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Encyclopedia > Framingham, Massachusetts
Framingham, Massachusetts
Official seal of Framingham, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°16′45″N 71°25′00″W / 42.27917, -71.416667
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex County
Settled 1650
Incorporated 1700
Government
 - Type Representative town meeting
Area
 - Town  26.4 sq mi (68.5 km²)
 - Land  25.1 sq mi (65.1 km²)
 - Water  1.3 sq mi (3.4 km²)
Elevation  165 ft (50 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 66,910
 - Density 2,663.6/sq mi (1,028.4/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01701, 01702, 01703, 01704, 01705
Area code(s) 508 / 774
Website: http://www.framinghamma.gov/

Framingham is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. As of the 2000 census, the population was 66,910, making it the most populous town in New England. The 2005 population estimate is 65,598. There have been several proposals to change the town's charter to make Framingham a city, but none have succeeded. Image File history File links Fram0Historical. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Framingham_ma_highlight. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... A Representative Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature used in Massachusetts. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 508 was split from area code 617 on July 16, 1988. ... Area code 774 is an overlay of parts of area code 508. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...

Contents

Pronunciation

The first syllable of the name is pronounced with a long a; that is, the name of the town is pronounced exactly like the two words "framing" and "ham."


History

Crispus Attucks, from Framingham, was the first African-American to be killed in the fight for American independence.

Framingham was first settled in 1650 and was officially incorporated in 1700 on land formerly known as Danforth's Farms, named after Salem Witch Trials judge Thomas Danforth of Framlingham, England. Why the "L" was dropped for the new town's name is not known. Public domain photo. ... Public domain photo. ... Year 1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... 1876 illustration of the courtroom; the central figure is usually identified as Mary Walcott The Salem witch trials, which began in 1692 (also known as the Salem witch hunt and the Salem witchcraft episode), resulted in a number of convictions and executions for witchcraft in both Salem Village and Salem... Thomas Danforth was a famous judge of the Salem Witchcraft Trials in early colonial America. ... Map sources for Framlingham at grid reference TM2863 Framlingham is a market town in East Suffolk, England. ...


On February 22, 1775, the British general Thomas Gage sent two officers and an enlisted man out of Boston to survey the route to Worcester. In Framingham those spies stopped at Buckminster's Tavern. They watched the town militia muster outside the building, impressed with the men's numbers but not their discipline. Though "the whole company" came into the tavern after their drill, the officers managed to remain undetected and continued on their mission the next day.[1] Gage did not order a march along that route, instead ordering troops to Concord on April 18-19. Framingham sent two militia companies totaling about 130 men into the Battles of Lexington and Concord that followed; one of those men was wounded.[2] Sir Thomas Gage (1719 – April 2, 1787) was a British general and commander in chief of the North American forces from 1763 to 1775 during the early days of the American Revolution. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1673 Incorporated 1684 Government  - Type Council-manager also known as Plan E  - City Manager Michael V. OBrien  - Mayor Konstantina B. Lukes  - City Council Dennis L. Irish Michael C. Perotto Joseph M. Petty Gary Rosen Kathleen... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1635 Incorporated 1635 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  25. ... Combatants Militia of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, (Minutemen) British Army, Royal Marines Commanders John Parker, James Barrett, William Heath Francis Smith, John Pitcairn, Walter Laurie, Lord Hugh Percy Strength 75 at Lexington Green (Parker). ...


In the years prior to the Civil War, Framingham was an annual gathering-spot for members of the Abolitionist movement. Every Independence Day from 1854 to 1865, the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society held a rally in a picnic area called Harmony Grove near what is now downtown Framingham. At the 1854 rally, William Lloyd Garrison burned copies of the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850, judicial decisions enforcing it, and the United States Constitution. Other prominent Abolitionists present that day included William C. Nell, Sojourner Truth, Wendell Phillips, Lucy Stone, and Henry David Thoreau.[3] This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... In the United States, Independence Day (commonly known as the “Fourth of July,” “July Fourth”, the “Glorious Fourth”, or simply the “Fourth”) is a federal holiday commemorating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... William Lloyd Garrison William Lloyd Garrison (December 12, 1805–May 24, 1879) was a prominent United States abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. ... The Fugitive Slave Law of the United States may refer to one of two laws of the same name: Fugitive Slave Law of 1793 Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... Sojourner Truth (c. ... Wendell Phillips Wendell Phillips (29 November 1811 – 2 February 1884) was an American abolitionist, advocate for Native Americans, and orator. ... Lucy Stone (August 13, 1818 – October 18, 1893) was a prominent American suffragist. ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance...


During the Post-World War II baby boom, Framingham, like many other suburban areas, experienced a large increase in population and housing. Much of the housing constructed during this time consisted of split-level and ranch-style houses. As is often the case with a big war, after the end of World War II many countries around the globe, notably those of Europe, Asia, North America, and Australasia experienced a baby boom. ... A split-level house is a house in which one half of the house is one story, and the other half of the house is two stories. ...


Framingham is known for the Framingham Heart Study, as well as for the Dennison Manufacturing Company, which was founded in 1844 as a jewelry and watch box manufacturing company by Aaron Lufkin Dennison, who became the pioneer of the American System of Watch Manufacturing at the nearby Waltham Watch Company. His brother, Eliphalet Whorf Dennison, developed the company into a sizable industrial complex, which merged in 1990 into the Avery Dennison Company, with headquarters in Pasadena, California, and active corporate offices in the town. The Framingham Heart Study is a cardiovascular study based in Framingham, Massachusetts. ... Jan. ... Jewelry (the American spelling; spelled jewellery in Commonwealth English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ... Russian Poljot Siberia model finished movement viewed through crystal back For other uses, see Watch (disambiguation). ... Aaron Lufkin Dennison (March 6, 1812- January 9, 1895) was an American watchmaker born in Freeport, Maine. ... Aaron Lufkin Dennison was inspired by the manufacturing techniques of the United States Armory at Springfield, Mass. ... The American Waltham Watch Company produced about 40 million high quality watches, clocks, speedometers, compasses, time fuses and other precision instruments between 1850 and 1950. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ...


In the year 2000, Framingham celebrated its Tercentennial. An anniversary is a day that commemorates an event that occurred on the same day of the year some time in the past. ...


Historic Places

Main article: Historic Places in Framingham, MA

Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1650 Incorporated 1700 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  26. ...

