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Encyclopedia > Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania)
"A Plan of the New Fort at Pitts-Burgh", drawn by cartographer John Rocque and published in 1765.
"A Plan of the New Fort at Pitts-Burgh", drawn by cartographer John Rocque and published in 1765.
"Fort Pitt in 1795", from Durant's 1876 "History of Allegheny County"
"Fort Pitt in 1795", from Durant's 1876 "History of Allegheny County"
The "Blockhouse".
The "Blockhouse".
Part of the excavated fort.
Part of the excavated fort.

Fort Pitt was a fort in what is now the city of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The fort was built in 1758 during the French and Indian War, next to the site of Fort Duquesne. The French built Fort Duquesne at the beginning of that war, and it became a focal point due to its strategic river location. The Braddock expedition, a 1755 attempt to take Fort Duquense, met with a bloody repulse at the Monongahela River. The French garrison viciously mauled an attacking British regiment in September 1758, but abandoned and destroyed the fort at the approach of General John Forbes's expedition in November. Image File history File links Fort_Pitt. ... Image File history File links Fort_Pitt. ... John Rocque (originally Jean, b. ... Image File history File links Fort_Pitt_1795_large. ... Image File history File links Fort_Pitt_1795_large. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1263 KB)Bouquets Blockhouse, Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), photographed April 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1263 KB)Bouquets Blockhouse, Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), photographed April 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1290 KB) Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), photographed April 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2576x1932, 1290 KB) Fort Pitt (Pennsylvania), photographed April 2006. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Nickname: Steel City, Iron City, City of Champions, City of Bridges, City of Colleges Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Allegheny County Founded 1758 Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) Area    - City 151. ... Location in the state of Pennsylvania Formed January 22, 1800 Seat Pittsburgh Area  - Total  - Water 1,929 km² (745 mi²) 38 km² (15 mi²) 1. ... Combatants France and its native allies, mostly Algonquin and Huron Great Britain and its native allies, mostly Iroquois Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) The French and Indian War was the nine-year North American chapter of the Seven... An artist’s rendering of Fort Duquesne Fort Duquesne was a fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Combatants France Britain Commanders Liénard de Beaujeu † Jean-Daniel Dumas Charles de Langlade Edward Braddock † Strength 105 regulars 147 militia 600 natives 1,459 regulars and militia Casualties 23 killed 20 wounded 456 killed 521 wounded The Braddock expedition (also called Braddocks campaign) was a failed British attempt... The Monongahela River at Morgantown, West Virginia in 1999 The Monongahela River (Affectionately referred to as The Mon) is a river on the Allegheny Plateau in West Virginia and Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Combatants France Britain Commanders François-Marie Le Marchand de Lignery James Grant Strength 500 militia and natives 800 regulars and militia Casualties 16 dead or wounded 300 dead 100 captured {{{notes}}} The Battle of Fort Duquesne was a failed attempt by elements of General John Forbess British-American... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... John Forbes (5 September 1707 – March 11, 1759) was a British general in the French and Indian War. ...


The Forbes expedition was successful where the Braddock expedition had failed because of the Treaty of Easton, in which area American Indians agreed to abandon their alliance with the French. American Indians—primarily Delawares and Shawnees—made this agreement with the understanding that the British military would leave the area after the war. The Indians wanted a trading post on the spot, but they did not want a British army garrison. The British, however, built a new fort on the site and named it Fort Pitt, after William Pitt the Elder. The Treaty of Easton was an colonial agreement in North America signed in October 1758 between the colonial British colonial government of the Province of Pennsylvania and the Native American tribes in the Ohio Country, including the Shawnee and Lenape. ... An Aani (Atsina) named Assiniboin Boy. ... The Lenape or Lenni-Lenape (later named Delaware Indians by Europeans) were, in the 1600s, loosely organized bands of Native American people practicing small-scale agriculture to augment a largely mobile hunter-gatherer society in the region around the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, and western Long Island Sound. ... The Shawnee, or Shawano, are a people native to North America. ... William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (15 November 1708–11 May 1778) was a British statesman who achieved his greatest fame as war minister during the Seven Years War and who was later Prime Minister of Great Britain. ...


