FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 


FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:



(* = Graphable)



Encyclopedia > Francis Heylighen
Jump to: navigation, search

Francis Heylighen (born 1960) is a Belgian cyberneticist. He works as a research professor at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, the Dutch-speaking Free University of Brussels, where he directs the transdisciplinary research group on "Evolution, Complexity and Cognition." (ECCO). His research focuses on the emergence and evolution of complex, intelligent organization. Applications include the origin of life, the development of multicellular organisms, knowledge, culture, and societies, and the impact of information and communication technologies on future social evolution. Jump to: navigation, search 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Cybernetics is a theory of the communication and control of regulatory feedback. ... The seal of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel The Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) is a Dutch-speaking university situated in Brussels, Belgium. ... The Free University of Brussels is the name of two Belgian universities both in Brussels: the Dutch-speaking Vrije Universiteit Brussel, and the French-speaking Université Libre de Bruxelles This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles Darwin, father of the theory of evolution by natural selection. ... Complexity is the opposite of simplicity. ... Jump to: navigation, search Look up Cognition on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term cognition is used in several different loosely related ways. ... Emergence is the process of complex pattern formation from simpler rules. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles Darwin, father of the theory of evolution by natural selection. ... A complex is a whole that comprehends a number of parts, especially one with interconnected or mutually related parts. ... Jump to: navigation, search Pre-Cambrian stromatolites in the Siyeh Formation, Glacier National Park. ...

Together with Cliff Joslyn and Valentin Turchin, he is editor of the Principia Cybernetica Project, which is devoted to the collaborative development of an evolutionary-systemic philosophy. He created its website, the Principia Cybernetica Web, in 1993, as one of the first complex webs in the world. It is still viewed as the most important site on cybernetics, systems theory and related approaches. Together with his PhD student Johan Bollen, in 1995 Heylighen was the first to propose algorithms that could turn the world-wide web into a self-organizing, learning network that exhibits collective intelligence, i.e. a Global brain. He is also one of the first to formulate a theory of memetics that can be empirically tested. He is one of the founders, and the present editor, of the Journal of Memetics. Valentin Turchin (born 1931) is a Russian-American cybernetician and computer scientist. ... Jump to: navigation, search Philosophy is a discipline or field of study involving the investigation, analysis, and development of ideas at a general, abstract, or fundamental level. ... Jump to: navigation, search Systems theory or systemics is an interdisciplinary field which studies relationships of systems as a whole. ... Graphic representation of the world wide web around Wikipedia The World Wide Web (WWW, or simply Web) is an information space in which the items of interest, referred to as resources, are identified by global identifiers called Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI). ... Self-organization refers to a process in which the internal organization of a system, normally an open system, increases automatically without being guided or managed by an outside source. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The global brain is the name given to the emerging intelligent network formed by all people on Earth, together with the computers and communication links that connect them together. ... Memetics is the scientific approach to evolutionary models of information transfer based on the concept of the meme. ...

Core ideas

Heylighen's scientific work (he published over 90 papers and a book) covers an extremely wide range of subjects, exemplifying his intellectual curiosity and fundamentally transdisciplinary way of thinking. In addition to the topics mentioned above, subjects include the foundations of quantum mechanics, the structure of space-time, hypermedia interfaces, the psychology of self-actualization and happiness, the market mechanism, formality and contextuality in language, causality, and the measurement of social progress. Jump to: navigation, search Fig. ... In special relativity and general relativity, time and three-dimensional space are treated together as a single four-dimensional pseudo-Riemannian manifold called spacetime. ... Jump to: navigation, search Hypermedia is a term used as a logical extension of the term hypertext, in which audio, video, plain text, and non-linear hyperlinks intertwine to create a generally non-linear medium of information. ... According to Maslow, self actualization (usu. ... Jump to: navigation, search Happiness, pleasure or joy is an emotional state of being. ... A price mechanism or market-based method is any of a wide variety of ways to match up offers and requests that market players bid and ask: a bid is an offer to pay a fixed amount that is held open for a period of time an ask is an... Look up Context on Wiktionary, the free dictionary See also ConTeXt, a macro package for the TeX typesetting system. ... Jump to: navigation, search The philosophical concept of causality or causation refers to the set of all particular causal or cause-and-effect relations. ... Progress can refer to: The idea of a process in which societies or individuals become better or more modern (technologically and/or socially). ...

This impressive variety of ideas is held together by two basic principles. The relational principle notes that phenomena can only exist in relation (connection or distinction) to other phenomena, and thus only make sense as part of a complex network or system. The evolutionary principle notes that variation through (re)combination of parts and natural selection of the fitter combinations results in ever more complex and adaptive systems. The two principles come together in Heylighen's concept of a distinction dynamics, which he first formulated in his PhD thesis (and later book), "Representation and Change". In Heylighen's analysis, classical scientific methodology is based on given, unchanging distinctions between elements or states. Therefore, it is intrinsically unable to model creative change. But the evolutionary principle makes distinctions dynamic, explaining the creation and destruction of relations, distinctions and connections, and thus helping us to understand how and why complexity emerges. In music, variation is a formal technique where material is altered during repetition; reiteration with changes. ... Jump to: navigation, search Natural selection is a process by which biological populations are altered over time, as a result of the propagation of heritable traits that affect the capacity of individual organisms to survive and reproduce. ...

External links

  • Francis Heylighen's Homepage
  • Francis Heylighen: Pioneer of the Global Brain by Ben Goertzel
  • Principia Cybernetica Web



Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m