Geography

The Town of Framingham is a community located in eastern Massachusetts, 20 miles west of Boston, mid-way between Boston and Worcester. At nearly 67,000 inhabitants, Framingham is the largest town in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the hub of the Metrowest region. It is bordered by Southborough and Marlborough on the west; Sherborn and Ashland on the south; Natick on the east; Wayland on the northeast; and Sudbury on the north. Framingham is 197 miles from New York City. Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Downtown Worcester, with City Hall at the right Worcester is a city in Worcester County in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States of America. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... The MetroWest region is an area outside the city of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts. ... Southborough is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Marlborough is a city located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Sherborn is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Ashland is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Natick is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... Settled: 1638 â€“ Incorporated: 1780 Zip Code(s): 01778 â€“ Area Code(s): 508 / 774 Official website: http://www. ... Sudbury is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


The town of Framingham is divided by Route 9, which passes east-to-west through the middle of the town. South Framingham includes Downtown Framingham (the town government seat), and the villages of Coburnville, Lokerville and Salem End Road. North Framingham includes the villages of Nobscot, Pinefield, Ridgefield and Saxonville plus Framingham Center (the physical center of town, featuring the town commons).


Climate

National Climatic Data Center (Framingham Station) [4]

  • Normal temperature in January.....24.7°F
  • Normal temperature in July........72.9°F
  • Normal annual precipitation.......44.9"

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 66,910 people, 26,153 households, and 16,573 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,028.4/km² (2,663.6/mi²). There were 26,734 housing units at an average density of 410.9/km² (1,064.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 79.77% White American, 5.09% black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 5.27% Asian American, 0.04% Pacific Islander American, 6.27% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.86% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The term White American officially refers to people of European, Middle Eastern, and North African descent residing in the United States. ... A Masai man in Kenya Black people or blacks is a political, social or cultural classification of people. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... // Demographics in 2000 US Census Pacific Islander Americans represent the smallest group counted on the 2000 US Census. ... For other uses, see Race (disambiguation). ...  Countries where Spanish has official status. ... // The term Latino is a linguistic identity that refers to an individual that has significant ancestry from a nation-state where a Latin derived language is spoken or is the offical language of the government. ...


Brazilian immigrants[5] have a major presence in Framingham and even though the official US Census data[6] shows only a few thousand, local estimates that the number residing in the town is believed to be around 17,000[7] though many references will go much higher[8]. Since the '80s, a large segment of the Brazilian population has come from the single city of Governador Valadares.[9]


There were 26,153 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.02. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the town, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 34.5% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $54,288, and the median income for a family was $67,420. Males had a median income of $46,122 versus $35,941 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,758. About 8.0% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.[10] The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Housing

Framingham is one of the few towns in Massachusetts that has met its legal requirement of 10% for Chapter 40B Affordable housing which mostly targets people with income levels in the 70% of median income. In addition to its 40B Affordable component, Framingham has a large percentage of rental units which target people in the 30% of median income bracket. Framingham has a much larger percentage of renter households than any of the surrounding towns. Statewide, the median income of renter households is 47% of the median for homeowners, and in Middlesex County it is slightly more than 50%. In Framingham, the median renter income of $33,626 is 45% of the median homeowner income of $75,040.[11]


Housing[12] in South Framingham is mainly single family houses on small lots (under half an acre), multi-family homes or apartments. Additionally much of the town's affordable housing is located south of Route 9. However there a large number of large, single family homes around Salem End Road on the West Side South Framingham. This region is often overlooked as being in South Framingham because the area is physically separated from most of the South Side due to a series of reservoirs and the Sudbury River[13]. Also, there are many large Victorian houses located along the shores of Learned and Gleason Ponds, and along Concord St. and Union Ave. near Downtown Framingham. Additionally, the West Side of South Framingham along Route 9 has several large tracts of multi story apartment buildings that comprise a major part of the town's apartment stock[14][15][16]. An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... The Sudbury River is located in Middlesex County in Massachusetts. ... Victorian house A Victorian house is a type of house popularized in the Victorian era. ...


North Framingham was originally mostly farmland and gave way to large tracts of single family housing on large lots (over half an acre) after World War II. The village of Saxonville on the east side is an old mill area that consists of many Victorian homes, and is undergoing a large expansion of over six hundred new homes on a former gravel pit. The village of Nobscot on the western side has many homes that are valued above mean housing prices for the region. While there are several small apartment complexes on the North Side, most have been converted to condominiums. In the 1950s and 1960s, the villages of Nobscot, Pinefield and Saxonville all had a large number of slab and raised ranch-style houses constructed by the Campanelli Company. These homes are classic cookie cutter style homes that feature the same general shape and floor plan; while there are six or seven styles of the houses, the large majority of which are referred to Campanelli "L" ranches because their floor plan resembles the letter "L". At the time of construction, these homes were considered by many to be the epitome of the American dream of homeownership; today they are viewed as more modest homes. An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... Gravel Pit is a single released by Wu-Tang Clan for their The W album. ... There are two meanings of condominium In international law, a condominium is a territory in which two sovereign powers have equal rights. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Ranch-style houses are also called American ranch or California rambler. ... Floor plan (floorplan, floor-plan) in its original meaning is an architecture term, a diagram of a room, a building, or a level (floor) of a building as if seen from the above (i. ... Look up L, l in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Today, most of Framingham land has been developed with the exception of some parcels in the northwest quadrant. In this part of town there are more people with wells and septic systems, combined with a large amount of ledge, which prevents most of the unbuilt land from being developed.


Government

Main article: Government of Framingham, MA

Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1650 Incorporated 1700 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  26. ...

Education

Framingham has thirteen public schools which are part of the Framingham Public School District. The school district's main office is located at the former King School on Water Street in North Framingham. The town also has a regional vocational high school and one charter school[17]. Framingham is also home to several private schools, three parochial schools, one Jewish day school, three colleges and several specialty schools. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A vocational school, providing vocational education and also as referred to as a trade school or career college, and school is operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ... Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools in the United States which have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools, in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each charter school... Private schools, or independent schools, are schools not administered by local, state, or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public (state) funds. ... A parochial school (or faith school) is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...

Main article: Education in Framingham, MA

Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1650 Incorporated 1700 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  26. ...

Transportation

Framingham is located approximately halfway between Worcester, the commercial center of Central Massachusetts, and Boston, New England's leading port and metropolitan area. Rail and highway facilities connect these major centers and other communities in the Greater Boston Metropolitan Area.[18]


Major highways

Framingham is served by one Interstate and four state highways: Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. ... A state highway in the United States is a numbered highway primarily administered by a state government. ...

