Fosamprenavir calcium (Lexiva®) is a pro-drug of the protease inhibitor and antiretroviral drugamprenavir. The FDA approved it October 20, 2003. The human body metabolizes fosamprenavir in order to form amprenavir, which is the active ingredient. That metabolization increases the duration that amprenavir is available, making fosamprenavir a slow-release version of amprenavir and thus reducing the number of pills required versus standard amprenavir. A prodrug is a pharmacological substance (drug) which is administered in an inactive (or significantly less active) form. ... Protease inhibitors are a class of medication used to treat or prevent viral infections. ... Antiretroviral drugs are medications for the treatment of infection by retroviruses, primarily HIV. Different classes of antiretroviral drugs act at different stages of the HIV life cycle. ... Amprenavir (AgeneraseÂ®) is a protease inhibitor used to treat HIV. It was approved by the FDA on April 15, 1999, for twice-a-day dosing instead of needing to be taken every eight hours. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...
Categories: Pharmacology stubs | Antivirals Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A section of the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. ... Genera Subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae Simplexvirus Varicellovirus Mardivirus Iltovirus Subfamily Betaherpesvirinae Cytomegalovirus Muromegalovirus Roseolovirus Subfamily Gammaherpesvirinae Lymphocryptovirus Rhadinovirus Unassigned Ictalurivirus The Herpesviridae is a family of DNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and animals. ... Aciclovir (INN) (IPA: ) or acyclovir (USAN), marketed as Zovirax, is one of the main antiviral drugs. ... Chemical structure of cidofovir Cidofovir is an injectable antiviral medication for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in patients with AIDS. It suppresses CMV replication by selective inhibition of viral DNA synthesis. ... Docosanol 10% cream is a topical treatment for recurrent herpes simplex labialis episodes (episodes of cold sores or fever blisters). ... Famciclovir is an antiviral medicine that stops the varicella zoster virus that causes shingles. ... Ganciclovir sodium (CytoveneÂ®) is an antiviral medication used to treat cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections. ... Tromantadine Tromantadine is an antiviral medicine used to treat herpes simplex virus. ... Valaciclovir (INN) or valacyclovir (USAN) is an antiviral drug used in the management of herpes simplex. ... Valganciclovir hydrochloride (ValcyteÂ®) is an antiviral medication used to treat cytomegalovirus infections. ... Chemical structure of vidarabine Vidarabine is an anti-viral drug which is active against herpes simplex and varicella zoster viruses. ... Influenza, commonly known as the flu or the grippe, is a contagious disease of the upper airways and the lungs, caused by an RNA virus of the orthomyxoviridae family. ... Amantadine, 1-aminoadamantane, is an antiviral drug that was approved by the FDA in 1976 for the treatment of influenza type A in adults. ... Oseltamivir (INN) (IPA: ) is an antiviral drug used in the treatment and prophylaxis of both Influenzavirus A and Influenzavirus B. Like zanamivir, oseltamivir is a neuraminidase inhibitor, acting as a transition-state analogue inhibitor of influenza neuraminidase and thereby preventing new viruses from emerging from infected cells. ... Please expand this article. ... Rimantadine (systematic name 1-(1-aminoethyl)adamantane) is an orally administered medicine used to treat, and in rare cases prevent, Influenzavirus A infection. ... Zanamivir is a neuraminidase inhibitor used in the treatment of and prophylaxis of both influenza A and influenza B. Zanamivir was the first neuraminidase inhibitor commercially developed. ... Antiretroviral drugs are medications for the treatment of infection by retroviruses, primarily HIV. Different classes of antiretroviral drugs act at different stages of the HIV life cycle. ... Reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs) are a class of antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV infection. ... Zidovudine (INN) or azidothymidine (AZT) (also called ZDV) is an antiretroviral drug, the first one approved for treatment of HIV. It is also sold under the names RetrovirÂ® and RetrovisÂ®, and as an ingredient in CombivirÂ® and TrizivirÂ®. It is an analog of thymidine. ... Didanosine (2-3-dideoxyinosine, ddI) is sold under the trade names VidexÂ® and Videx ECÂ®. It is a reverse transcriptase inhibitor, effective against HIV and usually used in combination with other antiviral drug therapy as part of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). ... Stavudine (2-3-didehydro-2-3-dideoxythymidine, d4T, brand name ZeritÂ®) is a thymidine analogue active against HIV. It is phosphorylated by cellular kinases into active triphosphate. ... Zalcitabine (2-3-dideoxycytidine, ddC), is a derivative of the naturally existing deoxycytidine, made by replacing the hydroxyl group in position 3 with a hydrogen. ... Lamivudine (2,3-dideoxy-3-thiacytidine, 3TC) is a potent reverse transcriptase inhibitor. ... Abacavir (ABC) is extremely potent reverse transcriptase inhibitor, meant for the treatment of AIDS. ABC is capable of crossing the blood-brain barrier. ... Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate belongs to a class of antiretroviral drugs known as nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NtRTIs), which block reverse transcriptase, an enzyme crucial to viral production in HIV-infected people. ... Reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs) are a class of antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV infection. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs) are a class of antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV infection. ... Protease inhibitors are a class of medication used to treat or prevent viral infections. ... Saquinavir (FortovaseÂ®, Roche) is a protease inhibitor, used as a component of HIV therapy. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Categories: Stub ... Ritonavir is a drug from the protease inhibitor class used to treat AIDS. It is manufactured as Norvir® by Abbott Laboratories. ... Nelfinavir (ViraceptÂ®) is an antiretroviral drug used in the treatment of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). ... Amprenavir (AgeneraseÂ®) is a protease inhibitor used to treat HIV. It was approved by the FDA on April 15, 1999, for twice-a-day dosing instead of needing to be taken every eight hours. ... Tipranavir is a new protease inhibitor (PI) that was approved by the FDA in June 2005. ... Enfuvirtide is a novel antiretroviral drug used in combination therapy for the treatment of HIV-1 infection. ... Imiquimod (Aldaraâ¢) is a prescription medication used to treat certain diseases of the skin, including skin cancer (malignant melanoma and actinic keratosis) as well as genital warts. ... Interferons (IFNs) are natural proteins produced by the cells of the immune systems of most animals in response to challenges by foreign agents such as viruses, bacteria, parasites and tumor cells. ... Ribavirin (CopegusÂ®; RebetolÂ®; RibasphereÂ®; VilonaÂ®,VirazoleÂ®, also generics from Sandoz, Teva, Warrick) is an anti-viral drug which is active against a number of DNA and RNA viruses. ... Viramidine (ICN 3142) is an anti-viral drug in Phase III human trials, but not yet approved for pharmaceutical use. ...
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