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Encyclopedia > Fortuna Glacier

Fortuna Glacier is a tidewater glacier at the mouth of Cumberland Bay on the island of South Georgia. It flows in a northeast direction to its terminus just west of Cape Best, with an eastern distributary almost reaching the west side of Fortuna Bay, on the north coast of South Georgia. Named in about 1912, presumably for the whale catcher Fortuna. It is the largest glacier on the island, and is notable for two major events in the 20th Century. Cumberland Bay, 6 km (4 mi) wide at its entrance between Larsen and Barff Points, which separates into two extensive arms that recede inland 14 km (9 mi) along the northern coast of South Georgia. ... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. ... Fortuna Bay ( ) is a bay 3 miles (4. ... South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands is an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, also claimed by Argentina. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ...


1916

In mid-April 1915, explorer Ernest Shackleton's ship (The Endurance) with 27 members of his Antarctic expedition became locked in the polar ice in the Weddell Sea just off the Antarctica. In the spring of 1916, as the ice warmed and drifted north, the ship was crushed. The party used the lifeboats to get to Elephant Island, a desolate, uninhabited atoll at the edge of the Antarctic Peninsula. There they were stranded. Shackleton and five others crammed into a lifeboat (named the James Caird), sailed across the frigid Scotia Sea for 800 miles, miraculously reaching South Georgia two weeks later. With great difficulty, they landed on the island's uninhabited west side at King Haakon Bay. Frostbitten and exhausted, with their clothing torn and crusted with sea salt, it was not feasible to set sail again in the wind, currents and huge seas to one of the whaling stations on the island's east side, which were the only human habitation on South Georgia. To get to there they had to cross unknown mountains and crevasse-riddled glaciers without equipment (at that time, the interior of the island was all but unknown). Unstoppable, Shackleton beached his boat and with two others made his daring traverse of the island, crossing the Fortuna Glacier in the process. Thirty-six hours later, without sleep or rest, they reached Stromness whaling station. Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO, OBE (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was an Anglo-Irish explorer who was knighted for the success of the 1907-09 British Antarctic Expedition under his command. ... Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO, OBE (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was an Anglo-Irish explorer who was knighted for the success of the 1907-09 British Antarctic Expedition under his command. ... The Weddell Sea is part of the Southern Ocean. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A NASA satellite photograph of Elephant Island Elephant Island is an ice-covered, mountainous island off the coast of Antarctica in the outer reaches of the South Shetland Islands in the Southern Ocean. ... Antarctic Peninsula map Booth Island and Mount Scott flank the narrow Lemaire Channel on the west side of the Antarctic Peninsula. ... Rendition of the James Caird nearing South Georgia The James Caird is a 30-foot (7 m) whaleboat in which Sir Ernest Shackleton and five companions made the epic open boat voyage of 800 miles (1,480 km) from Elephant Island, 500 miles (800 km) south of Cape Horn, to... The Scotia Sea ( 57°30′ S 040°00′ W) is the portion of the Southern Ocean between Tierra Del Fuego, the Antarctic Peninsula, and South Georgia. ... King Haakon Bay is an inlet on the southern coast of the island of South Georgia. ...


1982

When Argentina militarily occupied the Falkland Islands and South Georgia, the British Armed Forces recaptured the island in 'Operation Paraquet', thereby removing the Argentinian military presence and restoring the island to British Sovereignty. It was decided to land a mountain troop of Special Air Service soldiers on the glacier, to approach Grytviken from the most unlikely direction. After the troops were landed on the glacier in conditions of extremely poor visibility and gale extreme force winds on 21 April, their conditions deteriorated rapidly still further. During several repeated rescue attempts the following day by a Wessex 3 (Antrim) and two Wessex V (Tidespring) helicopters, the Wessex V aircraft crashed in extreme weather conditions. The Wessex 3, crewed by Lt Cdr Ian Stanley, Lt Chris Parry, Sub Lt Stewart Cooper and PO ACMN David Fitzgerald, succeeded in rescuing all troops and aircrew in an amazing feat of flying and navigation just before dark. On returning to Antrim, the Wessex 3 (which can be seen at the Fleet Air Arm Museum at Yeovilton, Somerset) held 16 personnel instead of its normal 4 capacity. Paraquet was the code-word for the British military operation to recapture the Island of South Georgia from Argentine military control in April 1982. ... SAS in their armed jeeps, during the North African campaign The Special Air Service Regiment (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army. ... Perito Moreno Glacier Patagonia Argentina Aletsch Glacier, Switzerland Icebergs breaking off glaciers at Cape York, Greenland This article is about the geological formation. ... Cumberland Bay and Thatcher Peninsula with King Edward Cove (Grytviken) Grytviken (Swedish for Pot Cove; Grytvika/Grytviken in Norwegian) is the principal settlement in the United Kingdom territory of South Georgia in the South Atlantic. ... Antrim in Northern Ireland may refer to Antrim town. ... RNAS Yeovilton is an air station of the Royal Navy, sited a few miles north of Yeovil in Somerset. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ...


See also

Coordinates: 54°6′S 36°51′W / -54.1, -36.85 This article incorporates text from Fortuna Glacier, in the Geographic Names Information System, operated by the United States Geological Survey, and therefore a public domain work of the United States Government. This is a list of glaciers: Adams Glacier Vatnajokull Iceland Agassiz Icecap - Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada Aletsch Glacier - Swiss Alps, largest in Alps Angel Glacier - Cavell Meadows, Jasper National Park, Canada Antarctica -Continental glacier Athabasca Glacier - Canadian Rockies Aurora Glacier - Glacier Bay, Alaska Austfonna - Nordaustlandet, Svalbard Barnard Glacier - Alaska Beardmore... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... A work of the United States government, as defined by United States copyright law, is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the U.S. government as part of that persons official duties. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
South Georgia Heritage Trust - Conflict (710 words)
HMS Ajax and Exeter that were involved in the action at the River Plate to sink the German Battleship the Graf Spee, had visited South Georgia before the start of hostilities in November 1938 and deployed their Walrus aircraft and took the first aerial photography of South Georgia used for mapping and glacial study.
RFA Tidespring, a large oiler which was carrying M Company (Captain Chris Nunn Royal Marines) of 42 Commando Royal Marines, was despatched well out to sea on 24 April after the appearance of the Argentine submarine Santa Fe.
One of the crashed helicopters on the Fortuna glacier.
Fortuna Glacier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (361 words)
Fortuna Glacier, on the island of South Georgia, is a tidewater glacier at the mouth of Cumberland Sound.
It is the largest glacier on the island, and is notable for two major events in the 20th century.
Frostbitten and exhausted, with their clothing torn and crusted with sea salt, it was not feasible to set sail again in the wind, currents and huge seas to one of the whaling stations on the island's east side, which was the only human habitation on South Georgia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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