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Encyclopedia > Fossil birds

For a list of birds extinct in Late Quaternary prehistoric times and (usually) known from specimens not completely fossilized, see Later Quaternary Prehistoric Birds. For birds that have gone extinct since the year 1500, please refer to Extinct birds. 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Artists rendition of a Giant Haasts eagle attacking New Zealand moa. ...



Birds evolved from feathered dinosaurs, and there is no real dividing line between birds and dinosaurs, except of course that the former survived the Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event and the latter did not. For the purposes of this article, a "bird" is considered to be any member of the clade Aves. Some dinosaur groups which may or may not be true birds are listed below under "Proto-Birds". Sinornithosaurus by Jim Robins Feathered dinosaurs are regarded by many paleontologists as the missing link between birds and dinosaurs — but this view is probably too simplistic. ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... The Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T or KT) extinction event, also known as the KT boundary, was a period of massive extinction of species, about 65. ... For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ...



This page contains a listing of prehistoric bird taxa only known from completely fossilized specimens. These extinctions took place before the Late Quaternary and thus took place in the absence of human interference. Rather, reasons for extinction are stochastic abiotic events such as bolide impacts, climate change due to orbital shifts, mass volcanic eruptions etc. Alternatively, species may have gone extinct due to evolutionary displacement by successor or competitor taxa - it is notable that an extremely large number of seabirds have gone extinct during the mid-Tertiary; this is probably due to competition by the contemporary radiation of marine mammals. The relationships of these taxa are often hard to determine, as many are known only from very fragmentary remains and due to the complete fossilization precludes analysis of information from DNA, RNA or protein sequencing. The taxa listed in this part should be classified with the Wikipedia conservation status category "Fossil". The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ... The term bolide (from the Greek βολις, bolis, missile) can refer to either an extraterrestrial body that collides with the Earth, or to an exceptionally bright, fireball-like meteor regardless of whether it ultimately impacts the surface. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years Climate change refers to the variation in the Earths global climate or regional climates over time. ... A speculative phylogenetic tree of all living things, based on rRNA gene data, showing the separation of the three domains, bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes. ... The Tertiary period was previously one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, from the end of the Cretaceous period about 65 million years ago to the start of the Quaternary period about 1. ... A marine mammal is a mammal that is primarily ocean-dwelling or depends on the ocean for its food. ... The general structure of a section of DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid —usually in the form of a double helix— that contains the genetic instructions specifying the biological development of all cellular forms of life, and most viruses. ... Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a nucleic acid polymer consisting of covalently bound nucleotides. ...

Contents


Taxonomic List of Fossil Prehistoric Birds

†Proto-birds

Groups usually considered to be non-avian dinosaurs, but which may be true birds.

Genera Alvarezsaurus ?Heptasteornis Mononykus Parvicursor Patagonykus Shuvuuia Alvarezsauridae is an enigmatic family of small, long-legged running dinosaurs, which are usually classified as primitive birds. ... The Oviraptorosauria are a group of beaked, feathered dinosaurs from the Cretaceous of Asia and North America. ... Genera See text. ... Genera Achillobator Adasaurus Atrociraptor Bambiraptor Buitreraptor Dromaeosauroides Dromaeosaurus Deinonychus Neuquenraptor Pyroraptor Saurornitholestes Unenlagia Utahraptor Variraptor Velociraptor Dromaeosaurids, raptors or members of the family Dromaeosauridae (running lizards) are theropod dinosaurs. ... Rahonavis, from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar, is the subject of some controversy as to its proper taxonomic position--whether it is a member of the crown clade Aves or a closely related dromaeosaur. ... Binomial name Epidendrosaurus ningchengensis Zhang et. ...

†Basal Aves

The most primitive birds, still possessing a long bony tail. For other meanings of bird, see bird (disambiguation). ...

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Hebeiornis
    • Paranychodon
    • Euronychodon
    • "Ichthyornis" minusculus
  • Archaeopterygidae

Binomial name Archaeopteryx lithographica Meyer, 1861 Archaeopteryx (ahr-kee-OP-ter-ix) meaning ancient wing (Greek archaio = ancient + pteryx = wing), from the Late Jurassic of Germany, is the earliest and most primitive known bird. ...

†Basal Ornithurae

Primitive birds which show reduction and fusing of the tail vertebrae.

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Hulsanpes
    • Shenzhouraptor
    • Jixiangornis
    • Jeholornis
    • Yandangornis
  • Omnivoropterygidae
    • Omnivoropteryx
    • Sapeornis

†Basal Pygostylia

The earliest birds with a modern pygostyle. Pygostyle refers to a number of the final few caudal vertebrae fused into a single ossification, to which the rectrices attach in birds. ...

  • Placement unresolved
    • Chaoyangia
    • "Paleopteryx"
    • Abavornis
    • Catenoleimus
    • Explorornis
    • "Holbotia"
    • Incolornis
    • Otogornis
    • Zhyraornis
  • Confuciusornithidae

Confuciusornis is a genus of crow-sized prehistoric bird from the Early Cretaceous of China, approximately 120 million years ago. ...

Enantiornithes

"Opposite Birds" due to the way their foot bones are fused; an extinct Mesozoic sub-class. The Enantiornithes, or opposite birds (because their foot bones are fused differently than in modern birds), are an extinct group of flying birds. ... The Mesozoic is one of three geologic eras of the Phanerozoic eon. ...

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Aberratiodontus
    • Axelornis
    • Concornis
    • Cuspirostrisornis
    • Eoalulavis
    • Eoenantiornis
    • Gurilynia
    • Halimornis
    • Kizylkumavis
    • Kuszholia
    • Jibeinia
    • Largirostrornis
    • Lenesornis
    • Liaoxiornis
    • Longchengornis
    • Longipteryx
    • Longirostravis
    • Noguerornis
    • Protopteryx
    • Sazavis
    • Sinornis - may be the same as Cathayornis
    • Vesornis
    • Yungavolucris
  • Cathayornithidae
    • Eocathayornis
    • Cathayornis
    • Boluochia

Iberomesornithiformes

Iberomesornis or Spanish intermediate bird was discovered in the Las Hoyas deposits of Spain. ...

Gobipterygiformes

  • Gobipterygidae
    • "Explorornis" walkeri
    • Gobipteryx

Enantiornithiformes

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Gurilynia
    • Zhyraornis
    • Enantiornis
  • Avisauridae
    • Yungavolucris
    • Lectavis
    • Neuquenornis
    • Soroavisaurus
    • Avisaurus

Species Avisaurus archibaldi Avisaurus gloriae Avisaurus or bird-lizard is a member of a group of Cretaceous birds called enantiornithes. ...

†Basal Ornithuromorpha

Essentially modern birds, except most still possess teeth.

