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Encyclopedia > Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Francesco I
King of the Two Sicilies
Francis I of the Two Sicilies
Reign 4 January 1825-8 November 1830
Born 14 August 1777
Died 8 November 1830
Predecessor Ferdinand I
Successor Ferdinand II
Consort Maria Isabella of Spain
Issue Princess Carolina Ferdinanda Luisa
Prince Ferdinand
Princess Luisa Carlotta
Princess Maria Christina
Prince Ferdinand
Prince Carlo
Prince Leopold
Princess Antoniette
Princess Antonia
Princess Marie Amelia
Princess Maria Carolina
Princess Teresa
Prince Luigi Carlo
Prince Francis
Royal House Bourbon
Father Ferdinand I
Mother Marie Caroline of Austria

Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo, January 12, 1810 – May 22, 1859) was the King of the Two Sicilies (Southern Italy) from 1830 until his death. ... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... The Duchess of Berry, painted in 1828 by Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de Berry (1798–1870) was the daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his first wife, Maria Klementine of Austria. ... Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon (Portici, October 24, 1804 – Madrid, January 29, 1844), princess the Two Sicilies, infanta of Spain, was a daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies. ... Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain Maria Christina of Bourbon, Princess of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (Maria Cristina Ferdinanda of the Two Sicilies branch of the Royal House of Bourbon) (April 27, 1806–August 22, 1878) was Queen Consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Queen Regent of... Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo, January 12, 1810 – May 22, 1859) was the King of the Two Sicilies (Southern Italy) from 1830 until his death. ... The drawing portrait picture of Princess Teresa of the Two Sicilies. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... HM Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily Her Majesty Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily née Her Imperial & Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria (13 August 1752- 8 September 1814) was queen consort and de facto ruler of Naples from 1768 to 1799 and from 1799... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Two Sicilies The Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Italian: il Regno delle Due Sicilie) was the new name that the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV of Naples bestowed upon his domain (including Southern Italy and the island of Sicily) after the end of the Napoleonic Era and the full restoration... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents

Biography

Francis was born in Naples, the son of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Archduchess Maria Carolina of Austria. He was also the nephew of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI the last King and Queen of France before the first French Republic. For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... HM Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily Her Majesty Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily née Her Imperial & Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria (1752-1814) was queen consort and de facto ruler of Naples from 1768 to 1799 and from 1799 to 1806, and of... Marie-Antoinette, Queen of France and Archduchess of Austria (born November 1755 – executed 16 October 1793) Daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria, wife of Louis XVI and mother of Louis XVII. She was guillotined at the height of the French Revolution. ... Louis XVI, born Louis-Auguste de France (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. ...


In 1796 Francis married Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II. When she died, he married his first cousin María Isabel, daughter of King Charles IV of Spain. Leopold II (born Peter Leopold Joseph) (May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792) was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. ... Francis I (Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe, August 14, 1777 – November 8, 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830. ... Charles IV (November 11, 1748 - January 20, 1819) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808. ...


After the Bourbon family fled from Naples to Sicily in 1806, and Lord William Bentinck, the British resident, had established a constitution and deprived Ferdinand I of all power, Francis was appointed regent (1812). Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, known as Lord William Bentinck (14 September 1774 - 17 June 1839) was a British statesman who served as Governor-General of India from 1828 to 1835. ...


On the fall of Napoleon his father returned to Naples and suppressed the Sicilian constitution and autonomy, incorporating his two kingdoms into that of the Two Sicilies (1816); Francis then assumed the revived title of duke of Calabria. While still heir apparent he professed liberal ideas, and on the outbreak of the revolution of 1820 he accepted the regency apparently in a friendly spirit towards the new constitution. But he was probably more conservatively inclined than that. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Cliffside dwellings in Tropea. ...


Hence, on succeeding to the throne in 1825, he followed more conservative principles as well. He took little part in the government, which he left in the hands of favourites and police officials, and lived with his mistresses, surrounded by soldiers, ever in dread of assassination. During his reign the only revolutionary movement was the outbreak on the Cilento (1828), repressed by the marquis Delcarretto, an ex-Liberal. Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


During his reign, the Royal Order of Francis I was founded to reward civil merit. The Royal Order of Francis I (properly The Royal Order of Francis I of the Two Sicilies) is a Papal order founded in 1829 to reward civil and military merit. ...