Route number Type Local name Direction
Interstate 90 Interstate, limited access toll road The Massachusetts Turnpike east/west
Route 9 State route, divided highway Worcester Rd.
The Boston/Worcester Turnpike, Ted Williams Highway
east/west
Route 30 State route, partial divided highway Cochituate Rd., Worcester Rd. and Pleasant St. east/west
Route 126 State route, primary road Old Connecticut Path, School St, Concord St. and Hollis St. north/south
Route 135 State route, primary road Waverly St. east/west

Image File history File links I-90. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 90 Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in the United States at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links mass pike logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... View of the Turnpike from an overpass by Boston University, facing east (towards central Boston). ... Image File history File links MA_Route_9. ... Massachusetts State Highway 9, always referred to simply as Route 9, is a major east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ... Theodore Samuel Williams (August 30, 1918 – July 5, 2002), best known as Ted Williams, nicknamed The Kid, the Splendid Splinter, Teddy Ballgame and The Thumper, was an American left fielder in Major League Baseball. ... Image File history File links MA_Route_30. ... Massachusetts Route 30 is an east-west arterial, connecting Grafton with Kenmore Square in Boston. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Route 126 is a north-south state highway in Massachusetts. ... Image File history File links MA_Route_135. ... Route 135 is an east-west state highway in Massachusetts. ...

Mass-transit

Rail

  • Direct rail service to Boston, New York, and all other points on the Amtrak network is available through Framingham.
  • CSX provides freight rail service and operates an auto transloading facility in Framingham.

Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... The Boston and Albany Railroad (AAR reporting mark BA) was a railroad connecting Boston, Massachusetts to Albany, New York, later becoming part of the New York Central Railroad system. ... South Station front entrance. ... Union Station is located at Washington Square in downtown in Worcester, Massachusetts. ... Newton, Massachusetts is a suburb west of Boston. ... Wellesley is a town located in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... For other uses of Westborough, see Westborough (disambiguation). ... Grafton is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Categories: Companies traded on NYSE | Railway companies of the United States | Alabama railroads | Connecticut railroads | Delaware railroads | Florida current railroads | Georgia railroads | Illinois railroads | Indiana railroads | Kentucky railroads | Louisiana railroads | Maryland railroads | Massachusetts railroads | Michigan railroads | Mississippi railroads | New Jersey railroads | New York railroads | North Carolina railroads | Ohio railroads | Pennsylvania...

Bus

  • Express Bus provides service to Boston and Logan Airport.
  • Peter Pan Bus Lines provides service to Worcester and Boston.
  • Big W Transportation provides service to Milford and Hopkinton.
  • The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), provides THE RIDE, a paratransit service for the elderly and disabled.
  • A local bus service called the LiFT (Local inter-Framingham Transit) provides service to other local routes connecting the various regions of town and fixed route public bus lines servicing multiple communities in the MetroWest region, including the towns of Ashland, Holliston, Milford, Hopkinton, Natick and Marlborough[21]. Framingham is currently planning to merge the LiFT bus service with other local transit services, including the Natick Neighborhood Bus and TLC (The Local Connection) in Southborough and Marlborough, to form the Metrowest Regional Transit Authority (MWRTA).[citation needed]

The MetroWest region is an area outside the city of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts. ... Holliston is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. ... REDIRECT Milford (town), Massachusetts   This is a redirect from a title with a U.S. postal abbreviation. ... REDIRECT Hopkinton (town), Massachusetts   This is a redirect from a title with a U.S. postal abbreviation. ...

Air

Boston's Logan International Airport is easily accessible from Framingham. MassPort provides public transportation to all airport terminals from Framingham via Logan Express bus service seven days per week. The bus terminal and paid parking facility are located on the Shoppers' World Mall property, off the Massachusetts Turnpike Exit 13, between Route 9 and Route 30, at the intersections of East Road and the Burr Street connector.[22] For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ... Massachusetts Port Authority, or Massport, is an independent agency of the state of Massachusetts. ... Shoppers World is the name of a power center, located on Route 9, near the intersection of Route 30 and the Mass Pike (I-90) in Framingham, Massachusetts. ...


Commuter services

Park and ride services:[23] a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ...

  • MassHighway operates a free park and ride facility at the parking lot at the intersection of Flutie Pass and East Road on the south side of Shoppers' World Mall.[24]
  • The MassPike operates a free park and ride facility at a parking lot adjacent to exit 12, across from California Avenue on the west side of Framingham.[25]

The Massachusetts Highway Department (MassHighway) is the highway department in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, responsible for maintenance of all state highways and signage of numbered routes. ... Shoppers World is the name of a power center, located on Route 9, near the intersection of Route 30 and the Mass Pike (I-90) in Framingham, Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Turnpike logo. ...

Private services

Framingham has two taxi companies, Tommy's Taxi and Town Taxi, and several limousine companies that service the area. Taxicab, short forms taxi or cab, is a type of public transport for a single passenger, or small group of passengers, typically for a non-shared ride. ... Look up limousine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Economy

Framingham's economy is predominantly derived from retail and office complexes. There are scatterings of small manufacturing facilities and commercial services such plumbing, mechanical and electrical expected to be found in communities of its size. Framingham has three major business districts within the town, The "Golden Triangle," Downtown/South Framingham and West Framingham. Additionally, there area several smaller business hubs in the villages of Framingham Center, Saxonville, Nobscot and along the Route 9 corridor.


The "Golden Triangle"

The Golden Triangle was originally a three square mile district on the eastern side of Framingham, bordered by Worcester Rd. (Route 9), Cochituate Rd. (Route 30), and Speen Street in Natick. In the early 1993, the area began to expand beyond the borders of the triangle with construction of a BJ's Wholesale Club and Super Stop & Shop just north of Route 30[26]. It now includes the original area plus parts of Old Connecticut Path., Concord St. (Route 126) and Speen St. north of Route 30. Because of the size and complexity of this area, Framingham and Natick cooperatively operate it a single distinct district with similar zoning. The area is one of the largest shopping districts in New England. Natick Common, Halloween 2004 Natick is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... BJs Wholesale Club, Inc. ... The Stop & Shop Supermarket Company is a chain of supermarkets located mostly in New England. ... A typical zoning map; this one identifies the zones, or development districts, in the city of Ontario, California Zoning is a North American term for a system of land-use regulation. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ...