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Chaoyangia
    • Songlingornis
    • Yanornis
    • Yixianornis
    • Patagopteryx
    • Gargantuavis
    • "Archaeorhychus"
    • Guildavis
    • Apsaravis
    • Gansus
    • Horezmavis
    • Limenavis
    • Eurolimnornis
    • Palaeocursornis
    • Carinatae gen. et sp. indet. (Belgium)

Hesperornithiformes

Large, toothed, loon-like diving birds. Families Hesperornithidae Hesperornithiformes are an extinct and highly specialized order of Cretaceous toothed birds. ... Species Gavia stellata Gavia arctica Gavia pacifica Gavia immer Gavia adamsii The loon (N.Am. ...

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Potamornis
    • Enaliornis
    • Pasquiaornis
    • Baptornis
    • Judinornis
  • Hesperornithidae
    • Asiahesperornis
    • Canadaga
    • Coniornis
    • Hesperornis
    • Parahesperornis
    • Placement unresolved
      • Hesperornithidae gen. et sp. indet. (Central Asia)

Families Hesperornithidae Hesperornithiformes are an extinct and highly specialized order of Cretaceous toothed birds. ...

†Ichthyornithiformes

Toothed birds similar to modern gulls. Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae and subfamily Lari. ...

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Holbotia
    • Apatornis
    • Iaceornis
  • Ambiortidae
    • Ambiortus
    • Otogornis
  • Ichthyornidae

This article does not cite its references or sources. ...

Neornithes

The sub-class that contains all modern birds. Orders Many - see section below. ...

  • Unresolved and basal forms
    • Aenigmavis
    • Ameghinornis
    • Anisolornis
    • Cunampaia
    • Fluvioviridavis
    • Foro
    • Halcyornis
    • Laornis
    • Palaeopapia
    • Eremopezus
    • Paracycnopterus
    • Remiornis
    • Riacama
    • Sylphornis
    • Volgavis
  • Eleutherornithidae
    • Eleutherornis
    • Proceriavis
  • Gracilitarsidae
    • Eutreptodactylus
    • Gracilitarsus
  • Zygodactylidae
    • Zygodactylus

Struthioniformes

Ostrich and related ratites. Families Struthionidae Casuariidae Dinornithidae Apterygidae Rheidae A ratite is any of a diverse group of large, flightless birds of Gondwanian origin, most of them now extinct. ... Binomial name Struthio camelus Linnaeus, 1758 The ostrich (Struthio camelus) is a flightless bird native to Africa. ... Families Struthionidae Casuariidae Dinornithidae Apterygidae Rheidae A ratite is any of a diverse group of large, flightless birds of Gondwanian origin, most of them now extinct. ...

  • Casuariidae - Emus and cassowaries
    • "Dromaius" gidju
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Casuarius sp. (Australia)
      • Dromaius ocypus
  • Rheidae - Rheas
    • Diogenornis
    • Opisthodactylus
    • Heterorhea
    • Hinasuri
  • Aepyornithidae - Elephant Birds
    • Mullerornis
  • Struthionidae - Ostriches
    • Palaeotis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Struthio brachydactylus
      • Struthio chersonensis
      • Struthio orlovi
      • Struthio wimani

Genera  Casuarius  Dromaius The bird family Casuariidae has four surviving members: the three species of cassowary, and the only remaining species of Emu. ... Species  Rhea americana  Rhea pennata The distribution of Rhea americana Rheas are large flightless birds native to South America. ... Genera Aepyornis Mullerornis Elephant birds are an extinct family of flightless birds made up of the genera Aepyornis and Mullerornis. ... Binomial name Struthio camelus Linnaeus, 1758 The Ostrich (Struthio camelus, Greek sparrow camel) is the largest living bird, reaching a height of up to 2. ...

Lithornithiformes

  • Lithornithidae - Primitive ratites
    • Pseudocrypturus
    • Paracathartes
    • Promusophaga
    • Lithornis

Tinamiformes

  • Tinamidae - Tinamous
    • Querandiornis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Eudromia intermedia - formerly Tinamisornis
      • Eudromia olsoni
      • Nothura parvulus - formerly Cayeornis

Genera The Tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird, members of a South American bird family of about 47 species in 9 genera. ... Genera The Tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird, members of a South American bird family of about 47 species in 9 genera. ...

Anseriformes

The group that includes modern ducks and geese. Families  Anhimidae  Anseranatidae  Anatidae The order Anseriformes contains about 150 species of bird in three families: the Anhimidae (the screamers), Anseranatidae (the Magpie Goose), and the Anatidae, which includes over 140 species of waterfowl, among them the ducks, geese, and swans. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Merginae Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. ... Other uses: Goose (disambiguation) Genera Anser Branta Chen Cereopsis † see also: Swan, Duck Anatidae Goose (plural geese) is the general English name for a considerable number of birds, belonging to the family Anatidae. ...

This article refers to the bird family. ... Genera Dromornis Barawertornis Bullockornis Ilbandornis Genyornis Dromornithidae were a family of large, flightless birds that lived in Australia until the end of the Pleistocene, but are now extinct. ... Species Dromornis stirtoni Dromornis australis See also Australian megafauna Dromornithidae History of Australia Categories: Bird stubs | Prehistoric birds ... Binomial name Barawertornis tedfordi , See also History of Australia Australian megafauna Dromornithidae Categories: Bird stubs | Prehistoric birds ... Binomial name Bullockornis planei Rich, 1979 Bullockornis, nicknamed the Demon Duck of Doom, is an extinct flightless bird that lived approximately 15 million years ago in what is now Australia. ... Species Ilbandornis lawsoni Ilbandornis woodburnei See also Australian megafauna Dromornithidae History of Australia Categories: Bird stubs | Prehistoric birds ... Vegavis is a recently discovered genus of extinct birds that lived during the Cretaceous period. ... Binomial name Anseranas semipalmata (Latham, 1798) The Magpie Goose, Anseranas semipalmata, is an unusual member of the bird order Anseriformes, which contains about 150 species in three families. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Thalassorninae Anserinae Stictonettinae Plectropterinae Tadorninae Anatinae Merginae Oxyurinae Anatidae is the biological family that includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swan. ...

Galliformes

The group that includes modern chickens and quails. Families Megapodidae Numididae Odontophoridae Phasianidae Meleagrididae Tetraonidae Cracidae Mesitornithidae The Galliformes is an order of birds containing the turkeys, grouse, quails and pheasants. ... Binomial name Gallus gallus A chicken (Gallus gallus) is a type of domesticated bird which is often raised as a type of poultry. ... Genera Coturnix Anurophasis Perdicula Ophrysia † See also Pheasant, Partridge, Grouse Quail is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds in the Pheasant family Phasianidae, or in the family Odontophoridae. ...

