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Encyclopedia > Francis Marion
Francis Marion
February 26, 1732 - February 27, 1795

Nickname "The Swamp Fox"
Place of birth Georgetown, South Carolina
Place of death Georgetown, South Carolina
Allegiance Continental Army,
South Carolina Militia
Years of service 1757-1782
Rank Lieutenant Colonel,
Brigadier General

Francis Marion (February 26, 1732February 27, 1795) was a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army and later brigadier general in the South Carolina Militia during the American Revolutionary War. He became known as the "Swamp Fox" for his ability to use decoys and ambushes to disrupt enemy communications, capture supplies, and free prisoners. His use of guerrilla tactics helped set in motion the decline of open battles in the conflict. Before the Revolutionary War, he was a sailor. Download high resolution version (960x1518, 291 KB)Francis Marion (the Swamp Fox) Died 1795, image copyrights expired This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Location of Georgetown in South Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State South Carolina County Georgetown Government  - Mayor Lynn Wood Wilson Area  - City 7. ... Location of Georgetown in South Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State South Carolina County Georgetown Government  - Mayor Lynn Wood Wilson Area  - City 7. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... This article is about military actions only. ...

Marion is considered one of the fathers of modern guerilla warfare, and is credited in the lineage of the United States Army Rangers. Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from Spanish (from guerra meaning war) used to describe small combat groups. ... The 75th Ranger Regiment—also known as the United States Army Rangers—is an elite light infantry special operations force of the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) headquartered in Fort Benning, Georgia. ...


Family and early life

Marion's family was of Huguenot ancestry. His parents were Gabriel Marion and Esther Cordes Marion, both first-generation Carolinians. His grandparents were Benjamin and Judith Baluet Marion, and Anthony and Esther Baluet Cordes. Gabriel and Esther had six children: Esther, Isaac, Gabriel, Benjamin, Job, and Francis. Francis was the last born and was a puny child. Peter Horry, who served under Marion in the American Revolution, joked, "I have it from good authority, that this great soldier, at his birth, was not larger than a New England lobster, and might easily enough have been put into a quart pot.But at least I have a partner who has a big dick.l0l" From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ...

The family settled at Winyah, near Georgetown, South Carolina. Marion was born in midwinter, 1732, at Gayfield Plantation in St. James Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina. When he was five or six, his family moved to a plantation in St. George, a parish on Winyah Bay. Apparently, they wanted to be near the English school in Georgetown. In 1759, he moved to Pond Bluff plantation near Eutaw Springs, in St. John's Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Francis Marion was fluent in both French and English. Winyah Bay is a coastal estuary that is the confluence of the Waccamaw River, the Pee Dee River, the Black River and the Sampit River in Georgetown County in eastern South Carolina. ... Location of Georgetown in South Carolina Coordinates: Country United States State South Carolina County Georgetown Government  - Mayor Lynn Wood Wilson Area  - City 7. ... Saint James can refer to the following: Several men mentioned in the New Testament, whose various epithets and euphemisms cause some uncertainties: James, son of Zebedee, an apostle, brother of John the Apostle; also called Saint James the Great. ... Berkeley County is a county in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ... Eutawville is a town located in Orangeburg County, South Carolina. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

When Francis was 15, he decided to become a sailor. His imagination had been stirred by the ships in the Georgetown port. When he asked his parents' permission, they willingly agreed. They hoped a voyage to the Caribbean would strengthen his frail physique. He signed on as the sixth crewman of a schooner heading for the West Indies. As they were returning, a whale rammed the schooner and caused a plank to come loose. The captain and crew escaped in a boat, but the schooner sank so quickly that they were unable to take any food or water. After six days under the tropical sun, two crewman died of thirst and exposure. The following day, they reached shore. West Indies redirects here. ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... This article is about the animal. ...

