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Encyclopedia > Francis C. Barlow
Francis C. Barlow
Francis C. Barlow

Francis Channing Barlow (October 19, 1834January 11, 1896) was a lawyer, politician, and Union general during the American Civil War. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (624x1024, 161 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (624x1024, 161 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... In the United States, a lawyer is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law and in other forms of dispute resolution. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America, between twenty-four mostly northern states of the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the...


Barlow was born in Brooklyn, New York. He studied law at Harvard University, graduated first in his class, and was practicing law on the staff of the New York Tribune newspaper when the Civil War broke out in 1861. For other meanings, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ... The New York Tribune was established by Horace Greeley in 1841 and was long considered one of the leading newspapers in the United States. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


In April, 1861, Barlow enlisted as a private in the 12th New York Militia, but was commissioned a first lieutenant in his first month of service. By November he was a lieutenant colonel in the 61st New York, with which he fought in the Seven Days Battles. At the Battle of Antietam, commanding the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, II Corps of the Army of the Potomac, he was wounded by an artillery shell in the face and by grapeshot in the groin. Two days later Barlow was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers. April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... State nickname: The Empire State Official languages English Capital Albany Largest city New York City Governor George Pataki (R) Senators Charles Schumer (D) Hillary Clinton (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 13. ... A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ... First Lieutenant is a military rank. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1862 The Seven Days Battles was a series of six major battles over the seven days from June 25 to July 1, 1862, near Richmond, Virginia, in the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders George B. McClellan Robert E. Lee Strength 87,000 men 45,000 men Casualties 2,108 killed, 9,549 wounded, 753 captured/missing 1,512 killed, 7,816 wounded, 1,844 captured/missing The Battle of Antietam (known as the... Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ...


Barlow commanded the 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, XI Corps at the Battle of Chancellorsville in May, 1863, and was subjected to the devastating flank attack of "Stonewall" Jackson that routed his corps. In July, he commanded the 1st Division, XI Corps at the Battle of Gettysburg, where he led his division to a defensive position on Blocher's Knoll, which is now known as Barlow's Knoll. Unfortunately, this slight rise in the terrain was too far forward in comparison to the other XI Corps division and Barlow's position formed a salient that could be attacked from multiple sides. Jubal Early's division overwhelmed Barlow's division, causing serious losses and Barlow himself was wounded and left for dead on the field. He was found and cared for by Confederate General John B. Gordon. According to an account written by Gordon in 1901, he allowed Barlow's wife Arabella to enter the Confederate camp to tend to her wounded husband, but this account is deemed apocryphal. The popular story continued that Gordon presumed Barlow had died and that both men met years later, being very surprised each was still alive. An examination of Barlow's subsequent war record makes this story very unlikely. The XI Corps (Eleventh Corps) was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War, best remembered for its humiliating defeats at the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg in 1863. ... The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War in 1863. ... This article is about the month of May. ... For the 1960s country music artist, see Stonewall Jackson (musician); for the submarine, see USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634). ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Main article: Gettysburg Campaign The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the largest battle ever fought in North America, and is generally considered to be the turning point of the American Civil War. ... Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a lawyer and Confederate general in the American Civil War. ... For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Largest... John Brown Gordon John Brown Gordon ( February 6, 1832 – January 9, 1904) served as one of Robert E. Lees most trusted generals during the Civil War. ...


Barlow recovered and was exchanged in time to assume command of the 1st Division, II Corps at the Battle of the Wilderness. At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House his division incorporated shock tactics developed by Col. Emory Upton to quickly assault the rebel entrenchments, effecting a breakthrough that could be exploited by reinforcements. Hand-to-hand fighting ensued for 21 hours, the longest hand-to-hand combat in the entire war, before Barlow's division finally broke through. He fought at the Battle of Cold Harbor and the Siege of Petersburg in the same command. At Petersburg he took a brief sick leave but returned to command the 2nd Division, II Corps during the Appomattox Campaign. There were five corps in the Union Army designated as II Corps (Second Corps) during the American Civil War. ... This article is about the Battle of the Wilderness in the American Civil War. ... Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Conflict American Civil War Date May 8–21, 1864 Place Spotsylvania County Result Inconclusive (Grant continued his offensive) The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, sometimes simply referred to as the Battle of Spotsylvania, was the second battle in Lieut. ... Portrait of Emory Upton during the Civil War Emory Upton (August 27, 1839 – March 15, 1881) was a U.S. Army general and military strategist. ... The Battle of Cold Harbor, the final battle of Union Lieut. ... The Siege of Petersburg (June 15, 1864 – April 2, 1865) was a ten-month long siege of Petersburg, Virginia, during the American Civil War. ... Eastern Theater operations in 1865 The Appomattox Campaign (March 29 – April 9, 1865) was a series of battles fought in Virginia that culminated in the surrender of Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia and the effective end of the American Civil War. ...


Arabella Barlow died of typhus in the summer of 1864 while Francis was battling in the Overland Campaign. After the war, Barlow married Ellen Shaw, sister of Robert Gould Shaw. This is about the disease Typhus. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Ulysses S. Grant Robert E. Lee The Overland Campaign, or Grants Overland Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June, 1864, in the American Civil War. ... Robert Gould Shaw Robert Gould Shaw (October 10, 1837 – July 18, 1863), was the white colonel in command of the all-black 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, which entered the American Civil War in 1863. ...


Leaving the army in November, 1865, Barlow served as a United States Marshal and the secretary of state and attorney general of New York, before he returned to his law practice. The United States Marshals Service, part of the United States Department of Justice, is the United States oldest federal law enforcement agency. ... In several countries, Secretary of State is a senior government position. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ...


Francis Barlow died in New York City and is buried in Brookline, Massachusetts. The city is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture, and is one of the worlds major global cities (along with London, Tokyo and Paris) with a virtually unrivaled collection of museums, galleries, performance venues, media outlets, international corporations, and stock exchanges. ... Seal of Brookline, MA Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ...


 
 

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