This area was formed with the construction of Shoppers World in 1951. Shoppers' World was a large open air shopping mall, the second in the US and the first east of the Mississippi River [27]. This mall drew many other retail construction projects to the area, including Marshalls (1961, rebuilt as Bed, Bath and Beyond 1997)[28], Caldor (1966, Rebuilt as Wal*Mart in 2002)[29], Bradlees (1960s, rebuilt as Kohls in 2002)[30], the Route 30 Mall (1970)[31], the Framingham Mall (1978, rebuilt 2000) [32] and Lowes (formally the Verizon Building, 2006) [33]. Complementary developments in Natick include the Natick Mall (1966, rebuilt in 1991, expanded 2007 & renamed Natick Collection)[34], Sherwood Plaza (1960)[35], Cloverleaf Marketplace (1978)[36] and the Home Depot. In 1994, Shoppers' World was demolished and replaced with a strip mall[37]. There also seven hotels and two car dealerships, Framingham Nissan/Jeep and Herb Connolly Chevrolet, located within the Triangle. Shoppers World is the name of a power center, located on Route 9, near the intersection of Route 30 and the Mass Pike (I-90) in Framingham, Massachusetts. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Marshalls, Inc. ... A typical Bed Bath and Beyond store Bed Bath & Beyond, Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kohls Corporation (NYSE: KSS) is a department store chain based in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin started by Max Kohl in 1962. ... Current photograph of the Framingham Mall. ... for a similarly named firm, see Loews Theatres Lowes (NYSE: LOW) is an American chain of home improvement and major appliance retail stores. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... The Natick Mall is a large indoor shopping mall located near Route 9 and the Mass Pike (I-90) in Natick, Massachusetts, and adjacent to Shoppers World. ... The Home Depot (NYSE: HD) is an American retailer of home improvement and construction products. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Jeep is an automobile marque (and registered trademark) of DaimlerChrysler. ... Chevrolet (IPA: ʃɛv. ...


In addition to retail properties, there are large office developments located in the area including several companies headquartered in the triangle; the world headquarters of TJX is located at the junction of Route 30 and Speen St, as is the main office of IDG and IDC. Breyers, Leggat McCall, the American Heart Association and the American Cancer Society all have facilities in the area. Boston Scientific headquarters is housed in Natick, in the old Carling Brewery building and former Prime parkway complex. BJ's Wholesale Club's headquarters is located behind Sherwood Plaza on route 9, on the south side of the triangle. In all there are over a dozen large office complexes located in and along the borders of the Triangle. TJX Companies (NYSE: TJX) is the Framingham, Massachusetts-based corporate parent of several discount retail chains. ... International Data Group (IDG) is a publisher of magazines which focus on information technology. ... IDC Analyze the Future-logo. ... Breyers Ice Cream is a brand of ice cream owned by Unilever (part of their United States Good Humor-Breyers unit). ... The American Heart Association (AHA) is a non-profit organization in the United States that fosters appropriate cardiac care in an effort to reduce disability and deaths caused by cardiovascular disease and stroke. ... The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a medical organization with a corporate attitude in the United States. ... The Boston Scientific Corporation (NYSE: BSX) (abbreviated BSC), is a worldwide developer, manufacturer and marketer of medical devices whose products are used in a range of interventional medical specialties, including interventional cardiology, peripheral interventions, neuromodulation, neurovascular intervention, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery, vascular surgery, endoscopy, oncology, urology and gynecology. ... For other uses, see Carling (disambiguation). ... Prime Computer was a Natick, Massachusetts-based producer of minicomputers from 1972 until 1992. ... BJs Wholesale Club, Inc. ...


Downtown/South Framingham

The Memorial Building, Framingham's town hall
The Memorial Building, Framingham's town hall

The downtown area is located between the "Y"-shaped traffic circle formed by the intersection of Concord St. and Union Ave., called Memorial Square, to the north and its mirror intersection at the junction of Irving St. and Hollis St. on the south end. The area is bisected by Waverly St. (Route 135) and the MBTA Commuter Rail tracks. The anchoring structure of Downtown is the town hall, The Memorial Building[38]. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Looking north towards Framingham, MA Town Hall, taken by me on 2007-03-25. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Looking north towards Framingham, MA Town Hall, taken by me on 2007-03-25. ... Columbus Circle, New York City, NY; site of the first traffic circle in the United States completed in 1905 DeSoto Fountain sits in the center of a traffic circle in the city of Coral Gables, Florida. ... The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ...


South Framingham became the commercial center of the town with the advent of the railroad in the 1880s. It eventually came to house Dennison Manufacturing and the former General Motors Framingham Assembly plant, but the area under went a financial downturn after the closure of these facilities during the late 1980s[39]. An influx of Hispanic and Brazilian immigrants helped to revitalize the district starting in the early 2000s. Along with Brazilian and Spanish oriented retail shops, there are restaurants, legal and financial services, the town offices and library, an art museum, police headquarters, and the local branch of the Social Security Administration. Several Asian and Indian stores and restaurants add to the rich ethnic flavor of the area, and many small businesses, restaurants and automotive-oriented shops line Waverly St. from Natick in east to Winter St. in the west[40]. Avery Dennison Corporation (NYSE: AVY) produces pressure-sensitive materials (such as self-adhesive labels), office products, and various paper products. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Insert non-formatted text here= General Motors Assembly plant CPC Framingham, Massachusetts == == Completed in 1947 the General Motors Assembly plant in Framingham, Mass. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...  Countries where Spanish has official status. ... The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ... The United States Social Security Administration (or SSA[1]) is an independent agency of the United States government established by a law currently codified at 42 U.S.C. Â§ 901. ... This article deals primarily or exclusively with the definition of Asian in English-speaking countries, mainly referring to immigrants or descendants of immigrants living therein. ...


In 2006, the Fitts Market & Hemenway buildings façades underwent a restoration project; these newly renovated structures were awarded a 2006 Massachusetts Historical Commission Preservation Award in the Restoration and Rehabilitation Category[41]. In addition, several retail and housing projects involving the Arcade Building and the former Dennison Building Complex are in the planning stages or under construction[42][43].


