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Encyclopedia > Fram

Fram in Antarctica in Roald Amundsen's expedition.
Career
Built: Colin Archer, Larvik, Norway
Launched: 1892
Fate: Preserved, currently on display at the Fram Museum, Oslo
General Characteristics
Displacement: 402 tons
Length: 127.8 ft (39 m)
Beam: 34 ft (11 m)
Draught: 15 ft (4.8 m)
Type: Schooner
Hull: Wood
Propulsion: 220 hp, Triple expansion steam engine
Sails
Speed: 7 knots
Range:
Complement: 16

Fram ("Forward") was a ship used in expeditions in the Arctic and Antarctic regions by the Norwegian explorers Fridtjof Nansen, Otto Sverdrup, Oscar Wisting, and Roald Amundsen between 1893 and 1912. Fram was probably the strongest wooden ship ever built. It was designed by the Norwegian shipwright Colin Archer for Fridtjof Nansen's 1893 Arctic expedition in which Fram was supposed to freeze into the Arctic ice sheet and float with it over the North Pole. Image File history File links Amundsen-Fram. ... County Vestfold District Municipality NO-0709 Administrative centre Larvik Mayor (2003) Øyvind Riise Jenssen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 199 535 km² 501 km² 0. ... County District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... // The term steam engine may also refer to an entire railroad steam locomotive. ... Italian Full rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large watercraft capable of offshore navigation. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ... Greek ἀνταρκτικός, opposite the arctic) is a continent surrounding the Earths South Pole. ... Fridtjof Nansen Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (born October 10, 1861 in Store Frøen, near Christiania - died May 13, 1930 in Lysaker, outside Oslo) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist and diplomat. ... Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (July 16, 1872 – c. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Colin Archer (22 July 1832 - 3 February 1921) was a naval architect and shipbuilder from Larvik, Norway. ... This is about the geographic meaning of North Pole. ...


Fram is said to be the wooden ship to have sailed farthest north and farthest south. Fram is currently preserved in whole at the Fram Museum in Oslo, Norway. County District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ...

Contents

Construction

Nansen's ambition was to explore the Arctic farther north than anyone else. To do that, he would have to deal with a problem that many sailing in the polar ocean had encountered before him: the freezing ice would press and crush a ship. Nansen's idea was to build a ship that could survive the pressure, not by pure strength, but because it would be in a shape designed to let the ice push the ship up, so it would "float" on top of the ice.


Nansen commissioned the shipwright Colin Archer from Larvik to construct a vessel with these characteristics. Fram was built with an outer layer of greenheart wood to withstand the ice and almost without a keel to handle the shallow waters Nansen expected to encounter. The rudder and propeller were designed to be retracted into the ship. The ship was also carefully insulated to allow the crew to live onboard for up to five years. Colin Archer (22 July 1832 - 3 February 1921) was a naval architect and shipbuilder from Larvik, Norway. ... County Vestfold District Municipality NO-0709 Administrative centre Larvik Mayor (2003) Øyvind Riise Jenssen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 199 535 km² 501 km² 0. ... Binomial name Chlorocardium rodiei (M.R.Schomb. ... // In boats and ships, keel can mean either of two parts; a structural element, or a hydrodynamic element; these parts overlap. ... Stern-mounted steering oar of an Egyptian riverboat depicted in the Tomb of Menna (c. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Expeditions

Fram was used in several expeditions:

Explorer Years Region
Fridtjof Nansen 1893–1896 Arctic ice sheet
Otto Sverdrup 1898–1902 Arctic Islands
Roald Amundsen 1910–1912 South Pole

Fridtjof Nansen Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (born October 10, 1861 in Store Frøen, near Christiania - died May 13, 1930 in Lysaker, outside Oslo) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist and diplomat. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic region around the South Pole. ... Reference map of Canadian arctic islands. ... Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen (July 16, 1872 – c. ... For other uses, see South Pole (disambiguation). ...

Through the Arctic ice sheet

Due to shipwreckage, most notable from the USS Jeannette as well as driftwood findings in the region of Svalbard, Nansen speculated as to whether there was an ocean current flowing beneath the ice sheet, bringing driftwood from Siberia to Svalbard. With Fram built, Nansen could explore this. USS Jeannette was originally HMS Pandora, a gunboat in the Royal Navy and was purchased in 1875 by Sir Allan Young for his arctic voyages. ... Fridtjof Nansen Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (born October 10, 1861 in Store Frøen, near Christiania - died May 13, 1930 in Lysaker, outside Oslo) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist and diplomat. ... An ocean current is any more or less continuous, directed movement of ocean water that flows in one of the Earths oceans. ... “Siberian” redirects here. ...


