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Encyclopedia > Francis Grevemberg

Colonel Francis Carroll Grevemberg (born 1914) was the superintendent of the Louisiana state police from 1952-1955, who is best remembered for his fight against organized crime. Descended from one of the oldest and most prominent families in Louisiana, Grevemberg was born in Lafayette. He twice sought the governorship, as a Democrat in the 1955 party primary and as the Republican nominee in the April 19, 1960, general election. 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ... Lafayette is a city located on the Vermilion River in Lafayette Parish, in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Primary is an adjective meaning first or first hand. It may refer to: Primary education or Primary school Primary care. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... A general election is an election in which all members of a given political body are up for election. ...


Grevemberg served in World War II in the U.S. Army. He was in Anzio, France, on D-Day. He received the French Croix de Guerre, the Italian Valor Cross, and the Soldiers Medal for Heroism. Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... Anzio (2003 pop. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... The Croix de guerre is a military decoration of both Belgium and France which was first created in 1915. ...

Contents


Louisiana State Police superintendent

Grevemberg was appointed to head the state police by newly-elected Governor Robert F. Kennon. His book My Wars: Nazis, Mobsters, Gambling and Corruption tells about his experiences with the Mafia, which he said tried to kill him, bribe him, and kidnap his children. The mob even sent him a Mafia black hand death threat letter. The mob began operating in Louisiana during the administration of Governor Huey P. Long, Jr., (1928-1932), when New York City mobster Frank Costello brought slot machines into the state. Grevemberg's book chronicles his fight against gambling and vice. Slot machines and casino devices, illegal in Louisiana at the time, were operated by the Mafia and other criminal elements. Robert Floyd Kennon (August 12, 1902 - January 11, 1988) was the Democratic governor of the state of Louisiana, United States between 1952-1956. ... Huey Pierce Long (August 30, 1893–September 10, 1935), known as The Kingfish, was an American politician; he was governor of Louisiana (1928–1932), Senator (1932–1935) and a presidential hopeful before his assassination. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... Nickname The Big Apple, The Capital of the World [1], Gotham Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water  - Urban  - Metro 1,214. ... Frank Costello (January 21, 1891 - February 18, 1973) was an Italian-American gangster who was one of the most powerful and influential Mafia bosses in American history. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq. ...


Grevemberg said that he could not have carried on under constant threats from the mob without the inspiration of his wife, Dorothy McGuire Grevemberg (September 30, 1921--March 1986), whom he called "the love of my life." He was also aided by journalists W. Thomas Angers of Lafayette and Jim McLean of the Associated Press and pastors and citizens from the Louisiana Moral and Civic Foundation for the strength to persevere. September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 92 days remaining. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Associated Press logo The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...


Democratic Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee, chairman of the U.S. Senate Special Committee to Investigate the Influence of Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce, credited Grevemberg with transforming Louisiana from being one of the most corrupt states to one of the cleanest during the 1950s. Gambling spots across South Louisiana were closed en masse, and the raids on illegal liquor sales even touched Kennon’s hometown of Minden in Webster Parish. On a Saturday in November 1954, the day of the traditional Louisiana State University v. University of Arkansas at Fayetteville football game in Shreveport, a state police raid in Minden resulted in the arrest of several local residents on charges of bootlegging, including the then Democratic mayor, John T. David, Sr. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The issue of Time Magazine in which Kefauvers victory in the New Hampshire primary was reported. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 195 km 710 km 2. ... Gambler redirects here, for other meanings see The Gambler // Gambling has had many different meanings depending on the cultural and historical context in which it is used. ... Minden is a small city located in Webster Parish, Louisiana, twenty-eight miles east of Shreveport. ... Webster Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Memorial Tower. ... The University of Arkansas is a public co-educational land-grant university. ... For the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers Metropolitan Area see Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers metropolitan area Fayetteville is a city located in Washington County, Arkansas, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 58,047. ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Shreveport, Louisiana is the third largest metropolitan city in the state of Louisiana, USA. It is located in Caddo Parish, and as of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 200,145. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Grevemberg's crusade was the subject of a 1958 film by Universal Studios entitled Damn Citizen. Keith Andes (1920-2005) played the role of Grevemberg, and Margaret Hayes (1916-1977) played Dorothy. Famed character actor Gene Evans (1922-1998) also had a leading part. 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The current Universal Studios logo Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal, has production studios and offices located at 100 Universal City Plaza Drive in Universal City, California, an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County between Los Angeles and Burbank. ... Keith Andes (July 12, 1920 - November 11, 2005) was and actor, usually the second lead, in films in the 1950s and 1960s. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Actor Gene Evans in Crashout Film actor Gene Evans (July 11, 1922 - April 1, 1998) began his acting career while serving in World War II while performing an a theatrical troupe of GIs in Europe. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