Despite his sea ordeal, Francis came back in better health. Peter Horry wrote, "His constitution seemed renewed, his frame commenced a second and rapid growth, while his cheeks, quitting their pale, suet-colored cast, assumed a bright and healthy olive." However, Francis was done with sailing after that one disastrous voyage.

Marion began his military career shortly before his 25th birthday. On January 1, 1757, Francis and his brother Gabriel were recruited by Captain John Postell for the French and Indian War to drive the Cherokee away from the border. In 1761, Marion served as a lieutenant under Captain William Moultrie in a campaign against the Cherokee. Peter Horry quoted a letter in which Marion spoke of this British-led campaign with sorrow: is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... William Moultrie (pronounced Mool-tree), 1730—1805, American Revolutionary general, b. ... The Anglo-Cherokee War (1759–1761), also known as the Cherokee War, the Cherokee Uprising, the Cherokee Rebellion, was a conflict between British forces in North America and Cherokee Indians during the French and Indian War. ...

"The next morning we proceeded by order of Colonel James Grant, to burn down the Indians' cabins. Some of our men seemed to enjoy this cruel work, laughing very heartily at the curling flames, as they mounted loud crackling over the tops of the huts. But to me it appeared a shocking sight. Poor creatures! thought I, we surely need not grudge you such miserable habitations. But, when we came, according to orders, to cut down the fields of corn, I could scarcely refrain from tears. For who could see the stalks that stood so stately with broad green leaves and gaily tasseled shocks, filled with sweet milky fluid and flour, the staff of life; who, I say, without grift, could see these sacred plants sinking under our swords with all their precious load, to wither and rot untasted in their mourning fields."[1] James Grant, Laird of Ballindalloch (1720-1806) was a major general in the British Army during the American Revolutionary War. ...

Service during the Revolution

Francis Marion - plaque at the South Carolina statehouse

In 1775, he was a member of the South Carolina Provincial Congress, and on June 21, 1775 was commissioned captain in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment under William Moultrie, with whom he served in June 1776 in the defense of Fort Sullivan and Fort Moultrie, in Charleston harbor. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 500 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1820 × 2184 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 500 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1820 × 2184 pixel, file size: 1. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The 2nd South Carolina Regiment was raised on June 6, 1775 at Charleston, South Carolina for service with the Continental Army. ... William Moultrie (pronounced Mool-tree), 1730—1805, American Revolutionary general, b. ... The Castle Portsmouth Naval Prison is a former U.S. Navy and Marine prison on Seavey Island, Maine and part of the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard (PNS) compound. ... Fort Moultrie is the name of a series of forts on Sullivans Island, South Carolina, built to protect the city of Charleston, South Carolina. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ...

In September 1776, the Continental Congress commissioned Marion as a lieutenant-colonel. In the autumn of 1779, he took part in the siege of Savannah, and early in 1780, under Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, was engaged in drilling militia. The Continental Congress was the first national government of the United States. ... Combatants United States France Kingdom of Great Britain Commanders General Benjamin Lincoln Admiral Comte dEstaing Count Kazimierz Pulaski † General Augustin Prevost Strength 1,550 American troops; 3,500 French troops and sailors 3,200 troops Casualties Total Allied: 800 killed 1200 wounded 40 killed 63 wounded The Siege of... Benjamin Lincoln (1733–1810) was a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia A Militia is an army composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ...

Marion escaped capture when Charleston fell on May 12, 1780, because he had broken an ankle in an accident and had left the city to recuperate. is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For a review of anatomical terms, see Anatomical position and Anatomical terms of location. ...