Ancestors

Francis I's ancestors in three generations
Francis I of the Two Sicilies Father:
Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Paternal Grandfather:
Charles III of Spain
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Philip V of Spain
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Elisabeth of Parma
Paternal Grandmother:
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Paternal Great-grandfather:
Augustus III of Poland
Paternal Great-grandmother:
Maria Josepha of Austria
Mother:
Marie Caroline of Austria
Maternal Grandfather:
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
Maternal Grandmother:
Maria Theresa of Austria
Maternal Great-grandfather:
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Maternal Great-grandmother:
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... Charles III of Spain - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Elisabetta Farnese, queen of Spain Elizabeth Farnese (October 25, 1692 – July 11, 1766), Queen consort of Spain, also known as Isabel de Farnesio or Isabella Farnese, was the only daughter of Odoardo II Farnese. ... Maria Amalia of Saxony. ... Reign From 1734 until October 5, 1763 Elected In 1734 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On January 17, 1734 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Wettin Parents August II Mocny ? Consorts Marie Josepha Children Frederick Christian Date of Birth October 7, 1696 Place of... Archduchess Maria Josefa of Austria, Queen of Poland. ... HM Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily Her Majesty Queen Marie Caroline of Naples and Sicily née Her Imperial & Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria (13 August 1752- 8 September 1814) was queen consort and de facto ruler of Naples from 1768 to 1799 and from 1799... Francis I Silver coin of Francis I, dated 1754. ... Leopold Joseph (September 11, 1679 – March 27, 1729), was Duke of Lorraine from 1697 to 1702, and again, from 1714 to his death. ... Elisabeth Charlotte of Orléans Princess Elisabeth Charlotte of Orléans, named Mademoiselle de Chartres (Saint-Cloud, September 13, 1676 - Commercy, December 23, 1744) was a French Royal Princess and Duchess of Lorraine. ... Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary, Archduchess of Austria, (German: , Hungarian: , Romanian: , Slovak: , Czech: ; May 13, 1717–November 29, 1780) was (reigning) Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. ... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI Charles VI, (German Karl VI; in full Karl Josef Franz)Holy Roman Emperor (October 1, 1685 – October 20, 1740) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1711 to 1740 and the second son of Leopold I with his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg. ... Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was empress of the Holy Roman Empire and mother of Maria Theresa of Austria. ...

Children

With Maria Clementina of Austria:

With Isabella of Spain: The Duchess of Berry, painted in 1828 by Elisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun Marie Caroline Ferdinande Louise, duchesse de Berry (1798–1870) was the daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his first wife, Maria Klementine of Austria. ... Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry (1778 - February 13, 1820) was the younger son of Charles X of France and Marie-Thérèse de Savoie. ... Charles X (October 9, 1757 – November 6, 1836) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1824 until the French Revolution of 1830, when he abdicated. ...

  • Luisa Carlotta (1804-1844), who married her uncle Francisco de Paula, Duke of Cadiz, Infante of Spain, her mother's younger brother.
  • María Cristina (1806-1878), who married 1st her uncle Ferdinand VII of Spain (her mother's older brother) and 2nd Ferdinand Muñoz, Duke of Rianzares.
  • Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (1810-1859) who became Francis I's successor and married twice.
  • Carlo Ferdinando, Count di Capua (1811-1862). Married morganatically to Penelope Smyth and had issue.
  • Leopoldo, Count di Siracusa (1813-1860). Married Maria Princess of Savoy-Carignano. No issue.
  • Maria Antonietta (1814-1898). Married Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
  • Antonio, Count of Lecce (1816-1843).
  • Marie Amalie (1818-1857), who married Sebastian de Bourbon, Infante of Spain.
  • Maria Carolina (1820-1861). Married Carlos, Conde de Montemolin of Spain and Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain.
  • Teresa (1822-1889). Married Pedro II of Brazil.
  • Luigi, Count di Aquila (1824-1897). Married Januária, Princess Imperial of Brazil (sister of Pedro II of Brazil and Maria II of Portugal). Had issue.
  • Francesco, Count of Trapani (1827-1892). Married Princess Isabella of Tuscany and had issue.

Also had illegitmate children with his mistresses. Luisa Carlotta of Bourbon (Portici, October 24, 1804 – Madrid, January 29, 1844), princess the Two Sicilies, infanta of Spain, was a daughter of King Francis I of the Two Sicilies. ... Infante Francisco de Paula, Duke of Cadiz (Francisco de Paula de Borbón, Duque de Cádiz) was born on 10 March 1794 in Madrid, Spain. ... Maria Christina, Queen Regent of Spain Maria Christina, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (Maria Cristina Ferdinanda of the Two Sicilies branch of the Royal House of Bourbon) (April 27, 1806–August 22, 1878) was Queen Consort of Spain (1829 to 1833) and Queen Regent of Spain (1833... Ferdinand VII (October 14, 1784 - September 29, 1833) was King of Spain from 1813 to 1833. ... Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo, January 12, 1810 – May 22, 1859) was the King of the Two Sicilies (Southern Italy) from 1830 until his death. ... Portrait of Leopold II Leopold II (October 3, 1797 – January 29, 1870), of Habsburg-Lorraine, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Prince Imperial and Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia. ... Carlos Luis de Borbón y Braganza, Conde de Montemolín (January 31, 1818 - January 13, 1861) was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos VI since his fathers abdication in 1845, when he took the title of Count of Montemolín. ... Carlism restored the cross of Burgundy assimilated by the Spanish Bourbons throught the Spanish Habsburgs and used as flag of the Spanish empire. ... The drawing portrait picture of Princess Teresa of the Two Sicilies. ... Dom Pedro II (pron. ... Januária Maria of Bragança (pron. ... Maria II, Queen of Portugal, (pron. ...

Francis I of the Two Sicilies
House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Born: 14 August 1777
Died: 8 November 1830
Regnal titles
Preceded by:
Ferdinand I
King of the Two Sicilies
1825-1830
Succeeded by:
Ferdinand II

Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (January 12, 1751 - January 4, 1825). ... The following is a list of monarchs of the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily: // Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071–1130 Roger I 1071–1101 Simon 1101–1105 Roger II 1105–1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130–1198 Roger II 1130–1154 William I 1154–1166 William II 1166–1189 Tancred... Ferdinand II (Ferdinando Carlo, January 12, 1810 – May 22, 1859) was the King of the Two Sicilies (Southern Italy) from 1830 until his death. ...

References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


 
 

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