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Encyclopedia > Formula Three

Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or, in abbreviated form, F3, is a type of formula racing and a class of open-wheeler motor racing. The various championships held in Europe, Australia and South America form an important step for many prospective Formula One drivers. Formula 3 race cars are fast and relatively inexpensive, which makes F3 an attractive entry-level into higher class auto racing. Formula racing is a form of motorsport where the type of automobiles used is regulated by a formula. ... Open-wheeler is a catch-all term for purpose built racecars with the wheels located outside the cars main body, as distinct from cars which have their wheels below the body in the manner of most street cars. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Contents


History

The history of Formula Three traces back to postwar auto racing, with lightweight tube-frame chassis being powered by 500cc motorcycle powerplants (notably from Norton). The 500cc formula originally evolved from low-cost 'special' racing organised by enthusiasts in Bristol just before the Second World War - British racing after the war picked up slowly and home-built 500cc motorbike-engined cars were affordable. Although the formula was originally seen as one for individual makers, Cooper Car Company came to dominate with mass-produced cars; other notable marques included Kieft and Emeryson. The formula was the usual route into motor racing through the early and mid 1950s (and stars like Stirling Moss continued to race in selected F3 races even during their GP careers) although started to decline in the UK when small sports cars powered by Coventry-Climax and Ford engines became more important. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing, autosport or motorsport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... Imme R 100,Germany, 1948/1949 A 125 cc motorcycle, the Italian-manufactured Cagiva Planet. ... Norton is the name of several places in England, including Norton, East Sussex, Norton, Gloucestershire, Norton, Halton, Norton, Hertfordshire, Norton, Isle of Wight, Norton, Leicestershire, Norton, Nottinghamshire, Norton, Northamptonshire, Norton, North Yorkshire, Norton, Ludlow, Shropshire, Norton, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, Norton, Dawley, Shropshire, Norton, County Durham, Norton, Suffolk, Norton, Doncaster, South Yorkshire... Bristol is a unitary authority with city and ceremonial county status in South West England. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Jack Brabhams 1961 Cooper-Climax, the car that began the rear-engine revolution at the Indianapolis 500 The Cooper Car Company was founded in 1947 by Charles Cooper and his son John Cooper. ... Kieft Cars founded by Cyril Kieft was a British car company that built Formula 3 racing cars and some road going sports cars in a factory in Wolverhampton. ... Kojima was a Formula One constructor briefly in 1956, and then again briefly in 1961 and 1962. ... Sir Stirling Moss OBE (born September 17, 1929 in London) is a British auto racing driver. ... A Honda NSX sports car A TVR Tuscan sports car A sports car is a car designed for sporting performance above utility. ... Coventry Climax was a British specialty engine manufacturer. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ...


Formula Three was in abeyance from the late 1950s to 1963; both it and (eventually) Formula Two were replaced by Formula Junior for 1000 or 1100cc cars (on a sliding scale of weights). Formula Two is a type of formula racing. ... Formula Junior is a racing class first adopted in October 1958 by the CSI (Controller of International Motorsport, now FIA). ...


A one-litre Formula Three for four-cylinder cars with tuned production engines was reintroduced in 1964 and ran to 1970. These engines (the Cosworth tuned Ford Anglia being by far the most popular) tended to rev very highly and were popularly known as 'screamers'; F3 races tended to involve large packs of slipstreaming cars. The "screamer" years were dominated by Brabham and Lotus, with March beginning in 1970. A Ford Cosworth DFV on a Ligier JS11 Cosworth is an engine design and manufacture company founded in 1958, specialising in engines for automobile racing. ... The Ford Anglia was a British car from Ford in the UK. It was related to the Ford Prefect and the later Ford Popular. ... The Brabham Racing Organisation was a Formula One racing team founded by Jack Brabham and Ron Tauranac. ... Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports cars and racing cars based in East Anglia and formed as Lotus Engineering Ltd. ... March Engineering was a Formula One constructor from Britain. ...


For 1971 new regulations allowing 1600cc engines with a restricted air intake were introduced. The 1971-73 seasons were contested with these 1600cc cars and aerodynamics started to become important. Aerodynamics is a branch of fluid dynamics concerned with the study of gas flows. ...


Two-litre rules were introduced for 1974, still with restricted air intakes. As of today engine regulations remains unchanged in F3, a noticeable case of stability in auto racing.


