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Encyclopedia > Fort Sandusky

Fort Sandusky was a small British fort in the Ohio Country, on the shore of Lake Erie in present-day Ohio, which was captured and destroyed by American Indians during Pontiac's Rebellion. The Ohio Country, showing the present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Country (sometimes called the Ohio Territory) was the name used in the 18th century for the regions of North America west of the Appalachian Mountains and in the region of the upper Ohio River south of Lake... Lake Erie, looking southward from a high rural bluff near Leamington, Ontario Lake Erie (pronounced ) is one of the five large freshwater Great Lakes in North America, which are among the largest in the world. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus (largest metropolitan area is Cleveland) Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 34th 116,096 km² 355 km 355 km 8. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Native Americans in the United States (also known as Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are the indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States and their descendants in... Combatants British Empire American Indians Commanders Jeffrey Amherst Henry Bouquet Pontiac Guyasuta Pontiacs Rebellion was a war launched in 1763 by North American Indians who were dissatisfied with British rule in the Great Lakes region and the Ohio Country after the British victory in the French and Indian War...


Most fighting in the French and Indian War in North America ended by 1760, and the victorious British began to take possession of forts in the Ohio Country and Great Lakes region previously occupied by the French. Although the 1758 Treaty of Easton with Ohio Country Indians promised that no additional forts would be built, in 1761 British General Jeffrey Amherst ordered the erection of Fort Sandusky on Sandusky Bay in order to link Fort Detroit with Fort Pitt. The Sandusky Bay area had long been an important trade area. There were a number of Native American villages in the area, primarily Wyandots. Orontony, a Wyandot chief, had settled here in the 1740s, and emerged as a leader. Before the French and Indian War, French and British traders competed for influence among the Indians here. The French and Indian War is the common American name for the decisive nine-year conflict (1754–1763) in North America between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its North American Colonies against France and its North American Colonies, which was one of the theatres of the Seven Years War. ... The Great Lakes states are colored red in this map. ... The Treaty of Easton was an colonial agreement in North America signed in October 1758 between the colonial British colonial government of the Province of Pennsylvania and the Native American tribes in the Ohio Country, including the Shawnee and Lenape. ... Jeffrey Amherst by Joshua Reynolds Jeffrey Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst (sometimes spelled Geoffrey, he himself spelled his name as Jeffery) (January 29, 1717 - August 3, 1797) served as an officer in the British army Born in Sevenoaks, England, he became a soldier aged about 14. ... Building and origins of Fort Detroit Fort Detroit began as a settlement on the Detroit River called Fort Ponchartrain. ... Fort Pitt was a fort in what is now Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... The Wyandot or Wendat (also called the Huron) are a First Nations people originally from modern day Southern Ontario and Quebec, Canada. ...


The exact location of Fort Sandusky has been variously given as being in present Ottawa County, Sandusky County, and Erie County. It may have been located along the Sandusky River. It was not on the same site as an earlier French fort/trading post, Fort Sandoské (or Sandoski) (1750–53), which was also on Sandusky Bay. Ottawa County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Sandusky County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... Erie County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... The Sandusky River is a tributary to Lake Erie in north-central Ohio in the United States. ...


After Pontiac's Rebellion began at Fort Detroit, other forts in the region were attacked. Fort Sandusky was the first to be taken. On May 16, 1763, a group of Wyandots gained entry to the fort under the pretense of holding a council, the same stratagem that had failed in Detroit nine days earlier. They seized the commander and killed the fifteen-man garrison. A number of British traders were put to death as well, and the fort was burned. May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Wyandot or Wendat (also called the Huron) are a First Nations people originally from modern day Southern Ontario and Quebec, Canada. ... // Indian trade The fur trade (also called the Indian trade) was a huge part of the early history of contact in North America between European-Americans and American Indians (now often called Native Americans in the United States and First Nations in Canada). ...


External links

  • Article from Ohio History Central, which depicts Fort Sandusky being destroyed in 1761, rebuilt, and then taken again in 1763. Probably confuses events of the French and Indian War with Pontiac's Rebellion.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sandusky - LoveToKnow 1911 (348 words)
Sandusky is served by the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern, the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and Saint Louis, the Pennsylvania, the Baltimore and Ohio, and the Lake Erie and Western railways, by several interurban electric lines, and by steamboats to the principal ports on the Great Lakes.
Sandusky has a good harbour, which has been greatly improved by the United States government; and its trade in coal, lumber, stone, cement, fish, fruit, ice, wine and beer is extensive; in 1908 the value of its exports, chiefly to Canada, was $580,191 and the value of its imports $57,762.
English traders were at Sandusky as early as 1749, and by 1763 a fort had been erected; but on the 16th of May of that year, during the Pontiac rising, the Wyandot Indians burned the fort.
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (1445 words)
The municipality is located in northern Ohio and is situated on the shores of Lake Erie, half-way between Toledo to the west and Cleveland to the east.
The generally accepted theory is that the name "Sandusky" is an Anglicization of the phrase "San Too Chee," meaning "cold water." A less accepted theory is that the that the city was named after a Polish fur trader by the name of Antoni Sadowski or Jacob Sodowsky [1].
Sandusky was the setting for the film Tommy Boy, but was only seen in one brief scene in the beginning of the movie (most scenes were shot in Ontario, Canada).
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