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Encyclopedia > Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Република Македонија
Republic of Macedonia
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia Coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia
Flag Coat of arms
Motto:
Anthem: Today Over Macedonia (Macedonian: Денес Над Македонија, Denes Nad Makedonija)
Location of the Republic of Macedonia
Capital Skopje
42°0′ N 21°26′ E
Largest city Skopje
Official language(s) Macedonian1
Government
President
Prime Minister
Parliamentary republic
Branko Crvenkovski
Vlado Bučkovski
Independence
Declared
From Yugoslavia
September 8, 1991
Area
 • Total
 • Water (%)
 
25,333 km² (146th)
1.9%
Population
 • 2005 est.
 • [[As of |]] census

 • Density
 
2,045,262 (140th)

80/km² (88th)
GDP (PPP)
 • Total
 • Per capita
2004 estimate
$14.914 billion (121st)
$7,237 (82nd)
HDI (2003) 0.797 (59th) – medium
Currency Macedonian Denar (MKD)
Time zone
 • Summer (DST)
CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
Internet TLD .mk
Calling code +389
1In communities where over 20% of the people speak another language, the language becomes a municipal official language. These include Albanian, Turkish, Serbian, and Romany
This article is about the country in Europe. For other uses, see Macedonia.

The Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Република Македонија), or Macedonia, also often called the "former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" or FYROM for short , is an independent state on the Balkan peninsula in southeastern Europe. The country borders Serbia and Montenegro to the north, Albania to the west, Greece to the south, and Bulgaria to the east. Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Coat of arms of the former Socialist Republic of Macedonia (of former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia). ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The Flag of the Republic of Macedonia represents a rising yellow sun with eight rays extending to the edges of the red field. ... The coat of arms of the Republic of Macedonia represents a sunsrise over a mountain and a lake,surrounded by wheat, tobacco leaves and poppy plant capsules. ... This page lists state and national mottos for the worlds independent states and their subdivisions. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is formally recognized by a countrys government as their official national song. ... Today Over Macedonia is the national anthem of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје, Serbo-Croatian: Skoplje, Albanian: Shkup, Ottoman Turkish: Ãœsküb, Ancient Greek: Scupi (see History), see also different names) is the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... // Population Demographics of the Republic of Macedonia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје, Serbo-Croatian: Skoplje, Albanian: Shkup, Ottoman Turkish: Ãœsküb, Ancient Greek: Scupi (see History), see also different names) is the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in a country, state, or other territory. ... The Macedonian Presidency began after the Macedonian declaration of independence on September 18, 1991, and its first president was Kiro Gligorov, the oldest president in the world up until his resignation as president in 1999. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state whose political organization rests on the principle that the citizens or electorate constitute the ultimate root of legitimacy and sovereignty. ... Missing image Image:.jpg Branko Crvenkovski in Macedonian Бранко Црвенковски is the President of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Vlado Bučkovski (Владо Бучковски) (born December 2, 1962 in Skopje) is the current prime minister of the Republic of Macedonia, elected by parliament on December 15, 2004. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, in Macedonian and Serbian Cyrillic Југославија) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, estimated for the year 2005. ... List of countries/dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km² The figures in the following table are based on areas including inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... These are two lists of countries of the world sorted by their Gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. ... This is a list of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita for the year of 2004, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, divided by the average population for... World map indicating HDI of UN member states, 2003. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map indicating HDI of UN member states, 2003. ... The Macedonian Denar (MKN), split into 100 Deni, is the official currency of the Republic of Macedonia. ... ISO 4217 is an international standard describing three letter codes to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST) is the North American term for a system intended to save daylight (the British observe summer time, and likewise the Europeans). ... Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of UTC+1 time zone, 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). ... .mk is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for the Republic of Macedonia. ... // At a glance In depth Zone 1 – North American Numbering Plan Area nanpa. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect (former standard was known as Serbo-Croatian language). ... Romany (or Romani) is the language of the Roma and Sinti, peoples often referred to in English as Gypsies. They came originally from the Indian Subcontinent or what is now, northern India and parts of Pakistan, and their language belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of south-eastern Europe. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The capital is Skopje with more than 600,000 inhabitants. It has a number of smaller cities, notably Bitola, Prilep, Tetovo, Kumanovo, Ohrid, Veles, Stip, and Strumica. Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје, Serbo-Croatian: Skoplje, Albanian: Shkup, Ottoman Turkish: Üsküb, Ancient Greek: Scupi (see History), see also different names) is the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Bitola-View of the old town Bitola (Macedonian Битола, Bulgarian Битоля, Albanian Manastir, Turkish Manastır, Greek Μοναστήρι, Serbian Bitolj/Битољ) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia. ... Prilep (Macedonian: Прилеп, other forms: Parleap, Pirlepe and Perlepe) is a city of 73,925 citizens, covering 1. ... Tetovo is a city in the north-west Macedonia, built on the foothills of the Šar mountain (Shar mountain) and divided by the Pena (Shkumbin) river. ... Kumanovo is a city in northeastern Macedonia near the capital city of Skopje. ... Ohrid (see also different names) is a city on the eastern shore of Lake Ohrid in western Republic of Macedonia. ... This article is about the god Veles, for the city in Macedonia see Veles, Macedonia Veles (Volos, Weles, Voloh) is a Slavic god, thought to be the deity of: cattle, commerce, music, the underworld. ... Jonnabuz (talk) 11:42, 24 May 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Strumica is a city of about 55,000 people in southeastern Republic of Macedonia. ...


