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Encyclopedia > Francisco Goya
Francisco Goya

Goya's self-portrait.
Birth name Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes
Born March 30, 1746(1746-03-30)
Fuendetodos
Died April 16, 1828 (aged 82)
Bordeaux
Nationality Spanish
Field Painting, Printmaking

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (March 30, 1746April 16, 1828) was an Aragonese Spanish painter and printmaker. Goya was a court painter to the Spanish Crown and a chronicler of history. He has been regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and as the first of the moderns. The subversive and subjective element in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provided a model for the work of later generations of artists, notably Manet and Picasso.[1] Goya may refer to one of the following. ... Image File history File links Selportrait Autoretrato File links The following pages link to this file: Francisco Goya ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... Fuendetodos is a small town in north-east Spain, close to Zaragoza. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ... For other uses , see Painting (disambiguation). ... Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Anthem: Himno de Aragón Capital Zaragoza Official languages Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. ... An Old Master (or old master) is one of the great European painters who lived 1500 through 1800, or a painting by one of these painters. ... Manet redirects here. ... Picasso redirects here. ...

Contents

Biography

Youth

Goya was born in Fuendetodos, Spain, in the kingdom of Aragón in 1746 to José Benito de Goya y Franque and Gracia de Lucientes y Salvador. He spent his childhood in Fuendetodos, where his family lived in a house bearing the family crest of his mother. His father earned his living as a gilder. About 1749, the family bought a house in the city of Saragossa and some years later moved into it. Goya attended school at Escuelas Pias, where he formed a close friendship with Martin Zapater, and their correspondence over the years became valuable material for biographies of Goya. At age 14, he entered apprenticeship with the painter José Luján. Fuendetodos is a small town in north-east Spain, close to Zaragoza. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... So far as the United Kingdom, the Americas and the Commonwealth are concerned, there is no such thing as a family crest. ... A gilded Tibetan Vajrasattva Gilding is the art of applying metal leaf (most commonly gold or silver leaf) to a surface. ... For alternative meanings, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ...


He later moved to Madrid where he studied with Anton Raphael Mengs, a painter who was popular with Spanish royalty. He clashed with his master, and his examinations were unsatisfactory. Goya submitted entries for the Royal Academy of Fine Art in 1763 and 1766, but was denied entrance. Anton Raphael Mengs (March 12, 1728 - June 29, 1779) was a German painter. ... This is Spains most prestigious art institution. ...


He then journeyed to Rome, where in 1771 he won second prize in a painting competition organized by the City of Parma. Later that year, he returned to Zaragoza and painted a part of the cupola of the Basilica of the Pillar, frescoes of the oratory of the cloisters of Aula Dei, and the frescoes of the Sobradiel Palace. He studied with Francisco Bayeu y Subías and his painting began to show signs of the delicate tonalities for which he became known. Francisco Bayeu y Subias (1734, Zaragoza, Spain - 1795, Madrid) was a Spanish painter whose main subjects were religious and historical themes. ...

The Third of May 1808, 1814. Oil on canvas, 266 х 345 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
The Third of May 1808, 1814. Oil on canvas, 266 х 345 cm. Museo del Prado, Madrid.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1551, 206 KB) Description: Title: de: Erschießung der Aufständischen am 3. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1551, 206 KB) Description: Title: de: Erschießung der Aufständischen am 3. ... The Third of May 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid is a 1814 oil painting by the Spanish painter Francisco Goya. ... Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ...

Maturity and success

Goya married Bayeu's sister Josefa in 1774. His marriage to Josefa (he nicknamed her "Pepa"), and Francisco Bayeu's membership of the Royal Academy of Fine Art (from the year 1765) helped him to procure work with the Royal Tapestry Workshop. There, over the course of five years, he designed some 42 patterns, many of which were used to decorate (and insulate) the bare stone walls of El Escorial and the Palacio Real de El Pardo, the newly built residences of the Spanish monarchs. This brought his artistic talents to the attention of the Spanish monarchs who later would give him access to the royal court. He also painted a canvas for the altar of the Church of San Francisco El Grande, which led to his appointment as a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Art. Josefa Bayeu was the sister of artist Francisco Bayeu and wife of artist Francisco Goya. ... This is Spains most prestigious art institution. ... // El Escorial, the Royal Monastery of San Lorenzo El Real (also known as the Monasterio de El Escorial or simply El Escorial) is located about 45 kilometres (28 miles) northwest of the Spanish capital, Madrid. ... Palacio Real de El Pardo is a Spanish royal palace near Madrid. ... This is Spains most prestigious art institution. ...


