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Encyclopedia > Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832
Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832
Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. By the time the coin was minted, he had abdicated the title of "Holy Roman Emperor," and his title had changed to Francis I of Austria. The Latin inscription is (obverse) FRANCISCVS I, D[EI] G[RATIA] AVSTRIAE IMPERATOR (reverse) HVN[GARIAE] BOH[EMIAE] LOMB[ARDIAE] ET VEN[ETIARUM] GAL[ICIAE] LOD[OMERIA] IL[LYRIAE] REX A[RCHIDUX] A[VUSTRIAE] 1821, or in English, "Francis I, by the Grace of God, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Bohemia, Lombardy-Venetia, Galicia, Lodomeria, and Illyria, Archduke of Austria 1821."
Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. By the time the coin was minted, he had abdicated the title of "Holy Roman Emperor," and his title had changed to Francis I of Austria. The Latin inscription is (obverse) FRANCISCVS I, D[EI] G[RATIA] AVSTRIAE IMPERATOR (reverse) HVN[GARIAE] BOH[EMIAE] LOMB[ARDIAE] ET VEN[ETIARUM] GAL[ICIAE] LOD[OMERIA] IL[LYRIAE] REX A[RCHIDUX] A[VUSTRIAE] 1821, or in English, "Francis I, by the Grace of God, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Bohemia, Lombardy-Venetia, Galicia, Lodomeria, and Illyria, Archduke of Austria 1821."

Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (German language: Franz II, Heiliger Römischer Kaiser) also referred to as Francis I, Emperor of Austria (February 12, 1768March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Holy Roman Empire was disbanded. In 1804 he founded the Austrian Empire and therein he became Francis I (German: Franz I.), first Emperor of Austria (ruling from 1804 to 1835). Therefore he was the one and only double-emperor (German: Doppelkaiser) in history. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (744x1387, 238 KB)Emperor of Austria Francis I (previously also Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor), wearing the Austrian regalia; from [1]. Public domain by age. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (744x1387, 238 KB)Emperor of Austria Francis I (previously also Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor), wearing the Austrian regalia; from [1]. Public domain by age. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 409 pixels Full resolution (1059 × 541 pixel, file size: 267 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Silver thaler of Francis I, Emperor of Austria. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 409 pixels Full resolution (1059 × 541 pixel, file size: 267 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Silver thaler of Francis I, Emperor of Austria. ... Examples of German and Austrian Thalers compared to a US quarter piece (bottom center) The Thaler (or Taler) was a silver coin used throughout Europe for almost four hundred years. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Anthem: Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Disestablished 1867 Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was an empire centred on what is modern day Austria that officially lasted from 1804... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


He was a son of Leopold II of the Holy Roman Empire (1747 – 1792) and his wife Maria Luisa of Spain (1745 – 1792). Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792) was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ... Maria Louisa(Spanish: Maria Luisa, German: Maria Ludovika) (24 November 1745 - 15 May 1792) was Empress consort to Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. Maria Louisa was born in Portici, in Campania, the site of the summer palace of her parents, King Charles VII and Queen Maria Amalia of Naples and...

Contents

Biography

As the leader of a large multi-ethnic empire, Francis felt threatened by Napoleon's call for liberty and equality in Europe. Francis had a rocky relationship with France. His aunt Marie Antoinette died under the guillotine at the beginning of his reign. Later, he led Austria into the French Revolutionary Wars and was defeated by Napoleon. By the Treaty of Campo Formio, he ceded the left bank of the Rhine to France in exchange for Venice and Dalmatia. He again fought against France during the Second Coalition, and, after meeting crushing defeat at Austerlitz, agreed to the Treaty of Pressburg, which effectively dissolved the Holy Roman Empire, weakening the Austrian Empire and reorganizing present-day Germany under a Napoleonic imprint. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Marie-Antoinette, painted by Wagenschon shortly after her marriage in 1770 Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born 2 November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height... The Maiden, an older Scottish design. ... Combatants Great Britain Austria Prussia Spain[1] Russia Sardinia Ottoman Empire Portugal Dutch Republic[2] France The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts, from 1792 until 1802, fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states. ... The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire, Year VI of the French Republic) by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig von Cobenzl as representatives of France and Austria. ... The Rhine (Dutch: ; French: ; German: ; Italian: ; Romansh: ) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe at 1,320 kilometres (820 miles), with an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia) is the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, Italian: Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... The name Second Coalition (1798 - 1800) designates the second major concerted effort of multiple European powers to contain Revolutionary France. ... Combatants First French Empire Russian Empire, Austrian Empire Commanders Napoleon I Alexander I Strength 65,000[1] 73,000[2] Casualties 1,305 dead, 6,940 wounded, 573 captured, 1 standard lost[3] 15,000 dead or wounded, 12,000 captured, 180 guns lost, 50 standards lost[3] The Battle... The Treaty of Pressburg was signed on December 26, 1805 between France and Austria as a consequence of the Austrian defeats by France at Ulm (September 25 - October 20) and Austerlitz (December 2). ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... Anthem: Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Disestablished 1867 Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was an empire centred on what is modern day Austria that officially lasted from 1804...


