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Encyclopedia > Fort St. Charles

Fort St. Charles was constructed in 1732 by La Vérendrye's nephew, Christopher Dufrost de La Jemeraye and his eldest son Jean Baptiste de La Vérendrye. This followed the construction of a small fort, Fort St. Pierre on Rainy River the previous fall. St Charles became an important post for the Vérendrye's. From here they explored a large section of mid-continent North America, constructed other forts and conducted their economic activity of fur trading. When built, it represented the most northwesterly settlement by Europeans in North America. Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye (November 17, 1685 – December 5, 1749) was a French Canadian military officer, fur trader and explorer. ... Christopher Dufrost de La Jemeraye (also known as Christophe Dufrost de La Jemerais with various variations on the last name),(b December 6, 1708 – d May 10, 1736), was the lieutenant and nephew of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye in the exploratory party which headed west... Jean Baptiste de La Vérendrye (b September 3, 1713 – d June 6, 1736) was the eldest son of Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye. ... Fort St. ...

It was from Fort St. Charles that Jean Baptiste de La Vérendrye with Father Aulneau and nineteen other Frenchmen departed on June 6, 1736 and headed for Montreal. On a small island only a few miles from the fort, the whole party was massacred. When the remains were discovered, the heads of the nineteen voyageurs and the bodies of Jean Baptiste de La Vérendrye and Jean-Pierre Aulneau were brought back to the fort and buried under the altar stone. These remains helped to confirm the location of the original fort in the early 20th century. Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... Father Jean-Pierre Aulneau (21 April 1705 – 8 June 1736) was a Jesuit priest active in Canada. ...

A replica of the original Fort St. Charles is situated on Magnussen's Island at the mouth of Angle Inlet. This is part of the Northwest Angle on Lake of the Woods and is part of Minnesota. The original fort was likely on mainland and the location became an island when the lake levels were raised by control structures on the Winnipeg River. Angle Township, Minnesota (the purple portion) in Minnesotas Northwest Angle. ... The Northwest Angle (the purple portion) in Minnesota, bordering Manitoba, Ontario, and Lake of the Woods. ... Lake of the Woods from space, May 1998 Lake of the Woods. ...



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