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Encyclopedia > Francesco Cavalli

Francesco Cavalli (February 14, 1602January 14, 1676), Italian composer, was born at Crema. His real name was Pietro Francesco Caletti-Bruni, but he is better known by that of Cavalli, the name of his patron, a Venetian "nobleman". February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This page is about the year. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Crema is a town in the province of Cremona in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy. ...

Contents


Life

He became a singer at St Mark's in Venice in 1616, second organist in 1639, first organist in 1665, and in 1668 maestro di cappella. He is, however, chiefly remembered for his operas. San Marco di Venezia, as seen from the Piazza San Marco St Marks Basilica (Italian: Basilica di San Marco) is the most famous of the churches of Venice and one of the best known examples of Byzantine architecture. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia), the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice, 45°26′ N 12°19′ E, population 271,663 (census estimate 2004-01-01). ... Events October 25 — Dirk Hartog makes the first recorded landfall by a European on Australian soil, at an island off the Western Australian coast Pocahontas arrives in England War between Venice and Austria Collegium Musicum founded in Prague Nicolaus Copernicus De revolutionibus is placed on the Index of Forbidden Books... Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Events March 4 - Start of the Second Anglo-Dutch War March 6 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society begins publication March 16 - Bucharest allows Jews to settle in the city in exchange of annual tax of 16 guilders June 3 - The Duke of York defeats the Dutch Fleet off the... // Events January - The Triple Alliance of 1668 is formed. ...


He began to write for the stage in 1639 (Le Nozze di Teti e di Peleo), and soon established so great a reputation that he was summoned to Paris in 1660 to produce an opera (Xerse). He visited Paris again in 1662, bringing out his Ercole amante at the Louvre, which was written in honour of the marriage of Louis XIV. He died in Venice. Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... The Eiffel Tower has become the symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Events Expulsion of the Carib indigenous people from Martinique by French occupying forces. ... Events March 18 – Short-timed experiment of the first public buses holding 8 passengers begins in Paris May 3/May 2 - Catherine of Braganza marries Charles II of England – as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England May 9 - Samuel Pepys witnessed a Punch and Judy... I.M. Peis Louvre Pyramid: the entrance to the galleries lies below the glass pyramid The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) in Paris, France, is one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ...


Music and influence

Cavalli was the most influential composer in the rising genre of public opera in mid-17th century Venice. Unlike Monteverdi's early operas, scored for the extravagant court orchestra, Cavalli's operas make use of a small orchestra of strings and basso continuo to meet the limitations of public opera houses. Portrait of Claudio Monteverdi in Venice, 1640, by Bernardo Strozzi Claudio Monteverdi (May 15, 1567 (baptised) – November 29, 1643) was an Italian composer, violinist and singer. ...


Cavalli introduced melodious arias into his music and popular types into his libretti. His operas have all the characteristic exaggerations and absurdities of the 17th century, but they have also a remarkably strong sense of dramatic effect as well as a great musical facility, and a grotesque humour which was characteristic of Italian grand opera down to the death of Alessandro Scarlatti. Cavalli's operas provide the only example of a continuous musical development of a single composer in a single genre from the early to the late 17th century in Venice — only a few operas by others (e.g. Monteverdi and Antonio Cesti) survive. The development is particularly interesting to scholars because opera was still quite a new medium when Cavalli began working, and had matured into a popular public spectacle by the end of his career. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alessandro Scarlatti (May 2, 1660 – October 24, 1725) was a Baroque composer especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. ... Marc Antonio Cesti (August 5, 1623 – October 14, 1669) was an Italian composer of the Baroque era. ...


Cavalli wrote 33 operas, 27 of which are still extant, being preserved in the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana (Library of St Mark) at Venice. Copies of some of the operas also exist in other locations. In addition, 9 other operas have been attributed to him, though the music is lost and attribution impossible to prove.


In addition to operas, Cavalli wrote settings of the Magnificat in the grand Venetian polychoral style, settings of the Marian antiphons, other sacred music in a more conservative early 17th-century style, and some instrumental music. Sandro Boticelli. ... The Venetian polychoral style was a type of music of the late Renaissance and early Baroque eras which involved spatially separate choirs singing in alternation. ...


Works list

Operas

  • Le nozze di Teti e di Peleo (1639)
  • La Dafne (1640)
  • La Didone (1641)
  • L'Amore innamorato (1642, music lost)
  • La virtù de' strali d'Amore (1642)
  • L'Egisto (1643)
  • L'Ormindo (1644)
  • La Doriclea (1645)
  • Il Titone (1645, music lost)
  • Giasone (1649, considered most popular of all Cavalli's operas)
  • L'Euripo (1649, music lost)
  • L'Orimonte (1650)
  • L'Oristeo (1651)
  • La Rosinda (1651)
  • La Calisto (1652)
  • L'Eritrea (1652)
  • Il Delio (La Veremonda, l'amazzone di Aragona) (1652)
  • L'Orione (1653)
  • Il Ciro (1654)
  • L'Hipermestra (L'Ipermestra) (1654)
  • Il Xerse (1655)
  • L'Erismena (1655)
  • La Statira (Statira principessa di Persia) (1656)
  • L'Artemisia (1657)
  • L'Antioco (1659, music lost)
  • Il rapimento d'Helena (Elena) (1659)
  • L'Ercole (Ercole amante) (1662)
  • Scipione affricano (1664)
  • Mutio Scevola (Muzio Scevola) (1665)
  • Il Pompeo Magno (1666)
  • L'Eliogabalo (1667)
  • Coriolano (1669, music lost)
  • Massenzio (1673, music lost)
  • Note: Cavalli wrote over eighty operas total, some of which the records and music have been lost.

References and further reading

  • Manfred Bukofzer, Music in the Baroque Era. New York, W.W. Norton & Co., 1947. ISBN 0393097455
  • Jane Glover, Cavalli. London, Palgrave Macmillan, 1978. ISBN 0312125461
  • Eleanor Selfridge-Field, Venetian Instrumental Music, from Gabrieli to Vivaldi. New York, Dover Publications, 1994. ISBN 0486281515


Parts of this entry originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica. Manfred Bukofzer (March 27, 1910–December 7, 1955) was a German-American musicologist and humanist. ... (Redirected from 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Francesco Cavalli - LoveToKnow 1911 (265 words)
FRANCESCO CAVALLI (1 599?- 16 7 6), Italian musical composer, was born at Crema in 1599 or 1600.
His real name was Pier Francesco Caletti-Bruni, but he is better known by that of Cavalli, the name of his patron, a Venetian nobleman.
Twenty-seven operas of Cavalli are still extant, most of them being preserved in the library of St Mark at Venice.
Francesco Cavalli - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (537 words)
Cavalli became a singer at St Mark's in Venice in 1616, second organist in 1639, first organist in 1665, and in 1668 maestro di cappella.
Cavalli was the most influential composer in the rising genre of public opera in mid-17th century Venice.
Cavalli wrote thirty-three operas, twenty-seven of which are still extant, being preserved in the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana (Library of St Mark) at Venice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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