In 1783, the Count of Floridablanca, a favorite of King Carlos III, commissioned him to paint his portrait. He also became friends with Crown Prince Don Luis, and lived in his house. His circle of patrons grew to include the Duke and Duchess of Osuna, whom he painted, the King and other notable people of the kingdom. José Moñino, conde de Floridablanca, painted by Goya José Moñino, conde de Floridablanca José Moñino y Redondo, conde de Floridablanca (October 21, 1728 - December 30, 1808), Spanish statesman. ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


After the death of Charles III in 1788 and revolution in France in 1789, during the reign of Charles IV, Goya reached his peak of popularity with royalty.[2] Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ...


Caprichos

After contracting a high fever in 1792 Goya was left deaf, and he became reserved and introspective. During the five years he spent recuperating, he read a great deal about the French Revolution and its philosophy. The bitter series of aquatinted etchings that resulted were published in 1799 under the title Caprichos. The dark visions depicted in these prints are partly explained by his caption, "The sleep of reason produces monsters". Yet these are not solely bleak in nature and demonstrate the artist's sharp satirical wit, particularly evident in etchings such as Hunting for Teeth. Additionally, one can discern a thread of the macabre running through Goya's work, even in his earlier tapestry cartoons. Aquatint is an intaglio printmaking technique. ... Christ Preaching, known as The Hundred Guilder print; etching c1648 by Rembrandt Etching is the process of using strong acid to cut into the unprotected parts of a metal surface to create a design in intaglio in the metal (the original process - in modern manufacturing other chemicals may be used... Caprichos is a set of 80 aquatint prints created by the Spanish master-painter Francisco Goya during the 1790s. ...

The Family of Charles IV, 1800. Théophile Gautier described the figures as looking like "the corner baker and his wife after they won the lottery".
The Family of Charles IV, 1800. Théophile Gautier described the figures as looking like "the corner baker and his wife after they won the lottery".[3]

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1691, 212 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt der Familie Karls IV. en: Charles IV of Spain and His Family Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 280 × 336 cm Country of origin: de: Spanien Current location (city): de: Madrid Current... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x1691, 212 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt der Familie Karls IV. en: Charles IV of Spain and His Family Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 280 × 336 cm Country of origin: de: Spanien Current location (city): de: Madrid Current... Pierre Jules Théophile Gautier (August 30, 1811 – October 23, 1872) was a French poet, dramatist, novelist, journalist, and literary critic. ...

Painter of royalty

In 1786 Goya was appointed painter to Charles III, and in 1789 was made court painter to Charles IV. In 1799 he was appointed First Court Painter with a salary of 50,000 reales and 500 ducats for a coach. He worked on the cupola of the Hermitage of San Antonio de la Florida; he painted the King and the Queen, royal family pictures, portraits of the Prince of the Peace and many other nobles. His portraits are notable for their disinclination to flatter, and in the case of The Family of Charles IV, the lack of visual diplomacy is remarkable.[4] Manuel de Godoy (May 12, 1767 – October 7, 1851), Duke of Alcudia, was a Spanish statesman. ...


Goya received orders from many friends within the Spanish nobility. Among those from whom he procured portrait commissions were Pedro de Álcantara Téllez-Girón, 9th Duke of Osuna and his wife María Josefa de la Soledad, 9th Duchess of Osuna, María del Pilar Teresa Cayetana de Silva Alvarez de Toledo, 13th Duchess of Alba (universally known simply as the "Duchess of Alba"), and her husband José Alvarez de Toledo y Gonzaga, 13th Duke of Alba, and María Ana de Pontejos y Sandoval, Marchioness of Pontejos. The Spanish nobility is the system of titles and honours of Spain and of the former kingdoms that constitute it. ... The 9th Duke of Osuna, portrait by Goya Don Pedro de Álcantara Téllez-Girón, 9th Duke of Osuna (es: Don Pedro de Álcantara Téllez-Girón, noveno duque de Osuna) was co-founder of a society for the promotion of national cultural consciousness. ... The 9th Duchess of Osuna, portrait by Goya Doña María Josefa Alonso Pimentel de la Soledad, 9th Duchess of Osuna (es: María Josefa Alonso Pimentel de la Soledad, novena duquesa de Osuna) was a patron of artists, writers and scientists. ... The Marchioness of Pontejos, portrait by Goya Doña María Ana de Pontejos y Sandoval, Marchioness of Pontejos (es: Doña María Ana de Pontejos y Sandoval, marquesa de Pontejos) (born 1762 - ?) was a patron of the artist Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes. ...


Later years

Saturn Devouring His Son, 1819. The title, like all those given to the Black Paintings, was assigned by others after Goya's death.

As French forces invaded Spain during the Peninsular War (1808–1814), the new Spanish court received him as had its predecessors. Download high resolution version (618x1112, 89 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (618x1112, 89 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Saturn Devouring His Son is the name given to a painting by Spanish artist Francisco Goya. ... For the 1862 American Civil War campaign, see Peninsula Campaign. ...