After the loss of Charleston, the defeats of Gen. Isaac Huger at Moncks Corner and Lt. Col. Abraham Buford at the Waxhaw massacre (near the North Carolina border, in what is now Lancaster County), Marion organized a small troop, which at first consisted of between 20 and 70 men—the only force then opposing the British Army in the state. At this point, he was still nearly crippled from the slowly-healing ankle. Isaac Huger (March 19, 1742 – October 17, 1797) was an American planter and Continental Army general from Berkeley County, South Carolina. ... Moncks Corner is the county seat of Berkeley County, South Carolina. ... Abraham Buford (July 21, 1747-June 30, 1833) was a Continental Army officer during the American Revolutionary War, most known as commanding officer during the Waxhaw Massacre. Born in Culpeper County, Virginia, Buford quickly organized a company of minutemen upon the outbreak of war in 1775, eventually rising to the... Combatants Britain 17th Lancers{then called Dragoons} British Legion (1778) United States 3rd Virginia Detachment composed of 2nd and 7th Virginia Regiments Commanders Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton Colonel Abraham Buford Strength 270 400 Casualties 5 killed 12 wounded {11 horses killed 19 horses wounded} 113 killed 150 wounded and paroled... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Lancaster County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. ...

He joined General Horatio Gates just before the Battle of Camden, but Gates had no confidence in him and sent him (mostly to get rid of him) to take command of the Williamsburg Militia in the Pee Dee area and asked him to undertake scouting missions and impede the expected flight of the British after the battle. Marion thus missed the battle, but was able to intercept and recapture 150 Maryland prisoners, plus about twenty of their British guards, who had been en route from the battle to Charleston. The freed prisoners, thinking the war already lost, refused to join Marion and deserted. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Britain United States Commanders Charles Cornwallis Horatio Gates Johann de Kalb† Strength 2,239 3,052 Casualties 68 killed 245 wounded 64 missing 1,000 killed or wounded 1,000 captured 132 missing The Battle of Camden was an important battle in the Southern Theatre of the American Revolutionary... The Pee Dee region of South Carolina is the northeastern corner of the state. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N...

However, with his militiamen, Marion showed himself to be a singularly able leader of irregulars. Unlike the Continental troops, Marion's Men, as they were known, served without pay, supplied their own horses, arms, and often their food. All of Marion's supplies that were not obtained locally were captured from the British or Loyalist ("Tory") forces. Irregular soldiers in Beauharnois, Quebec, 19th century. ... Britannia gives a heros welcome to returning American Loyalists. ...

Marion rarely committed his men to frontal warfare, but repeatedly surprised larger bodies of Loyalists or British regulars with quick surprise attacks and equally quick withdrawal from the field. After the surrender of Charleston, the British garrisoned South Carolina with help from local Tories, except for Williamsburg (the present Pee Dee), which they were never able to hold. The British made one attempt to garrison Williamsburg at Willtown, but were driven out by Marion at the Battle of Mingo Creek. Depiction of a British soldier in 1742 Red coat is a term often used to refer to a soldier of the historical British Army, because of the colour of the military uniforms formerly worn by the majority of regiments. ... Black Mingo Creek is a tributary to the Black River in coastal South Carolina. ...

The British especially hated Marion and made repeated efforts to neutralize his force, but Marion's intelligence gathering was excellent and that of the British was poor, due to the overwhelming Patriot loyalty of the populace in the Williamsburg area. Paul Reveres ride. ... This article concerns Patriots in the American Revolutionary War. ...

Col. Banastre Tarleton, sent to capture Marion, despaired of finding the "old swamp fox", who eluded him by travelling along swamp paths. Tarleton and Marion were sharply contrasted in the popular mind. Tarleton was hated because he burned and destroyed homes and supplies, whereas Marion's Men, when they requisitioned supplies (or destroyed them to keep them out of British hands) gave the owners receipts for them. After the war, most of the receipts were redeemed by the new state government. Lieutenant-Colonel Banastre Tarleton by Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Banastre Tarleton, 1st Baronet (August 21, 1754–January 25, 1833) was a British soldier and politician. ...

Once Marion had shown his ability at guerrilla warfare, making himself a serious nuisance to the British, Governor John Rutledge (in exile in North Carolina) commissioned him a brigadier-general of state troops. This article is about the Governor and Chief Justice of the United States. ...