In 1809, Francis attacked France again, hoping to take advantage of the conflict embroiling Napoleon in Spain. He was again defeated, and this time forced to ally himself with Napoleon, ceding territory to the Empire, joining the Continental System, and wedding his daughter Marie-Louise to the Emperor. Francis essentially became a vassal of the Emperor of the French. The Napoleonic wars drastically weakened Austria and reduced its prestige, which would lead to Prussia's acquiring the edge in the contest for dominance of Germany. Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Continental System was a foreign-policy cornerstone of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland during the Napoleonic Wars. ... Marie Louise (December 12, 1791 - December 17, 1847) was the second wife of Napoléon Bonaparte and Empress of the French. ... Combatants Allies: Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Spain[3] Sweden United Kingdom[4] Ottoman Empire[5] French Empire Holland Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[6] Saxony[7] Denmark [8] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich Gebhard von Blücher Karl... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2...


In 1813, for the fourth and final time, Austria turned against France and joined Britain, Russia, and Prussia in their war against Napoleon. Austria played a major role in the final defeat of France—in recognition of this, Francis, represented by Clemens von Metternich, presided over the Congress of Vienna, helping to form the Concert of Europe and the Holy Alliance, ushering in an era of conservatism and reactionism in Europe. The German Confederation, a loose association of Central European states was created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire. The federal diet met at Frankfurt under Austrian presidency (in fact the Habsburg Emperor was represented by an Austrian 'presidential envoy'). Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Klemens Wenzel von Metternich Klemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar Fürst von Metternich-Winneberg-Beilstein (May 15, 1773 - June 11, 1858) (sometimes rendered in English as Prince Clemens Metternich) was an Austrian politician and statesman and perhaps the most important diplomat of his era. ... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... The Concert of Europe describes the broad cooperation between Europes great powers after 1815. ... The Holy Alliance was a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created in 1815 at the behest of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, ostensibly to uphold Christianity in European political life but in practice as a bastion against revolution. ... This article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... Regressivism is a term used to critically denote policies, ideologies or philosophies that are characterized as advocating a reversal to ones long abandoned or deprecated. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... In politics, a Diet is a formal deliberative assembly. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... The word Presidency is often used to describe the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. ...


Ancestors

Francis's ancestors in three generations
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor Father:
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
Father's father:
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Father's father's father:
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Father's father's mother:
Elizabeth Charlotte of Orléans
Father's mother:
Maria Theresa of Austria
Father's mother's father:
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Father's mother's mother:
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Mother:
Maria Louisa of Spain
Mother's father:
Charles III of Spain
Mother's father's father:
Philip V of Spain
Mother's father's mother:
Elisabeth of Parma
Mother's mother:
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Mother's mother's father:
Augustus III of Poland
Mother's mother's mother:
Maria Josepha of Austria

Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792) was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ... Francis I Silver coin of Francis I, dated 1754. ... Leopold Joseph (September 11, 1679 – March 27, 1729), was Duke of Lorraine from 1697 to 1702, and again, from 1714 to his death. ... Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia The worlds most famous coin, a silver thaler of Maria Theresa, dated 1780. ... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI Charles VI of Austria (October 1, 1685 – October 20, 1740) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1711 to 1740 and the second son of Leopold I with his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg, came first to the throne with the name Charles III of... Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was empress of the Holy Roman Empire and mother of Maria Theresa of Austria. ... Maria Louisa(Spanish: Maria Luisa, German: Maria Ludovika) (24 November 1745 - 15 May 1792) was Empress consort to Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. Maria Louisa was born in Portici, in Campania, the site of the summer palace of her parents, King Charles VII and Queen Maria Amalia of Naples and... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Elisabetta Farnese, queen of Spain Elizabeth Farnese (October 25, 1692 – July 11, 1766), Queen consort of Spain, also known as Isabel de Farnesio or Isabella Farnese, was the only daughter of Odoardo II Farnese. ... Maria Amalia of Saxony. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... Archduchess Maria Josefa of Austria, Queen of Poland. ...