When Josefa died in 1812, Goya was painting The Charge of the Mamelukes and The Third of May 1808, and preparing the series of prints known as The Disasters of War (Los desastres de la guerra). The Second of May 1808: The Charge of the Mamelukes The Second of May 1808, also known as The Charge of the Mamelukes, was the first in two paintings painted by Spaniard Francisco Goya, the second being the Third of May 1808. ... The Third of May 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid is a 1814 oil painting by the Spanish painter Francisco Goya. ...


King Ferdinand VII came back to Spain but relations with Goya were not cordial. In 1814 Goya was living with his housekeeper Doña Leocadia and her illegitimate daughter, Rosario Weiss; the young woman studied painting with Goya, who may have been her father.[5] He continued to work incessantly on portraits, pictures of Santa Justa and Santa Rufina, lithographs, pictures of tauromachy, and more. With the idea of isolating himself, he bought a house near Manzanares, which was known as the Quinta del Sordo (roughly, "House of the Deaf Man", titled after its previous owner and not Goya himself). There he made the Black Paintings. Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Maria del Rosario Weiss (Madrid 1814 - Madrid 1843) - a student and possibly a daughter of Francisco de Goya. ... Saints Justa and Rufina (Ruffina) ( Santa Justa y Santa Rufina) are venerated as martyrs. ... Tauromachy (tauromachia the killing of a bull) is a name for the cultural ritual of Bullfighting and also for the iconic central action of Mithras, the savior-god of Mithraism. ... The Black Paintings are a group of paintings by Francisco Goya created in the later years of his life (1819-1823) that portray intense, haunting themes. ...


Unsettled and discontented, he left Spain in May 1824 for Bordeaux and Paris. He settled in Bordeaux. He returned to Spain in 1826 after another period of ill health. Despite a warm welcome, he returned to Bordeaux where he died in 1828 at the age of 82.


Works

Goya painted the Spanish royal family, including Charles IV of Spain and Ferdinand VII. His themes range from merry festivals for tapestry, draft cartoons, to scenes of war and corpses. This evolution reflects the darkening of his temper. Modern physicians suspect that the lead in his pigments poisoned him and caused his deafness since 1792. Near the end of his life, he became reclusive and produced frightening and obscure paintings of insanity, madness, and fantasy. The style of these Black Paintings prefigure the expressionist movement. He often painted himself into the foreground. Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... This article is about tapestry the textile. ... Post-lingual hearing impairment is a hearing impairment where hearing loss is adventitious and develops due to disease or trauma after the acquisition of speech and language, usually after the age of six. ... The Black Paintings are a group of paintings by Francisco Goya created in the later years of his life (1819-1823) that portray intense, haunting themes. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ...


The Maja

The Nude Maja, ca. 1800.
The Clothed Maja, ca. 1803.

Two of Goya's best known paintings are The Nude Maja (La maja desnuda) and The Clothed Maja (La maja vestida). They depict the same woman in the same pose, naked and clothed, respectively. He painted La maja vestida after outrage in Spanish society over the previous Desnuda.[citation needed] Without a pretense to allegorical or mythological meaning, the painting was "the first totally profane life-size female nude in Western art".[6] He refused to paint clothes on her, and instead created a new painting. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x805, 120 KB) La Maja Desnuda c. ... La maja desnuda (The Nude Maja) is an oil painting on canvas by the master Spanish painter, Francisco de Goya, that portrays a nude woman reclining on a bed of pillows. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixel Image in higher resolution (1600 × 800 pixel, file size: 115 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) +/- La Maja Vestida (The Clothed Maja) painted by Francisco Goya, located in the Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain. ... La Maja Vestida La Maja Vestida is a painting by Spanish painter Francisco de Goya in 1800–1805. ... La maja desnuda (The Nude Maja) is an oil painting on canvas by the master Spanish painter, Francisco de Goya, that portrays a nude woman reclining on a bed of pillows. ... La Maja Vestida La Maja Vestida is a painting by Spanish painter Francisco de Goya in 1800–1805. ...


The identity of the Majas is uncertain. The most popularly cited subjects are the Duchess of Alba, with whom Goya is thought to have had an affair, and the mistress of Manuel de Godoy, who subsequently owned the paintings. Neither theory has been verified, and it remains as likely that the paintings represent an idealized composite.[7] In 1808 all Godoy's property was seized by Ferdinand VI after his fall from power and exile, and in 1813 the Inquisition confiscated both works as 'obscene', returning them in 1836.[8] Manuel de Godoy (May 12, 1767 – October 7, 1851), Duke of Alcudia, was a Spanish statesman. ... This article is about the Inquisition by the Roman Catholic Church. ...


