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Encyclopedia > Fort Sill

Fort Sill is a United States Army post near Lawton, Oklahoma; about 85 miles southwest of Oklahoma City. The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces that has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Lawton is a city located in Comanche County, Oklahoma. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 20th 181,196 km² 355 km 645 km 1. ... Nickname: Capital of the New Century Motto: Official website: http://www. ...


Today, Fort Sill remains the only active Army installation of all the forts on the South Plains built during the Indian Wars. It is designated as a national historic landmark and serves as home of the U.S. Army Field Artillery and the Field Artillery School. An 1899 chromolithograph of U.S. cavalry pursuing American Indians, artist unknown. ... This article describes U.S. field artillery. ...


As of early 2005, Major General David P. Valcourt was the Commanding General at Fort Sill. As of late 2005, Major General David C. Ralston is the Command General, U.S. Army Field Artillery Center and Fort Sill, Commandant, U.S. Army Field Artillery School. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ...

Contents


History

Old infantry barracks at Fort Sill.

The site of Fort Sill was staked out on January 8, 1869 by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan who led a campaign into Indian Territory to stop hostile tribes from raiding border settlements in Texas and Kansas. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 87 KB) Fort_Sill_infantry_barracks; http://sill-www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 87 KB) Fort_Sill_infantry_barracks; http://sill-www. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Philip Sheridan Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888), a military man and one of the great generals in the American Civil War. ... Indian Territory in 1836 Indian Territory in 1891 Indian Territory, also known as Indian Country, Indian territory or the Indian territories, was the land set aside within the United States for the use of American Indians (Native Americans). The general borders were set by the Indian Intercourse Act of 1834. ... Official language(s) None. ... Official language(s) None Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 15th 82,277 mi²; 213,096 km² 211 mi; 340 km 400 mi; 645 km 0. ...


Sheridan's massive winter campaign involved six cavalry regiments accompanied by frontier scouts such as Buffalo Bill Cody, Wild Bill Hickok, Ben Clark and Jack Stilwell. Troops camped at the location of the new fort included the 7th Cavalry, the 19th Kansas Volunteers and the 10th Cavalry, a distinguished group of black "buffalo soldiers" who constructed many of the stone buildings still surrounding the old post quadrangle. Cavalry is also a common misspelling of the Biblical hill Calvary. ... A regiment is a military unit, larger than a company and smaller than a division. ... Buffalo Bill (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was born William Frederick Cody in the American state of Iowa. ... James Butler Hickok (May 27, 1837–August 2, 1876), better known as Wild Bill Hickok, was a legendary figure in the American Wild West. ... Ben Clark was an extraordinary man. ... 7th Cavalry Regiment Coat of Arms 7th Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia The 7th United States Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage traces back to the mid-19th century. ... Buffalo Soldiers was the name given by the Plains Indians to the United States Army regiments composed of African-American soldiers that served on the American frontier after the Civil War. ...


At first the garrison was called "Camp Wichita" and referred to by the Indians as "the Soldier House at Medicine Bluffs." Sheridan later named it in honor of his West Point classmate and friend, Brigadier General Joshua W. Sill, who was killed during the American Civil War. The first post commander was Brevet Maj. Gen. Benjamin Grierson and the first Indian agent was Colonel Albert Gallatin Boone, grandson of Daniel Boone. The United States Military Academy, also known as West Point, or simply USMA or Army is a U.S. service academy and Army fort. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Joshua W. Sill (December 6, 1831 – 31 December 1862) was an officer in the United States Army, before and during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 1,556,678 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 74,500 Total dead: 198,500 Wounded: 137,000+  {{{notes}}} The... Brigadier General Benjamin Henry Grierson (July 8, 1826, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - August 31, 1911, Omena, Michigan) was an American army officer. ... Colonel is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... Daniel Boone Daniel Boone (November 2, 1734 – September 26, 1820) was an American pioneer, frontiersman and Indian-fighter, who blazed the trail known as the Wilderness Road and founded Boonesborough, Kentucky (also known as Boonesboro). ...


Peace Policy

Water tower at Fort Sill.
Water tower at Fort Sill.

Several months after the establishment of Fort Sill, President Ulysses Grant approved a peace policy placing responsibility for the Southwest tribes under Quaker Indian agents. Fort Sill soldiers were restricted from taking punitive action against the Indians who interpreted this as a sign of weakness. They resumed raiding the Texas frontier and used Fort Sill as a sanctuary. In 1871 General of the Army William Tecumseh Sherman arrived at Fort Sill to find several Kiowa chiefs boasting about a wagon train massacre. When Sherman ordered their arrest during a meeting on Grierson's porch two of the Indians attempted to assassinate him. In memory of the event, the Commanding General's quarters were dubbed Sherman House. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 260 KB) Water tower at Ft. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 260 KB) Water tower at Ft. ... Ulysses Simpson Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War General and the 18th (1869–1877) President of the United States. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. ... Original territory of the Kiowa Tribe The Kiowa are a nation of Native Americans who lived mostly in the plains of west Texas, Oklahoma and eastern New Mexico at the time of the arrival of Europeans. ... A wagon train is a long chain of wagons, each moving together and forming a line. ...