Marriage

He married four times:

  1. On January 6, 1788, to Elisabeth of Württemberg (April 21, 1767February 18, 1790), who died bearing a short-lived daughter, Ludovika (179091)
  2. On August 15, 1790, to his first cousin Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies (June 6, 1772April 13, 1807), daughter of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his double first cousin (both were grandchildren of Empress Maria Theresa and shared all of their other grandparents in common), with whom he had twelve children, but only seven reached adulthood:
  3. On January 6, 1808, he married again to another first cousin, Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este (December 14, 1787April 7, 1816) with no issue. She was the daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este and Maria Beatrice d'Este, Princess of Modena.
  4. On October 29, 1816, to Karoline Charlotte Auguste of Bavaria (February 8, 1792February 9, 1873) with no issue. She was daughter of Maximilian I of Bavaria and had been previously married to William I of Württemberg.

He is buried in tomb number 57 in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, surrounded by his four wives. January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies (June 6, 1772, Naples - April 13, 1807, Vienna) was the eldest daughter of Fernando I, King of the Two Sicilies (1751-1825) and his wife, Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria (1752-1814). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 1 day remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia The worlds most famous coin, a silver thaler of Maria Theresa, dated 1780. ... Marie Louise (December 12, 1791 _ December 17, 1847) was the second wife of Napoleon Bonaparte and Empress of The French. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Napoleon I Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, King of Italy, Mediator of the Swiss Confederation and Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... Emperor Ferdinand Ferdinand I Karl Leopold Joseph Franz Marchlin Emperor of Austria King of Hungary and Bohemia (April 19, 1793 – June 29, 1875) succeeded his father (Franz II Holy Roman Emperor/Franz I of Austria) as Emperor and King in 1835 and was forced to abdicate in 1848. ... 1793 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Maria Leopoldina Josepha Caroline of Habsburg, archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil, was born in 1797 in Vienna, Austria. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Archduchess Maria Clementina Francesca Giuseppina (1798-1881) was a Princess of Salerno. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony, (Friedrich August Albert Maria Clemens Joseph Vincenz Aloys Nepomuk Johann Baptista Nikolaus Raphael Peter Xaver Franz de Paula Veneantius) (May 18, 1797 – August 9, 1854) became king of Saxony in 1836. ... Archduke Franz Karl Joseph of Austria (7 December 1802 – 8 March 1878) was father of two emperors (Austria and Mexico) and the grandfather of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria, whose shooting was the occasion of the start of World War I. He was born in Vienna, the second son of... --69. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Franz Joseph I. Francis Joseph I (in German Franz Josef I. (August 18, 1830 – November 21, 1916) of the Habsburg Dynasty was Emperor of Austria and King of Bohemia from 1848 until 1916, and Apostolic King of Hungary from 1867 until 1916. ... Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (Emperador Maximiliano I de México) (July 6, 1832 – June 19, 1867) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg-Lorraine family. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 359 days (360 in leap years) remaining. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Empress Maria Ludovika of Austria Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, also known as Maria Ludovika of Modena, (German: Maria Ludovika Beatrix von Modena) (Monza, 14 December 1787 – Vienna, 7 April 1816) was daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este (1754-1806) and his wife, Maria Beatrice Ricciarda dEste (1750... December 14 is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Archduke Ferdinand Karl Anton Joseph Johann Stanislaus of Austria-Este (1 June 1754-24 December 1806), was the fourth son and fourteenth child of Franz I and Maria Theresa, became heir to the Duchies of Modena and Reggio through his marriage on 15 October 1771 to Beatrice dEste, the... Ercole I dEste was one of the most important patrons of arts in the Italian Renaissance. ... Modena (Mòdna in Modenese dialect) is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Caroline Augusta of Bavaria. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... King Maximilian I of Bavaria. ... William I of Württemberg (27 September 1781-25 June 1864) was King of Württemberg. ... An ornament of the sarcophagus of Emperor Karl VI: a deaths head with the crown of the Holy Roman Empire Tomb of Franz Josef I, flanked by wife Elisabeth and son Rudolf. ...