Darker realms

In a period of convalescence during 1793–1794, Goya completed a set of eleven small pictures painted on tin; the pictures known as Fantasy and Invention mark a significant change in his art. These paintings no longer represent the world of popular carnival, but rather a dark, dramatic realm of fantasy and nightmare. Courtyard with Lunatics is a horrifying and imaginary vision of loneliness, fear and social alienation, a departure from the rather more superficial treatment of mental illness in the works of earlier artists such as Hogarth. In this painting, the ground, sealed by masonry blocks and iron gate, is occupied by patients and a single warden. The patients are variously staring, sitting, posturing, wrestling, grimacing or disciplining themselves. The top of the picture vanishes with sunlight, emphasizing the nightmarish scene below. William Hogarth (November 10, 1697 – October 26, 1764) was a major English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited as a pioneer in western sequential art. ...


This picture can be read as an indictment of the widespread punitive treatment of the insane, who were confined with criminals, put in iron manacles, and subjected to physical punishment. And this intention is to be taken into consideration since one of the essential goals of the enlightenment was to reform the prisons and asylums, a subject common in the writings of Voltaire and others. The condemnation of brutality towards prisoners (whether they were criminals or insane) was the subject of many of Goya’s later paintings. For other uses, see Voltaire (disambiguation). ...


As he completed this painting, Goya was himself undergoing a physical and mental breakdown. It was a few weeks after the French declaration of war on Spain, and Goya’s illness was developing. A contemporary reported, “the noises in his head and deafness aren’t improving, yet his vision is much better and he is back in control of his balance.” His symptoms may indicate a prolonged viral encephalitis or possibly a series of miniature strokes resulting from high blood pressure and affecting hearing and balance centers in the brain. Other postmortem diagnostic assessment points toward paranoid dementia due to unknown brain trauma (perhaps due to the unknown illness which he reported). If this is the case, from here on - we see an insidious assault of his faculties, manifesting as paranoid features in his paintings, culminating in his black paintings and especially Saturn Devouring His Sons. For the EP by Black Flag, see Nervous Breakdown. ... Saturn Devouring His Son is the name given to a painting by Spanish artist Francisco Goya. ...


In 1799 Goya published a series of 80 prints titled Caprichos depicting what he called Caprichos is a set of 80 aquatint prints created by the Spanish master-painter Francisco Goya during the 1790s. ...

...the innumerable foibles and follies to be found in any civilized society, and from the common prejudices and deceitful practices which custom, ignorance, or self-interest have made usual.[9]
The Colossus, 1810.
The Colossus, 1810.

In The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid, Goya attempted to "perpetuate by the means of his brush the most notable and heroic actions of our glorious insurrection against the Tyrant of Europe"[10] The painting does not show an incident that Goya witnessed; rather it was meant as more abstract commentary. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (882x970, 117 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (882x970, 117 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Third of May 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid is a 1814 oil painting by the Spanish painter Francisco Goya. ...


Black Paintings and The Disasters

In later life Goya bought a house, called Quinta del Sordo ("Deaf Man's House"), and painted many unusual paintings on canvas and on the walls, including references to witchcraft and war. One of these is the famous work Saturn Devouring His Sons (known informally in some circles as Devoration or Saturn Eats His Child), which displays a Greco-Roman mythological scene of the god Saturn consuming a child, a reference to Spain's ongoing civil conflicts. Moreover, the painting has been seen as "the most essential to our understanding of the human condition in modern times, just as Michelangelo's Sistine ceiling is essential to understanding the tenor of the 16th century".[11] Classical or Greco-Roman mythology usually refers to the mythology, and the associated polytheistic rituals and practices, of Classical Antiquity. ... This article is about a system of myths. ... Saturnus, Caravaggio, 16th c. ... For other uses, see Michelangelo (disambiguation). ... The iconic image of the Hand of God giving life to Adam. ...

What more can one do?, from The Disasters of War, 1812-15.
What more can one do?, from The Disasters of War, 1812-15.

This painting is one of 14 in a series known as the Black Paintings. After his death the wall paintings were transferred to canvas and remain some of the best examples of the later period of Goya's life when, deafened and driven half-mad by what was probably an encephalitis of some kind, he decided to free himself from painterly strictures of the time and paint whatever nightmarish visions came to him. Many of these works are in the Prado museum in Madrid. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 575 pixel Image in higher resolution (976 × 702 pixel, file size: 205 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Los Desatres de la Guerra is a set of 80 aquatint prints created by Francisco Goya in the 1810s. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 575 pixel Image in higher resolution (976 × 702 pixel, file size: 205 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Los Desatres de la Guerra is a set of 80 aquatint prints created by Francisco Goya in the 1810s. ... The Black Paintings are a group of paintings by Francisco Goya created in the later years of his life (1819-1823) that portray intense, haunting themes. ... Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain, commonly caused by a viral infection. ... Prado may refer to: Land Cruiser Prado, a 4WD vehicle from Toyota Museo del Prado, an art gallery in Madrid Prado, Spain, a village in Castile-Leon the prado dam Prado River Miguelanxo Prado, a spanish comic book artist Ed Prado, a U.S. appeals court judge PRADO, a PHP... This article is about the Spanish capital. ...