As a result, in 1763 local Delawares and Shawnees took part in Pontiac's Rebellion, an effort to drive the British out of the region. The Indians' siege of Fort Pitt began on June 22, 1763, but the fort was too strong to be taken by force. In negotiations during the siege, the commander of Fort Pitt gave two Delaware emissaries blankets that had been exposed to smallpox, in hopes of infecting the surrounding Indians and ending the siege. The attempt was probably unsuccessful, and on August 1, 1763, most of the Indians broke off the siege in order to intercept an approaching force under Colonel Henry Bouquet, resulting in the Battle of Bushy Run. Bouquet fought off the attack and relieved Fort Pitt on August 20. Combatants British Empire American Indians Commanders Jeffrey Amherst Henry Bouquet Pontiac Guyasuta Pontiacs Rebellion was a war launched in 1763 by North American Indians who were dissatisfied with British rule in the Great Lakes region and the Ohio Country after the British victory in the French and Indian War... Combatants Ohio Country natives Great Britain Commanders Guyasuta Simeon Ecuyer William Trent The Siege of Fort Pitt took place in 1763 in what is now the city of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Henry Bouquet (1719 – September 2, 1765) was a noted British army officer in the French and Indian War and Pontiacs War. ... The Battle of Bushy Run was fought during Pontiacs Rebellion between a British relief column under the command of Col. ...


After Pontiac's War, Fort Pitt was no longer necessary to the British Crown, and was abandoned to the locals in 1772. At that time, the Pittsburgh area was claimed by both Virginia and Pennsylvania, and a power struggle for the region commenced. Virginians took control of Fort Pitt, and for a brief while in the 1770s it was called Fort Dunmore, in honour of Virginia's Governor Lord Dunmore. The fort served as a staging ground in Dunmore's War of 1774. John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1730 – February 25, 1809) was the British governor of the Province of New York from 1770 to 1771 and the Virginia Colony, from September 25, 1771 until his departure to New York on New Years Eve, 1776. ... Dunmores War (or Lord Dunmores War) was the result of several collisions that took place in the spring of 1774, on the Ohio River above the mouth of the Little Kanawha River, between Native American peoples (particularly Shawnee, Miami, and Wyandot) and parties of Anglo_American settlers who were...


During the American Revolutionary War, Fort Pitt served as a headquarters for the western theatre of the war. Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, The Netherlands, Spain, American Indians Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War... // Background Among the Acts of Parliament denounced by the Patriots as Intolerable Acts were the Proclamation of 1763, which forbade Anglo-American settlement west of the Appalachians; and the Quebec Act of 1774, which made provision for the extension of Québecs borders to the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. ...


A small brick building called the Blockhouse—actually an outbuilding known as a redoubt—remains in Point State Park, the only intact remnant of Fort Pitt. It was erected in 1764, and is believed to be the oldest building, not only in Pittsburgh, but in western Pennsylvania. Used for many years as a house, the blockhouse was purchased and has been preserved for many years by the Daughters of the American Revolution, who make it open to the public. Part of the foundations of Fort Pitt have been excavated and some of the fort has been rebuilt, though, giving visitors to Point Park a sense of the size of the fort. In this rebuilt section the Monongahela Bastion houses the Fort Pitt Museum. The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Point State Park and the fountain can be seen in the lower left corner of this photo of Pittsburgh. ...


Fort Pitt Foundry was an important armaments manufacturing center for the Federal government during the Civil War, under the charge of William Metcalf. The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Lincoln, President Ulysses S. Grant, General Jefferson Davis, President Robert E. Lee, General Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action... William Metcalf (1838-1909) was an American steel manufacturer. ...


References

  • O'Meara, Walter. Guns at the Forks. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1965. ISBN 0-8229-5309-9.
  • Stotz, Charles Morse. Outposts Of The War For Empire: The French And English In Western Pennsylvania: Their Armies, Their Forts, Their People 1749-1764. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005. ISBN 0-8229-4262-3.
  • Durant, Samuel W., plate IV, "History of Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania : with illustrations descriptive of its scenery, palatial residences, public buildings, fine blocks, and important manufactories", Philadelphia, L. H. Everts, 1876.

External link

  • Fort Pitt Museum

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fort Tours | Fort Pitt (803 words)
The Fort Pitt Museum is located in a re-created eighteenth century bastion of the famous British fort on the forks of the Ohio River in Point State Park, Pittsburgh.
Fort Pitt, as it was named, became one of the largest English strongholds in North America.
Fort Pitt Museum is located inside Point State Park on Commonwealth Place in the city of Pittsburgh.
Pennsylvania @ NorthEastRoads.com - Interstate 279 (3328 words)
Pennsylvania 121 is a relatively short state highway, connecting with Pennsylvania 50 to the north and U.S. 19 to the south.
Close-up of signage for Interstate 279 southbound from Pennsylvania 51.
The Duquesne Bridge is in the foreground, and the Fort Pitt Bridge is visible immediately behind it and to the left (the white tarp is in place due to construction on the lower deck at the time of this photo; Interstate 279 was closed in a southerly direction at this time).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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