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Encyclopedia > Fox Snake
Fox snake
Eastern Fox Snake, Pantherophis gloydi
Eastern Fox Snake, Pantherophis gloydi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Pantherophis

The fox snake is the common name given to two species of non-venomous snake. Image File history File linksMetadata Pantherophis_gloydi. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Reptilia redirects here. ... Suborders Lacertilia- Lizards Serpentes - Snakes Amphisbaenia - Worm lizards This article is about the Squamata order of reptiles. ... Subfamilies Boodontinae Calamariinae Colubrinae Dipsadinae Homalopsinae Natricinae Pareatinae Psammophiinae Pseudoxenodontinae Pseudoxyrhophiinae Xenodermatinae Xenodontinae See text for genera. ... Rat snakes are a large, polyphyletic, group of snakes from the Colubrid subfamily Colubrinae. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification. ...



The eastern fox snake ranges in the states of Ohio and eastern Michigan, and the Canadian province of Ontario in flat, marshy areas along the shores of Lake Huron and Lake Erie. The western fox snake occurs in the open forests, prairies, and farmlands of western Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, and Iowa. Their ranges are not known to overlap. Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Ipperwash Beach, Lake Huron. ... Lake Erie (pronounced ) is the tenth largest lake on Earth[2] and, of the five Great Lakes of North America, is the fourth largest by surface area, the southernmost, shallowest, and smallest by volume. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to 92° 53′ W Population  Ranked... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ...

Contents

Taxonomy

Until recently the eastern and western fox snakes were considered to be subspecies of, Elaphe vulpina, with the western fox snake being Elaphe vulpina vulpina and the eastern fox snake Elaphe vulpina gloydi. They were reclassified and each granted full species status. North American species of the genus Elaphe were reclassified to the genus Pantherophis, to differentiate them from the Asian species. This article is about the zoological term. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Rat snakes are a large, polyphyletic, group of snakes from the Colubrid subfamily Colubrinae. ... Rat snakes are a large, polyphyletic, group of snakes from the Colubrid subfamily Colubrinae. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...

Western Fox Snake, Pantherophis vulpina
Western Fox Snake, Pantherophis vulpina

Binomial name Pantherophis vulpina Baird & Girard, 1853 Synonyms Scotophis vulpinus Baird & Girard, 1853 Elaphis rubriceps Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854 Coluber vulpinus Boulenger, 1894 Elaphe vulpina Conant & Collins, 1991 The Western Fox Snake (Pantherophis vulpina or Elaphe vulpina) is a species of non-venomous colubrid snake. ... Spencer Fullerton Baird Spencer Fullerton Baird (February 3, 1823 – August 19, 1887) was an American ornithologist and ichthyologist. ... Charles Frédéric Girard (March 8, 1822 - January 29, 1895) was a French biologist specializing on ichthyology and herpetology. ... Binomial name Pantherophis gloydi Roger Conant, 1940 Synonyms Elaphe gloydi Elaphe vulpina gloydi The eastern fox snake (Pantherophis gloydi) is a species of Fox Snake. ... Roger Conant (May 6, 1909–December 19, 2003) was an American herpetologist, author, educator and conservationist. ... Image File history File links Pantherophis_vulpina. ... Image File history File links Pantherophis_vulpina. ...

