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Encyclopedia > Foxe's Book of Martyrs
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William Tyndale, just before being burnt at the stake, cries out "Lord, ope the King of Englands eies" in this woodcut from an early edition of Foxe's Book of Martyrs.

The Book of Martyrs, by John Foxe (first published by John Day in 1563, with many subsequent editions, also by Day), is an apocalyptically oriented English Protestant account of the persecutions of Protestants, mainly in England, and other groups from former centuries who were deemed by Foxe and others of his contemporaries, such as John Bale, to be forerunners of the Protestant Reformation through whom the lineage of the church of England could be traced. Though the work is commonly known as Foxe's Book of Martyrs, the full title is Actes and Monuments of these Latter and Perillous Days, touching Matters of the Church. The work was lavishly produced and illustrated with a large number of woodcuts. Image File history File links William Tyndale is burnt at the stake in Belgium; he cries, Lord ope the king of Englands eies. ... Image File history File links William Tyndale is burnt at the stake in Belgium; he cries, Lord ope the king of Englands eies. ... Sculpted Head Of William Tyndale from St Dunstan-in-the-West Church London William Tyndale (sometimes spelled Tindale) (circa 1484 - October 6, 1536) was a 16th century divine and scholar who translated the Bible into the Early Modern English of his day. ... John Foxe, line engraving by George Glover, first published in the 1641 edition of Actes and Monuments John Foxe (1516–April 8, 1587) is remembered as the author of the famous Foxes Book of Martyrs. ... Woodcut of John Day included in the 1563 and subsequent editions of Actes and Monuments. ... Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... John Bale (21 November 1495 - November, 1563) was an English churchman, historian and controversialist, Bishop of Ossory. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement in the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. ...


The first part of the book covered early Christian martyrs, a brief history of the medieval church, including the Inquisitions, and a history of the Wycliffite of Lollard movement, as Wycliffe was deemed by men such as Foxe to be "the morning star" of the Reformation. The second part dealt with the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, and the third with the reign of Mary. Martyrdom is a form of religious persecution. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Representation of an Auto de fe, (1475). ... Wycliffe may also refer to Wycliffe Bible Translators John Wyclif (also Wycliffe or Wycliff) (c. ... Lollardy or Lollardry was the political and religious movement of the Lollards in late 14th century and early 15th century England. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... Henry VIII (28 June 1491 – 28 January 1547) was King of England and Lord of Ireland (later King of Ireland) from 22 April 1509 until his death. ... Edward Tudor redirects here; for another (though unlikely) Edward Tudor, see a putative younger son of Henry VII of England, who, if existed, would be the uncle of this Edward Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England, King of France and King of Ireland from... Mary Tudor is the name of both Mary I of England and her fathers sister, Mary Tudor (queen consort of France). ...


Foxe's account of Mary's reign and the martyrdoms that took place during it became extremely influential in the formation of an English and Protestant national identity. Foxe's intention was to attack the Roman Catholic Church, centred primarily on the Marian persecution, and to establish a historical justification for the foundation of the Church of England as the contemporary embodiment of the true and faithful catholic church rather than a newly invented religion or sect. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catholicism. ... The Church of England is the officially established Christian church[1] in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ...


Foxe's account of the Marian years is based on Robert Crowley's 1559 extension of a 1549 chronicle history by Thomas Cooper, itself an extension of a work begun by Thomas Lanquet. (Cooper, who became a bishop under Elizabeth, stridently objected to Crowley's appropriation of his history and soon issued two new "correct" editions. It is interesting to note that Cooper, Crowley and Foxe were all students and fellows at the same time at Magdalen College in Oxford University; prior to his and Crowley's apparently pressured resignation for the college, Foxe objected in a letter to college president that all three were persecuted by some masters of the college for their evangelical beliefs.) Robert Crowley also Robertus Croleus, Roberto Croleo, Robart Crowleye, and Robarte Crole (c. ... Thomas Cooper (or Couper) (c. ... College name Magdalen College Named after Mary Magdalene Established 1458 Sister College Magdalene College President Professor David Clary FRS JCR President Iain Anstess Undergraduates 395 Graduates 230 Homepage Boatclub Magdalen College (pronounced ) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...


Foxe continued to collect material and to expand the work throughout his life, producing three revised editions. After the completion of the second edition (1570), the Convocation ordered that every cathedral church should own a copy. A Convocation is a group of people formally assembled for a special purpose. ...


Foxe's work was enormous (the second edition filling two heavy folio volumes with a total of 2300 pages – estimated to be twice as long as Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire) and its production by the printer John Day (who worked closely with Foxe) was the largest publishing project undertaken in England up to that time. The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, a major literary achievement of Eighteenth Century, was written by the British historian, Edward Gibbon. ... Woodcut of John Day included in the 1563 and subsequent editions of Actes and Monuments. ...


The text of an abridged edition of the book is located at Wikisource.


See also

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Foxe's Book of Martyrs

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... A martyrology is a catalogue or list of martyrs, or, more exactly, of saints, arranged in the order of their anniversaries. ... Wikisource – The Free Library – is a Wikimedia project to build a free, wiki library of source texts, along with translations into any language and other supporting materials. ... The Martyrs Mirror or The Bloody Theater, first published in 1660 in Dutch by Thieleman J. van Braght, documented the stories and testimonies of Christian martyrs, especially Anabaptists. ...

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Foxe's Book of Martyrs
  • John Foxe. Acts and Monuments. The Variorum Edition. (hriOnline, Sheffield 2004).
  • Foxe Digital Project (Ohio State University) Images of selected woodcuts and sections of text on the Book of Martyrs.
  • Catholic Encyclopedia entry
  • Text of the Book of martyrs (unabridged, but not yet complete) [1]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Freeman - The account of Anne Askew in Foxe's "Book of Martyrs" (11375 words)
Foxe used this discrepancy in dating to argue that the confession was a forgery and that the Catholics had stooped to fraud to try to maintain that Askew had r ecanted (1563, 681-82).
Foxe goes on to criticize Henry VIII for urging his subjects to be charitable but allowing persecution of the godly, and caustically comments on "what charitie ensued after this exhortation of the kyng to cha ritie, by the rackyng and burnyng of good Anne Askew" (p.
Foxe was utterly opposed to Archbishop Parker's efforts to compel the clergy to wear vestments, and the marytrologist labored unceasingly for revision of the Book of Common Prayer; the 1570 edition of his martyrology already contained emendations intended to promote the religious reforms for which Foxe yearned.
Foxes Book of Martyrs. GospelWeb.net (2322 words)
Foxe, who was still under the protection of his noble pupil, the duke, began to excite the envy and hatred of many, particularly Dr. Gardiner, then Bishop of Winchester, who in the sequel became his most violent enemy.
Foxe, not knowing the bishop was in the house, entered the room where the duke and he were in discourse; and seeing the bishop, withdrew.
Foxe himself, and to the Church of God at large, as it eventually made his book more intrinsically valuable, by inducing him to weigh, with the most scrupulous attention, the certainty of the facts which he recorded, and the validity of the authorities from which he drew his information.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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