Nansen undertook the expedition that came to last for three years. When Nansen understood that Fram would not pass the North Pole directly by the force of the current, he and Hjalmar Johansen set out to reach the pole by ski. Reaching 86° 14' northern latitude, he had to turn back to spend the winter at Franz Joseph Land. Nansen and Johansen survived on walrus and polar bear meat and blubber. Finally meeting a British expedition, they managed to reach Norway only days before the Fram arrived there. The Fram had spent nearly three years beset in the ice.[1] Fredrik Hjalmar Johansen (1867 - January 4, 1913) was one of Norways most famous polar explorers and gymnasts. ... Franz Josef Land (russ. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of Walrus Subspecies Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) are large semi-aquatic mammals that live in the cold Arctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere. ... Binomial name Phipps, 1774 Polar bear range Synonyms Ursus eogroenlandicus Ursus groenlandicus Ursus jenaensis Ursus labradorensis Ursus marinus Ursus polaris Ursus spitzbergensis Ursus ungavensis Thalarctos maritimus The polar bear (Ursus maritimus) is a bear native to the Arctic. ... Remains of seventeenth century blubber cauldrons at the abandoned Dutch settlement of Smeerenburg in Svalbard, Norway This article is about the body tissue. ...


Sverdrup's scientific explorations

In 1898, Otto Sverdrup led a scientific expedition to the Canadian Arctic islands. Fram was slightly modified for this journey, its freeboard being increased. Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Reference map of Canadian arctic islands. ...


Fram left harbour June 24, 1898, with 17 men onboard. Their aim was to chart the land of the Arctic Islands, and to sample the geology, flora and fauna. June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 190 days remaining. ...


Amundsen's South Pole expedition

Fram was used by Roald Amundsen in his polar expedition from 1910 to 1912.


Preservation of Fram

The ship was left to decay in storage between 1912 and the late 1920s, when Lars Christensen, Otto Sverdrup and Oscar Wisting initiated efforts to preserve her. In 1935 the ship was installed in the museum where it now stands. Lars Christensen was a Norwegian shipowner and whaling magnate with a keen interest in the exploration of Antarctica. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...


Named after Fram

Framheim was the name of explorer Roald Amundsens base at the Bay of Whales on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica during his quest for the South Pole. ... The Bay of Whales (78º30´S 164º20´W) is an iceport indenting the front of Ross Ice Shelf just northward of Roosevelt Island. ... In geology, an escarpment is a transition zone between different physiogeographic provinces that involves an elevation differential, often involving high cliffs. ... This article is about the planet. ... Categories: Astronomy stubs | Craters on Mars ... Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the solar system, named after the Roman god of war (the counterpart of the Greek Ares), on account of its blood red color as viewed in the night sky. ... MER-B (Opportunity) is the second of the two rovers of NASAs Mars Exploration Rover Mission. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Greenland Sea exists next to the Norwegian Sea. ... The Norwegian Sea (Norwegian: Norskehavet) is part of the North Atlantic Ocean northwest of Norway, located between the North Sea (i. ... Map of Svalbard, showing Spitsbergen in the West. ... Cezar Petrescu (1892, Cotnari, IaÅŸi County—1961) was a Romanian journalist, novelist and childrens writer. ... iLiKETRAiNS is a band from England. ...

Other ships named Fram

  • A ship built in 1958 and named after Axel Enström was later renamed Fram. [1]
  • Harald V, the King of Norway has had a number of sailboats for regatta use named Fram. He became world champion in sailing with Fram X in 1987 and is currently racing in Fram XVI (2006).
  • Hurtigruten is building a ship called MS Fram.

This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... King Harald V His Majesty King Harald V (born February 21, 1937) became King of Norway in 1991. ... This article is in need of improvement. ... A regatta is a boat race or series of boat races. ... MS Midnatsol Hurtigruten is the name of a Norwegian coastal transport service which is over a hundred years old. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Apsley Cherry-Garrard, The Worst Journey in the World, Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1922, p. xxii

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Fram
  • The Fram Museum website (English version)


Coordinates: 59°54′12″N, 10°41′58″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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