In the 1810s, Goya created a set of aquatint prints titled The Disasters of War (Los desastres de la guerra) which depict scenes from the Peninsular War. The scenes are singularly disturbing, sometimes macabre in their depiction of battlefield horror, and represent an outraged conscience in the face of death and destruction. The prints were not published until 1863, 35 years after Goya's death. For the 1862 American Civil War campaign, see Peninsula Campaign. ...


List of works

Main article: List of works by Francisco Goya

Paintings

  • Hannibal the Conqueror (1770)
  • Martin Zapater (1770)
  • The Adoration of the Name of God (1772; cathedral of Nuestra Señora del Pilar, Zaragoza)
  • Tapestry Cartoons (1775–92; Prado)
  • The Parasol 1777
  • Blind Guitarist (1778)
  • La nevada 1780
  • Winter (The Snowstorm) 1780
  • Crucified Christ (1780; Prado, Madrid)
  • The Queen of Martyrs (1780–81; cathedral of Nuestra Señora del Pilar);
  • St. Bernardino of Siena (1782–83; San Francisco el Grande, Madrid);
  • Family of Infante Don Luis 1783
  • Maria Teresa de Borbon y Vallabriga (1783)
  • The Count of Floridablanca and Goya (1783; Banco Urquijo, Madrid);
  • Sermon of Saint Bernardino of Siena 1784
  • Portrait of Don Manuel Osorio de Manrique Zuniga (1784-1788)
  • The Annunciation (1785; private collection, Spain);
  • The Marquesa de Pontejos (c. 1786; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.);
  • Spring (or The Flower Girls) (1786-87)
  • The Forge (1786-1787)
  • The Swing(1787)
  • St Francis Borja at the Deathbed of an Impenitent (1788)
  • Family of the Duke of Osuna (1788; Prado);
  • Manuel Osorio de Zúñiga (1788; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City);
  • Self-portrait (c. 1790-95)
  • Josefa Bayeu (1790 - 1815)
  • Little Giants (1791-92)
  • Portrait of Mariana Waldstein (c. 1792)
  • Strolling Players (1793)
  • Fire (1793-1794)
  • Yard with Lunatics (1793-94)
  • The Madhouse (1794; Virginia Meadows Museum and Elizabeth Meadows Sculpture Court, Dallas, Texas);
  • The Marquesa de la Solana (c. 1794–95; Louvre, Paris);
  • Duchess of Alba (1795)
  • Duchess of Alba & Her Duenna (1795)
  • "White" Portrait (1795)
  • Self-Portrait on Linen (1795-1797)
  • "Black" Portrait 1797
  • Duchess of Alba 1797
  • Duchess of Alba (1797; Hispanic Society of America, New York City);
  • Que se la llevaron! (1797-98)
  • What a sacrifice! (1797-98)
  • The sleep of reason produces monsters (1797-98)
  • They say yes and give their hand to the first comer (1797-98)
  • You who cannot(1797-98)
  • Self-Portrait with Spectacles (1797-1800)
  • Miracle of St. Antony (1798)
  • The Taking of Christ (1798; Cathedral, Toledo);
  • Ferdinand Guillemardet (1798; Louvre);
  • A Miracle of St. Anthony of Padua” and other scenes (1798; San Antonio de la Florida, Madrid);
  • Queen Maria Luisa, on Horseback (1799; Prado);
  • La Tirana (1799; Academy of San Fernando, Madrid);
  • Countess of Chinchon (1800)
  • La maja desnuda
  • The Family of Charles IV (1800-1801; Prado)
  • La maja vestida (c. 1800–05; Prado);
  • Bartolome Sureda y Miserol (c. 1803-04)
  • Isabel de Porcel (1804-05)
  • Doña Teresa Sureda (c. 1805)
  • Young Woman with a Fan (1805-1810)
  • Doña Isabel de Porcel (c. 1806; National Gallery, London);
  • The Colossus (c. 1810–12; Prado);
  • Majas on a Balcony (c. 1808-12)
  • Time and the Old Women (c. 1810–12; Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lille, Fr.);
  • General Manuel Romero (c. 1810; private collection, Chicago);
  • The Colossus (1810)
  • Time (1810)
  • Contra el bien general (c. 1810)
  • Allegory of the City of Madrid (1810; Casa del Ayuntamiento, Madrid);
  • Time (c. 1810-12)
  • Majas on a Balcony (Metropolitan Museum version) (1810-1812)
  • The Duke of Wellington (1812; National Gallery, London);
  • Prison Interior (c. 1810-14)
  • Dead Turkey (1812)
  • Duke of Wellington (1812-1814)
  • Burial of the Sardine (1812-1819)
  • The Majas on the Balcony (c. 1812; Metropolitan Museum of Art);
  • This is worse (c. 1812-13)
  • Mariano Goya (c. 1812–14; private collection, Madrid);
  • Portrait of Rita Moon Luna (1814)
  • Ferdinand VII in an Encampment (c. 1814; Prado);
  • The Second of May 1808(1814; Prado);
  • The Third of May 1808(1814; Prado);
  • Young Women with a Letter (c. 1814–18; Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lille);
  • May the rope break! (c. 1815)
  • Self-Portrait (1815; Academy of San Fernando);
  • Unfortunate events in the front seats of the ring of Madrid, and the death of the Mayor of Torrejon (1815-16)
  • Burial of the Sardine (c. 1816 )
  • Inquisition Scene (c. 1816)
  • The Procession (c. 1816)
  • SS. Justa and Rufina (1817; Cathedral, Seville)
  • The Forge (c. 1817)
  • The Giant (1818)
  • The Forge (c. 1819; Frick Collection, New York City);
  • Portrait of Don Juan Antonio Cuervo (1819; Cleveland Museum of Art);
  • The Last Communion of St. Joseph of Calasanz (1819; Escuelas Pías de San Antón, Madrid);
  • Agony in the Garden (1819; Escuelas Pías de San Antón).
  • Self-Portrait with Doctor Arrieta (1820; Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota);
  • Men Reading (c. 1819-23)
  • Carnival Scene (1820-1824)
  • Atropos(The Fates) (1820-1823)
  • Goat (1820-1823)
  • Fight with Cudgels (1820-1823)
  • Two Women (1820-1823)
  • Men Reading (1820-1823)
  • Deaf Man (1820-1823)
  • Asmodea (1820-1823)
  • Old Men Eating (1820-1823)
  • The Dog (1820-23)
  • Fight with Cudgels (1820-23)
  • The Great He-Goat or Witches Sabbath (c. 1821-23)
  • Leocadia (c. 1821-23)
  • Saturn Devouring His Son (c. 1821-23)
  • Two Old Men (c. 1821-23)
  • Two Old Women Eating from a Bowl (c. 1821-23)
  • Two Young People Laughing at a Man (c. 1821-23)
  • Leandro Fernández de Moratín (1824; Museo de Bellas Artes, Bilbao, Spain);
  • The Milkmaid of Bordeaux (1825–27; Prado)
  • Don Juan Bautista de Muguiro (1827; Prado)
  • Don José Pío de Molina (1827–28; Reinhart Collection, Winterthur)
  • Josefa Bayeu (unknown dating)
  • Striker Family Goya (unknown dating)

