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Encyclopedia > Francis Hopkinson
Francis Hopkinson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Francis Hopkinson

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Francis Hopkinson (2 October 1737May 9, 1791), an American author, and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, was born at Philadelphia in 1737. He studied at the college of Philadelphia, and after graduating in 1763, resolved to prepare himself for the legal profession. After he was admitted to the bar in 1765 he spent two years in England. On his return in 1768 he obtained a lucrative public appointment in the state of New Jersey, which went on to represent in Congress in 1776-1777. In 1779 he was appointed judge of admiralty for Pennsylvania, and in 1790 district judge for that state. October 2nd is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1791 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A declaration of independence is a proclamation of the independence of a newly formed or reformed independent state, usually from a part or the whole of the territory of another nation, or a document containing such a declaration. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... 1768 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: The Garden State Other U.S. States Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Governor Richard Codey (D) Official languages None defined Area 22,608 km² (47th)  - Land 19,231 km²  - Water 3,378 km² (14. ... A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Hopkinson was the author of several songs to which he wrote popular airs, and of various political poems, pamphlets, and jeux d'esprit, which from their humorous satire had a wide circulation, and powerfully assisted in arousing and fostering the spirit of political independence that issued in the American Revolution. Before the Revolution: The 13 colonies are in red, the pink area was claimed by Great Britain after the French and Indian War, and the orange region was claimed by Spain. ...

His principal writings are The Pretty Story 1774; The prophecy 1776; The Political Catchism 1777. Among his songs may be mentioned The Treaty, The Battle of the Kegs, and The New Roof, a song for Federal Mechanics; and the best known of his satirical pieces are Typographical Method of conducting a Quarrel, Essay on White Washing, and Modern Learning. His Miscellaneous Essays and Occasional Writings were published at Philadelphia in three volumes in 1792. 1774 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

He died in Philadelphia.

Some historians believe that Hopkinson and not Betsy Ross designed the official "first flag" of the United States. This flag had the traditional 13 red and white stripes and 13 white stars in a circle on a field of blue (www.usflag.org).


  • Original text adapted from a paper copy of the 1881 Encyclopædia Britannica.
  • See www.usflag.org for tracking the history of the Betsy Ross and Francis Hopkinson stories related to the creation of the first American flag.

1913 advertisement for the 11th edition, with the slogan When in doubt - look it up in the Encyclopædia Britannica The Encyclopædia Britannica (properly spelt with æ, the ae-ligature) is the oldest English-language general encyclopedia. ...

External link

  • Hopkinson's Congressional biography



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