After 1806 he used the titles: "We, Francis the First, by the grace of God Emperor of Austria; King of Jerusalem, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Galicia and Lodomeria; Archduke of Austria; Duke of Lorraine, Salzburg, Würzburg, Franconia, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola; Grand Duke of Cracow; Grand Prince of Transylvania; Margrave of Moravia; Duke of Sandomir, Masovia, Lublin, Upper and Lower Silesia, Auschwitz and Zator, Teschen and Friule; Prince of Berchtesgaden and Mergentheim; Princely Count of Habsburg, Gorizia and Gradisca and of the Tyrol; and Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria". 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... By the Grace of God, as well as the various equivalent phrases in other languages thus rendered in English, is not a title in its own right, but a common introductory part of the full styles of many Monarchs, preceding the actual princely styles in chief of the specific realm... This is a list of Kings of Jerusalem, from 1099 to 1291, as well as claimants to the title up to the present day. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Map of Dalmatia, in present day Croatia highlighted Dalmatia (Croatian: Dalmacija, Italian: Dalmazia) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, in modern Croatia, spreading between the island of Rab in the northwest and the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska) in the southeast. ... Coat of arms Slavonia (Croatian: Slavonija) is a geographical and historical region in eastern Croatia. ... Coat-of-arms of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria Galicia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: , German: , Hungarian: , Czech: , Yiddish: , Turkish: , Romanian: ) is an historical region in East Central Europe, currently divided between Poland and Ukraine. ... Coat of arms of Lodomeria Lodomeria is the Latinized name of Volodymyr-Volhynia, a medieval Ruthenian principality, which was part of Halych-Volhynia in the 13th and 14th centuries. ... Lorraine coat of arms location of the Lorraine province Lorraine (French: Lorraine; German: Lothringen) is a historical area in present-day northeast France. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ... Franconia (German: Franken) is a historic region in modern Germany, which today forms three administrative regions of the German federal state of Bavaria: Lower Franconia (Unterfranken), Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken), and Upper Franconia (Oberfranken). ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Styria, crowned with the ducal hat, today state coat The Duchy of Styria (German: Herzogtum Steiermark, Slovenian Å tajerska) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918. ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Carinthia, today state coat The Duchy of Carinthia (German language: Kärnten, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until it dissolved in 1918. ... Carniola English and Latin; (Slovenian Kranjska, German Krain) is a name for a region in Slovenia. ... Wawel Hill, Old Town, Kraków. ... Map of Romania with Transylvania in yellow Transylvania (Romanian: or ; Hungarian: ; German: ; Serbian: / Transilvanija or / Erdelj) is a historical region in central and western Romania. ... Flag of Moravia Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ; Hungarian: ; Polish: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Sandomierz is a town in south-eastern Poland with 27,000 inhabitants (1995). ... Historical division of Masovia Masovia (Polish: Mazowsze) is a geographical and historical region situated in central Poland with its capital at Warsaw. ... For other uses, see Lublin (disambiguation). ... Silesia (Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlónsk) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Oświęcim. ... Zator is a town in southern Poland. ... Divided city. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Berchtesgaden is a town in the German Bavarian Alps. ... Mergentheim is a town in Germany situated in the valley of the Tauber, 7 miles south from Lauda. ... Gorizia (Slovenian: Gorica, German: Görz, Friulian: Gurize) is a small town at the foot of the Alps, in northeastern Italy, on the border with Slovenia. ... Gradisca (also Gradisca dIsonzo) is a town in north-eastern Italy in the Friuli region. ... Coat of arms of Tyrol: *[1] The Tyrol is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian regions known as the South Tyrol and Trentino. ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech Lužice) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern... Map of Istria Istria (Croatian and Slovenian: Istra, Italian: Istria) is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ...


Names in other languages: German: Franz II./I., Czech: František I., Slovak: František I., Hungarian: I. Ferenc, Croatian: Franjo I., Italian: Francesco II./I., Slovenian: Franc.


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Emperor Franz I. of Austria
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Emperor Franz I. of Austria
House of Habsburg
Born: February 12, 1768
Died: March 2, 1835
Regnal Titles
Preceded by
Leopold II
Holy Roman Emperor
(also Roman-German King)  
17921806
Dissolution of the
Holy Roman Empire
Apostolic King of Hungary; King of Bohemia, Dalmatia,
Croatia, Slavonia
, Galicia and Lodomeria

17921835
Succeeded by
Ferdinand I
Archduke of Austria; Duke of Lorraine, Salzburg,
Würzburg, Franconia, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola;
Grand Duke of Cracow; Grand Prince of Transylvania;
Duke of Sandomir, Masovia, Lublin, Upper and
Lower Silesia, Auschwitz and Zator, Teschen and Friule

17921835
Prince of Berchtesgaden and Mergentheim;
Princely Count of Habsburg, Gorizia and Gradisca
and of the Tyrol

17921835
Margrave of Upper and Lower Lusatia and in Istria
17921835
Foundation of the Austrian Empire Emperor of Austria
1804-1835
Consolidation of the
German Confederation
President of the
German Confederation

18151835

 
 

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