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Encyclopedia > François de Laval

François-Xavier de Montmorency-Laval (April 30, 1623 in Montigny-sur-Avre, France - 1708) was the first bishop of New France. He was appointed when he was 36 years old by Pope Alexander VII. April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... Events August 6 - Pope Urban VIII is elected to the Papacy. ... Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J.S. Bach appointed as chamber musician and... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ... New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) describes the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River by Jacques Cartier in 1534 to the cession of New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1763. ... Alexander VII, né Fabio Chigi (February 13, 1599 - May 22, 1667) was pope from April 7, 1655 until his death in 1667. ...

He came from an illustrious part of the French nobility. As early as age 8 it was decided that he would have a career in the Church. His nomination as bishop in New France was the result of a quarrel between the Sulpicians, who actively aided the French government and its special interest groups in all its endeavours, and the Jesuits, who sought a more neutral ground. The Jesuits, who were very active in New France, did not want to work under a bishop who would have been a tool of Paris and the Sulpicians. They obtained a Papal Bull naming Laval bishop of Petraea, a diocese at the time in Muslim lands, since the population of New France was too small to justify a diocese. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The Papal bull is the most formal form of patent issued by the Vatican Chancery in the name of the pope. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ...

Laval was inflexible and zealous but knew when to compromise, in exceptional circumstances. He waged continuous warfare against the liquor trade to the Amerindians and interfered constantly in other matters whenever he saw questions of morality and religion being trampled.

In 1663 Laval founded the "Séminaire de Québec", a theological school which eventually also had lay students and finally became Laval University, which was named in his honour in the 20th century. Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ... Laval University (Université Laval) is one of Canadas leading universities. ...

By forming priests locally, and keeping their parish appointments at pleasure instead of by permanent appointment and by undertaking the construction of schools and churches, Laval created a strong local infrastructure independent of Paris. The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ...

He appears as a character in Willa Cather's novel Shadows on the Rock. Willa Cather photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1936 Willa Cather (December 7, 1873 – April 24, 1947) is among the most eminent female American authors. ...



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