The Democratic gubernatorial campaign, 1956

see main article: Louisiana gubernatorial election, 1956


In 1955, Grevemberg left the state police position to seek the Democratic gubernatorial nomination to succeed Governor Kennon. He ran a poor fourth in the race, with 62,309 votes (7.6 percent). Mayor deLesseps Story Morrison, Sr., of New Orleans polled 191,576 (23.4 percent). The winner in the first round was Huey Long's younger brother, Earl Kemp Long, with 421,681 (51.4 percent). Two other contenders divided the remaining 18 percent of the vote. Earl Long was then unopposed in the general election held in the spring of 1956. A governor is an official who heads the government of a colony, state or other sub-national state unit. ... de Lesseps Story Morrison (1912 January 18–1964 May 22) was a U.S. political figure. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Huey Long Huey Pierce Long (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935) was a controversial American politician from the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Earl Kemp Long (26 August 1895 - 5 September 1960) was an American politician and three-time Governor of Louisiana. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Dodd considered Grevemberg a phony

William J. "Bill" Dodd, a veteran Louisiana officeholder and an observer of the state political scene, had no use for Grevemberg. In his Peapatch Politics, Dodd, without using Grevemberg's name, charged that the former state police superintendent did not undertake his crusade against gambling until near the end of his term so that he could gain maximum political exposure as a reformer running for governor. William Joseph Bill Dodd held a half dozen important positions in Louisiana government in the mid-twentieth century, including the office of lieutenant governor, but he never achieved his ultimate goal, the states powerful Napoleonic-style governorship. ...


Dodd said: "do-gooders, crime commission buffs, and many Protestant preachers joined up with and supported this faker who was acting as a reformer. The biggest drunkard, whoremonger, gambler, and wife-beater can put on a uniform and begin cussing crime by day, while he slips around and commits it by night, and many gullible church people will carry his banner. So it was with that policeman-turned-politician. My own Protestant minister preached sermons bragging on him. He told me that he couldn't vote for several of my favorite candidates because they were Roman Catholics, but he was 100 percent for the policeman [Grevemberg], who was a Catholic. He was for him, he said, because he was against crime." Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


The Republican gubernatorial campaign, 1960

see main article: Louisiana gubernatorial election, 1959-60


In 1959-1960, Grevemberg rejected cries of "It can't be done" and switched parties to run for governor as a Republican. He challenged former Governor Jimmie Davis, winner of a hard-fought Democratic primary and runoff. Grevemberg called for abolition of useless positions in state government and industrial recruitment efforts. James Houston Davis, better known as Jimmie Davis, (September 11, 1899 - November 5, 2000) was a noted singer who served as Governor of Louisiana. ...


His candidacy offered the state something that it had not seen before, a contested general election for governor. "Never before have the voters in this state been given such an opportunity for self-expression," opined the Alexandria Daily Town Talk, "It is a rare opportunity for us to take part in an advanced course in government and politics."


Democrats were sufficiently confident of overwhelming victories to restrict their general election activities to a few party harmony speeches. Davis had stopped campaigning after he defeated Mayor Morrison and did not return to active campaign status until a few weeks prior to the general election.


Grevemberg polled only 86,135 votes (17 percent). Davis received 407,907 (81.5 percent). Grevemberg scored his highest percent, 39.9 in Terrebonne Parish, and his second-best showing was the 27.2 percent in his native Lafayette Parish. In several parishes, including Kennon's Webster Parish, Grevemberg polled less than 2 percent of the ballots. Terrebonne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Lafayette Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ...