  • Placement unresolved
  • ?†Gallornis
  • Gallinuloididae
    • Gallinuloides
    • Paraortygoides
    • Taoperdix
  • Paraortygidae
    • Pirortyx
    • Paraortyx
  • Quercymegapodiidae
    • Palintropus
    • Taubacrex
    • Ameripodius
    • Quercymegapodius
  • Megapodidae - Megapodes
    • Ngawupodius
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Leipoa gallinacea - formerly Progura
  • Cracidae - Guans and Curassows
    • Procrax
    • Boreortalis
  • Numididae - Guineafowl
    • Telecrex
  • Meleagrididae - Turkeys
    • Rhegminornis
    • Proagriocharis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Meleagris anza
      • Meleagris californica - formerly Parapavo
      • Meleagris progenes
      • Meleagris leopoldi
      • Meleagris crassipes
  • Odontophoridae - New World Quails
    • Nanortyx
    • Miortyx
    • Cyrtonyx

This article is about mound-building birds. ... Genera Ortalis Penelope Pipile Aburria Chamaepetes Penelopina Oreophasis Nothocrax Mitu Crax Pauxi The chachalacas, guans and curassows are birds in the family Cracidae. ... Genera  Agelastes  Numida  Guttera  Acryllium The guineafowl are a family of birds in the same order as the pheasants, turkeys and other game birds. ... Species Meleagris gallopavo Meleagris ocellata A turkey is either of two species of large birds in the gamebird family with fan-shaped tails and wattled necks. ... Genera  Dendrortyx  Oreortyx  Callipepla  Philortyx  Colinus  Odontophorus  Dactylortyx  Cyrtonyx  Rhynchortyx The New World quails are small birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. ...

Charadriiformes

Gulls, auks, shorebirds Families Thinocoridae Pedionomidae Scolopacidae Rostratulidae Jacanidae Chionididae Burhinidae Haematopodidae Recurvirostridae Ibidorhynchidae Charadriidae Pluvianellidae Dromadidae Glareolidae Stercorariidae Rhynchopidae Laridae Sternidae Alcidae Charadriiformes is a diverse order of small to medium-large birds. ... Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae. ... Genera Alle Uria Alca Pinguinus Cepphus Brachyramphus Synthliboramphus Ptychoramphus Cyclorrhynchus Aethia Cerorhinca Fratercula This article is about a family of birds. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Lonchodytes
  • Graculavidae
    • Scaniornis
    • Ceramornis
    • Cimolopteryx
    • Zhylgaia
    • Dakotornis
    • Telmatornis
    • Palaeotringa
    • Graculavus
    • Placement unresolved
      • Graculavidae gen. et sp. indet. (Gloucester County, New Jersey)
  • Burhinidae - Thick-knees
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Burhinus lucorum
      • Burhinus aquilonaris
      • Burhinus sp. (Cuba, West Indies)
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
  • Laridae - Gulls
    • Gaviota
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Larus desnoyersii
      • Larus elegans
      • Larus elmorei
      • Larus lacus
      • Larus oregonus
      • Larus perpetuus
      • Larus pristinus
      • Larus robustus
      • Larus totanoides
  • Stercorariidae - Skuas and jaegers
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Stercorarius shufeldti
  • Charadriidae - Plovers
    • Viator
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Belanopteryx edmundi - formerly Vanellus
      • Belanopteryx downsi - formerly Vanellus
      • Oreopholus orcesi
  • Recurvirostridae - Avocets
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Recurvirostra sanctaeneboulae
  • Glareolidae - Pratincoles
    • Paractiornis
    • Mioglareola
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Glareola neogena
  • Alcidae - Auks
    • Hydrotherikornis
    • Alcodes
    • Praemancalla
    • Mancalla
    • Miocepphus
    • Petralca
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Uria bordkorbi
      • Uria paleohesperis
      • Uria affinis - may be subspecies of Thick-billed Murre
      • Cepphus olsoni
      • Alca antiqua
      • Alca ausonia
      • Alca stewarti
      • Alca sp. (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina) - possibly A. stewarti
      • Pinguinus alfrednewtoni
      • Ptychoramphus tenuis
      • Aethia rossmoori
      • Aethia sp. (Southwest North America)
      • Brachyramphus pliocenum
      • Cerorhinca minor
      • Cerorhinca dubia
      • Cerorhinca reai
      • ?Cerorhinca sp. (San Miguel Island, California)
      • Synthliboramphus rineyi
      • Synthliboramphus sp. (Cedros Island, California)
      • Fratercula sp. 1 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Fratercula sp. 2 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
  • Scolopacidae - Waders and snipes
    • Paractitis
    • Erolia
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Limosa gypsorum
      • Tringa ameghini
      • Tringa antiqua
      • Tringa edwardsi
      • Tringa sp. 1 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Tringa sp. 2 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Gallinago cf. media (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
  • Jacanidae - Jacanas
    • Janipes
    • Nupharanassa
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Jacana farrandi

Genera Burhinus Esacus The stone-curlews or thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. ... Binomial name Burhinus bistriatus Wagler, 1829 The Double-striped Thick-knee, Burhinus bistriatus, is a Stone-curlew, a group of waders in the family Burhinidae. ... Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae and subfamily Lari. ... Genera Stercorarius Catharacta The skuas are seabirds in the family Stercorariidae. ... The bird family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings, about 64 to 66 species in all. ... Recurvirostridae is a family of birds in the wader suborder Charadrii. ... Glareolidae is a family of birds in the wader suborder Charadri. ... Genera Alle Uria Alca Pinguinus Cepphus Brachyramphus Synthliboramphus Ptychoramphus Cyclorrhynchus Aethia Cerorhinca Fratercula Auks are birds of the family Alcidae in the order Charadriiformes. ... A foldable, wooden Mancala board Mancala is a family of board games played around the world, sometimes called sowing games or count and capture games, which comes from the general gameplay. ... Binomial name Uria lomvia (Linnaeus, 1758) The Brunnichs Guillemot, or Thick-billed Murre, Uria lomvia, is a bird in the auk family. ... Genera Actitis Aphriza Arenaria Bartramia Calidris Catoptrophorus Coenocorypha Eurynorhynchus Gallinago Heterosceles Limicola Limnodromus Limosa Limnocryptes Numenius Steganopus Phalaropus Philomachus Prosobonia Scolopax Tringa Tryngites Xenus The Scolopacidae are a large family of waders, (known as shorebirds in North America). ... Genera Microparra Actophilornis Irediparra Hydrophasianus Metopidius Jacana The Jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. ...

Gruiformes

The group that includes modern rails and cranes. Families  Otidae  Gruidae  Rallidae The diverse order Gruiformes contains about 12 bird families with, on first sight, little in common. ... Genera Sarothrura Himantornis Canirallus Coturnicops Micropygia Rallina Anurolimnas Laterallus Nesoclopeus Gallirallus Rallus Lewinia Dryolimnas Crex Rougetius Aramidopsis Atlantisia Aramides Amaurolimnas Gymnocrex Amaurornis Porzana Aenigmatolimnas Cyanolimnas Neocrex Pardirallus Eulabeornis Habroptila Megacrex Gallicrex Porphyrio Gallinula Fulica The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the... Genera Grus Anthropoides Balearica Bugeranus Cranes are large, long-legged with large talons and long-necked birds of the order Gargoyles, and family Gruesome killers. ...