Saint Bernardino of Siena (sometimes Bernardine, September 8, 1380 – May 20, 1444) was an Italian preacher, Franciscan missionary and Christian saint. ... A key piece of the Paleologan Mannerism - the Annunciation icon from Ohrid. ... The Forge is a fictional black operations organisation from the Big Finish Productions audio plays based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Josefa Bayeu was the sister of artist Francisco Bayeu and wife of artist Francisco Goya. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... The House of Alba (es: La Casa de Alba) is an important aristocratic family of Spanish origin who can trace back their ancestry to 1429, when the first “Alba” was made “Lord of the City of Alba de Tormes”. In 1492, it was a member of this family, the second... The House of Alba (es: La Casa de Alba) is an important aristocratic family of Spanish origin who can trace back their ancestry to 1429, when the first “Alba” was made “Lord of the City of Alba de Tormes”. In 1492, it was a member of this family, the second... The Taking of Christ was painted in 1602 by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1573–1610). ... The countess of Chinchón almost always refers to one of two women, wives of a count of Chinchón: The European discoverer, in 1638, of the South American native remedy chinchona bark, after whom the plant and bark are named A woman the subject of a celebrated portrait by... La maja desnuda (The Nude Maja) is an oil painting on canvas by the master Spanish painter, Francisco de Goya, that portrays a nude woman reclining on a bed of pillows. ... La Maja Vestida La Maja Vestida is a painting by Spanish painter Francisco de Goya in 1800–1805. ... This article is about the concept of time. ... The Dukedom of Wellington is a hereditary title and the senior Dukedom in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ... Arms of Dukes of Wellington The Dukedom of Wellington, derived from Wellington in Somerset, is a hereditary title and the senior rank in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ... The Second of May 1808: The Charge of the Mamelukes The Second of May 1808, also known as The Charge of the Mamelukes, was the first in two paintings painted by Spaniard Francisco Goya, the second being the Third of May 1808. ... The Third of May 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid is a 1814 oil painting by the Spanish painter Francisco Goya. ... The Forge is a fictional black operations organisation from the Big Finish Productions audio plays based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. ... Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry, Christ in Gethsemane The Agony in the Garden is the name given to the time in the life of Jesus between the Last Supper and His arrest. ... This article is about the domestic species. ... Sophia Loren in Two Women (La Ciociara) Two Women (also known as La Ciociara) is a 1960 Italian language film which tells the story of a woman trying to protect her teenaged daughter from the horrors of war. ... Saturn Devouring His Son is the name given to a painting by Spanish artist Francisco Goya. ... Leandro Fernández de Moratín, born March 10, 1760 – died June 21, 1828, was a Spanish dramatist and neoclassical poet. ... Josefa Bayeu was the sister of artist Francisco Bayeu and wife of artist Francisco Goya. ...