West Framingham

The business section on the West Side of Framingham runs primarily along Route 9, starting at Temple St.; it is dominated by two large office/industrial parks: the Framingham Industrial Park on the north side of Route 9 and the Framingham Technology Park on the south side, both on the Ashland/Southborogh border. Bose and Staples both have their world headquarters in these parks[44]; in addition, Genzyme, Capital One, Computer Associates, ITT Tech and the local paper, the Metrowest Daily News, all have major facilities located there. Half of Framingham's eight major auto dealerships are also located in West Framingham: Ford[45], Toyota/Scion[46] and Saab[47]. The Bose Corporation is a privately held American company based in Framingham, Massachusetts that specializes in audio equipment. ... STAPLES redirects here. ... Genzyme Corporation (NASDAQ: GENZ) is a biotechnology company based in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Capital One Financial Corp. ... CA, Inc. ... ITT Technical Institute (often shortened to ITT Tech) is a technical institute with 75 campuses throughout 30 states of the United States. ... The MetroWest Daily News is a newspaper that provides local news for the MetroWest region outside Boston in the state of Massachusetts. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... This article is about the automaker. ... Scion is a brand of vehicles produced by Toyota Motor Corporation founded in 2003. ... Saab is a line of automobiles manufactured by Saab Automobile AB, and is currently a wholly-owned subsidiary of the General Motors Corporation. ...


The large tracts of multi-story apartment and condominium complexes line both sides of Route 9 from Temple St. to the industrial parks. These buildings represent the majority of Framingham's multi-family dwellings, and along with the business complexes, helped create a large network support services on the West Side: Framingham's second Super Stop & Shop supermarket[48], dozens of restaurants and pubs, Sheraton[49] and Marriott[50] hotels and a large day-care facility all are in the two mile section of Route 9 from Temple St. to Ashland. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article refers to a form of housing. ... sheraton is a late 18th century neoclassical English furniture style, in vogue ca 1785 - 1800, that was named afterwards (by 19th century collectors and dealers) to credit furniture designer Thomas Sheraton, whose books of engraved designs capture this style. ... Marriott International, Inc. ... Day care or child care are the terms used to describe child care during the day by a person other than the childs parents or legal guardians, typically someone outside the childs immediate family. ... Ashland, Massachusetts is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


The Villages & Route 9

The Common in Framingham Center
The Common in Framingham Center

Framingham Center is the physical and historic center of town. Formed at the at the junctions of Worcester Rd. (Route 9), Pleasant St. (Route 30), High St., Main St. and Edgell Rd.[51], the dominating presence is Framingham State College. The large, but compact school is home to several thousand students, about one third of which live on campus[52]. In the late 1960s, MassHighway replaced the grade crossing with a beetleback, destroying the south half of the old Center retail district. The remaining half houses several small stores, restaurants, realtors and legal offices. The old Boston and Worcester Street Railway depot, on the east side of the Center, was converted in to a strip mall in the early 1980s[53] and houses the Center Postal Station (01704) and several small stores. The Center is rounded out by One and Two Edgell Rd. (two small retail/office buildings), the historic Village Hall [54], the Framingham Historical Society and Museum[55], several banks, a Brazilian restaurant, the American Medical Response paramedic station and McCarthy Office Building. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Framingham State College is a public college offering liberal arts and science programs. ... The Massachusetts Highway Department (MassHighway) is the highway department in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, responsible for maintenance of all state highways and signage of numbered routes. ... Look up realtor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... American Medical Response, Inc. ...


The village of Nobscot, located at the intersection of Water St., Edmands Rd and Edgell Rd., and the Pinefield/Saxonville villages, located where Concord St., Water St., and Central St. intersect[56][57], are home to several small office buildings, strip malls and gas stations. Saxonville is the home of the former Roxbury Carpet Company buildings, now an industrial park.


In addition, the section of Route 9 from the Route 126 overpass to the Main St./Edgell Rd. beetleback in Framingham Center is heavily developed. Two car dealerships, Herb Connolly Acura[58] and Framingham Nissan, several strip malls of varying sizes, many small apartment complexes, several small office complexes and other small shops and restaurants make Route 9 the main commercial thoroughfare in Framingham. Overpass in East Potomac Park, Washington, D.C. Flyover in Miami Beach, Florida An overpass (In UK, most Commonwealth countries flyover) is a bridge, road or similar structure that crosses over another road. ... Acura (アキュラ (Akyura)) is a luxury vehicle brand name based in Tokyo and is used by the Japanese car manufacturer Honda Motor Company in the US, Canada and Hong Kong since March 1986 to market luxury automobiles and near-luxury vehicles. ... Nissan Motor Co. ...


Finally, there are several other small retail areas and facilities spread through out the town, e.g. near Mt Wayte Ave and Franklin St.; the intersection of Concord St. and Hartford St.; and along School St., near Hamilton St.


Healthcare

  • Hospitals: MetroWest Medical Center (formerly Framingham Union Hospital, also includes Leonard Morse Hospital campus in Natick)
  • Long term care facilities:
  • Nursing homes:
  • Hospice care:

The MetroWest Medical Center is a medical center and teaching hospital, located in Framingham, Massachusetts, in the MetroWest region in Middlesex County outside the city of Boston. ...

Media

Newspapers

The Town of Framingham is served by:

Jornal A Semana Brazilian Newspapers - A weekly local current events tabloid - In Brazilian-portuguese language. The MetroWest Daily News is a newspaper that provides local news for the MetroWest region outside Boston, Massachusetts. ... Newspaper sizes in August 2005. ... Community Newspaper Company, a subsidiary of GateHouse Media, is a newspaper publisher in eastern Massachusetts. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and New England. ... The MetroWest region is an area outside the city of Boston, in the state of Massachusetts. ...


There is also a local news website devoted to Framingham, called The Framingham Online News.


Television and cable

Framingham is served by three cable TV vendors that also provide telephony and internet services. Cable television or Community Antenna Television (CATV) (and often shortened to cable) is a system of providing television, FM radio programming and other services to consumers via radio waves transmitted directly to people’s televisions through fixed coaxial cables as opposed to the over-the-air method used in... In telecommunication, Telephony encompasses the general use of equipment to provide voice communication over distances. ...

Framingham has a public access and local origination television station called The Framingham Channel, which airs on Channel 9 (Comcast) and Channel 3 (RCN). Residents can create and produce their own television programs that reflect the personality of the community, and have them cablecast on community access channels. Comcast Corporation, (NASDAQ: CMCSA) based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the largest cable company[1] and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ... RCN, NASDAQ: RCNI, is a cable television, telephone and Internet service provider serving the Northern Virginia to Boston corridor as well as areas of California. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Radio

WKOX is an AM station from Framingham, Massachusetts. ... AM broadcasting is radio broadcasting using Amplitude Modulation. ... FM broadcasting is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation (FM) to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Amateur radio, commonly called ham radio, is a hobby enjoyed by many people throughout the world (as of 2004 about 3 million worldwide, 70,000 in Germany, 5,000 in Norway, 57,000 in Canada, and 700,000 in the USA). ...