Red River War

In June 1874 the Comanches, Kiowas and Southern Cheyennes went on the warpath, and the South Plains shook with the hoofbeats of Indian raiders. The resulting Red River War, which lasted a year, was a war of attrition involving relentless pursuit by converging military columns. 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Comanche territory. ... Original territory of the Kiowa Tribe The Kiowa are a nation of Native Americans who lived mostly in the plains of west Texas, Oklahoma and eastern New Mexico at the time of the arrival of Europeans. ... The Cheyenne are a Native American nation of the Great Plains. ... The Red River War was a series of conflicts in the Texas panhandle occurring in 1874-1875 between Comanche, Kiowa, Southern Cheyenne, and Arapaho tribes of Native Americans and the United States Army and settlers. ...


Without a chance to graze their livestock and faced with a disappearance of the great buffalo herds, the hostile tribes eventually surrendered. Quanah Parker and his Quohada Comanches were the last to abandon the struggle and their arrival at Fort Sill in June 1875 marked the end of Indian warfare on the south Plains. Binomial name Bison bison Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies B. b. ... Quanah Parker Quanah Parker (c. ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Until the territory opened for settlement, Fort Sill's mission was one of law enforcement and soldiers protected the Indians from outlaws, squatters and cattle rustlers.


Geronimo

In 1894 Geronimo and 341 other Chiricahua Apache prisoners of war were brought to Fort Sill where they lived in villages on the range. Geronimo was granted permission to travel for a while with Pawnee Bill's Wild West Show and he visited President Theodore Roosevelt before dying here of pneumonia in 1909. The rest of the Apaches remained on Fort Sill until 1913 and they were taught by Lt. Hugh L. Scott to build houses, raise crops and herd cattle. 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Geronimo Geronimo (Chiricahua Goyaałé One Who Fondles; often spelled Goyathlay in English), (June 16, 1829–February 17, 1909) was a prominent Native American leader of the Chiricahua Apache who long warred against the encroachment of settlers of European descent on tribal lands. ... Bands According to Opler (1941) the Chiricahuas consisted of three bands: Chíhéne Red Paint People (a. ... Theodore Roosevelt (born Theodore Roosevelt Jr. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Hugh L. Scott (1853-1934) was Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1914 to 1917, including the first few months of American involvement in World War I. Categories: Military biographical stubs | U.S. Army generals ...


Scott also commanded Troop L of the 7th Cavalry, a unit comprised entirely of Indians and considered one of the best in the west. Indian scout I-See-O and other members of the troop are credited with helping tribes on the South Plains to Avert the Bloody Ghost Dance uprising of the 1890s in which many died on the North Plains. The Ghost Dance by the Ogalala Lakota at Pine Ridge The Ghost Dance, also known as the Ghost Dance of 1890, as noted in historical accounts, is a millennialist spiritual movement among Native Americans that began toward the end of 1888 and reached its peak just before the Wounded Knee... The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no...


The Frontier Disappears

Old and captured artillery at Fort Sill.
Old and captured artillery at Fort Sill.

The Last Indian lands in Oklahoma opened for settlement in 1901 and 29,000 homesteaders registered at Fort Sill during July for the land lottery. On August 6 the town of Lawton sprang up and quickly grew to become the third largest city in Oklahoma. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 388 KB) Cannon walk at Fort Sill, OK -taken by user:pschemp File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 388 KB) Cannon walk at Fort Sill, OK -taken by user:pschemp File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Homestead Act is a piece of U.S. legislation which gave one quarter of a section of a township (160 acres, or about 65 hectares) of undeveloped land in the American West to any family head provided he lived on it for five years, or allowed the family head... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ...


With the disappearance of the frontier, the mission of Fort Sill gradually changed from cavalry to field artillery. The first artillery battery arrived at Fort Sill in 1902 and the last cavalry regiment departed in May 1907. This article describes U.S. field artillery. ... In military science, a battery is a group of artillery cannons or rockets, so grouped in order to facilitate battlefield communication and the organization of barrages. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The School of Fire for the Field Artillery was founded at Fort Sill in 1911 and continues to operate today as the world renowned U.S. Army Field Artillery School. At various times Fort Sill has also served as home to the Infantry School of Musketry, the School for Aerial Observers, the Air Service Flying School, and the Army Aviation School.