Etchings

LOS CAPRICHOS 1792-1799

  • Plate 43 - The sleep of reason
  • Plate 2 - They Say Yes
  • Plate 33 - To the Count Palantine
  • Plate 55 - Until Death
  • Plate 77 - First One, Then Another

Disasters of War 1810-1820

  • Plate 7 - What Valor!
  • Plate 9 - They do not want to
  • Plate 31 - This is too much!
  • Plate 32 - Why?
  • Plate 39 - Great Deeds – Against the Dead
  • Plate 47 - This is how it happened
  • Plate 69 - Nada - We shall see

DISPARATES/PROVERBIOS 1815-1824

  • Plate 1 - Feminine Folly
  • Plate 2 - Folly of Fear
  • Plate 3 - Strange Folly
  • Plate 4 - Big Booby
  • Plate 5 - Folly on the Wing
  • Plate 6 - Foolish Fury
  • Plate 7 - Matrimonial Extravagance
  • Plate 8 - People in Sacks
  • Plate 9 - Universal Folly
  • Plate 10 - Young Woman on a Bucking Horse
  • Plate 11 - Folly of Poverty
  • Plate 12 - Three Gentlemen and Three Dancing Ladies
  • Plate 13 - One Way to Fly
  • Plate 14 - Foolishness at the Carnival
  • Plate 15 - Pure Folly
  • Plate 16 - Exhortation
  • Plate 17 - Loyalty
  • Plate 18 - Old Man Wandering Among Phantoms
  • Plate 19 - A Familiar Folly
  • Plate 20 - Foolish Precision
  • Plate 21 - Animal Foolishness
  • Plate 22 - Foolish Extravagance

Unknown

  • Woman with Scythe and Serpent

Drawings

  • Utter Madness
  • Duchess of Alba and Maria de la Luz
  • For Being A Jew
  • A Group of Women
  • Self Portrait (drawing)

Cinema, drama and opera

Remembrance plaque for Goya in Bordeaux
Remembrance plaque for Goya in Bordeaux

Enrique Granados composed a piano suite (1911) and later an opera (1916), both called Goyescas, inspired by the artist's paintings. Gian Carlo Menotti wrote a biographical opera about him titled Goya (1986), commissioned by Plácido Domingo, who originated the role; this production has been presented on television. Goya also inspired Michael Nyman's opera Facing Goya (2000), and Goya is the central character in Clive Barker's play Colossus (1995). Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 803 KB)Made the picture myself. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 803 KB)Made the picture myself. ... Enrique Granados Enrique Costanzo Granados y Campiña (July 27, 1867 – March 24, 1916) was a Spanish pianist and composer of classical music; he is commonly considered to be a representative of musical Nationalism, and as such his music is in a uniquely Spanish style. ... // May 24 - Edward Elgar conducts the premiere of his Symphony No. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... See also: 1915 in music, other events of 1916, 1917 in music and the list of years in music. // Events February 1 - Carl Nielsen conducts the premiere of his Symphony No. ... Goyescas is an operas in three acts by Enrique Granados to a Spanish libretto by Fernando Periquet y Zuaznabar, inspired by the paintings of Goya. ... Gian Carlo Menotti, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944 Gian Carlo Menotti (July 7, 1911 – February 1, 2007) was an Italian-born American composer and librettist who wrote the classic Christmas opera Amahl and the Night Visitors among about two dozen other operas intended to appeal to popular taste. ... Plácido Domingo José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21, 1941)[1] better known as Plácido Domingo, is a world-renowned operatic tenor. ... This article is about the composer/musician Michael Nyman. ... Album cover of 2002 recording, conducted by the composer. ... For the South African football (soccer) coach, see Clive Barker (soccer). ...


Several films portray Goya's life. These include a short film, Goya (1948),[12] Goya, Historia de una Soledad (1971),[13] Goya in Bordeaux (1999),[14] Volavérunt (1999),[15] and Goya's Ghosts (2006). Goyas Ghosts is a 2006 Spanish film directed by Academy Award winner MiloÅ¡ Forman (Amadeus, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest), Xuxa Producciones (Spain) and by Saul Zaentz (The English Patient, Amadeus, One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest), and written by MiloÅ¡ Forman and Jean-Claude Carri...


In 1988 American musical theatre composer Maury Yeston released a studio cast album of his own musical, Goya: A Life In Song, in which Placido Domingo again starred as Goya. The Black Crook (1866), considered by some historians to be the first musical[1] Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Maury Yeston is a American composer and lyricist educated at Yale and Clare College, Cambridge. ...