The Republic of Macedonia is often called a land of lakes and mountains. There are more than 50 natural and artificial lakes and sixteen mountain ranges higher than 2000 metres above sea level. For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...


The country is member of the UN, Council of Europe, associate member of La Francophonie, World Trade Organization (WTO), Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, since December 2005 it is a candidate for joining the European Union, and is also expecting NATO membership. This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg The Council of Europe (French: Conseil de lEurope, German: Europarat) is an international organisation of 46 member states in the European region. ... La Francophonie (occasionally in English Francophony, formally lOrganisation internationale de la Francophonie), a French language term coined in 1880 by French geographer Onésime Reclus to designate the community of people and countries using French, is an international organisation of French-speaking countries and governments. ... WTO Logo The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international, multilateral organization, which sets the rules for the global trading system and resolves disputes between its member states, all of whom are signatories to its about 30 agreements. ... The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ... The NATO flag NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on...

Contents


History

Main article: History of the Republic of Macedonia

The lands governed by the Republic of Macedonia were previously the southernmost part of Yugoslavia. Its current borders were fixed shortly after World War II when the government of Yugoslavia established the Socialist Republic of Macedonia, recognizing the Macedonians as a separate nation within Yugoslavia. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages, in Macedonian and Serbian Cyrillic Југославија) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 8 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... Official language Croatian (after 1974), Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Croato-Serbian, Slovenian Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Area (1991)  - Total  - % water Ranked xxst 255,804 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked xxth 20,522,972 80/km² Currency Yugoslav dinar Time zone  - in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2...


In the past, these lands came under a number of ancient states and former empires; Paionia, the kingdom of ancient Macedon (which gave its name to the whole Macedonian region), the Roman and Byzantine empires, and the medieval Bulgarian and Serbian states. In the 14th century the region was conquered by the Ottoman Empire. Paionia (also Romanized as Paeonia) was, in ancient geography, the land of the Paionians (Gk. ... The Vergina Sun, a symbol associated with the Macedonian kingdom Macedon or Macedonia (from Greek ; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was the name of an ancient kingdom located in the northern-most part of ancient Greece, bordering the kingdom of Epirus on the west and the region... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine Empire (Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... (Redirected from 14th) 14 (fourteen) is the natural number following 13 and preceding 15. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Sogut (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty...