Utilities

Points of interest

Framingham features dozens of athletic fields and civic facilities spread throughout the town in schools and public parks.[62] Many of the recreational facilities were constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps during the New Deal. CCC workers on road construction, Camp Euclid, Ohio 1936 The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a work relief program for young men from unemployed families established on March 19, 1933 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in his first hundred days. ... The New Deal was the title President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave to the series of programs he initiated between 1933 and 1938 with the goal of providing relief, recovery, and reform (3 Rs) to the people and economy of the United States during the Great Depression. ...


Culture

The Performing Arts Center of MetroWest (PAC) is located in downtown Framingham, Massachusetts. ...

Parks

  • Bowditch Field located on Union Avenue midway between Downtown and Framingham Center is the main athletic facility for the town. It houses a large multi-purpose football stadium that includes permanent bleachers on both sides of the field. Additionally there is a baseball field, tennis courts, a track and field practice area, and the headquarters of the town Parks Department. Bowditch, along with Butterworth and Winch Parks, were all built during the Great Depression of the 1930s as WPA projects.
  • Butterworth Park is located at the corner of Grant St and Arthur St. The park occupies a square block near downtown. The park has includes a baseball stadium that includes permanent bleachers on one side of the field, a basketball court and a tennis court. There is street parking available on three sides.
  • Winch Park is the sister park to Butterworth and is located in Saxonville adjacent to the Framingham High School. It includes a baseball stadium that includes permanent bleachers on one side of the field, a basketball court, tennis courts and two large practice fields used for football, soccer and lacrosse. There are two additional multi-use fields located on the other side of the high school's gymnasium building.
  • Callahan State Park is a large state park run by the DCR located in North Framingham in the northwest corner of town[63].
  • Cochituate State Park on Lake Cochituate has a small section in Framingham while Saxonville Beach is located on the north western shore of the lake[64].
  • Danforth Park located on Danforth Street, not far from the Wayland town line. The small park has playground with a half basketball court and a small baseball/kickball field.
  • Framingham Common is located in Framingham Center in front of the old Town Hall along Edgell Rd and Vernon St. It features the town Christmas Tree and an outdoor stage used for concerts and other fair weather events. It is a favorite of the students of Framingham State College[65], and the site of their annual graduation ceremonies.
  • Cushing Park[66] on the South Side is a passive recreational area. The Framingham Peace and 9/11 Memorials are located within the park across the street from Farm Pond, along with the Cushing Chapel. After WWII ended, this land used to be the Cushing Veterans Hospital.

United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... Telstra Stadium in Sydney, Australia is capable of being converted from a rectangular rugby football field to an oval for cricket and Australian rules football games This article is about the building type. ... Bleachers is a term used to describe the raised, tiered stands found by sports fields or at other spectator events. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... Arthur Ashe Stadium at Flushing Meadows, New York Tennis is a game played between two players (singles) or between two teams of two players (doubles). ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... The Great Depression was the result of the economic downturn that started with the Stock Market crash on October 29, 1929, known as Black Tuesday. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... WPA Graphic The Works Progress Administration (later Work Projects Administration, abbreviated WPA), was created on May 6, 1935 by Presidential order (Congress funded it annually but did not set it up). ... Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by throwing a ball through a 10-foot high hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... The Dive Shot. Lacrosse is a team sport that is played with ten players (mens field), six players (mens box), or twelve players (womens field), each of whom uses a netted stick (the crosse) in order to pass and catch a hard rubber ball with the aim... Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ... Callahan State Park is a Massachusetts state park located in Framingham. ... Cochituate State Park is a Massachusetts state park located in Natick. ... Wayland is the name of a mythical character and of some places in the United States of America: Weyland, the smith. ... Combination playground structure for small children; slides, climbers (stairs in this case), playhouse A playground is an area designed for children to play freely. ... Adults playing kickball. ... The date that commonly refers to the attacks on United States citizens on September 11, 2001 (see the September 11, 2001 Attacks). ...

Conservation land

  • Framingham has about 400 acres[67] of land that has been placed into public conservation.
    • The Wittenborg Woods[68] was donated to the town in 1999 by Harriet Wittenborg. The properties were originally purchased from Henry Ford in the 1940s. Henry Ford owned all of the land around the Wayside Inn in nearby Sudbury, and Harriet (and her husband) were required to interview with Mr. Ford to determine if they would be good stewards of the land.
    • The Morency Woods[69] is a parcel of land that is physically located in Natick, MA on the Framingham border, but which is owned by the town of Framingham. This forested land was used as a sewer bed up until the mid 1940's and was placed into conservation in 2001.
  • The Sudbury Valley Trustees has approximately 200 acres of land in North Framingham and along the Sudbury River in a private conservation trust.[70]

The Wayside Inn The Wayside Inn is an historic landmark inn located in Sudbury, Massachusetts in the USA. The Wayside Inn is still in operation, offering a high-quality restaurant, historically accurate guest rooms, and hosting for small receptions. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sewage collection and disposal. ...

Recreation

  • Garden in the Woods, operated by the New England Wildflower Society, is a botanical garden that features the largest landscaped collection of native wildflowers in New England. It is located in Nobscot, off of Hemenway Road.
  • Framingham Country Club, located along Salem End Road on the South Side, is a private club that features an 18-hole course with 6,580 yards of golf from the longest tees for a par of 72.
  • Millwood Farms Golf Course off Millwood Street is a public 14 hole, par 53 golf course. Originally a 9 hole course, it was expanded to 14 holes in the late 1970s. Attempts to purchase land for a full 18 hole were unsuccessful.
  • Nobscot Mountain Reservation is a private facility owned by the Knox Trail Council of the Boy Scouts of America and is open to the public during most of the year.
  • The town has several public beaches including Saxonville beach on Lake Cochituate, Washakum Beach on Lake Washakum, and the beach at Learned Pond.
  • The former Cushing hospital grounds serve as walking, biking, rollerblading and picnic areas.
  • Farm Pond, located in South Framingham, once used to host Fourth of July Fireworks, now serves as a picnic area.
  • Edward F. Loring Skating Arena, located near Farm Pond at the corner of Fountain and Dudley Roads, is a municipal skating arena for area groups on a rental basis and public skating and stick time is available September through April.