See also

// The history of painting reaches back in time to artifacts from pre-historic humans, and spans all cultures. ... See also Western art, History of painting, History of art, Art history, Painting, Outline of painting history Jan Vermeer, Girl with a Pearl Earring, known as the Mona Lisa of the North 1665-1667 Édouard Manet, The Balcony 1868 The history of Western painting represents a continuous, though disrupted, tradition...

Notes

A statue of Francisco Goya outside the main entrance of The Prado Museum in Madrid.
A statue of Francisco Goya outside the main entrance of The Prado Museum in Madrid.
  1. ^ Goya and Modernism, Bienal Internacional de São Paulo Retrieved 27 July, 2007.
  2. ^ Galeria de Arte transparencias Ancora A Todo Color 1961 Goya biography from the Museo del Prado. As quoted on eeweems.com
  3. ^ Chocano, Carina. "Goya's Ghosts". Los Angeles Times, July 20, 2007. Retrieved on January 18, 2008.
  4. ^ Licht, Fred: Goya: The Origins of the Modern Temper in Art, page 68. Universe Books, 1979. "Even if one takes into consideration the fact that Spanish portraiture is often realistic to the point of eccentricity, Goya's portrait still remains unique in its drastic description of human bankruptcy".
  5. ^ Rosario Weiss. Jose de la Mano Madrid Art Gallery.
  6. ^ Licht, Fred, page 83, 1979.
  7. ^ The Clothed Maja and the Nude Maja, the Prado Retrieved 27 July, 2007.
  8. ^ Museo del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, 1996, p. 138, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Madrid, ISBN 8487317537
  9. ^ The Sleep of Reason Linda Simon (www.worldandi.com). Retrieved 2 December 2006.
  10. ^ Francisco Goya, quoted at Artchive.
  11. ^ Licht, Fred, page 167, 1979.
  12. ^ Goya (1948) at the Internet Movie Database
  13. ^ Goya, historia de una soledad (1971) at the Internet Movie Database
  14. ^ Goya in Bordeaux (1999) at the Internet Movie Database
  15. ^ Volavérunt (1999) at the Internet Movie Database

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 691 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this pic outside Madrids Prado museum in June 2007. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 691 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this pic outside Madrids Prado museum in June 2007. ... Prado may refer to: Land Cruiser Prado, a 4WD vehicle from Toyota Museo del Prado, an art gallery in Madrid Prado, Spain, a village in Castile-Leon the prado dam Prado River Miguelanxo Prado, a spanish comic book artist Ed Prado, a U.S. appeals court judge PRADO, a PHP... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Bold text The Museo del Prado is a famous museum and art gallery located in Madrid; the capital of Spain. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

Sources

Lion Feuchtwanger (pseudonym: J.L. Wetcheek) (7 July 1884 - 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist who was imprisoned in a French internment camp in Les Milles and later escaped to Los Angeles with the help of his wife, Marta. ... Robert Studley Forrest Hughes (born July 28, 1938), usually known simply as Robert Hughes, OA is an Australian art critic, writer, documentary broadcaster and republican (anti-monarchist). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

General

Biographies

Works

Articles and essays “PDF” redirects here. ... MiB redirects here. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... MiB redirects here. ...

Persondata
NAME Goya, Francisco
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Lucientes, Francisco José De La Goya y
SHORT DESCRIPTION Aragonese Spanish painter and printmaker
DATE OF BIRTH March 30, 1746(1746-03-30)
PLACE OF BIRTH Fuendetodos
DATE OF DEATH April 16, 1828
PLACE OF DEATH Bordeaux

The Age of Enlightenment (French: ; Italian: ; German: ; Spanish: ; Swedish: ; Polish: ; Portuguese: ) was an eighteenth-century movement in Western philosophy. ... Victorianism is the name given to the attitudes, art, and culture of the later two-thirds of the 19th century. ... For other uses, see Realism (disambiguation). ... Anthem: Himno de Aragón Capital Zaragoza Official languages Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Francisco Goya (1115 words)
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes was born in 1746 in Fuendetodos, in northeastern Spain, but his family soon moved to Zaragoza, the provincial capital, where his father worked as a humble gilder.
Goya was 46 years old at the time, had experienced his fair measure success, tasted the intrigue and frivolity at court and had seen most of his children die in childhood.
Goya had ceded the 80 plates and all the existing prints to the crown in exchange for a stipend for his son, Javier.
Francisco Goya (1505 words)
Goya was born in the small Aragonese town of Fuendetodos (near Saragossa) on March 30, 1746.
Goya's formal artistic education commenced when, at the age of 14, he was apprenticed to a local master, José Luzan, a competent although little-known painter in whose studio Goya spent four years.
Bayeu (the brother of Goya's wife, Josefa) was influential in forming Goya's early style and was responsible for his participation in an important commission, the fresco decoration (1771, 1780-1782) of the Church of the Virgin in El Pilar in Saragossa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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