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Encyclopedia > Francis Ponge
French Literature

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French literature is, generally speaking, literature written in the French language, particularly by citizens of France; it may also refer to literature written by people living in France who speak other traditional non-French languages. ...

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Francis Jean Gaston Alfred Ponge (March 27, 1899 - August 6, 1988) was a French essayist and poet. In many ways, he combined the two--essay and poem--into a single artform. March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An essayist is an author who writes compositions which can be about any particular subject. ... A poet is some one who writes poetry. ...

Contents


Biography

Francis Ponge was born in Montpellier, France, in 1899. He studied law at Paris and literature at Strasbourg. He worked as an editor and journalist in France during the First World War, made contacts with the Surrealist movement, and joined the Communist Party in 1937, leaving the party after World War II in 1947. That same year he was awarded the Books Abroad/Neustadt International Prize for Literature, following a favorable article on his works by Sartre. After living briefly in Algeria, he returned to France where he held a professorship at the Alliance Française from 1952 until 1965. Location within France Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... City flag City coat of arms Coordinates : , Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) Administration Département Bas-Rhin (67) Région Alsace Mayor Fabienne Keller (UMP) (since 2001) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg City (commune) Characteristics Land Area 78. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Surrealism is an artistic movement and an aesthetic philosophy that aims for the liberation of the mind by emphasizing the critical and imaginative powers of the subconscious. ... In modern usage, a communist party is a political party which promotes communism, the sociopolitical philosophy based on Marxism. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Jean Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre (June 21, 1905–April 15, 1980) was a French existentialist philosopher, dramatist, novelist and critic. ...


He died in 1988 in Le Barsur-Loup.


Works

In his most famous work, Le parti pris des choses (Often translated The Voice of Things), he meticulously described common things such as oranges, potatoes and cigarettes in a poetic voice, but with a personal style and paragraph form (prose poem) much like an essay. These poems owe much to the work of the French Renaissance poet Remy Belleau. Ponge avoided appeals to emotion and symbolism, and instead sought to minutely recreate the world of experience of everyday objects. His work is often associated with the philosophy of Phenomenology. Le parti pris des chose is a book of prose poems by French poet and essayist Francis Ponge, first published in 1942. ... Prose poetry is prose that breaks some of the normal rules of prose discourse for heightened imagery or emotional effect. ... This article is about the cultural movement known as the French Renaissance. ... Remy (or Rémi) Belleau (1528 Nogent-le-Rotrou - 1577 Paris), was a poet of the French Renaissance. ... Look up Phenomenology in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


He described his own works as "a description-definition-literary artwork" which avoided both the drabness of a dictionary and the inadequacy of poetry.


Bibliography

  • Le Parti pris des choses (1942)
  • Proêmes (1948)
  • La Rage de l'expression (1952)
  • Le Grand Recueil (I. "Méthodes", 1961 ; II. "Lyres", 1961 ; III "Pièces", 1962)
  • Pour un Malherbe (1965)
  • Le Savon (1967).
  • Entretiens avec Philippe Sollers (1970).
  • La Fabrique du Pré (1971).
  • Comment une figue de parole et pourquoi (1977)
  • Pages d'atelier, 1917-1982, Gallimard, Paris, 2005

Authors who Discuss Ponge's Works

Jacques Derrida (July 15, 1930 – October 8, 2004) was an Algerian-born French literary critic and philosopher of Jewish descent, most often referenced as the founder of deconstruction or, by less sympathetic theorists, deconstructionism. His work had a significant impact on continental philosophy and on literary theory, particularly through his... Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (June 21, 1905 – April 15, 1980) was a French existentialist philosopher, dramatist, novelist and critic. ...

External links

  • A brief biography and a few selected works

 
 

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