Garden in the Woods is a 45 acres large (182,000 m²) woodland botanical garden located at 180 Hemenway Road, in Framingham, Massachusetts, USA (see map). ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Framingham Country Club is a golf course located in Framingham, Massachusetts, about thirty-five minutes west of Boston, Massachusetts off the Massachusetts Turnpike. ... The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is a United States Scouting organization, with some presence in other countries. ...

Places of worship

Main article: Places of Worship in Framingham, MA

Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1650 Incorporated 1700 Government  - Type Representative town meeting Area  - Town  26. ...

Notable residents and members of the business community

Christa McAuliffe, the planned first teacher in space, grew up in the town of Framingham.

Christa McAuliffe Cropped, optimized; original from http://images. ... Christa McAuliffe Cropped, optimized; original from http://images. ...

Politics

Crispus Attucks (circa 1723 - March 5, 1770), was a political leader during the Boston Massacre. ... Engraving by Paul Revere that sold widely in the colonies The Boston Massacre of American civilians by British troops on March 5, 1770, and its legal aftermath helped spark the American Revolutionary War. ... Deborah D. Blumer (October 18, 1941 – October 13, 2006) was a Democratic member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from Framingham. ... Mary Beth Cahill is an American political figure, who served as the campaign manager of Senator John Kerrys campaign for President. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... Adam Schiff Adam B. Schiff (born June 20, 1960) is an American politician. ... Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856 – November 14, 1915) was an American educator, author and leader of the African American community. ...

Sports

Ron Burton aka NIGGER BOY (July 25, 1936 - September 13, 2003) became a college All-American running back at Northwestern University, a member of the Northwestern Hall of Fame, and a member of the College Football Hall of Fame. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... High school running back A running back, halfback, tailback or wingback is the position of a player on an American and Canadian football team who lines up in the offensive backfield. ... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present) American Football... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... William Roger Clemens (born August 4, 1962, in Dayton, Ohio), nicknamed The Rocket, is a starting pitcher for the New York Yankees, and is one of the preeminent Major League baseball pitchers of the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Richard Leo Rich Gedman (born September 26, 1959) is a former Major League Baseball catcher and left-handed batter who played with the Boston Red Sox (1980-90), Houston Astros (1990-91) and St. ... The position of the catcher Catcher is also a general term for a fielder who catches the ball in cricket. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... K.C. Jones (born May 25, 1932 in Taylor, Texas) is a former pro basketball player and coach. ... The National Basketball Association of the United States and Canada, commonly known as the NBA, is the premier professional basketball league in North America. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The Boston Celtics are a professional basketball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Lou Merloni is a MLB player from Framingham, MA. Merloni played several seasons for his hometown Red Sox. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jeffrey James Reardon (born October 1, 1955 in Dalton, Massachusetts) is an American former Major League Baseball relief pitcher. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... John Stagikas (born July 31, 1979 in Framingham, Massachusetts) is an American professional wrestler, better known by his ring name, Hurricane John Walters. ... Mark Patrick Sweeney (born October 26, 1969 in Holliston, Massachusetts) is a first baseman and a corner outfielder who plays for the San Francisco Giants of the National League. ... Bobby Thompson (born May 7, 1981 in Framingham, Massachusetts) is an American soccer midfielder, who currently plays for the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a professional soccer league with teams in the United States and Canada. ... The Midfield in relation to the football positions In association football, a midfielder is a player whose position of play is midway between the attacking strikers and the defenders (highlighted in blue on the diagram). ... Harold Joseph Pie Traynor (November 11, 1899 - March 16, 1972) was a Major League Baseball third baseman who played his entire career with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1920-37). ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, United States, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests that serves as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display...

Arts and sciences

Ezra Ames (May 5, 1768-February 23, 1836) was a popular portrait painter in Albany, New York during the late 18th and early 19th cenuries. ... Anthony (Tony) Barbieri is an American comedy writer whose work has appeared on television programs such as Crank Yankers and the Jimmy Kimmel Live show. ... The word comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humor with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ...  United States // Michael J. Clouse (sometimes credited as Michael J. Clouse III), music producer and songwriter was born in Boston, Massachusetts in the mid-1950s. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... In the music industry, record producer designates a person responsible for completing a master recording so that it is fit for release. ... Louis C.K. or Louis Szekely (born September 12, 1967) is an American stand-up comedian, writer, actor, producer and director. ... A comedian, or comic, is an entertainer who amuses an audience by making them laugh. ... “Instrumentalist” redirects here. ... Berklee College of Music, founded in 1945, is an independent music college in Boston, Massachusetts with many prominent faculty, staff, alumni, and visiting artists. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit outside the U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. ... STS-51-L was the 25th launch of a Space Shuttle and the tenth launch of the Challenger. ... Gordon Mumma (March 30, 1935, in Framingham, Massachusetts) is a composer. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller (June 9, 1877 - March 18, 1968) was an African American artist. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Media

Tom Caron, better known as TC on air, is a sportscaster for NESN, who has been with the station since 1995 when he first hosted the sports magazine Front Row. ... The New England Sports Network, or NESN [NESS-en], is a regional cable television network that covers the six New England states. ... Currently on WBZ-AM 1030 in Boston, Jordan Rich hosts his overnight talk show on Friday and Saturday nights, as well as a broadcast on Sunday evenings. ... WBZ (AM) is the callsign for an AM radio station in Boston, Massachusetts which is owned by CBS Radio (formerly Infinity Broadcasting), which itself is owned by the CBS Corporation. ... Aaron Schatz is the creator of Football Outsiders and one of the main contributors to Pro Football Prospectus 2005 and 2006. ... Football Outsiders is a website started in 2003 that analyzes football teams and players using a statistical analysis formula called defense-adjusted value over average, or DVOA. Aaron Schatz, who created the DVOA formula, is the sites founder and editor. ... Name: Patrick Nemo Sullivan DOB: March 30,1986 Hometown: Honolulu, Hawaii Interested in: Women Image:Http://static. ...