Prison for deserters

Several convicted deserters have been imprisoned at the Regional Confinement Center (military prison) at Ft. Sill including Camilo Mejia, Blake LeMoine, Dale Bartell and Neil Quentin Lucas. Camilo Mejia is a former member of the Florida National Guard charged with desertion after failing to return to his unit after an October furlough. ...


External link

  • Fort Sill official website


United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)

Installations:

Aberdeen Proving Ground | Carlisle Barracks | Fort Belvoir | Fort Benning | Fort Bliss | Fort Eustis | Fort Gordon | Fort Huachuca | Fort Jackson | Fort Knox | Fort Leavenworth | Fort Lee | Fort Leonard Wood | Fort Rucker | Fort Sill | Redstone Arsenal

Schools:
Adjutant General School | Airborne School | Air Defense Artillery School | Armor School | Army Logistics Management College | Army Management Staff College | Army War College | Aviation School | Aviation Logistics School | Chaplain School | Chemical School | Command and General Staff College | Defense Language Institute | Drill Sergeant Schools | Engineer School | Field Artillery School | Finance School | Infantry School | Intelligence School | Military Police School | Officer Candidate School | Ordnance Mechanical Maintenance School | Ordnance Munitions and Electronics Maintenance School | Physical Fitness School | Quartermaster School | Ranger School | Recruiting and Retention School | School of Advanced Military Studies | School of Information Technology | School of Military Packaging Technology | Sergeants Major Academy | Signal School | Transportation School | Warrant Officer Career Center TRADOC shoulder sleeve patch. ... Aberdeen Proving Ground is a United States Army proving ground located in Harford County, Maryland at Aberdeen, Maryland. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Fort Belvoir is a census-designated place located in Fairfax County, Virginia. ... Fort Benning is a military base facility of the United States military southwest of Columbus, Georgia. ... Fort Bliss is a census-designated place and US Army post located in El Paso County, Texas. ... Fort Eustis is a military base facility of the United States military located in Newport News, Virginia. ... Overview Fort Gordon is the home of the United States Army Signal Corps and Signal Center. ... Fort Huachuca is a military installation in Southeastern Arizona, in the United States of America. ... Fort Jackson is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) base located in South Carolina. ... There is also a Fort Knox in the state of Maine, across the Penobscot River from Bucksport. ... In 1827, Colonel Henry Leavenworth established a post on the bluffs overlooking the western bank of the Missouri River to protect the fur trade, safeguard commerce on the Santa Fe Trail and maintain the peace among the inhabitants. ... Fort Lee is a census-designated place located in Prince George County, Virginia. ... Fort Leonard Wood is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) post located in the Missouri Ozarks. ... Fort Rucker is a US Army base located mostly in Dale County, Alabama. ... Redstone Arsenal is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located next to the city of Huntsville in Madison County, Alabama. ... The Airborne School is run by the 1st Battalion (Airborne), 507th Infantry, U.S. Army Infantry School, Fort Benning, Georgia. ... The United States Army Logistics Management College (ALMC), a subordinate school of the United States Army Combined Arms Support Command, is located at Fort Lee, Virginia. ... The United States Army War College is a United States Army school located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500 acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks, a military post dating back to the 1770s. ... // Overview The U.S. Army Chemical School, located at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri serves numerous purposes. ... First established in 1881 as a school for infantry and cavalry, the U.S. Armys Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas functions as a graduate school for U.S. and Allied military leaders. ... Crest of the Defense Language Institute The Defense Language Institute is an agency of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), which provides linguistic and cultural instruction to the Department of Defense, other Federal Agencies and numerous and varied other customers. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... The United States Army Officer Candidate School (OCS) is a school located at Fort Benning, providing training to become a commissioned officer. ... Quartermaster Center and School Patch The United States Army Quartermaster Center and School (QMCS), a subordinate command of the United States Army Combined Arms Support Command, is located at Fort Lee, Virginia. ... The United States Army Ranger School is an intense 9-week long combat leadership course, conducted in three 3-week phases - at Fort Benning, GA (woodland terrain, Benning Phase), Camp Merrill, Georgia (Mountain Phase), and Camp Rudder (Eglin AFB) (Swamp Phase). ... The U.S. Armys School of Advanced Military Studies (SAMS) is an elite training ground and think tank at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. ...

United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)

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History of Fort Sill (736 words)
Fort Sill soldiers were restricted from taking punitive action against the Indians who interpreted this as a sign of weakness.
Quanah Parker and his Quohada Comanches were the last to abandon the struggle and their arrival at Fort Sill in June 1875 marked the end of Indian warfare on the south Plains.
Until the territory opened for settlement, Fort Sill's mission was one of law enforcement and soldiers protected the Indians from outlaws, squatters and cattle rustlers.
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