Following the two Balkan wars of 1912 and 1913 and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the wider region of Macedonia was divided between Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia. The territory of the present-day Republic of Macedonia was then known as Južna Srbija, "Southern Serbia", but had no separate or autonomous identity at the time. After the First World War Serbia joined the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. In 1929, the kingdom was officially renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and divided into provinces called banovinas. Southern Serbia, including all of what is now the Republic of Macedonia, became a part of the Vardar Banovina. The outcome as of April 1913 Boundaries on the Balkans after the First and the Second Balkan War (1912-1913) Distribution of races in the Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor in 1923, Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, New York (The map does not reflect the results of the 1923... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a kingdom in the Balkans which existed from the end of World War I until World War II. It occupied an area made up of the present-day states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, and most of present-day Slovenia... Ban was a title used in some states in central and south-eastern Europe between the 9th century and the 20th century. ... Map showing Yugoslav banovinas in 1929 (The Vardar Banovina is coloured green, on the lower right part of the map) The Vardar Banovina or Vardar Banate (Slavic Macedonian and Serbian: Вардарска бановина Vardarska banovina) was a province (banovina) of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. ...


In 1941, Yugoslavia was occupied by the Axis Powers and the Vardar Banovina was divided between its neighbors, Bulgaria and Italian-occupied Albania. Harsh rule by the occupying forces encouraged many Macedonians to support the Communist Partisan resistance movement of Josip Broz Tito. After the end of the Second World War, when Tito became Yugoslavia's president, the People's Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was established. The People's Republic of Macedonia became one of the six republics of the Yugoslav federation. Following the federation's renaming to Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963, the People's Republic of Macedonia was likewise renamed as the Socialist Republic of Macedonia. It dropped the "Socialist" from its name in 1991 when it peacefully seceded from Yugoslavia. A few very minor changes to its border with Serbia were agreed to resolve problems with the demarcation line between the two countries. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Column The Rebellion The Yugoslav Partisans were the main resistance movement engaged in the fight against the Axis forces in the Balkans during World War II. // Origins The Yugoslav Partisans went under the official name of Peoples Liberation Army and Partisan Detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodno-oslobodilačka vojska... Marshal Josip Broz Tito Josip Broz Tito (Јосип Броз Тито) (help· info) (May 7, (originally May 25th on the official birth certificate) 1892 – May 4, 1980) was the leader of Yugoslavia between the end of World War II and his death in 1980. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Official language Croatian (after 1974), Macedonian, Serbo-Croatian, Croato-Serbian, Slovenian Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Area (1991)  - Total  - % water Ranked xxst 255,804 km² Negligible Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked xxth 20,522,972 80/km² Currency Yugoslav dinar Time zone  - in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The country officially celebrates 8 September 1991 as the Independence day regarding the referendum by registered voters endorsing independence from Yugoslavia. The Republic of Macedonia remained at peace through the Yugoslav wars of the early 1990s but was destabilized by the Kosovo War in 1999, when an estimated 360,000 ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo took refuge in the country. They returned quickly following the war but soon after, Albanian radicals on both sides of the border took up arms in pursuit of autonomy or independence for the Albanian-populated areas of the Republic. A short war was fought between government and ethnic Albanian rebels, mostly in the north and west of the country, in March-June 2001. It ended with the intervention of a NATO ceasefire monitoring force and the government promising to devolve greater political power and cultural recognition to the Albanian minority. In 2005, Macedonia was officially recognized as a European Union candidate nation. September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Timeline of Yugoslavia be merged into this article or section. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, the last decade of the 20th Century. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The Albanians are an ethnic group generally associated with Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia and the Albanian language. ... The National Liberation Army (Albanian: Ushtria Çlirimtare Kombëtare - UÇK ; Macedonian: Ослободителна национална армија - ОНА), also known as the Macedonian UÇK, is a military organization that operated in the Republic of Macedonia in 2001. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... NATO 2002 Summit The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), sometimes called North Atlantic Alliance, Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on April 4, 1949. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of the Republic of Macedonia

The president is Branko Crvenkovski. The Republic of Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy with an executive government composed of a coalition of parties from the unicameral legislature (Собрание, Sobranie), and an independent judicial branch with a constitutional court. The Assembly is made up of 120 seats and the members are elected every four years. Politics of the Republic of Macedonia: From the CIA World Factbook 2000/2001, partially updated Country name: conventional long form: The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia conventional short form: none local long form: Republika Makedonija local short form: Makedonija abbreviation: F.Y.R.O.M. Data code: MK Government type... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ...


The role of the President of the Republic is mostly ceremonial, with the real power resting in the hands of the President of the Government of Macedonia. The President is the commander-in-chief of the state armed forces and a president of the state Security Council. The President of the Republic is elected every five years and it can be elected twice at most.


