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Encyclopedia > Fort Osage
Fort Osage from the west. The "factory" trading post is on the left

Fort Osage (also known as Fort Clark or Fort Sibley) was part of the United States factory trading post system for the Osage Nation in the early 19th century near Sibley, Missouri. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 310 pixelsFull resolution (2445 × 947 pixel, file size: 464 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fort Osage in March 2007 from west. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 310 pixelsFull resolution (2445 × 947 pixel, file size: 464 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Fort Osage in March 2007 from west. ... The factory was a system of United States government sanctioned trading posts from 1796 to 1822 that were scattered throughly the mostly territorial portion of the country. ... A trading post is a place where trading of goods takes place. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Sibley is a village located in Jackson County, Missouri. ...


The Osage in exchange for access to the trading post above the Missouri River in 1808 in the Treaty of Fort Clark ceded all of their lands east of the fort in Louisiana Territory effectively leaving them with a small band of territory on the extreme western border of Missouri. The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... The Treaty of Fort Clark (also known as the Treaty with the Osage or the Osage Treaty) was signed at Fort Osage (then called Fort Clark) on November 10, 1808 (ratified on April 28, 1810) in which the Osage Nation ceded all the land east of the fort in Missouri... The United States in 1810, following the Louisiana Purchase. ...


The fort ceased operations in the 1820s as the Osage in subsequent treaties ceded the rest of their land in Missouri. A replica of the fort was rebuilt on the site in the 1950s.


History

Lewis and Clark noted the spot on June 1804 noting it:[1] The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ...

high commanding position, more than 70 feet above high-water mark, and overlooking the river, which is here but of little depth

Also, in 1804 Pierre Chouteau of the Chouteau fur trading family and an agent for the Osage took Osage chiefs to meet President Thomas Jefferson who promised to build them a trading post. Chouteau was the name of a French fur-trading family in the Midwest. ... Chouteau was the name of French fur-trading family in the Midwest. ... Look up agent in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ...


In 1808 Chouteau negotiated a deal for the fort to be built for the protection of the Osage. The specific terms of the deal noted:[2]

The United States being anxious to promote peace, friendship and intercourse with the Osage tribes, to afford them every assistance in their power, and to protect them from the insults and injuries of other tribes of Indians, situated near the settlements of the white people, have thought proper to build a fort on the right bank of the Missouri, a few miles above the Fire Prairie, and do agree to garrison the same with as many regular troops as the President of the United States may, from time to time, deem necessary for the protection of all orderly, friendly and well disposed Indians of the Great and Little Osage nations, who reside at this place, and who do strictly conform to, and pursue the counsels or admonitions of the President of the United States through his subordinate officers.

In order to get the protection, the Osage ceded all of Missouri east of the fort. The Great Osage were to receive $1,000 and the Little Osage were to get $500. The Fishing River is a short tributary of the Missouri River in western Missouri in the United States. ...


The fort was initially referred to as Fort Clark in honor of William Clark who was in charge of Indian Affairs. It was one of the first United States military installations in Louisiana Territory became a major stopping point for visitors traveling the Missouri. Daniel Boone was to visit it in 1814. For other persons named William Clark, see William Clark (disambiguation). ... This 1820 oil painting by Chester Harding is the only portrait of Daniel Boone made from life. ...


It subsequently became known as "Fort Osage" and then was informally called "Fort Sibley" for George Sibley who succeeded Chouteau as the Osage Indian agent. Sibley's 16 year old wife held piano concerts for the mountainmen and traders that visited the Fort.


As the Osage ceded more and more of their land a new trading post at Fort Scott, Kansas was established closer to the ancestral villages near the headwaters of the Osage River near Nevada, Missouri and its Osage mission formally ended in 1822. Fort Scott is a city located 88 miles (158 km) south of Kansas City, on the Marmaton River. ... The Osage River is a tributary of the Missouri River, 360 mi (579 km) long, in central Missouri in the United States. ... Nevada, Missouri, pronounced nuh-VAY-duh, is a city located in Vernon County, Missouri. ...


The fort remained a landmark on the Santa Fe Trail and by 1836 it had been totally obliterated with its pre-cut wood used for other purposes. Trail logo The Santa Fe Trail was an historic 19th century transportation route across southwestern North America connecting Missouri with Santa Fe, New Mexico. ...


In the 1950's, archeologists discovered the foundations of these buildings and rebuilt the Fort as closely as they could, it now stands, overlooking the Missouri River once again. A school district just outside Independence was named for it.


References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Osage Indians - article from 1819 - fadedpages.com (1497 words)
Francis, Merrimach, Gasconade, the whole of the Osage river and its branches, the middle region of the Arkansaw, and the southernmost branches of the Kanses, far the greater part of this immense tract is prairie.
Osages procure deer, beaver, otto, muskrat, and buffaloe skins, these they exchange for blankets, guns, kettles, beads, and paint, either at the trading-house near their village, or at the United States factory at fort Osage; residing, as they do, so far south, their furs are not very valuable.
The Osages, like all other Indians, are hospitable; when received into their village you present yourself to the chief, who receives you as his guest, and spreads before you the best things to eat that he has in his possession, you are then invited to a feast by all the considerable men in the village.
History of Missouri and Illinois Territority 1808-1815 (3707 words)
Built in the summer of 1813, Fort Independence was erected by the Missouri Rangers under the advisement of the inhabitants of Fort Howard, to observe the Indian movements on the Mississippi river.
Fort Osage was built in 1808 because of a treaty agreement with the United States and the Osage Indians.
In the spring of 1817, the fort was taken down and removed to William Jones' land and was used as the residence of the Jones family.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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