Grevemberg was outraged at newspaper editorials against him. "My main purpose for entering this race was toward a two-party system ... I hope I have convinced a sizeable number of people we do need two parties." Grevemberg was particularly hostile toward the New Orleans Times-Picayune, which called him a "turncoat" after he left the Democratic party, adding: "I risked my life and those of my family in attempts to rid this state of racketeers ... These newspapers have lived up to the reputation given them by Huey Long that they were yellow journals."


The GOP was still four years away from offering voters a more competitive choice in a Louisiana gubernatorial election. At the close of the campaign, Grevemberg called upon President Dwight D. Eisenhower to investigate Mafia figure Carlos Marcello of Gretna, in light of failed efforts to have Marcello deported. He said that he harbored no ill will toward Davis but was merely trying to plant the seeds of a two-party system in Louisiana. Dwight David Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969, popularly known as Ike) was an American soldier and politician. ... The Mafia, also referred to in Italian as Cosa Nostra (Our Thing or This Thing of Ours), is a secret society that evolved from Italian Organized Crime in mid-19th century Sicily. ... Carlos Marcello ( born Calogero Minacore) was born to Sicilian parents in Tunis, North Africa, on 6 February 1910. ... The city of Gretna is the parish seat of Jefferson Parish, in the US state of Louisiana. ...


How did Huey P. Long, Jr., really die?

My Wars also describes a ride into north Louisiana, in which eyewitness state troopers at the scene of the shooting of Huey Long in 1935 informed Grevemberg that Dr. Carl Weiss (1906-1935) of Lake Charles was not armed and that Long was in fact shot to death by his own bodyguards. Grevemberg signed an affidavit to this effect with attorney and publisher Thomas Angers. Grevemberg related how the shooting of Long came up during a conversation among four troopers accompanying Grevemberg on a casino raid. Grevemberg said that the troopers told how Weiss' gun had been taken from his car after the shooting. "It appears . . . that all of the actions following the shooting were a conspiracy to cover up the accidental death of Senator Long and the killing of Dr. Weiss," said Grevemberg. The troopers told Grevemberg that what started out as a fist to Long's lip by Dr. Weiss triggered an accidental shooting that ended in a hail of gunfire. Weiss was a son-in-law of a south Louisiana judge, Benjamin Pavy, whom Long had gerrymandered out of his position. This claim was also revealed in a 1990s segment of the former NBC series Unsolved Mysteries, hosted by Robert Stack (1919-2003). 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Carl Weiss Dr. Carl Austin Weiss (December 6, 1906–September 8, 1935) was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana in 1906. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Lake Charles is a city located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 71,757. ... The Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City, New Jersey. ... Redrawing electoral districts in this example creates a guaranteed 3-to-1 advantage for Party 1. ... Unsolved Mysteries was an American TV show starring the late Robert Stack. ... Robert Stack (January 13, 1919 – May 14, 2003), born Charles Langford Stack, was an American actor famous for his film acting as well as his role in the television series The Untouchables and as host of Unsolved Mysteries. ...


In 2002, Grevemberg, affectionately termed "Grevy," was inducted into the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame in Winnfield. He resides in New Orleans. He turns 92 in 2006. For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The small city of Winnfield is the parish seat of Winn Parish, in the US state of Louisiana. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

Billy Hathorn, "The Republican Party in Louisiana, 1920-1980," Northwestern State University at Natchitoches thesis (1980)


Alexandria Daily Town Talk, April 14, 18, 20, 1960


William J. "Bill" Dodd, Peapatch Politics: The Earl Long Era in Louisiana Politics


http://www.cityofwinnfield.com/museum.html


http://peoplegetready.blogspot.com/2005/04/huey-p-long-was-not-assassinated.html


http://www.politicsla.com/press_releases/2005/january/012505_MY%20WARS.htm http://movies.go.com/filmography/credits?movie_id=13764&id=493033 http://www.press-herald.com/echoes/2004/1008echoes.html


http://www.louisiana101.com/ideashuey_story1.html http://ssdi.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi


 
 

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