Behavior

Fox snakes are primarily diurnal and terrestrial, rodent feeding snakes, but sometimes will also eat birds, rabbits, and juveniles often consume frogs and other small animals. They kill their prey by constriction. Like many colubrid snakes, when harassed they will vibrate their tails, which frequently results in them to be mistaken for rattlesnakes. They are also capable of releasing a musky anal secretion which purportedly smells fox-like, hence their name. A diurnal animal (dī-ŭrnəl) is an animal that is active during the daytime and sleeps during the night. ... Terrestrial animals are animals that live predominantly or entirely on land, as compared with aquatic animals, which live predominantly or entirely in the water (e. ... Suborders Sciuromorpha Castorimorpha Myomorpha Anomaluromorpha Hystricomorpha Rodentia is an order of mammals also known as rodents. ... Infraorders and Families Alethinophidia - Nopcsa, 1923 Acrochordidae- Bonaparte, 1831 Aniliidae - Stejneger, 1907 Anomochilidae - Cundall, Wallach & Rossman, 1993 Atractaspididae - Günther, 1858 Boidae - Gray, 1825 Bolyeriidae - Hoffstetter, 1946 Colubridae - Oppel, 1811 Cylindrophiidae - Fitzinger, 1843 Elapidae - F. Boie, 1827 Loxocemidae - Cope, 1861 Pythonidae - Fitzinger, 1826 Tropidophiidae - Brongersma, 1951 Uropeltidae - Müller, 1832... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Genera Pentalagus Bunolagus Nesolagus Romerolagus Brachylagus Sylvilagus Oryctolagus Poelagus Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. ... Distribution of frogs (in black) Suborders Archaeobatrachia Mesobatrachia Neobatrachia - List of Anuran families The frogness babe is an amphibian in the order Anura (meaning tail-less from Greek an-, without + oura, tail), formerly referred to as Salientia (Latin saltare, to jump). ... Predator and Prey redirect here. ... Constriction is a method used by various snake species to kill their prey. ... Subfamilies Boodontinae Calamariinae Colubrinae Dipsadinae Homalopsinae Natricinae Pareatinae Psammophiinae Pseudoxenodontinae Pseudoxyrhophiinae Xenodermatinae Xenodontinae See text for genera. ... Infraorders and Families Alethinophidia - Nopcsa, 1923 Acrochordidae- Bonaparte, 1831 Aniliidae - Stejneger, 1907 Anomochilidae - Cundall, Wallach & Rossman, 1993 Atractaspididae - Günther, 1858 Boidae - Gray, 1825 Bolyeriidae - Hoffstetter, 1946 Colubridae - Oppel, 1811 Cylindrophiidae - Fitzinger, 1843 Elapidae - F. Boie, 1827 Loxocemidae - Cope, 1861 Pythonidae - Fitzinger, 1826 Tropidophiidae - Brongersma, 1951 Uropeltidae - Müller, 1832... A scorpion tail The tail is the section at the rear end of an animals body; in general, the term refers to a distinct, flexible appendage to the torso. ... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ... Musk is the name originally given to a perfume obtained originally from the strong-smelling substance secreted by a gland in the abdomen of the male musk deer, and hence applied to other animals, and also to plants, possessing a similar odor. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


In the winter months fox snakes will hibernate, often congregating with other snakes, even those of other species, in suitable den sites. This article refers to the process of hibernation in biology. ...


Fox snakes are extremely docile towards humans, and are rarely aggressive, even if cornered. They are considered to be an excellent snake to keep as a pet.


Reproduction

Mating occurs in the late spring and early summer months. A clutch averaging 15-20 eggs is laid in mid summer and normally hatches in early fall. In most birds and reptiles, an egg (Latin ovum) is the zygote, resulting from fertilization of the ovum. ...


Conservation status

The state of Michigan lists the eastern fox snake as threatened, largely due to habitat loss. In Ontario the eastern fox snake is listed as threatened and protected by the Species at Risk Act (SARA). The extent of their decline is currently the subject of study by biologists at Queen's University. The western fox snake is listed by the state of Missouri as endangered due to prairie loss and wetland drainage. Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Queens University, generally referred to simply as Queens, is a coeducational, non-sectarian, public university located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. ...


External links

  • Fox Snake - Elaphe vulpina Species account from the Iowa Reptile and Amphibian Field Guide
  • The Center for Reptile & Amphibian Conservation: Western Fox Snake
  • Animal Diversity Web: Elaphe gloydi

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fox Snake (234 words)
Eastern fox snakes are constrictors, which means they kill by wrapping their bodies around the chest of their prey and squeezing until the prey eventually dies.
Fox snakes lay anywhere from 7 to 29 eggs in June or July, which hatch in late summer.
One of the defense mechanisms of the fox snake is to vibrate its tail as a warning to potential predators.
Fox Snake, Elaphe vulpina (932 words)
The Western Fox Snake (Elaphe vulpina) and the Eastern Fox Snake (Elaphe gloydi).
Fox snakes are very active during the day especially in the spring but often again in the fall as well.
Fox Snakes emerge from hibernation in April and are active until October.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     

Kenil Shah
14th May 2010
I think you should also include the map of where it is found in Canada.
There are 1 more (non-authoritative) comments on this page

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