Pino Suárez (September 8, 1869 – February 22, 1913) was a Mexican politician. ... Term of office: 25 May 1911 – 6 November 1911 Preceded by: Porfirio Díaz Succeeded by: Francisco I. Madero Date of birth: 16 June 1863 Place of birth: Querétaro, Querétaro Date of death: 23 September 1939 Place of death: Biarritz, France Profession: Lawyer First Lady: María Refugio... Term of office: February 18, 1913 – February 18, 1913 Preceded by: Francisco I. Madero Succeeded by: Victoriano Huerta Interim Date of birth: May 8, 1856 Place of birth: Mexico City Date of death: July 21, 1952 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Lawyer First Lady: María Flores Party: Pedro... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Parras de la Fuente is a city located in south central part of the Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Image File history File links Timeline_icon. ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Revolutionary, when used as a noun, is a person who either advocates or actively engages in some kind of revolution. ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mory (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915), Mexican war volunteer and French intervention hero; later President. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Many portions of this article are translations of excerpts from the article Revolución Mexicana in the Spanish Wikipedia. ... Venustiano Carranza Garza (December 29, 1859 – May 21, 1920) was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. ...

Contents

Early years

He was born in Parras, Coahuila; the son of Francisco Madero and Mercedes González Treviño. Some people say his middle initial, I, stood for Indalecio but according to his birth certificate it stood for Ignacio. His family was one of the richest families in Mexico but he never embrace the burguese life. Madero was educated in Baltimore, Versailles, Austria and at the University of California, Berkeley. Parras de la Fuente is a city located in south central part of the Mexican state of Coahuila. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... This article is about the city of Versailles. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ...


Affected by the plight of the poor under the dictator Porfirio Díaz, in 1904, Madero became involved in politics with the Benito Juárez Democratic Club. José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mory (15 September 1830 – 2 July 1915), Mexican war volunteer and French intervention hero; later President. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Politics is the process by which groups of people make decisions. ... For other uses, see Benito Juárez (disambiguation). ...


Madero was a vegetarian and liberal who feared that the existing regime under Díaz would inevitably breed true social revolution, a fear that proved accurate with the subsequent rise of Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa. He was imprisoned as a result of his struggle for human rights. He escaped to the United States of America but was smuggled into Mexicali Baja California by the Perez Gutierrez family so he could marry the love of his life the young wife Sara Perez Gutierrez. He proposed that Díaz offer concessions to peasants and the proletariat to promote a climate of order and stability from which both foreign and domestic elites would benefit. Madero also hoped such concessions would curb the growth of radical ideas.. For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Emiliano Zapata Salazar (August 8, 1879 – April 10, 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz. ... For the Filipino boxer, see Francisco Guilledo. ... Mexicali is the capital of the state of Baja California, Mexico as well as the capital of the municipality of Mexicali. ... Baja California (literally lower California in Spanish) is the northernmost state of Mexico. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The proletariat (from Latin proles, offspring) is a term used to identify a lower social class; a member of such a class is proletarian. ...


The Revolution

Díaz - Creelman interview, Pearson's Magazine, 1908.
Díaz - Creelman interview, Pearson's Magazine, 1908.

During the election of 1910, Madero (Anti-Reelectionist) ran against Díaz. Madero's courageous campaign was aided by his young wife, Sara Perez Gutierrez de Madero. Their efforts and ideals earned him the title "Apostle of Democracy". Díaz had already promised a democratic election, proclaiming that Mexico was ready for democracy (Díaz - Creelman interview, 1908.). However during the election, Díaz had Madero and approximately 5,000 other members of the Anti-Reelectionists jailed. Vásquez Gómez took over the nomination, and during Madero's time in jail, Díaz was declared president with an electoral vote of 196 to 187. Madero's father had posted substantial bail, and Madero was able to take daily rides around San Luis Potosi by day, accompanied by guards. On October 4, 1910, Madero crossed the border to Laredo, Texas and then moved to San Antonio. He issued his Plan of San Luis Potosi, which proclaimed the elections of 1910 null and void, and called for an armed revolution at 6 p.m. on November 20, 1910 against the illegitimate presidency/dictadorship of Díaz. The Revolution spread, and Francisco Villa occupied Chihuahua, Chihuahua, and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua. The overthrow of Díaz was accomplished on 17 May, when Madero signed the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez, in which he demanded the resignation of Díaz as a condition for an armistice. Díaz resigned on May 25, 1911. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x1132, 183 KB) Source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (800x1132, 183 KB) Source: http://www. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Plan of San Luis de Potosí was the document that triggered the collapse of the Diaz regime in Mexico and called for a revolution in favor of democracy. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For information about the boxer, see Pancho Villa (boxer). ... Nickname: Motto: Bravery, Loyalty, Hospitality Coordinates: Country Mexico State Chihuahua Foundation October 12th, 1709 Government  - Mayor Juan Blanco Zaldívar Elevation 1,415 m (4,642. ... Misión de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe Ciudad Juárez (also known simply as Juárez) (2000 population 1,142,354) is a city in Chihuahua, Mexico, across the Rio Grande (Río Bravo) from El Paso, Texas, USA. It is the major port of entry and transportation center... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Corrido sheet music celebrating the entry of Francisco Madero into Mexico City in 1911.

