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Encyclopedia > Fort Niagara
Historical recreation actors at Old Fort Niagara
Historical recreation actors at Old Fort Niagara

Fort Niagara is a three hundred-year-old fortification originally built to protect the interests of New France in northern North America. It is located near Youngstown, New York on the eastern bank of the Niagara River at the river mouth on Lake Ontario. The first structure, called Fort Conti, was built in 1678 by RenĂ©-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle. Called a trading post to appease the Hodenosaunee, or Iroquois, in 1727 a two-story stone building was constructed, initially called "The House of Peace". It's traditional name of "The French Castle" was not used until the 19th Century. This is the only surviving portion of a fort named "Fort Denonville" after the governor of New France at the time. The fort was expanded to it's present size in 1755 due to increased tensions between French and British colonial interests. Actors in a historical recreation at Old Fort Niagara in western New York (taken Sept. ... Actors in a historical recreation at Old Fort Niagara in western New York (taken Sept. ... New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) describes the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River by Jacques Cartier in 1534 to the cession of New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1763. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America North America is a continent in the northern hemisphere bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the... For other places with this name, see Youngstown. ... The Niagara River flows to the north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. ... Lake Ontario seen from near Wolcott, New York Lake Ontario, bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... Fort Conti, was a fort built in Niagara County, Youngstown, Pennsylvania, January, 1679, on the site of Fort La Salle. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... Engraving of La Salle René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 21, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ... A trading post is a place where trading of goods takes place. ... Events June 11 - George, Prince of Wales becomes King George II of Great Britain. ...


The fort played a significant part in the French and Indian War, and fell to the British in a 19 day siege in July 1759. The French relief force for the beseiged garrison was beaten at the battle of La Belle Famille and the commander of the post, Pierre Puchout surrendered the fort to the British commander, Sir William Johnson. The Irish-born Johnson was not the original commander of the expedition, but became it's leader when General Predeaux litterally lost his head when he mistakenly stepped in front of a firing mortar battery during the seige. The fort remained in British hands for the next 37 years. The French and Indian War is the American name for the decisive nine-year conflict (1754-1763) in North America between the Kingdom of Great Britain and France, which was one of the theatres of the Seven Years War. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Sir William Johnson (1715-1774) was an English pioneer and soldier in the colonial New York, and the British Superintendent of Indian Affairs from 1755-1774. ...


Though Fort Niagara was ceded to the United States after the Treaty of Paris ended the American War of Independence in 1783, the region remained effectively under British control for many more years. Only after signing of the Jay Treaty did American forces occupy the fort in 1796. In the interim, United Empire Loyalists fleeing persecution in the new USA were given land grants in Upper Canada and some were sustained in the early years partly by aid from the military stores of the fort. The British captured Fort Niagara during the War of 1812, on the night of December 19th, 1813. British forces relinquished it to the United States with the Treaty of Ghent. It has remained in US custody ever since. There are several treaties that have taken place in Paris: Treaty of Paris (1259) - between Henry III of England and Louis IX of France Treaty of Paris (1763) - ended Seven Years War Treaty of Paris (1783) - ended American Revolutionary War Treaty of Paris (1810) - ended war between France and Sweden... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... John Jay The Jay Treaty of 1795 (also known as Jays Treaty or the Treaty of London), named after Chief Justice of the United States John Jay, was a treaty between the United States and Great Britain signed on November 19, 1794 that attempted to clear up some of... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... United Empire Loyalists is the name given to the portion of British Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War. ... Upper Canada Village in Morrisburg, Ontario Upper Canada is an early name for the land at the upstream end of the Saint Lawrence River in early North America – the territory south of Lake Nipissing and north of the St. ... This page refers to the war between the United States of America and Great Britain. ... The Treaty of Ghent, signed on December 24, 1814, in Ghent, Belgium, ended the War of 1812 between the United States and United Kingdom. ...


The name "Old Fort Niagara" which is associated with the fort today does not refer to age. It instead refers to when, following the Civil War, masonry forts were abandoned for the style of military camp we now know. Fort Niagara contained a 1000 yard rifle range, access to rail lines, and access to large industrial areas (Niagara Falls and Buffalo). The post Civil War era saw the building of "New Fort Niagara" outside the origional walls of the fort. Fort Niagara was used to train troops for the Spanish-American War, World War 1, and as an induction center and POW Camp during World War 2. The US Army officially left Fort Niagara in 1963.


Fort Niagara has been renovated and now serves as a park and museum. The restored fort is the scene of frequent historical reenactments of 18th century battles that took place on the site, as well as holding period dances, fundraisers and other special events. Fort Niagara State Park is located in the Town of Porter in Niagara County, New York. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


See also

This is a list for articles on notable historic forts which may or may not be under current active use by a military. ...

External link

  • Official Website
  • Aerial photo of fort and surroundings

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fort Niagara, New York  -  Travel Photos by Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin (654 words)
During the colonial wars in North America a fort at the mouth of the Niagara River was vital, for it controlled access to the Great Lakes and the westward route to the heartland of the continent.
Fort Niagara was recaptured by the British in 1813.
Fort Niagara's original 15-star, 15-stripe flag, captured by the British in 1813, was returned to the museum in 1994.
Old Fort Niagara (2115 words)
Fort Niagara was recaptured by the British in 1813 but was ceded back to the United States in 1815 at the end of the War of 1812.
The British occupied Fort Niagara from its capture from the French in 1760 until 1796 when they were forced to relinquish the Fort to the Americans under terms of the Treaty of Paris (the negotiated end to the American Revolution).
Fort Niagara began its active involvement in the war on October 13th, 1812, when it commenced a bombardment of Fort George across the river in support an American landing force that crossed the Niagara River.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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