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Encyclopedia > Fort Ligonier

Fort Ligonier was built during the French and Indian War as the staging area for the 1758 British attack on Fort DuQuesne, at an old Delaware Indian village called Loyalhanna. The fort served as a place of refuge for the settlers during the Indian Wars. It never fell to the French or during Pontiac's War of 1763. It was abandoned March or 1766. In 1954 it was completely reconstructed to the last detail.


Braddock's Campaign and Forbes's Road

The fort was constructed by British troops under the command of Colonel Henry Bouquet by order of General John Forbes. The fort was one of a string of British forts and blockhouses designed to protect British supply lines on the Forbes Road, a pioneer trail built by the British during their invasion of the Ohio Country and campaign against the French garrison at Fort Duquesne. Henry Bouquet (1719 – September 2, 1765) was a noted British army officer in the French and Indian War and Pontiacs War. ... John Forbes (5 September 1707 – March 11, 1759) was a British general in the French and Indian War. ... The Ohio Country, showing the present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Country (sometimes called the Ohio Territory) was the name used in the 18th century for the regions of North America west of the Appalachian Mountains and in the region of the upper Ohio River south of Lake... An artist’s rendering of Fort Duquesne Fort Duquesne was a fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ...

After General Edward Braddock's campaign to take the forks of the Ohio River ended is disaster, General John Forbes was placed in command of a new expedition to capture the strategic point guarded by Fort Duquesne. Forbes vowed not to make the same mistakes as his predecessor. General Edward Braddock General Edward Braddock (1695? – July 13, 1755) was a British soldier and commander-in-chief for North America during the actions at the start of the French and Indian War. ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ...

Braddock had lead a relatively small invasion force launched from western Maryland. His poorly defended lines of supply and communication were soon compromised. Forbes intended to launch a large invasion from eastern Pennsylvania by hacking a new pioneer wagon road over the Allegheny Mountains. His plan called for a string of forts and blockhouses to guard the supply road from hostile bands of Native Americans. State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Official languages None Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Governor Robert L. Ehrlich (R) Senators Paul Sarbanes (D) Barbara Mikulski (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 42nd 32,160 km² 21 Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 19th 5,296,486 165/km² (5th) Admission into... The Allegheny Mountains are a part of the Appalachian mountain range located in the eastern United States. ... A 19th-century-era block house in Fort York, Toronto In military science, a blockhouse is a small, isolated fort in the form of a single building. ... Assiniboin Boy, an Atsina Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in modern times. ...

Fort Ligonier was the last in the string of these forts.


At the site of an Indian village called "Loyalhannon", which lay 50 miles frrm Fort Duquesne, almost exactly half way from there to Fort Bedford, it was decided to build a fortified camp to serve was the "staging area" for the final assault. Work was begun August 8, 1758, on this post, later to be named Fort Ligonier in honor of Sir John Ligonier, commander-in-chief of the British Army. Loyalhanna Creek is a tributary of the Kiskiminetas River, approximately 50 mi (80 km) long, in southwestern Pennsylvania in the United States. ...

after the wars and reconstruction



Col. Henry Bouquet at Bedford tells Gen. John Forbes that he will build a Fort at (not long afterward renamed Fort Ligonier after his superior, Sir John Ligonier, commander in chief in Great Britain.). Henry Bouquet (1719 – September 2, 1765) was a noted British army officer in the French and Indian War and Pontiacs War. ... There has been more than one person named John Forbes: John Forbes (1710-1759), British General in the French and Indian War John Forbes (1740-1783), Scottish clergyman John Forbes (1950-1998), Australian Poet This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... John (Jean Louis) Ligonier, 1st Earl Ligonier, KB, PC (1680 - 1770) was a British military officer. ...

August 10 1758 Col. Bouquet orders Major Grant to build the road from Boswell to Ligonier. James Grant (1720-1806) was a major general in the British Army during the American Revolutionary War. ...

August 15 1758 Col. Bouquet sends Ensign Charles Rohr, engineer for Gen. Forbes, to future site of Fort Ligonier to select a location for a storehouse there.

August 20 1758 Col. Bouquet sends Major Grant, Col. James Burd and 1500 men to Fort Ligonier to begin building a fort there. Grant is put in overall charge of the Fort and men.

August 21 1758 Ensign Rohr picks the final exact location, for the building the fort.

August 22 1758 Col. Bouquet orders Col. Burd's men and the some artillerymen to build a 120 ft. storehouse for supplies and a Hospital.

August 27 1758 Burd and Rhor report of a much better site than Ligonier to build a fort. The site is located 9 miles to the west of Ligonier around the St. Vincent College area, 2 miles south of Latrobe (PA)at the mouth of nine mile run. Forbes hears of the new site and has them hold off on the new site for now, and concentrate on Ligonier since it has already been started to be built. St. ...

August 29 1758 Col. Burd and troops arrive at Fort Ligonier and build trenches around the fort.

September 1 1758 Bouquet sends 100 men to entrench the "Grants Paradise" location south of Latrobe, Pa.

September 9 1758 Major Grant leaves Fort Ligonier with troops and heads west to Fort Pitt. He reaches within 5 miles of Fort Pitt and is beaten by the French in a suprise attack on Sept. 14th. Bouquet arrives at FORT LIGONIER with troops and writs to sinclair about the conditions of the fort, area, and supplies/wagons. Fort Pitt refers to two forts: Fort Pitt, Pennsylvania, and Fort Pitt, Kent. ...

Oct. 12, 1758 Battle of Fort Ligonier The fort still under construction, a four hour long assault resulted in a French defeat. The French forces attempted to attack again at nightfall, but were driven out by mortar fire from the fort and retreated. The battle of fort Ligoneir was fought in 1758 and was a battle of the French-Indian war. ...

November 12 1758 The command of Col. Forbes ran across another squad of De Vitri’s Frenchmen who were yet lurking around Fort Ligonier. They were attacked, one of the killed, and three were taken prisoners. One of the prisoners proved to be an Englishman who had been taken from his home in Lancaster county by the Indians. His testimony concerning the weak condition of Fort Duquesne corresponded entirely with that of the prisoners. It was therefore resolved to push rapidly forward to try to capture Ft. Duquesne.

November, 1758, 4,000 troops were encamped around the fort. This made Ligonier the second-largest community in Pennsylvania.

March 1766 Fort Ligonier was abandoned.

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