Madero appointed Francisco León de la Barra as interim president. León de la Barra was strongly conservative and acted to neutralize the more radical ideas of the Revolution. Madero's actions created a rift between him and many of his former allies, including Emiliano Zapata, who felt that Madero was not pushing hard enough for land reform. To protest Madero's apparent lack of interest in pursuing Zapata's goals, Zapata issued the Plan of Ayala on November 25, 1911. Image File history File links Madero. ... Image File history File links Madero. ... The corrido is a popular narrative song and poetry form, a ballad, of the mestizo Mexican cultural area (which includes the Southwestern states of the United States, taken from Mexican sovereignty in the mid 19th Century). ... Sheet music is written representation of music. ... Nickname: Motto: Ciudad en movimiento Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Term of office: 25 May 1911 – 6 November 1911 Preceded by: Porfirio Díaz Succeeded by: Francisco I. Madero Date of birth: 16 June 1863 Place of birth: Querétaro, Querétaro Date of death: 23 September 1939 Place of death: Biarritz, France Profession: Lawyer First Lady: María Refugio... Emiliano Zapata Salazar (August 8, 1879 – April 10, 1919) was a leading figure in the Mexican Revolution, which broke out in 1910, and which was initially directed against the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution The Plan of Ayala (Spanish: Plan de Ayala) was a document drafted by revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata during the Mexican Revolution. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Fall and execution

Main article: La decena tragica

In early 1913 Victoriano Huerta, the commander of the armed forces, conspired with Félix Díaz (Porfirio Díaz's nephew), Bernardo Reyes and US Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, against Madero, which culminated in a ten-day battle known as La decena tragica (the Tragic Ten Days). Madero accepted Huerta's "protection" from the Diaz/Reyes forces, only to have Huerta betray and arrest him. Madero's brother and advisor Gustavo A. Madero was kidnapped off the street, tortured, and killed. Following Huerta's coup d'état on February 18, 1913, Madero was forced to resign. After a very brief term of office by Pedro Lascuráin, Huerta took over the Presidency later that day. Francisco Madero was shot four days later, aged 39. The Huerta government claimed that bodyguards were forced to shoot Madero and Vice President Pino Suárez, during a failed rescue attempt by Madero's supporters. This story was met with general incredulity. A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Citizens throng around The Citadel (La ciudadela) building during La decena tragica in 1913. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution José Victoriano Huerta Márquez (December 23, 1850 – January 13, 1916) was a Mexican military officer and President of Mexico. ... Felix Diaz is a American right-handed Major League starting pitcher in baseball, currently with the Chicago White Sox. ... Bernardo Reyes (born in Guadalajara, Mexico, August 1850) was a Mexico under Porfirio Díaz, governor of Nuevo León and father of the writer Alfonso Reyes. ... The United States has maintained diplomatic relations with Mexico since 1823, when Andrew Jackson was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to that country. ... Henry Lane Wilson (1927-1938) born in Columbus, New Mexico, was involved with Álvaro Obregón, Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, and Gustavo A. Madero in the Mexican Revolution. ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Citizens throng around The Citadel (La ciudadela) building during La decena tragica in 1913. ... Gustavo A. Madero (1875 – 18 February 1913), born in Parras de la Fuente, Coahuila, Mexico, was a participant in the Mexican Revolution against Porfirio Díaz along with other members of his wealthy family. ... // A coup dÉtat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, often through illegal means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Term of office: February 18, 1913 – February 18, 1913 Preceded by: Francisco I. Madero Succeeded by: Victoriano Huerta Interim Date of birth: May 8, 1856 Place of birth: Mexico City Date of death: July 21, 1952 Place of death: Mexico City Profession: Lawyer First Lady: María Flores Party: Pedro... José María Pino Suárez (September 8, 1869 – February 22, 1913) was a Mexican politician. ...


Miscellany

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Francisco I. Madero
Preceded by
Francisco León de la Barra
For Porfirio Díaz
President of Mexico
1911–1913
Succeeded by
Pedro Lascuráin
For Victoriano Huerta

 
 

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