With the passage of a new law and elections held in 2005, local government functions are divided between 78 municipalities (opštini, singular - opština). The capital, Skopje, is governed as a group of ten municipalities collectively referred to as "the City of Skopje". Municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia are units of local self-government. There is a possibility to establish collaboration between neighbouring municipalities.


Judiciary power is exercised by courts and the most important ones are: the Judicial Supreme Court, Constitutional Court and the Republican Judicial Council. The assembly appoints the judges.


The country's main political divergence is between the largely ethnically-based political parties representing the country's Macedonian majority and Albanian minority. The issue of the power balance between the two communities led to a brief war in 2001, following which a power-sharing agreement was reached. In August 2004, the Republic's parliament passed legislation redrawing local boundaries and giving greater local autonomy to ethnic Albanians in areas where they predominate. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


International relations

Main article: Foreign relations of the Republic of Macedonia

The Republic of Macedonia is a member of a number of international organisations such as the United Nations, Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe Council of Europe, associate member of La Francophonie, World Trade Organization (WTO) etc. It is seeking to join NATO and the European Union, although its accession to either is unlikely to occur before 2008 and 2012, respectively. In December 2005, the leaders of the EU formally named it as a candidate country but did not set a date for starting entry talks. // International recognition The Republic of Macedonia became a member state of the United Nations on 8 April 1993, eighteen months after its independence from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... The United Nations (UN) (in French Organisation des Nations unies) is an international organization that describes itself as a global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg The Council of Europe (French: Conseil de lEurope, German: Europarat) is an international organisation of 46 member states in the European region. ... La Francophonie (occasionally in English Francophony, formally lOrganisation internationale de la Francophonie), a French language term coined in 1880 by French geographer Onésime Reclus to designate the community of people and countries using French, is an international organisation of French-speaking countries and governments. ... WTO Logo The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international, multilateral organization, which sets the rules for the global trading system and resolves disputes between its member states, all of whom are signatories to its about 30 agreements. ... The NATO flag NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on... 2008 (MMVIII) will a Leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2012 (MMXII) will be a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ...


The United States Agency for International Development has underwritten a project called Macedonia Connects which has made the Republic of Macedonia the first all broadband wireless country its size or larger in the world. The Ministry of Education and Sciences reports that 461 schools (primary and secondary) are now connected to the internet. In addition, the Internet Service Provider named On.net has created a MESH Network to provide WIFI services in the 11 largest cities/towns in Macedonia.


Naming dispute

Further information: Naming issue
The Republic of Macedonia's first flag, the subject of a dispute with Greece between 1991-1995
Enlarge
The Republic of Macedonia's first flag, the subject of a dispute with Greece between 1991-1995

The Republic of Macedonia is commonly referred as Macedonia, but the name is also used to designate the wider geographical region of Macedonia. Due to a dispute between the governments of the Republic of Macedonia and Greece over the name, the United Nations agreed to refer to the country as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" (FYROM) when it became a member state in 1993. (Macedonian: Поранешна Југословенска Република Македонија (ПЈРМ)). Most international organizations adopted the same convention, including the European Union, the European Broadcasting Union, NATO and the International Olympic Committee, among others. However, a majority of UN member states recognize the country as the "Republic of Macedonia", including three of the UN Security Council's five permanent members – the United States, Russia, and the People's Republic of China, as well as all neigbouring countries of the Republic of Macedonia except Greece. The two countries also engaged in a heated dispute over the Republic's flag, which incorporated the Vergina Sun symbol claimed by Greece. This aspect of the dispute was resolved when the flag was changed in 1995. // International recognition The Republic of Macedonia became a member state of the United Nations on 8 April 1993, eighteen months after its independence from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia_1991-95. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia_1991-95. ... Macedonia is a geographical and historical region of the Balkan peninsula in south-eastern Europe with an area of about 67,000 square kilometres and a population of 4. ... // International recognition The Republic of Macedonia became a member state of the United Nations on 8 April 1993, eighteen months after its independence from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... The United Nations (UN) (in French Organisation des Nations unies) is an international organization that describes itself as a global association of governments facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... The European Broadcasting Union (EBU), known in French as LUnion Européenne de Radio-Télévision (UER), and unrelated to the European Union, was formed February 12, 1950 by 23 broadcasting organizations from Europe and the Mediterranean at a conference in the coastal resort of Torquay in Devon... The NATO flag NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for defence collaboration established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, D.C., on... The International Olympic Committee is an organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin on June 23 1894 to reinstate the Ancient Olympic Games held in Greece between 776 BC to 396 AD. Its membership is 202 National Olympic Committees. ... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... Vergina Sun The Vergina Sun or Star of Vergina is a sixteen-ray star symbol found in archaeological excavations in Vergina in northern Greece. ...


