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Encyclopedia > Francis Wilkinson Pickens
Governor-elect Francis W. Pickens in 1860 (from Harper's Weekly)
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Governor-elect Francis W. Pickens in 1860 (from Harper's Weekly)

Francis Wilkinson Pickens (April 7, 1805January 25, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Governor of South Carolina when the state seceded from the United States during the American Civil War. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... A lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... A list of South Carolina Governors. ... The examples and perspective in this article do not represent a worldwide view. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-four mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the...


Pickens was born in Togadoo, St Paul's Parish, in Colleton County, South Carolina. He was the son of former Gov. Andrew Pickens and a grandson of Gen. Andrew Pickens, a American Revolutionary soldier at the Battle of Cowpens and former U.S. Congressman. He was educated at Franklin College in Athens, Georgia and at South Carolina College in Columbia. He was admitted to the bar in 1829, the same year that he constructed "Edgewood," a mansion in Edgefield. Colleton County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Andrew Pickens (November 13, 1779–July 1, 1838) was an American military and political leader who served as Governor of South Carolina (1816 - 1818). ... Andrew Pickens (September 13, 1739–August 11, 1817) was a militia leader in the Revolution and a U.S. Congressman from South Carolina. ... The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Empire and the creation of the United States of America. ... The Battle of Cowpens (1781) was an overwhelming victory by American revolutionary forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan. ... A Congressman or Congresswoman (generically, Congressperson) is a politician who is a member of a Congress. ... Image:Arch. ... The University of South Carolina (also known as USC, South Carolina, or simply Carolina) is a public, coeducational, research university. ... 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Mansion near Almelo, The Netherlands A mansion is a large and stately dwelling house. ... Edgefield is a town located in Edgefield County, South Carolina. ...


Pickens joined the Democratic Party and served in the South Carolina house of representatives from 18321834, where he was an ardent supporter of nullification. As chairman of a sub-committee, he submitted a report denying the right of Congress to exercise any control over the states. The Democratic Party, founded in 1792, is the longest-standing political party in the world. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... In the United States, the Nullification Crisis was a sectional crisis during the presidency of Andrew Jackson over the issue of protective tariffs. ... Seal of the Congress. ...


Pickens served in Congress as a representative from South Carolina from 1834 until 1843 (5th District 1834–37; 6th District 1837–39; 5th District 1839–41; 6th District 1841–43). He was a member of the South Carolina state senate from 1844 until 1846. He was offered the position of Minister to England by President James K. Polk, and the Minister to France by President John Tyler, but declined these diplomatic posts. He served as a delegate to the Nashville Southern Convention in 1850. Twice a widower, he married Lucy Petway Holcombe (1832–1899) on April 26, 1856. Under President James Buchanan, Pickens was Minister to Russia from 18581860, where be befriended Czar Alexander II. 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Inter. ... The President of the United States (unofficially abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795–June 15, 1849) was the eleventh President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1849. ... Alternate meaning: John Tyler, Sr. ... The Nashville skyline Nashville is the capital of the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... James Buchanan (April 23, 1791 – June 1, 1868) was the 15th president of the United States (1857–1861). ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Tsar, (Bulgarian цар�, Russian царь; often spelled Czar or Tzar in English), was the title used for the autocratic rulers of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires since 913, in Serbia in the middle of the 14th century, and in Russia from 1547 to 1917. ... Alexander II (1818-1881) Alexander (Aleksandr) II (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (April 17, 1818–March 13, 1881) was the Emperor (Czar) of Russia from March 2, 1855 until his assassination. ...


Under his administration as Governor of South Carolina (18601862), the state seceded and demanded the surrender of the Federal forts in Charleston harbor. He strongly advocated the secession of the Southern states and signed the South Carolina ordnance of secession. He protested against Major Robert Anderson's removal from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter, and offered to buy the fort from the Federal government. On January 9, 1861, Governor Pickens sanctioned the firing upon the relief steamship Star of the West, which was bringing supplies to Anderson's beleaguered garrison. He also approved of the subsequent bombardment of Fort Sumter. He remained a fervent supporter of states rights. 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Fedes Mores Juraque Curat Nickname: The Holy City, The Palmetto City Founded Incorporated 1670   County Berkeley and Charleston Counties Mayor Joseph P. Riley, Jr. ... The Southern United States or the South constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States. ... Major Robert Anderson (1805-1871) was a Union Army officer in the American Civil War. ... Fort Moultrie is the name of a series of forts on Sullivans Island, South Carolina, built to protect the city of Charleston, South Carolina. ... Before the attack Map detailing the location of Fort Sumter 1861, inside the fort flying the Confederate Flag Fort Sumter under fire Fort Sumter, South Carolina, viewed from a sandbar in Charleston Harbor, 1865. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... In American politics and constitutional law, states rights are guaranteed by the Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, (i. ...


Pickens died in Edgefield, South Carolina, and was buried at Edgefield Cemetery. Edgefield is a town located in Edgefield County, South Carolina. ...


External links

  • "FRANCIS WILKINSON PICKENS." LoveToKnow 1911 Online Encyclopedia. © 2003, 2004 LoveToKnow
Preceded by:
William Henry Gist
Governor of South Carolina
1860–1862
Succeeded by:
Milledge Luke Bonham

 
 

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