  • Gastornithidae - Diatrymas
    • Omorhamphus
    • Zhongyuanus
    • Gastornis - formerly Diatryma
  • Rallidae - Rails
    • Creccoides
    • Eocrex
    • Euryonotus
    • Fulicaletornis
    • Ibidopsis
    • Ludiortyx
    • Miofulica
    • Miorallus
    • Palaeogramides
    • Pararallus
    • Paraortygometra
    • Rallicrex
    • Palaeorallus
    • Quercyrallus
    • Youngornis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Rallus ibycus (Bermuda, West Atlantic)
      • Rallus recessus (Bermuda, West Atlantic)
      • Porzana piercei (Bermuda, West Atlantic)
      • Porzana cf. flaviventer (Bermuda, West Atlantic)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Rallidae gen. et sp. indet. (Bermuda, West Atlantic)
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
        • Gallinula mortierii repertus
  • Geranoididae
    • Eogeranoides
    • ?Geranodornis
    • Geranoides
    • Palaeophasianus
    • Paragrus
  • Eogruidae
    • Sonogrus
    • Eogrus
  • Ergilornithidae
    • Proergilornis
    • Ergilornis
    • Amphipelargus
  • Gruidae - Cranes
    • Probalearica
    • Badistornis
    • Geranopsis
    • Aramornis
    • Eobalearica
    • Palaeogrus
    • Pliogrus
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Balearica exigua
      • Balearica rummeli
      • Grus afghana
      • Grus cubensis
      • Grus latipes
      • Grus melitensis
      • Grus miocaenicus
      • Grus primigenia
      • Grus cf. antigone (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Gruidae gen. et sp. indet. - formerly Grus conferta
  • Messelornithidae - Messel-birds
    • Itardiornis
    • Messelornis
  • Cariamidae - Seriemas
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Chunga incerta
  • Bathornithidae
    • Eutreptornis
    • Bathornis
    • Paracrax
    • Bathornithidae gen. nov. - formerly Bathornis celeripes and B. cursor
  • Idiornithidae
    • Gypsornis
    • Occitaniavis
    • Oblitavis
    • Propelargus
    • Elaphrocnemus
    • Idiornis
  • Phorusrhacidae - Terror Birds
    • Brontornis
    • Physornis
    • Paraphysornis
    • Phorusrhacos
    • Devincenzia
    • Titanis
    • Patagornis
    • Andrewsornis
    • Andalgalornis
    • Psilopterus
    • Procariama
    • Paleopsilopterus
    • Mesembriornis
  • Otididae - Bustards
    • Gryzaja
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Chlamydotis affinis

Gastornis is an extinct genus of large flightless birds that lived during the late Paleocene and Eocene periods of the Cenozoic. ... Genera Sarothrura Himantornis Canirallus Coturnicops Micropygia Rallina Anurolimnas Laterallus Nesoclopeus Gallirallus Rallus Lewinia Dryolimnas Crex Rougetius Aramidopsis Atlantisia Aramides Amaurolimnas Gymnocrex Amaurornis Porzana Aenigmatolimnas Cyanolimnas Neocrex Pardirallus Eulabeornis Habroptila Megacrex Gallicrex Porphyrio Gallinula Fulica The family Rallidae is a large group of small to medium-sized birds which includes the... Genera Grus Anthropoides Balearica Bugeranus Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds of the order Gruiformes, and family Gruidae. ... The Messel Pit is a disused quarry in which bituminous shale was mined. ... Genera and species Cariama cristata Chunga burmeisteri The Seriemas are a small and ancient family of tropical South American birds, belonging to the family Cariamidae, that are related to the rails and bustards. ... Phorusrhacoids were large carnivorous flightless birds that were the dominant predators in South America during the Cenozoic, 62-2. ... Phorusrhacos was a genus of giant flightless predatory birds that lived in Brazil and Patagonia, containing a single species accepted to date: Phorusrhacos longissimus. ... Genera See text Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. ...

Phoenicopteriformes

  • Phoenicopteridae - Flamingos
    • Juncitarsus
    • Palaelodus
    • Megapalaelodus
    • Phoeniconotius
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Phoenicopterus aethiopicus
      • Phoenicopterus croizeti
      • Phoenicopterus floridanus
      • Phoenicopterus stocki

For the American doo-wop group, best known for I Only Have Eyes for You (1959), see The Flamingos. ... For the American doo-wop group, best known for I Only Have Eyes for You (1959), see The Flamingos. ...

Podicipediformes

  • Podicipedidae - Grebes
    • Miobaptus
    • Pliolymbus
    • Thiornis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Podilymbus majusculus
      • Podilymbus wetmorei
      • Podiceps discors
      • Podiceps dixi
      • Podiceps oligocaenus
      • Podiceps parvus
      • Podiceps subparvus
      • Podiceps cf. auritus - formerly P. pisanus, P. howardae and Pliodytes lanquisti
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
        • Podilymbus podiceps magnus - may be same as nominate subspecies

Genera Podiceps Tachybaptus Podilymbus Aechmophorus Poliocephalus Rollandia Grebes are members of the Podicipediformes, a widely distributed order of freshwater diving birds, some of which visit the sea when migrating and in winter. ... Genera Podiceps Tachybaptus Podilymbus Aechmophorus Poliocephalus Rollandia Grebes are members of the Podicipediformes, a widely distributed order of freshwater diving birds, some of which visit the sea when migrating and in winter. ... Binomial name Podilymbus podiceps (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pied-billed Grebe, Podilymbus podiceps, †) is a member of the grebe family of water birds. ...

Ciconiiformes

The diverse group that includes storks, herons and New World vultures. Families Ardeidae Cochlearidae Balaenicipitidae Scopidae Ciconiidae Threskiornithidae Traditionally, the order Ciconiiformes has included a variety of large, long-legged wading birds with large bills: storks, herons, egrets, ibises, spoonbills, and several others. ... Genera See text Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills, belonging to the family Ciconiidae. ... Genera Ardea Zebrilus Philherodias Tigrisoma Ardeola Bubulcus Egretta Agamia Butorides Tigriornis Tigrisoma Gorsachius Syrigma Zonerodius Nycticorax see also: Bittern Heron and reeds, Haronobu Suzuki (1754-1770) Herons are medium to large long-legged, long-necked wading birds of the family Ardeidae, which also includes the egrets and bitterns. ... Genera Cathartes Coragyps Gymnogyps Sarcorhamphus The New World vulture family Cathartidae contains seven species found in North and South America. ...