As the likes of Lotus and Brabham faded from F3 to concentrate on Formula One, F3 constructors of the 1970s included Alpine, Lola, March, Modus, GRD, Ralt and Ensign. Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports cars and racing cars based in East Anglia and formed as Lotus Engineering Ltd. ... The Brabham Racing Organisation was a Formula One racing team founded by Jack Brabham and Ron Tauranac. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Alpine was a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars which used rear mounted Renault engines. ... Lola Racing Cars (also Lola Cars International) is a racing car engineering company founded in 1961 by Eric Broadley and based in Huntingdon, United Kingdom. ... March Engineering was a Formula One constructor from Britain. ... Modus can mean: A grammatical mood The Renault Modus, a small car made by Renault This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) are a classification of hospital case types into groups expected to have similar hospital resource use. ... Ralt was a manufacturer of single-seater racing cars, founded by Ron Tauranac after he sold out his interest in Brabham to Bernie Ecclestone. ... Ensign was a Formula One constructor from Britain. ...


Historically, March (up to 1981), Ralt (up to the early 1990s) and Reynard (1985-1992) had been the main chassis manufacturers in two-litre F3, with Martini fairly strong in France; Dallara, after an unsuccessful Formula One project, focussed their attention on the formula in the early nineties and almost obliterated all other marques. Reynard Motorsport was at one time the worlds largest racing car manufacturer. ... Martini was a Formula One constructor from France. ... Dallara was a Formula One constructor from 1988 through 1992. ... Formula One - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


By the start of the 1980’s however, Formula Three had evolved well beyond those beginnings to something closely resembling the modern formula. Ground effect chassis were briefly used in the early 1980s but were banned, in line with other FIA single-seater formulae. 1980 (MCMLXXX in Roman) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Ground effect (or Wing In Ground effect) is a phenomenon of aerodynamics where the flow of air around part of an aircraft or a racing car is interrupted by the ground. ... The Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile, commonly referred to as the FIA, is a non-profit association established in 1904 to represent the interest of motoring organisations and motor car users. ...


F3 cars

Formula Three cars are monocoque chassis, using slick racing tyres and wings. Currently, Dallara manufactures the overwhelming majority of Formula Three cars seen on track, though Lola (with partners Dome of Japan) and SLC also have limited production of their own cars. In many smaller or amateur F3 racing series older cars are frequently seen. Usually these series are divided into two or more classes of racing, to allow more cars to participate in the event. Monocoque (French for single shell) or unibody is a construction technique that uses the external skin of an object to support some or most of the load on the structure. ... A chassis (plural: chassis) consists of a framework which supports an inanimate object, analogous to an animals skeleton; for example in the construction of an automobile or of a firearm. ... Dallara was a Formula One constructor from 1988 through 1992. ... Lola Racing Cars (also Lola Cars International) is a racing car engineering company founded in 1961 by Eric Broadley and based in Huntingdon, United Kingdom. ...


Engines in Formula 3 are all two-litre, 4-cylinder naturally-aspirated engines. Engines must be built from a production model block, and often must be sealed by race or series organizers, so that no private tuning can be carried out. Honda engines (tuned by Mugen) have perennially been popular, as have engines produced by Volkswagen, Alfa Romeo, or Renault. Currently Mugen, Toms-Toyota, Spiess-Opel, and Mercedes are the most popular engines. An engine is something that produces some effect from a given input. ... The litre (spelled litre in Commonwealth English and liter in American English) is a unit of capacity. ... Honda Motor Co. ... Mugen Motorsports (M-Tec Co. ... Volkswagen, pronounced folksvagen meaning: peoples car (also known as VW) is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany in the State of Lower Saxony. ... Alfa Romeo is an Italian automobile manufacturing company, founded as Darracq Italiana by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, an aristocrat from Milan in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing small to upper-midsize cars, vans, buses and trucks. ... Toyota redirects here. ... Opel, originally and more correctly known as Adam Opel AG is an automobile maker in Germany. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ...