When Gen. Nathanael Greene took command in the south, Marion and Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee were ordered in January 1781 to attack Georgetown, but were unsuccessful. In April, however, they took Fort Watson and in May, Fort Motte, and succeeded in breaking communications between the British posts in the Carolinas. On August 31, Marion rescued a small American force trapped by Major C. Fraser with 500 British. For this, he received the thanks of the Continental Congress. Marion commanded the right wing under General Greene at the Battle of Eutaw Springs. Charles Willson Peale painted a portrait of General Greene from life in, which was then copied several times by C.W. Peale and his son, Rembrandt Peale. ... Henry Lee III (January 29, 1756 - March 25, 1818), American general, called Light Horse Harry, was born near Dumfries, Virginia. ... Combatants Britain United States Commanders Lt. ... Combatants Britain United States Commanders Daniel McPherson Francis Marion Strength 175 ? Casualties 175 captured 2 wounded A force of Patriots led by General Francis Swamp Fox Marion and Lt. ... The Carolinas is a term used in the United States to refer collectively to the states of North and South Carolina. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Battle of Eutaw Springs was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, the last engagement of the war in the Carolinas. ...

In 1782, during his absence as State Senator at Jacksonborough, his brigade grew disheartened and there was reportedly a conspiracy to turn him over to the British. But in June of that year, he put down a Loyalist uprising on the banks of the Pee Dee River. In August, he left his brigade and returned to his plantation. A State Senator is a member of a state Senate, the upper legislative chamber in the government of a U.S. state. ... Shad Fishing in February Pee Dee River, Yauhanna, South Carolina The Pee Dee River, also known as the Great Pee Dee River, is a river in South Carolina. ...

General Marion Inviting a British Officer to Share His Meal by John Blake White; his slave Oscar Marion kneels at the left of the group.
General Marion Inviting a British Officer to Share His Meal by John Blake White; his slave Oscar Marion kneels at the left of the group.

After the war, Marion married his cousin, Mary Esther Videau.[2] His nephew Theodore had hinted to his uncle that it was time to get married. His relatives and friends informed him that Mary always listened with glowing cheeks and sparkling eyes when anyone began reciting the exploits of the Swamp Fox. Marion was in love earlier with Mary Esther Simons but she refused his proposal and married Jack Holmes.(Source The Simons folder at the SC Historical Society, Letters of James SIMONS, probably a letter from Harrier Hyrne Simons to Mary Simons (Mrs. Horatio Allen).) Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... American slave and Revolutionary War militiaman, Oscar Marion was the servant of General Francis Marion (1732-1795), the legendary Swamp Fox. ...

Marion served several terms in the South Carolina State Senate, and in 1784, in recognition of his services, was made commander of Fort Johnson, practically a courtesy title with a salary of $500 per annum. He was originally supposed to receive 500 English pounds a year, but economy-frightened politicians reduced his payment to 500 Continental dollars. He died on his estate in 1795. The South Carolina Senate is the upper house of the South Carolina General Assembly. ... Fort Johnson is a village located in Montgomery County, New York. ... GBP redirects here. ...

Slave owner

Like many of the Southern political and military leaders of the Revolutionary War (including George Washington), Francis Marion was a slave owner - a situation taken for granted at the time, though made controversial at later periods and up to the present. He had an estimated 200 slaves, many of whom took the last name "Marion." Of them, the slave Oscar Marion was renowned for his service as a soldier in the war, and apparently was especially close to his master. George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... American slave and Revolutionary War militiaman, Oscar Marion was the servant of General Francis Marion (1732-1795), the legendary Swamp Fox. ...

Popular culture

The Hollywood movie The Patriot (2000) is based very loosely on Marion's biography. The Patriot is a 2000 film starring Mel Gibson and directed by Roland Emmerich. ...