  • Xenerodiopidae
    • Xenerodiops
  • Ardeidae - Herons
    • Calcardea
    • Proardea
    • Gnotornis
    • Zeltornis
    • Ardeagradis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Ardea howardae
      • Ardea polkensis
      • Egretta subfluvia
      • Butorides validipes
      • Nycticorax fidens
      • Botaurus hibbardi
  • Scopidae - Hammerkop
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Scopus xenopus
  • Threskiornithidae - Ibises
    • Rhynchaeites
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Theristicus wetmorei
      • Eudocimus leiseyi
      • Eudocimus ?peruvianus
      • Eudocimus sp. (Florida)
      • Plegadis gracilis
      • Plegadis paganus
      • Plegadis pharangites
  • Teratornithidae - Teratorns
  • Cathartidae - New World Vultures
    • Phasmagyps
    • Diatropornis
    • Plesiocathartes
    • Brasilogyps
    • Hadrogyps
    • Pliogyps
    • Dryornis
    • Geronogyps
    • Antillovultur
    • Aizenogyps
    • Breagyps
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Coragyps occidentalis
      • Sarcoramphus kernense
      • Gymnogyps howardae
      • Gymnogyps kofordi
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
  • Balaenicipitidae - Shoebills
    • Paludavis
    • Goliathia
  • Ciconiidae - Storks
    • Palaeoephippiorhynchus
    • Grallavis
    • Ciconiopsis
    • Prociconia
    • Pelargosteon
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Ciconia gaudryi
      • Ciconia kahli
      • Ciconia lucida
      • Ciconia maltha
      • Ciconia minor
      • Ciconia nana
      • Ciconia sarmantica
      • Ciconia stehlini
      • Ciconia sp. 1 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Ciconia sp. 2 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Ephippiorhynchus pakistanensis
      • Leptoptilos falconeri
      • Leptoptilos titan
      • Leptoptilos richae
      • Leptotilos cf. falconeri
    • Placement unresolved
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. - formerly Cygnus bilinicus
      • Ciconiidae gen. et sp. indet. - formerly Leptoptilos siwalicensis

Genera See text The Ardeidae family of birds is the heron, egret and bittern family of wading birds. ... Binomial name Scopus umbretta Gmelin, 1789 The Hammerkop (Scopus umbretta) is a medium sized (56cm) bird with a long shaggy crest. ... Subfamilies Threskionithinae Plateinae The family Threskiornithidae includes about 30 species of large terrestrial and wading birds, falling into two subfamilies, the ibises and the spoonbills. ... Teratorns were very large birds of prey who lived in North and South America from Miocene to Pleistocene. ... Binomial name Argentavis magnificens Argentavis magnificens is an extinct bird from the late Miocene (23 - 5 million years before present) of South America. ... Genera Cathartes Coragyps Gymnogyps Sarcorhamphus The New World vulture family Cathartidae contains seven species found in North and South America. ... Species Vultur gryphus Gymnogyps californianus Note that Condor is the NATO reporting name for the Russian/Soviet Antonov An-124 transport aircraft. ... Binomial name Balaeniceps rex (Gould, 1850) The Shoebill or Whalehead (Balaeniceps rex) is a very large bird related to the storks. ... Genera Mycteria Anastomus Ciconia Ephippiorhynchus Jabiru Leptoptilos The storks are large, long-legged, long-necked wading birds with long stout bills. ...

Pelecaniformes

The group that includes modern pelicans and cormorants. Families Pelecanidae Sulidae Phalacrocoracidae Fregatidae Anhingidae Phaethontidae The Pelecaniformes are an order of medium-sized and large waterbirds found worldwide. ... Species Pelecanus occidentalis Pelecanus thagus Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Pelecanus onocrotalus Pelecanus crispus Pelecanus rufescens Pelecanus philippensis Pelecanus conspicillatus A pelican is any of several very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae. ... Genera Nannopterum Phalacrocorax Leucocarbo The Phalacrocoracidae family of birds is represented by about thirty species of cormorants and shags. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Torotix
  • Prophaethontidae
    • Prophaethon
    • Lithoptila
  • Phaethontidae - Tropicbirds
    • Heliadornis
  • Fregatidae - Frigatebirds
    • Limnofregata
  • Sulidae - Gannets and boobies
    • Eostega
    • Empheresula
    • Masillastega
    • Miosula
    • Microsula
    • Palaeosula
    • Sarmatosula
    • Rhamphastosula
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Morus atlanticus
      • Morus avitus
      • Morus loxostylus
      • Morus magnus
      • Morus peninsularis
      • Morus peruvianus
      • Morus reyanus
      • Morus sp. 1 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Morus sp. 2 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Sula magna
      • Sula ronzoni
      • Sula sulita
  • Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants and shags
    • Pliocarbo
    • Valenticarbo
    • Nectornis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Phalacrocorax anatolicus
      • Phalacrocorax brunhuberi
      • Phalacrocorax chapalensis
      • Phalacrocorax destefani
      • Phalacrocorax femoralis
      • Phalacrocorax filyawi - may be same as P. idahensis
      • Phalacrocorax goletensis
      • Phalacrocorax gregorii
      • Phalacrocorax ibericum
      • Phalacrocorax idahensis
      • Phalacrocorax intermedius
      • Phalacrocorax kennelli
      • Phalacrocorax kumeyaay
      • Phalacrocorax lautus
      • Phalacrocorax leptopus
      • Phalacrocorax littoralis
      • Phalacrocorax macer
      • Phalacrocorax macropus
      • Phalacrocorax marinavis
      • Phalacrocorax miocaenus
      • Phalacrocorax mongoliensis
      • Phalacrocorax pampeanus
      • Phalacrocorax reliquus
      • Phalacrocorax rogersi
      • Phalacrocorax vetustus
      • Phalacrocorax wetmorei
      • Phalacrocorax sp. (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Phalacrocorax sp. (Sarasota County, Florida) - may be P. idahensis
  • Plotopteridae - Diving-boobies
    • Phocavis
    • Tonsala
    • Copepteryx
    • Plotopterum
  • Anhingidae - Darters
    • Protoplotus
    • Macranhinga
    • Meganhinga
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Anhinga fraileyi
      • Anhinga grandis
      • Anhinga hadarensis
      • Anhinga laticeps
      • Anhinga minuta
      • Anhinga pannonica
      • Anhinga subvolans
  • Pelagornithidae - Pseudotooth Birds
    • Odontopteryx
    • Caspiodontornis
    • Cyphornis
    • Dasornis
    • Gigantornis
    • Osteodontornis
    • Palaeochenoides
    • Pseudodontornis
    • Tympanoneisiotes
    • Pelagornis
  • Pelecanidae - Pelicans
    • Protopelicanus
    • Miopelecanus
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Pelecanus cadimurka
      • Pelecanus cauleyi
      • Pelecanus gracilis
      • Pelecanus halieus
      • Pelecanus intermedius
      • Pelecanus odessanus
      • Pelecanus schreiberi
      • Pelecanus sivalensis

Species The three tropicbirds are closely related seabirds of tropical oceans. ... Species There are five species in the order Fregatatidae, the frigatebirds. ... Genera Morus Sula Papasula The bird family Sulidae comprises the gannets and boobies. ... Genera Nannopterum Phalacrocorax Leucocarbo The Phalacrocoracidae family of birds is represented by over thirty species of cormorants and shags. ... Genera Plotopterium Copepteryx Tonsala Phocavis The Plotopteridae were an family of flightless seabirds from the order Pelecaniformes. ... For the genus of fish also known as darters see Etheostoma Species Anhinga anhinga Anhinga melanogaster Anhinga rufa Anhinga novaehollandiae Australian Darter on the Murray River, South Australia Darters are cormorant-like water birds with very long necks and long, straight beaks. ... Species Pelecanus occidentalis Pelecanus thagus Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Pelecanus onocrotalis Pelecanus crispus Pelecanus rufescens Pelecanus philippensis Pelecanus conspicillatus A pelican is any of several very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak belonging to the bird family Pelecanidae. ...