Nonetheless, this situation has not prevented Greece and the Republic of Macedonia engaging in military and security co-operation, cross-border investments, and cultural exchanges. The November 2005 European Commission report states that, "Relations with Greece have improved in the last few years. Greece is the most important investor in the country (57% of the total foreign investments) and trade has been constantly increasing." The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ...


European Union candidacy and membership

As part of ongoing efforts to expand its membership, the European Union (EU) granted Macedonia candidate status on 17 December 2005, but with no promise of when such negotiations could start. France had made a budget deal as a condition for granting Macedonia candidate status and Greece agreed not to veto the decision on the premise that the name dispute will be resolved. Thus the country became the second former Yugoslav republic, after Croatia, to get a green light to open negotiations with Brussels. Macedonia applied for full membership on 22 March 2004. Macedonian Prime Minister Vlado Bučkovski hailed the decision as a "one-way ticket" to the EU for his country and stated: "Macedonia finally leaves the Balkan road paved with cobblestones and joins a highway that leads to Europe". The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bold textItalic textBold text // Headline text Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (French: Bruxelles, Dutch: Brussel, German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium, the French community of Belgium, the Flemish community and of the European Union. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vlado Bučkovski (Владо Бучковски) (born December 2, 1962 in Skopje) is the current prime minister of the Republic of Macedonia, elected by parliament on December 15, 2004. ...


According to the EU, namely in accordance with its Copenhagen criteria, the main obstacles towards eventual EU membership for Macedonia concern good relations with neighbouring countries and reforms to its judicial and police systems. Also, growth rate lags behind that of most EU members, unemployment is high, and foreign investment is relatively low. The decentralisation process imposed after the six-month conflict in 2001 still requires full implementation. However, the relatively low population and European characteristics of the country promise few strains on the EU budget. The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a nation is eligible to join the European Union. ... Decentralisation (American: decentralization) is any of various means of more widely distributing decision-making to bring it closer to the point of service or action. ...


Geography

Main article: Geography of the Republic of Macedonia
Map of the Republic of Macedonia
Enlarge
Map of the Republic of Macedonia
Satellite view of Macedonia
Satellite view of Macedonia

A landlocked country, the Republic of Macedonia encompasses only a part of the wider geographical region of Macedonia in the Balkans. The remainder is divided between neighbouring Greece (with about half of the total), Bulgaria (with under a tenth), and Albania. Location: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece Geographic coordinates: 41 50 N, 22 00 E Map references: Europe Area: total: 25,333 km² land: 24,856 km² water: 477 km² Area - comparative: slightly larger than Vermont Land boundaries: total: 748 km border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 228... map of FYRO Macedonia, converted directly from CIA World Factbook GIF File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of the Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... map of FYRO Macedonia, converted directly from CIA World Factbook GIF File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of the Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... Image File history File links Macedonia. ... Image File history File links Macedonia. ... A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. ... Macedonia is a geographical and historical region of the Balkan peninsula in south-eastern Europe with an area of about 67,000 square kilometres and a population of 4. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of south-eastern Europe. ... Macedonias location in Greece This article is about the region in Greece. ... Categories: Regions of Bulgaria | Macedonia | Bulgaria geography stubs ...


