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Encyclopedia > François Victor Alphonse Aulard

François Victor Alphonse Aulard (July 19, 1849 - October 23, 1928), was a French historian. July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 69 days remaining. ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... France - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Generally speaking, a historian is a person who studies history. ...


He was born at Montbron in Charente. He obtained the degree of doctor of letters in 1877 with a Latin thesis on Gaius Asinius Pollio and a French one on Giacomo Leopardi (whose works he subsequently translated into the French language). He made a study of parliamentary oratory during the French Revolution, and published two volumes upon Les auteurs de la constituante (1882) and upon Les Orateurs de la legislative et de la convention (1885). With these works, which were reprinted in 1905, he entered a new field, where he soon came an acknowledged master. Charente is a département in central France named after the Charente River. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Latin - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Gaius Asinius Pollio ( 76/75 BC-AD 5) was a Roman orator, poet and historian. ... -1... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... The period of the French Revolution in the history of France covers the years between 1789 and 1799, in which democrats and republicans overthrew the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ...


Applying to the study of the French Revolution the rules of historical criticism which had produced such rich results in the study of ancient and medieval history, he devoted himself to profound research in the archives, and to the publication of numerous most important contributions to the political, administrative and moral history of that marvellous period.


Appointed professor of the history of the French Revolution at the Sorbonne, he formed the minds of students who in their turn did valuable work. To him owe the Recueil des actes du comité de salud public (vol. i., 1889; 1. Xvi., 1904); La Société des Jacobins; recueil de documents sur l'histoire des club des Jacobins de Paris (6 vols., 1889-1897); Paris pendant la reaction thermidorienne et sous le directoire; Recueil de documents pour l'histoire de l'esprit public a Paris (unknown vols., 1898-1902), which was followed by an analogous collection for Paris sous le consulat (2 vols., 1903-1904). The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The Sorbonne today, from the same point of view The historic University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganized as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ... In the context of the French Revolution, a Jacobin originally meant a member of the Jacobin Club (1789-1794). ...


For the Société de l'Histoire de la Revolution Française, which brought under his supervision an important periodical publication entitled La Revolution française, he produced the Registre des libérations du consulat provisoire (1894), and L'Etat de la France en l'an VIII et en l'an IX, with the reports of the effects (1897), besides editing various works or memoirs written--men of the Revolution, such as JC Bailleul, Chaumette, Fournier (called the American), Hérault de Séchelles, and Louvet de Couvrai. Pierre Gaspard Chamette (1763 - April 13, 1794) was a French revolutionary. ... Claude Fournier LHéritier (December 21, 1745 - 1825), was a French revolutionary, nicknamed lAmericain (the American). He was born at Auzon (Haute-Loire), the son of a poor weaver, and went to America to seek his fortune. ... Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai (June 12, 1760 - August 25, 1797), was a French writer and politician. ...


These large collections of documents were a fraction of his output. He wrote a Histoire politique de la Revolution française (1901), and a number of articles which were collected in volumes under the title Etudes et leçons sur la Révolution française (5 vols., 1893-1908). In a volume entitled Tame, hisitorien de la Révolution française (1908), Aulard submitted the method of the eminent philosopher to a criticism, severe, perhaps en unjust, but certainly well-informed. This was, as it were, the "manifesto" of the new school of criticism applied to the political and social history of the Revolution (see Les Annales révolutionnaires, June 1908).


References

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. Please update as needed. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


The 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, in turn gives the following reference:

  • Albert Mathiez, "M. Aulard, historien et professeur," in the rue de la Revolution française (July 1908).

 
 

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