Procellariiformes

The group that includes modern albatrosses, petrels and storm-petrels. Families Procellariidae Diomedeidae Hydrobatidae Pelecanoididae Procellariiformes (from the Latin procella, a storm) is an order of birds formerly called Tubinares and still called tubenoses in English. ... Genera Diomedea Thalassarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses, family Diomedeidae, are large seabirds allied to the procellarids, storm-petrels and diving-petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses). ... The petrels are seabirds in the bird order Procellariiformes. ... Genera Subfamily Oceanitinadae Oceanites Pelagodroma Fregatta Neofregatta Subfamily Hydrobatinae Garrodia Hydrobates Oceanodroma Halocyptena The storm-petrels are seabirds in the family Hydrobatidae, part of the order Procellariiformes. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Lonchodytes
    • Tytthostonyx
  • Diomedeoididae
    • Rupelornis
    • Diomedeoides
  • Diomedeidae - Albatrosses
    • Plotornis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Diomedea milleri
      • Diomedea thyridata
      • Diomedea sp. 1
      • Diomedea sp. 2
      • Diomedea sp. 3
      • Diomedea sp. 4
      • Phoebastria californica
      • Phoebastria anglica
      • Phoebastria rexsularum
      • Phoebastria cf. albatrus - formerly Diomedea howardae
      • Phoebastria cf. immutabilis
      • Phoebastria cf. nigripes
  • Hydrobatidae - Storm-petrels
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Oceanodroma hubbsi
      • Oceanodroma sp.
      • Pelagodroma sp. 1
      • Pelagodroma sp. 2
  • Procellariidae - Petrels
    • Argyrodyptes
    • Frigidafrons
    • Pterodromoides
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Calonectris krantzi
      • Puffinus arvernensis
      • Puffinus conradi
      • Puffinus holeae
      • Puffinus micraulax
      • Puffinus nestori
      • Puffinus pacificoides
      • Puffinus raemdonckii
      • Puffinus cf. tenuirostris (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Puffinus sp. 1 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Puffinus sp. 2 (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Puffinus sp.
      • Procellaria sp.
      • Pelecanoides sp.
      • Fulmarus hammeri
      • Fulmarus miocaenus
      • Pachyptila sp. 1
      • Pachyptila sp. 2
      • Pachyptila sp. 3
      • Pachyptila sp. 4

Genera Diomedea Thallasarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses (from Portuguese Alcatraz, a pelican) are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the petrels. ... Genera Subfamily Oceanitinadae Oceanites Pelagodroma Fregatta Neofregatta Subfamily Hydrobatinae Garrodia Hydrobates Oceanodroma Halocyptena The storm-petrels are seabirds in the family Hydrobatidae, part of the order Procellariiformes. ... Genera Several, see text. ...

Gaviiformes

The group that includes modern loons. Species Gavia stellata Gavia arctica Gavia pacifica Gavia immer Gavia adamsii For other meanings of diver, also see diving. ... Species Gavia stellata Gavia arctica Gavia pacifica Gavia immer Gavia adamsii The loon (N.Am. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Polarornis
    • Gaviella
  • Gaviidae - Loons
    • Colymboides
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Gavia brodkorbi
      • Gavia concinna
      • Gavia egeriana
      • Gavia fortis
      • Gavia howardae
      • Gavia moldavica
      • Gavia paradoxa
      • Gavia schultzi
      • Gavia sp. (Clavert Formation)

Species Gavia stellata Gavia arctica Gavia pacifica Gavia immer Gavia adamsii For other meanings of diver, also see diving. ...

Sphenisciformes

  • Spheniscidae - Penguins
    • Anthropodyptes
    • Anthropornis
    • Archaeospheniscus
    • Arthrodytes
    • Chubutodyptes
    • Dege
    • Delphinornis
    • Duntroonornis
    • Insuza
    • Korora
    • Marplesornis
    • Nucleornis
    • Pachydyptes
    • Palaeeudyptes
    • Palaeospheniscus
    • Paraptenodytes
    • Platydytes
    • Pseudaptenodytes
    • Wimantornis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Pygoscelis tyreei
      • Spheniscus predemersus
      • Spheniscus urbinai

This article is about penguin birds. ... This article is about penguin birds. ...

Pteroclidiformes

Genera Pterocles Syrrhaptes The sandgrouse are a group of 16 near passerine bird species in the order Pteroclidiformes. ... Genera Pterocles Syrrhaptes The sandgrouse are a group of 16 near passerine bird species in the order Pteroclidiformes. ...

Columbiformes

  • Columbidae - Doves and pigeons
    • Gerandia
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Columba omnisanctorum

Families Raphidae Columbidae The order Columbiformes includes two families of birds: the Raphidae, to which the extinct Dodo and Rodrigues Solitaires belonged, and the Columbidae, which includes the very widespread and successful doves and pigeons. ... Pigeon redirects here. ...

Psittaciformes

  • Psittacidae - Parrots, lories and cockatoos
    • Precursor
    • Pseudastur
    • Serundaptus
    • Psittacopes
    • Quercypsitta
    • Pulchrapollia
    • Palaeopsittacus
    • Archaeopsittacus
    • Xenopsitta
    • Bavaripsitta
    • Prehistoric species of extant and recently extinct genera
      • Conuropsis fratercula
      • Aratinga roosevelti

Families Cacatuidae Psittacidae Loriidae The order Psittaciformes includes about 342 species of bird which are generally grouped into two families: the Cacatuidae or cockatoos, and the Psittacidae, the parrots. ... For the runtime engine for Perl 6, see Parrot virtual machine. ...

Cuculiformes

Cuckoos, turacos and allies. Families Musophagidae Cuculidae Opisthocomidae The near passerine bird order Cuculiformes traditionally included three families as below: Order Cuculiformes Family Musophagidae: turacos and allies Family Cuculidae: cuckoos Family Opisthocomidae: Hoatzin However, the taxonomy of this group is now controversial. ...