Other

Ruth Graves Wakefield (June 17, 1903-January 10, 1977) was the inventor of the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie. ... Toll House Inn near Whitman, Massachusetts was established in 1930 by Kenneth and Ruth Graves Wakefield. ... A plate of chocolate chip cookies A chocolate chip cookie is a drop cookie, originating in the United States. ... Framingham State College is a public college offering liberal arts and science programs. ... Amar Gopal Bose (Bengali: অমর গোপাল বসু Ômor Gopal Boshu) (born November 2, 1929) is the chairman and founder of Bose Corporation. ... The Bose Corporation is a privately held American company based in Framingham, Massachusetts that specializes in audio equipment. ... John Nixon (1724-1815) was a an American Brigadier General in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen Colonies that... Charles Henry Parkhurst (17 April, 1842 - 1933), American clergyman and social reformer, born in Framingham, Massachusetts. ...

See also

A Representative Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature used in Massachusetts. ...

References

  1. ^ General Gage's Instructions, Boston: John Gill, 1779.
  2. ^ Samuel Adams Drake, History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts (Boston: Estes & Lauriat, 1880), vol. 1, p. 443
  3. ^ Donald Yacovone, "A Covenant with Death and an Agreement with Hell," at http://www.masshist.org/objects/2005july.cfm
  4. ^ The Department of Housing and Community Development
  5. ^ Brazilian is not Hispanic
  6. ^ US Census Demographic data for 2000
  7. ^ Immigrant groups put new spin on cleaning niche
  8. ^ USCCB Migration & Refugee Services
  9. ^ Brazilian Immigration to Massachusetts: Newcomers to a Foreign Land
  10. ^ Demographical listings of Framingham on www.city-data.com
  11. ^ Framingham Housing Plan Population Profile
  12. ^ Framingham Housing Plan
  13. ^ Sudbury Reservoirs on the DCR web site
  14. ^ Edgewater Hills on EveryAptMapped.com
  15. ^ Edgewater Village on EveryAptMapped.com
  16. ^ Edgewater Terrace on BostonApartments.com
  17. ^ School listings on Framingham.com
  18. ^ Department of Housing and Community Development
  19. ^ Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district
  20. ^ MBTA Map of Commuter Rail service in Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island
  21. ^ Lift Bus routes and schedules
  22. ^ Map showing Logan Express in Framingham
  23. ^ Park & Ride locations in Massachusetts
  24. ^ Map showing park and ride lot at Shoppers World
  25. ^ Map showing Park & Ride in West Framingham
  26. ^ Other Development in the Golden Triangle on Framingham/Natick Retail
  27. ^ History of [Shoppers World on Massmomonets.org]
  28. ^ The Marshals Mall on Framingham/Natick Retail
  29. ^ Caldor on Framingham/Natick Retail
  30. ^ Bradlees on Framingham/Natick Retail
  31. ^ History of the Route 30 Mall on Framingham/Natick Retail
  32. ^ the Framingham Mall on Framingham/Natick Retail
  33. ^ The Verizon Building on Framingham/Natick Retail
  34. ^ The Natick Mall on Framingham/Natick Retail
  35. ^ Sherwood Plaza on Framingham/Natick Retail
  36. ^ The Evolution of the Cloverleaf Mall on Framingham/Natick Retail
  37. ^ Bid Adieu Shoppers World
  38. ^ Downtown Framingham Economic Development Strategic Plan on Framingham.com
  39. ^ Downtown Revitalization in Framingham plan on STEPPS.com
  40. ^ Shop Downton Guide on Framingham.com
  41. ^ 2006 MHC Preservation Award Winners
  42. ^ Framingham Arcade reconstruction project designed Beals and Thomas
  43. ^ The Residences at Dennison Triangle on Framingham.com
  44. ^ Local Bus Schedule with maps of these Company HQs
  45. ^ Framingham Ford
  46. ^ Bernardi Toyota
  47. ^ Framingham Saab City
  48. ^ Stop and Shop stores in Framingham
  49. ^ Sheraton Framingham on Sheraton.com
  50. ^ Framingham Residence Inn on Marriott.com
  51. ^ Map of Framingham Center on HomeTownLocator.com
  52. ^ Framingham State College's home page
  53. ^ Boston & Worcester trolley on iougs.com
  54. ^ Village Hall home page
  55. ^ Framingham Historical Society and Museum home page
  56. ^ Shopping Nobscot on framingham.com
  57. ^ Shopping Saxonville on framingham.com
  58. ^
  59. ^ MetroWest Daily News
  60. ^ The Framingham Tab
  61. ^ Boston Globe West Regional Edition
  62. ^ Listing of public parks run by the Framingham Parks and Recreation Department
  63. ^ Callahan State Park on the DCR web site
  64. ^ Cochituate State Park on the DCR web site
  65. ^ Framingham State College website
  66. ^ Framingham Cultural Directory
  67. ^ Framingham Conservation Land
  68. ^ Wittenborg Woods
  69. ^ Arthur-Morency Woods
  70. ^ Map of SVT Properties in Framingham
  71. ^ Crispus Attucks from Africans in America; Crispus Attucks- The Real Story
  72. ^ (1967) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 

External links

  • U.S. Census Bureau Fact Sheet
  • The FRAMingham NeiBORS mailinglists
  • Framingham.com Website A local Framingham information page
  • This is Framingham
  • Framingham Data
  • Framingham Profile by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
  • MetroWest Chamber of Commerce
  • Framingham/Natick Retail
  • Framingham Community Partners
  • MetroWest Medical Center
  • Framingham Heart Study
  • Framingham Maps
  • Historic Framingham
  • The Framingham Civic League
  • Town of Framingham
  • Shoppers World in Pictures
  • Maps and aerial photos for 42°17′59″N 71°25′36″W / 42.299795, -71.426627Coordinates: 42°17′59″N 71°25′36″W / 42.299795, -71.426627
    • Maps from WikiMapia, Google Maps, Live Search Maps, Yahoo! Maps, or MapQuest
    • Topographic maps from TopoZone or TerraServer-USA

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Framingham, Massachusetts (762 words)
Framingham is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts.
Framingham contributed freely her part in men and money to the war for the Union; and the names of the 27 who fell are inscribed on a marble tablet in the Memorial Hall.
Framingham was first settled in 1650 and was officially incorporated in 1700 on land formerly known as Danforth's Farms, after landowner Thomas Danforth, of Framlingham, England.
Framingham, Massachusetts (MA) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, ... (2408 words)
Back to Framingham, MA housing info, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, MA smaller cities, MA small cities, All Cities.
The ratio of number of residents in Framingham to the number of sex offenders is 5147 to 1.
Framingham, Massachusetts business and economic data: stores, dealers, real estate agents, wholesalers, restaurants...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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