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Encyclopedia > Fort Beauséjour

Fort Beauséjour is a Canadian national historic site in Aulac, New Brunswick.

The fort was built by France in 1751 on the Aulac Ridge of the Tantramar Marshes in response to the construction of Fort Lawrence by the British, 3 km east across the Missiquash river, which divided British-held peninsular Nova Scotia from the mainland portion of French-held Acadia, located north of the Bay of Fundy. The Tantramar Marshes are on the southern part of the Isthmus of Chignecto, which joins Nova_Scotia to New_Brunswick and the Canadian mainland. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... There is a also a U.S. national park called Acadia National Park; For the former electoral district, see Acadia (electoral district) The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... The Bay of Fundy is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. ...

Fort Beauséjour was among the northernmost and easternmost of a series of French forts in North America which were built along the Mississippi and Ohio valleys and in the Great Lakes to contain British expansion into French territory. These defensive works are believed to have developed the "claustrophobic feeling" that American colonists on the eastern seaboard felt in being prevented westward expansion from the Appalachian Mountains, leading to the French and Indian War, and the downfall of France's colonial ambitions in North America. The French and Indian War was a nine-year conflict (1754-1763) in North America and was one of the theatres of the Seven Years War. ...

In June 1755, the fort fell to the British, led by Lt. Col. Robert Monckton, after which it was used during the expulsion of the Acadians from the region. June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of four with the length of 30 days. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Great Upheaval (le Grand Dérangement), also known as the Great Expulsion or the Acadian Expulsion, is the eviction of the Acadian population from Nova Scotia between 1755 and 1763, ordered by governor Charles Lawrence and the Nova Scotia Council. ...

The British renamed Fort Beauséjour Fort Cumberland, and repelled attacks from local rebel forces and Americans led by Jonathan Eddy during the American Revolutionary War in 1776. The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... This article is about the year 1776. ...



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