A television version of Marion's exploits, a mid-1950s Walt Disney series called The Swamp Fox, was a less-successful follow up to Disney's Davy Crockett series. As with Crockett, it featured the lead actor (Leslie Nielsen) singing the show's theme song. The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ... The Swamp Fox was a 1950s television series produced by Disney and starred Leslie Nielsen. ... Colonel David Crockett (August 17, 1786 – March 6, 1836) was a celebrated 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier and politician; usually referred to as Davy Crockett and by the popular title King of the Wild Frontier. He represented Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives, served in the... Leslie William Nielsen OC (born February 11, 1926) is a Canadian born American comedian and actor. ...

Swamp Fox is referred to in the TV series Knight Rider episode "Knightmares" as "the greatest tracker of all time". For the American media company, see Knight Ridder. ...

Robert Heinlein used the name "Swamp Fox" for a troop-carrying starship, briefly mentioned at the end of his novel Starship Troopers. For other uses, see Starship Troopers (disambiguation). ...

The country singer Josh Turner refers to Francis Marion as the Swamp Fox in the final track of his album Everything is Fine (2007); the track's title is South Carolina Low Country. In the lyric of the song he sings: God Bless Wade Hampton and the Swamp Fox, their strength will stand the test of time, they stood for a flag, a state, and a way of life.... Josh Otis Turner (born November 20, 1977 in Hannah, South Carolina) is an American country music singer. ...

Controversy about Marion's character

Early drafts of the screenplay for The Patriot called Mel Gibson's character Francis Marion, but the name was changed to the fictional Benjamin Martin "to avoid some controversy and to allow for more dramatic storytelling." [3] The Patriot is a 2000 film starring Mel Gibson and directed by Roland Emmerich. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American-Australian actor, Academy Award winning director and producer. ...

This controversy derives in part from comments made by British historian Christopher Hibbert at the time of the movie's release. Hibbert described Marion as "very active in the persecution of the Cherokee Indians and not at all the sort of chap who should be celebrated as a hero. The truth is that people like Marion committed atrocities as bad, if not worse, than those perpetrated by the British." [4] Christopher Hibbert, MC, (born 1924) is an English writer and popular historian and biographer. ... For other uses, see Hero (disambiguation). ...

In a commentary published in the National Review, conservative talk radio host Michael Graham rejected Hibbert's criticisms: National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ... Michael Graham pictured on the cover of his 2002 book Redneck Nation. ...

Was Francis Marion a slave owner? Was he a determined and dangerous warrior? Did he commit acts in an 18th-century war that we would consider atrocious in the current world of peace and political correctness? As another great American film hero might say: "You damn right." That's what made him a hero, 200 years ago and today.[5] Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ...


The Francis Marion National Forest near Charleston, South Carolina is named after Marion, as is the historic Francis Marion Hotel in downtown Charleston. Numerous other locations across the country are named after Marion. The city of Marion, South Carolina is named after Francis, and the city holds an annual Swamp Fox Festival and parade every summer. Marion County, South Carolina, and its county seat, the City of Marion, are named for General Marion. The City of Marion features a statute of General Marion in its town square, has a museum that includes many artifacts related to Francis Marion, and the Marion High School mascot is the Swamp Fox. Francis Marion University is located nearby in Florence County, South Carolina. In Washington, DC, Marion Park is one the four "major" or large parks in the Capitol Hill Parks constellation. The park is bounded by 4th & 6th Streets and at the intersection of E Street and South Carolina Avenue in southeast Washington, DC. [6] The town of Marion, MA, formerly Sippican, is also named after Francis Marion. The town of Marion, Alabama is named after Francis Marion, as are Marion, Illinois and Marion County, Illinois. The Junior Military College Marion Military Insitute located in Marion, Alabama has an organization called Swamp Fox which is attributed to Francis Marion. This is a list of places named after Francis Marion: Marion, Alabama Marion, Indiana Marion, Iowa Marion, Massachusetts Marion, North Carolina Marion, South Carolina Marion, New York Marion County, Alabama Marion County, Arkansas Marion County, Florida Marion County, Georgia Marion County, Indiana Marion County, Ohio Marion County, Tennessee Marion County... The Francis Marion National Forrest is located North of Charleston, South Carolina. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ... Marion is a city located in Marion County, South Carolina. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Francis Marion University (also known as FMU or simply Francis Marion) is located in Florence, South Carolina. ... Florence County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Marion is a town located in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. ... Marion is a city located in Perry County, Alabama. ... Marion is a city in Williamson County, Illinois, United States. ... Marion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Marion is a city located in Perry County, Alabama. ...