Categories

There has never been a World Championship for Formula Three. In the 1970s and into the 1980s the European Formula Three Championship was the most important series. With the demise of that series, national championships took prominence, with the British Formula Three Championship gaining special prominence with a number of future Formula One champions, coming from this series. France, Germany, and Italy also had important Formula Three series. Brazil’s SudAm Formula Three championship, which now has the most powerful engine of all Formula Three series, was known for producing excellent drivers who polished their skills in the British Formula Three championship. Perhaps the most curious of all was the small Japanese Formula Three championship. Although few drivers spent a significant amount of time there, future stars such as Michael and Ralf Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve claimed victories there. For 2003, the French and German F3 series merged to recreate the F3 Euroseries. In Germany there is still a Formula Three series called the Recaro Cup Formul3.de The most recent Formula One racer to come out through Formula Three ranks is Nico Rosberg, who competed in the Formula Three Euroseries in 2003, who will compete for Williams-Cosworth in 2006. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The British Formula Three Championship is an annual series of motor races. ... Michael Schumacher (born January 3, 1969, in Hürth-Hermühlheim, near Cologne, Germany) is a German Formula One racer and statistically the greatest driver of all time. ... Ralf Schumacher (born June 30, 1975) is a German Formula One racing driver for the Toyota team. ... Jacques Joseph Charles Villeneuve (born April 9, 1971) is a Canadian automobile racing driver, and winner of Formula One and Champ Car championships and the Indianapolis 500, one of only two drivers to accomplish all three feats (the other being Emerson Fittipaldi). ... Since it was founded in 2003, the Formula 3 Euro Series quickly became Europes most important junior racing series. ... Nico Rosberg is a race car driver born in Wiesbaden, Germany on the June 27, 1985. ...


Special races

In addition to the many national series, Formula Three is known for special races, the best-known of which is the Macau Grand Prix. The first Formula Three Grand Prix of Macau was held in 1983 and won by Ayrton Senna. Michael Schumacher and David Coulthard have also taken victory in this race, traditionally the end of the Formula Three season, where drivers from almost every national series participate. Other major ‘crossover’ races include the Grand Prix of Pau, the Marlboro Masters of Zandvoort, and the Korean Superprix at Changwon. These events give fans off the major circuits a chance to experience the excitement of a Grand Prix weekend. Introduction Originally conceived in 1954 as an amateur event for local motoring enthusiasts, the Macau Grand Prix is today a race meeting to which the worlds leading riders and drivers vie for entries. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... David Marshall Coulthard (born March 27, 1971 in Twynholm, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland), is a Scottish Formula One racing driver for Red Bull Racing. ... Château de Pau Pau is a city of southwestern France, préfecture (capital) of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département. ... The Marlboro Masters of Formula 3 is a Formula 3 race held annually at the Circuit Zandvoort, in the Netherlands. ... Circuit Zandvoort is a motor racing circuit located near the town of Zandvoort, in the Netherlands, near the North Sea coast line. ... Changwon(창원) is a city in and the capital of South Gyeongsang Province in South Korea. ...


The Monaco F3 Grand Prix held until 1997 was also a famous special race. It has been restored for 2005 as a part of the F3 Euroseries.


Regulations

  • width : 1850 mm maximum
  • wheelbase : 2000 mm minimum
  • track : 1200 mm minimum
  • weight: 550 kg minimum
  • active suspension, telemetry and traction control are forbidden
  • two wheel steering, two wheel drive cars
  • manual gearbox with six forward gears maximum and one reverse
  • not drilled ferrous brakes
  • four wheels, width 11.5 inches, diameter 13 inches
  • service stations petrol
  • 26 mm diameter restrictor leading to near 200 horsepower (150 kW) between 5000 and 7400 rpm

complete regulation: fia.com (warning PDF)


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Book of Threes - Formula Three (1013 words)
Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or, in abbreviated form, F3, is a type of formula racing and a class of auto racing.
Formula Three was in abeyance from the late 1950s to 1963; both it and (eventually) Formula Two were replaced by Formula Junior for 1000 or 1100cc cars (on a sliding scale of weights).
Formula Three cars are monocoque chassis, using slick racing tyres and wings.
Formula Three - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1032 words)
Formula Three, also called Formula 3 or, in abbreviated form, F3, is a type of formula racing and a class of open-wheeler motor racing.
The formula was the usual route into motor racing through the early and mid 1950s (and stars like Stirling Moss continued to race in selected F3 races even during their GP careers) although started to decline in the UK when small sports cars powered by Coventry-Climax and Ford engines became more important.
Formula Three was in abeyance from the late 1950s to 1963; both it and (eventually) Formula Two were replaced by Formula Junior for 1000 or 1100cc cars (on a sliding scale of weights).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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