  • Opisthocomidae - Hoatzins
    • Hoatzi - may be same as Foro
    • Hoazinoides
  • Musophagidae - Turacos
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Musophaga africanus - formerly Apopempsis
      • Musophaga meini - formerly Apopempsis
    • Placement unresolved
      • Musophagidae gen. et sp. indet. (Egypt)
  • Cuculidae - Cuckoos
    • Dynamopterus
    • Cursoricoccyx
    • Neococcyx
    • Placement unresolved
      • Cuculidae gen. et sp. indet.

Binomial name Ophisthocomus hoazin Muller, 1776 The Hoatzin (Ophisthocomus hoazin) is an odd species of tropical bird which is found in the swamps associated with the Amazon and Orinoco rivers of South America. ... Genera Corythaeola Tauraco Ruwenzorornis Musophaga Corythaixoides Crinifer The turacos, plantain eaters and go-away birds make up the bird family Musophagidae (literally banana-eaters). ... Genera See text. ... Binomial name Geococcyx californiana (Lesson, 1829) The Greater Roadrunner (Geococcyx californiana) is a large, long-legged member of the Cuckoo family, Cuculidae. ...

Falconiformes

Birds of prey Families Accipitridae Pandionidae Falconidae Sagittariidae Cathartidae The order Falconiformes is a group of about 290 species of birds that include the diurnal birds of prey. ...

  • Pandionidae - Ospreys
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Pandion lovensis
      • Pandion homalopteron
      • Pandion sp. (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
  • Sagittariidae - Secretary Birds
    • Pelargopappus
  • Accipitridae - Hawks
    • Horusornis
    • Messelastur
    • Aquilavus
    • Amplibuteo
    • Neogyps
    • Palaeohierax
    • Palaeoborus
    • Pengana
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Buteo grangeri
      • Buteo hoffstetteri
      • Buteo sp. (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
      • Aquila bivia
      • Neophron vetustus
      • Neophron dakotensis
      • Neophron slaughteri
      • Neophron vallecitoensis
      • Neophron ricardoensis
      • Neophron americanus
      • Neophron sp. (Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina)
    • Placement unresolved
      • Accipitridae gen. et sp. indet. (Egypt)
  • Falconidae - Falcons
    • Badiostes
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Milvago alexandri
      • Milvago readei
      • ?Milvago sp. (Jamaica, West Indies)
      • Milvago sp. (Cuba, West Indies)
      • Falco ramenta
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species

Binomial name Pandion haliaetus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution. ... Binomial name Sagittarius serpentarius (Miller,JF, 1779) The Secretary Bird, Sagittarius serpentarius, is an extraordinary member of the bird of prey family. ... Subfamilies Elaninae Perninae Milvinae Accipitrinae Buteoninae Aegypiinae Circinae Circaetinae The Accipitridae is one of the two main families within the order Falconiformes (the diurnal birds of prey). ... Genera Daptrius Phalcoboenus Polyborus Milvago Herpetotheres Micrastur Spiziapteryx Polihierax Microhierax Falco The family Falconidae includes about 60 species of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. ... Binomial name Polyborus plancus (Miller, JF, 1777) The Crested Caracara, Polyborus plancus (or Caracara cheriway according to the AOU), is a bird of prey in the family Falconidae. ... Binomial name Polyborus plancus (Miller, JF, 1777) The Crested Caracara, Polyborus plancus (or Caracara cheriway according to the AOU), is a bird of prey in the family Falconidae. ...

Caprimulgiformes

Nightjars, potoos and allies. Families Steatornithidae Podargidae Aegothelidae Nyctibiidae Caprimulgidae The Caprimulgiformes is an order of birds that includes the cosmopolitan nightjars, the frogmouths of Australasia and Southeast Asia, the South American potoos and Oilbird, and the Australasian owlet-nightjars. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Archaeotrogon
  • Steatornithidae - Oilbirds
    • Prefica
    • Paraprefica
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Steatornis sp.
  • Podargidae - Frogmouths
    • Masillapodargus
    • Quercypodargus
  • Nyctibiidae - Potoos
    • Euronyctibius
  • Aegothelidae - Owlet-nightjars
    • Quipollornis
  • Caprimulgidae - Nightjars
    • Ventivorus

Binomial name Steatornis caripensis Humboldt, 1817 The Oilbird (Steatornis caripensis) is a slim, long-winged bird related to the nightjars. ... The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. ... The potoos are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. ... Owlet-nightjars are small nocturnal birds related to the nightjars and New Guinea, but some species extend to Australia, the Moluccas, and New Caledonia. ... Genera Nyctiprogne Podager Lurocalis Chordeiles Nyctidromus Phalaenoptilus Siphonorhis Nyctiphrynus Caprimulgus Macrodipteryx Hydropsalis Uropsalis Macropsalis Eleothreptus Eurostopodus Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. ...

Apodiformes

Swifts and hummingbirds. Families Apodidae Hemiprocnidae Traditionally, the bird order Apodiformes contained three families: the swifts, Apodidae, the tree swifts, Hemiprocnidae, and the hummingbirds, Trochilidae. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Eocypselus
  • Trochilidae - Hummingbirds
    • Placement unresolved
      • Trochilidae sp. et gen. indet. (Bahamas, West Indies)
      • Trochilidae sp. et gen. indet. (Brazil)
  • Jungornithidae
    • Argornis
    • Jungornis
    • Palescyvus
    • Laputavis
    • Parargornis
  • Aegialornithidae
    • Cypselavus
    • Aegialornis
    • Primapus
    • Scaniacypselus
  • Apodidae - Swifts
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Cypseloides ignotus
      • Cypseloides mourerchauvirae
      • Tachornis uranoceles
      • Apus gaillardi
      • Apus wetmorei

For the Australian jangle pop band, see The Hummingbirds. ... For other meanings of the word Swift see Swift (disambiguation). ...

Coliiformes

Mousebirds and relatives Genera Colius Urocolius The mousebirds are a small group of near passerine birds which have no clear affinities to other groups, and are therefore given order status. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Botauroides
    • Chascacocolius
    • Eobucco
    • Eocolius
    • Uintornis
    • Limnatornis
  • Sandcoleidae
    • Sandcoleus
    • Anneavis
    • Eoglaucidium
    • Selmes
  • Coliidae - Mousebirds
    • Masillacolius
    • Primocolius
    • Oligocolius
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Colius palustris

Genera Colius Urocolius The mousebirds are a small group of near passerine birds which have no clear affinities to other groups, and are therefore given order status. ...

