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Encyclopedia > Formosa Province
Formosa
Capital Formosa
Area 72,066 km²
Population 486,559 (2001)
Density 6,75/km²
Governor Dr. Gildo Insfrán
Demonym Formoseño
ISO 3166-2 AR-P


Formosa Province is in northeastern Argentina, part of the Gran Chaco Region. Its northeast end touches Asunción, Paraguay, and borders the provinces of Chaco and Salta to its south and west, respectively. The capital is Formosa. It is one of the poorest provinces in Argentina. Image File history File links Bandera_Formosa. ... Formosa is the capital city of Formosa Department, Formosa Province, Argentina. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Gildo Insfrán (b. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ethnonym. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... Download high resolution version (520x1004, 13 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Landscape in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay The Gran Chaco (Quechua chaqu, hunting land), dubbed by some as the last South American frontier, is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and a small portion in... Map of Paraguay Panteón de los Héroes in Asunción Asunción, population 500,939 (1992), is the capital of Paraguay. ... Chaco is an Argentine province located on the north of the country, near the border with Paraguay. ... Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... Formosa is the capital city of Formosa Department, Formosa Province, Argentina. ...

Contents

History

Native inhabitants of these lands include the Pilagás, Wichis and Tobas, whose languages are is still spoken in the province. Pilagá is a language spoken by 2,000 people in the Bermejo and Pilcomayo River valleys, western Formosa Province, in addition to Chaco and Salta province. ... The Wichí are an indigenous people of South America. ... The Toba are an ethnic group in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. ...


Sebastián Gaboto and Diego García first explored the area at the beginning of the 16th century trying to find a route from Viceroyalty of Peru to Asunción. Because the rivers Pilcomayo and Bermejo are so shallow, the attempts to set a route towards Asunción was abandoned. Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río... This article is about the city in Paraguay. ...


Even though the first settlement was Concepción del Bermejo established in 1585, it was not until the 19th century, after the War of the Triple Alliance that the territory's population started growing. 1585 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. ... Combatants Paraguay Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil Commanders Francisco Solano López Bartolomé Mitre Duke of Caxias Venancio Flores Strength at the beginning of the war ca. ...


By 1914 Formosa had less than 20,000 inhabitants, but in 1955, when it acquired province status by a decree of Juan Domingo Perón, it had already more than 150,000. Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer and the President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ...


Geography and climate

Located within the geographic coordinates 26º - 22º30' South, and 57º30' - 62º25' West, the plains run between rivers Bermejo and Pilcomayo with a slight inclination towards the Southeast. Due to this flatness, riverbeds are not stable, and small lagoons that are slowly reabsorbed arise. The average annual temperature is 21ºC, and during the summer it can go up to 45ºC The Bermejo River is a river in South America that travels a total of 1450 km from Bolivia to the Paraguay River in Argentina. ... The Pilcomayo is a river rising in the Bolivian Andes, east of Lake Poopó, flowing over 700 miles across Chaco into the Paraguay River near Asunción. ...


The subtropical weather is characterized with uniform annual rains in the east (1000 mm annual), while in the rest of the country winter is a dryer season (80 mm). The humity variation results in the jungle vegetacion on one side, and the Chaqueño forest in the other. The limit with the Salta Province is known as the Impenetrable ("Impenetrable"). Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... Landscape in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay The Gran Chaco (Quechua chaqu, hunting land), dubbed by some as the last South American frontier, is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and a small portion in... Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ...


Formosa's protected areas are the Río Pilcomayo National Park and the Formosa National Reserve.


Economy

Poorly industralized, Formosa's economy is based in cattle and agriculture, the last one centred in the Patino, Pilagás, and Pilcomayo departments. Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ...


Cattle counts over 1 million and a half of heads and it has been long the main economy activity of the province.


Cotton cultivation passed from over 100,000 tons at the end of the 1970s to 10,000 at the end of the 1990s because of the drop of the international price, and the fixed exchange rate. After the 2001 crisis production slightly revived to 50,000 tons a year in 2004. More than 70% of area sown with cotton belongs to small family-run farms of less than 10 hectares. Cotton ready for harvest. ... The word ton or tonne is derived from the Old English tunne, and ultimately from the Old French tonne, and referred originally to a large cask with a capacity of 252 wine gallons, which holds approximately 2100 pounds of water. ... The Argentine Currency Board pegged the Argentine peso to the U.S. dollar between 1991 and 2002 in an attempt to eliminate hyperinflation and stimulate economic growth. ... The Argentine economic crisis was part of the situation that affected Argentinas economy during the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ...


Cotton represents half of the agricultural wealth of the province followed by soybean (25,000 tons a year) and maize (55,000 tons), who have experienced a less dramatic invigoration after the 2001 crisis. Binomial name Glycine max (L.) Merr. ... Corn redirects here. ...


The production of bananas, mainly for national consumption, has a still growing annual average of 70,000 tons. Citrus and juice production for exportation, specially grapefruit, is gaining more space, with 1,200 planted hectares and an annual production of around 15,000 tons. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... Binomial name Citrus paradisi Macfad. ...


Others; honey (273 tons) and derivatives, timber-wood (140,000 tons) and textile industry (cotton, leather). A jar of honey, shown with a wooden honey server and scones. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood...


Tourist infrastructure is undeveloped. Sites of interest include Formosa city, the Río Pilcomayo National Park, Bañado La Estrella, Laguna Yema, Herradura town, and Misión Laishí.


Political division

The province is divided into nine departments:


Department (Capital)

  1. Bermejo (Laguna Yema)
  2. Formosa (Formosa) - The most populous department (40,04% of province population)
  3. Laishí (San Francisco de Laishí)
  4. Matacos (Ingeniero Juárez)
  5. Patiño (Comandante Fontana)
  6. Pilagás (Espinillo)
  7. Pilcomayo (Clorinda)
  8. Pirané (Pirané)
  9. Ramón Lista (General Enrique Mosconi)

Formosa is the capital city of Formosa Department, Formosa Province, Argentina. ... Pilcomayo is a department in the Argentine province of Formosa. ... Clorinda is a city in the province of Formosa, Argentina. ...

Trivia

  • The province is named Formosa since it and the island Taiwan, formerly also known as Formosa, are almost exact antipodes.
  • Formosa is Portuguese for Spanish "Hermosa" (beautiful). Taiwan was named "Beautiful island" by Portuguese sailors.

This world map (in red) is overlaid with an antipodal map (in yellow) showing the antipodes of each point on the Earths surface. ...

External links

  • Provincial government (Spanish)
  • One-page info: enconomic info, with a map (can be enlarged)
  • Tourist Office (Spanish)
  • Encyclopedia Libre article (Spanish only)
  • Provincial portal (Spanish only)

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Formosa (876 words)
Formosa may also refer to a fictional country located on the island of Taiwan, but whose culture was invented by George Psalmanazar as a hoax.
Republic of Formosa, a short-lived republic in 1895 on the island of Formosa
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Formosa (erected 11 February 1957) is in Argentina and is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Resistencia.
Formosa Province - Definition, explanation (163 words)
Formosa Province is in northeastern Argentina, part of the Chaco Region.
The native language of Pilagá is spoken in central and western Formosa.
Most of it once territory of Paraguay, after the War of the Triple Alliance Formosa was annexed to Argentina, to later gain, on June 15, 1955 province status.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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