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Encyclopedia > Francis II of France
François II
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François II
French Monarchy-
Capetian Dynasty
(Valois-Angoulême branch)

Francis I
Children
   Henry II
   Madeleine of Valois,    Queen consort of Scot.
Henry II
Children
   Francis II
   Elizabeth of Valois
   Queen consort of Spain
   Charles IX
   Henry III
   Marguerite of Valois
   (a.k.a. "Queen Margot")
   François, Duke of Anjou
Francis II
Charles IX
Henry III

Francis II (French: François II) (January 19, 1544December 5, 1560) was a King of France (15591560). He was born at the Royal Chateau at Fontainbleau, Seine-et-Marne, the son of Henri II (March 31, 1519July 10, 1559) and Catherine de Medici (April 13, 1519January 5, 1589). He was also the grandson of François I and Claude de France and brother of Charles IX of France and Henry III of France This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France from 1328-1589. ... Self-designed File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Francis I (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – July 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (French: le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Madeleine de Valois, born August 10, 1520 at St. ... Madeleine de Valois, born August 10, 1520 at St. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from July 31, 1547 until his death. ... Elizabeth of Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Elizabeth of Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Elizabeth of Valois, by Sofonisba Anguissola, 1565 Elizabeth of Valois (April 2, 1545 – October 3, 1568) was a daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Marguerite de Valois Marguerite de Valois (May 14, 1553 – May 27, 1615), Queen Margot was Queen of France and Navarre. ... François, Duke of Anjou (1572) Hercule François, Duke of Anjou and Alençon, (March 18, 1555 – June 19, 1584) was the youngest son of Henry II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) was born Charles-Maximilien, the son of King Henri II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Henry III (French: Henri III; Polish: Henryk III Walezy; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589) was King of Poland (1573-1574) and subsequently King of France (1574-1589). ... January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events April 11 - Battle of Ceresole - French forces under the Comte dEnghien defeat Imperial forces under the Marques Del Vasto near Turin. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berhick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berhick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... The central range of Fontainebleau The Royal Chateau of Fontainebleau (in the Seine-et-Marne d partement), the largest of the French royal chateaux, introduced to France the Italian Mannerist style in interior decoration and in gardens, and transformed them in the translation. ... Seine-et-Marne is a French département, named after the Seine and the Marne rivers, and located in the ÃŽle-de-France région. ... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from July 31, 1547 until his death. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... Events January 15 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey. ... Catherine de Medici (April 13, 1519–January 5, 1589), born in Italy as Caterina Maria Romola di Lorenzo de Medici, and later queen of France under the French name Catherine de M dicis, was the wife of King Henry II of France, of the Valois branch of the kings of... 13 April is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... Events March 4 - Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ... Francis I (French: François Ier) (September 12, 1494 – July 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (French: le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Claude de France (14 October 1499 – 20 July 1524), French queen by marriage and duchess of Brittany in her own right, was the eldest daughter of King Louis XII of France and Anne, the heiress of Brittany. ... Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) was born Charles-Maximilien, the son of King Henri II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... Henry III (French: Henri III; Polish: Henryk III Walezy; September 19, 1551 – August 2, 1589) was King of Poland (1573-1574) and subsequently King of France (1574-1589). ...


King consort of Scotland

His marriage to Mary Stuart was arranged by his father in 1548 when François was 4 years old. Mary had been crowned Queen of Scotland in Stirling Castle on September 9, 1543, at the age of nine months. Once the marriage agreement had been formally ratified, in 1548, Mary of Guise, Regent of Scotland, sent her six-year-old daughter, Queen Mary, to France to be raised in the Royal Court until the marriage. King consort is a title given in some monarchies to the husband of a Queen regnant. ... Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart or Mary Stewart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was Queen of Scots, monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland, from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567; and Queen Consort of France from July 10, 1559 – December 5... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... The Kingdom of Scotland (Alba) was first unified as a state by Kenneth I of Scotland (Kenneth MacAlpin) in 843. ... Stirling Castle (southwest aspect) Stirling Castle is an historic castle in Stirling, Scotland. ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... // Events February 21 - Battle of Wayna Daga - A combined army of Ethiopian and Portuguese troops defeat the armies of Adal led by Ahmed Gragn. ... Events Mary I of Scotland sent to France Births September 2 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (died 1616) September 29 - William V, Duke of Bavaria (died 1626) Francesco Andreini, Italian actor (died 1624) Giordano Bruno, Italian philosopher, astronomer, and occultist (burned at the stake) 1600 (died 1600) Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general... Marie de Guise (in English, Mary of Guise) (November 22, 1515 – June,1560) was the Queen Consort of James V of Scotland and the mother of Mary, Queen of Scots. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... Transport in Scotland Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in Scotland Abbeys and priories in Scotland...


On April 24, 1558, the 14-year-old Dauphin was married to Mary, Queen of Scots in a union that would give the future King of France the throne of Scotland and a strengthened claim to the throne of England. April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... For other uses, see Dauphin (disambiguation). ... The Flag of England The Kingdom of England was a kingdom located in Western Europe, in the southern part of the island of Great Britain. ...


King of France

A year after his marriage, his father Henri II died, and François, still only 15 years old, was crowned King. His mother Catherine de Medici was appointed Regent, but it is considered that Mary's uncles François de Guise and Charles de Guise may actually have been the ones to hold the power in that period. Francis, 2nd Duke of Guise (February 17, 1519 - February 24, 1563) was a French soldier and politician. ... Charles of Guise Charles of Guise, Cardinal of Lorraine (1527 - French Cardinal and member of the powerful House of Guise. ...


François II, who had always been a sickly child, died December 5, 1560 in Orléans, Loiret, at the age of 16 when an ear infection worsened and caused an abscess in his brain. King François II is buried in Saint Denis Basilica. December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 27 - The Treaty of Berhick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation of Scotland The first tulip bulb was brought from Turkey to the Netherlands. ... Orléans cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Cross, built from 1278 to 1329; after being pillaged by Huguenots in the 1560s, the Bourbon kings restored it in the 17th century. ... Loiret is a département in north-central France named after the Loiret River. ... Otitis media (also known as glue ear) is an inflammation of the middle ear, usually associated with a buildup of fluid. ... An abscess is a collection of pus collected in a cavity formed by the tissue on the basis of an infectious process (usually caused by bacteria or parasites) or other foreign materials (e. ... Comparative brain sizes In the anatomy of animals, the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the higher, supervisory center of the nervous system. ... The Basilica of Saint Denis (French: Basilique de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is the famous burial site of the French monarchs, comparable to Westminster Abbey in England. ...


He was succeeded by his brother, Charles IX (June 27, 1550 - May 30, 1574). Charles IX (June 27, 1550 – May 30, 1574) was born Charles-Maximilien, the son of King Henri II of France and Catherine de Medici. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... Events April 14 - Battle of Mookerheyde. ...


Marriage

On April 24, 1558, he married Mary Stuart (Mary, Queen of Scots) (December 8, 1542 - February 8, 1587) with no children. April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart or Mary Stewart) (December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587), better known as Mary, Queen of Scots, was Queen of Scots, monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland, from December 14, 1542 – July 24, 1567; and Queen Consort of France from July 10, 1559 – December 5... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1587 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. ...

Monarchical Styles of
King Francis II
Par la grâce de Dieu, Roi de France
Reference style His Most Christian Majesty
Spoken style Your Most Christian Majesty
Alternative style Monsieur Le Roi
Preceded by:
Henry II
King of France
July 10, 1559December 5, 1560
Succeeded by:
Charles IX

 
 

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