In 2006 the U.S. House of Representatives approved a monument to Francis Marion, to be built in Washington, D.C. sometime in 2007–08. The bill, however, died in the U.S. Senate and was reintroduced in January, 2007. The Brigadier General Francis Marion Memorial Act of 2007 passed the US House of Representatives in March of 2007, and has emerged from the Energy Committee in the US Senate with a favorable opinion. The bill, H.R. 497, has been placed on the General Calendar and waits for a Senate vote and a Presidential signature to become law.[7] Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States...


His grave stone reads:

Sacred to the Memory

Who departed his life, on the 27th of February, 1795,
Deeply regretted by all his fellow citizens
will record his worth, and rising generations embalm
his memory, as one of the most distinguished
Patriots and Heroes of the American Revolution:
which elevated his native Country
Secured to her the blessings of
This tribute of veneration and gratitude is erected
in commemoration of
the noble and disinterested virtues of the
and the gallant exploits of the

Who lived without fear, and died without reproach

He is buried at Belle Isle Plantation Cemetery, Berkeley County, South Carolina.

See also

This is a list of places named after Francis Marion: Marion, Alabama Marion, Indiana Marion, Iowa Marion, Massachusetts Marion, North Carolina Marion, South Carolina Marion, New York Marion County, Alabama Marion County, Arkansas Marion County, Florida Marion County, Georgia Marion County, Indiana Marion County, Ohio Marion County, Tennessee Marion County... Williamsburg was one of eleven townships that were ordered by King George in 1730 to colonial governor Robert Johnson to develop the back country of the Carolina Province. ... American slave and Revolutionary War militiaman, Oscar Marion was the servant of General Francis Marion (1732-1795), the legendary Swamp Fox. ...

External links


  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • Bass, Robert D. Swamp Fox. 1959.
  • Boddie, William Willis. History of Williamsburg. Columbia, SC: State Co., 1923.
  • Boddie, William Willis. Marion's Men: A List of Twenty-Five Hundred. Charleston, SC: Heisser Print Co., 1938.
  • Boddie, William Willis. Traditions of the Swamp Fox: William W. Boddie's Francis Marion. Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Co. 2000.
  • Busick, Sean R. A Sober Desire for History: William Gilmore Simms as Historian. 2005. ISBN 1-57003-565-2.
  • Simms, W.G. The Life of Francis Marion. New York, 1833.
  • Myers, Jonathan. Swamp Fox: Birth of a Legend. Ambition Studios, 2004.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  1. ^ W. Gilmore Simms: The Life of Francis Marion
  2. ^ "Banner Description", Berkeley County Government. Retrieved on 2006-10-23. 
  3. ^ http://www.patriotresource.com/factfiction/people/benmarion.html
  4. ^ Mel Gibson's latest hero: a rapist who hunted Indians for fun The Guardian; United Kingdom June 15, 2000
  5. ^ The British Are Crying, the British Are Crying, The National Review Online; New York, 6/26/00 2:25 p.m.
  6. ^ National Park Service - Marion Park: http://www.nps.gov/cahi/historyculture/cahi_marion.htm
  7. ^ Thomson http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d110:HR00497:@@@X



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