Strigiformes

Owls and barn owls For uses of the word Owl as a three letter acronym, see OWL. Families Strigidae Tytonidae An owl is any of some 200+ species of solitary nocturnal birds of prey in the order Strigiformes. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Ogygoptynx
    • Palaeoglaux
  • Protostrigidae
    • Minerva
    • Eostrix
  • Sophiornithidae
    • Sophiornis
    • Strigogyps
  • Strigidae - Owls
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Otus cf. asio (Kansas)
      • Strix brevis
      • Strix intermedia
      • Strix dakota
      • Strix perpasta
      • Glaucidium dickinsoni
      • Athene megalopeza
      • Athene cf. cunicularia (Barbuda, West Indies)
      • Athene cf. cunicularia (Cayman Islands, West Indies)
      • Athene cf. cunicularia (Jamaica, West Indies)
      • Athene cf. cunicularia (Mona Island, West Indies)
      • Athene cf. cunicularia (Puerto Rico, West Indies)
      • Ninox brevis
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
        • Athene cunicularia providentiae (Bahamas, West Indies) - doubtfully distinct from A. c. floridana
  • Tytonidae - Barn Owls
    • Prosybris
    • Nocturnavis
    • Palaeobyas
    • Palaeotyto
    • Necrobyas
    • Selenornis
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Tyto sanctialbani
      • Tyto robusta
      • Tyto gigantea
      • Tyto sp. 1
      • Tyto sp. 2

Genera Aegolius: saw-whet owls Asio: eared owls Athene Bubo: horned owls Ciccaba Glaucidium: pygmy owls Jubula Ketupa Lophostrix Micrathene: elf owls Mimizuku Nesasio Ninox Otus: scops owls Pseudoscops Pulsatrix Pyrroglaux: palau owls Sceloglaux Scotopelia Speotyto Strix: earless owls Surnia: hawk owls Uroglaux Xenoglaux Typical owls (family Strigidae) are one... Binomial name Athene cunicularia (Molina, 1782) The Burrowing Owl, Athene cunicularia, is a small owl. ... Genera Tyto Phodilus Barn owls (family Tytonidae) are one of the two generally accepted families of owls, the other being the typical owls, Strigidae. ...

Coraciiformes

Rollers and allies. Families Alcedinidae Halcyonidae Cerylidae Brachypteraciidae Coraciidae Leptosomidae Meropidae Momotidae Todidae Bucerotidae Upupidae Phoeniculidae The Coraciiformes are a group of usually colourful near passerine birds including the kingfishers, the Hoopoe, the bee-eaters, the rollers, and the hornbills. ...

  • Basal forms
    • Eocoracias
    • Ceranopterus
  • Primobucconidae
    • Primobucco
  • Todidae - Todies
    • Palaeotodus
  • Motmotidae - Motmots
    • Protornis
  • Trogonidae - Trogons
    • Paratrogon
    • Primotrogon
    • Septentrogon
    • Placement unresolved
      • Trogonidae gen. et sp. indet. 1 (Northwest Europe)
      • Trogonidae gen. et sp. indet. 2 (Northwest Europe)
  • Bucerotidae - Hornbills
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Bucorvus brailloni

Genera Todus The todies are a family of tropical birds in the order Coraciiformes, which also includes the kingfishers, bee-eaters and rollers. ... Genera Aspatha Baryphthengus Electron Eumomota Hylomanes Momotus The motmots or Momotidae are a family of tropical birds in the order Coraciiformes, which also includes the kingfishers, bee-eaters and rollers. ... Genera Apaloderma Euptilotis Harpactes Pharomachrus Priotelus Trogon Ref: ITIS 178094 2002-10-06 The trogons and quetzals are birds in the order Trogoniformes. ... Genera Aceros Anorrhinus Anthracoceros Buceros Bucorvus Ceratogymna (=Bycanistes) Ocyceros Penelopides Tockus Hornbills (Family Bucerotidae) are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cows horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. ...

Piciformes

  • Capitonidae - Barbets
    • Capitonides
  • Picidae - Woodpeckers
    • Pliopicus
    • Palaeonerpes
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Colaptes sp. (Bahamas, West Indies)
      • Campephilus dalquesti
      • Prehistoric subspecies of extant species
      • Melanerpes superciliaris ssp. (Little Exuma, Bahamas)
      • Melanerpes superciliaris ssp. (New Providence, Bahamas)

Families Picidae Capitonidae Ramphastidae Galbulidae Bucconidae Indicatoridae Six families of largely arboreal birds make up the order Piciformes, the best-known of them being the Picidae, which includes the woodpeckers and close relatives. ... This article is about the Barbet family of birds. ... Genera Many, see text. ...

Passeriformes

  • Palaeoscinidae
    • Paleoscinis
  • Laniidae - Shrikes
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Lanius miocaenus
  • Corvidae - Crows, Ravens, Jays and Magpies
    • Miocitta
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Corvus larteti
  • Emberizidae - Buntings
    • Palaeospiza
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Ammodramus hatcheri - formerly Palaeospiza or Palaeostruthus
  • Motacillidae - Wagtails
    • Prehistoric species of extant genera
      • Motacilla humata
      • Motacilla major

Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... Genera Lanius Eurocephalus Corvinella A shrike is a passerine bird of the family Laniidae which is known for its habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. ... Genera Platylophus Gymnorhinus Cyanocitta Aphelocoma Cyanocorax Garrulus Cissa Perisoreus Urocissa Cyanopica Dendrocitta Crypsirina Temnurus Pica Zavattariornis Podoces Nucifraga Pyrrhocorax Ptilostomus Corvus Corvidae is a family of oscine passerine birds which contains the crows, magpies and jays. ... The Emberizidae are a large family of passerine birds. ... Genera Anthus Tmetothylacus Motacilla Dendroanthus Macronyx The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. ...

Aves incertae sedis

    • Hongshanornis
    • Horezmavis
    • Liaoningornis
    • Nanantius
    • Neogaeornis
    • Parascaniornis
    • Piksi
    • Platanavis
    • Vorona
    • Wyleyia

For other uses of the word Crow, please see Crow (disambiguation). ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fossil Record of the Aves (808 words)
The fossil record of birds is not extensive: the light, hollow bones of birds are not likely to survive as fossils.
The oldest known fossil unambiguously identified as a bird is still the dinosaur-like Archaeopteryx, from the Solnhofen Limestone of the Upper Jurassic of Germany.
Knowledge of the Mesozoic fossil record of birds is rapidly growing: the number of known fossil birds from the Mesozoic doubled between 1990 and 1995.
Dinosaurs and Birds - Enchanted Learning Software (1321 words)
There are many similarities between birds and theropod dinosaurs, including the number of openings in the skull (they're diapsids), secondary palate structure, leg and foot structure and proportions, upright stance, oviparous birth (laying eggs), bone structure (bones interlaced with vessels), and scales (modified in birds and some dinosaurs to be feathers).
Using the fossils of Archaeopteryx and Compsognathus, a bird-sized and bird-like dinosaur, Huxley argued that birds and reptiles were descended from common ancestors.
Bird fossils are rare because bird bones are hollow and fragile, but Jurassic, Cretaceous, Eocene and Miocene-Pliocene bird fossils have been found.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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