Macedonia's terrain is mostly rugged, located between the Šar and Rhodope mountains around the valley of the Vardar river. Three large lakes - Lake Ohrid, Lake Prespa and Dojran Lake - lie on the southern borders of the Republic, bisected by the frontiers with Albania and Greece. The region is seismically active and has been the site of destructive earthquakes in the past, most recently in 1963 when Skopje was heavily damaged by a major earthquake. The Šar mountain (Serbian Шар планина, Šar Planina; Albanian Malet e Sharrit, Sharr) is a mountain on the border of Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia. ... The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ... The Vardar ( Greek: Axios,Axius or Αξιός , the ancient and current Greek name of the river) is the longest river in the Republic of Macedonia. ... Lake Ohrid is straddling the mountainous border between the southwestern region of the Republic of Macedonia and eastern Albania, 340 sq km (130 sq mi) in area. ... Prespa is the name of two fresh-water lakes in Macedonia, on the border between Greece, Albania, and the Republic of Macedonia?. With an abundance of rare fauna and flora, the area was declared a Transnational Park in 2000. ... Dojran Lake is in Macedonia. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје, Serbo-Croatian: Skoplje, Albanian: Shkup, Ottoman Turkish: Ãœsküb, Ancient Greek: Scupi (see History), see also different names) is the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia. ...


The Republic of Macedonia also has scenic mountains. They are belong to two different ranges: Dinarska and Rodopska. The mountains belonging to the Dinarska range are older with subsequent erosion; the Rodopska range is younger offering rugged, alpine sceneries. Ten highest mountains in the Republic of Macedonia:

The Korab Mountain range Korab Mountain landscape Mount Korab is the highest mountain of both Albania and Republic of Macedonia at the border of the two states. ... The Šar mountain (Serbian Шар планина, Šar Planina; Albanian Malet e Sharrit, Sharr) is a mountain on the border of Serbia and Montenegro and the Republic of Macedonia. ... Pelister mountain Baba Mountain overlooks the city of Bitola in the Republic of Macedonia. ... Jakupica (Macedonian:Јакупица) is a mountain range in the central part of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Nidze (Macedonian:Ниџе) is a mountain situated in the south-western part of the Republic of Macedonia on the border with Greece. ... Deshat is a mountain on the border between the Republic of Macedonia and Albania. ... Galichica mountain is situated in the Republic of Macedonia and one part in Albania. ... Stogovo is a mountain in the western part of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Jablanica is a town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Big Lake (2218 m) – glacier lake on Pelister Mountain The Republic of Macedonia is mainly mountainous country. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of the Republic of Macedonia

Today the Republic of Macedonia is considered a country with an intermediary-developed industry, with continuing growth of the industrial production. The process of transition in the country economy was triggered in 1995. The Republic of Macedonia has arrangements with the IMF (International Monetary Fund) and World Bank. The Republic of Macedonia has an open economy, highly integrated into international trade, with a total trade-to-GDP ratio of 79.5%. The most important sectors are agriculture and industry. The service sector also grew in the past few years. Work force education and skills are competitive, but without adequate jobs. The country economic policy is to attract foreign investments and to increase employment rate. One of the biggest features of the country economy is the fiscal discipline which maintained stable course of the currency for a long period. The country also makes effort to develop Small and Medium-Size Enterprise sector. Economy - overview: The breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991 deprived F.Y.R.O.M. (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), then its poorest republic (only 5% of the total federal output of goods and services), of its key protected markets and large transfer payments from the center. ... The logo of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means...


Looking back, the country together with Montenegro, Bosnia and Hercegovina and Kosovo belonged to the less developed regions in the former Yugoslavia. It suffered severe economic difficulties after independence, when the Yugoslav internal market collapsed and subsidies from Belgrade ended. In addition, it faced many of the same problems faced by other former socialist East European countries during the transition to a market economy.


The outbreak of the Yugoslav wars and the imposition of sanctions on Serbia and Montenegro caused great damage to the Republic's economy, with Serbia constituting 60% of its markets prior to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. Matters worsened when Greece imposed a trade embargo on the Republic between 1994-1995. Some relief was afforded by the end of the Bosnian war in November 1995 and the lifting of the Greek embargo, but the Kosovo War of 1999 and the 2001 Albanian crisis caused further destabilization. It has been suggested that Timeline of Yugoslavia be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian Capital Podgorica Former Royal Capital Cetinje President Filip Vujanović Prime Minister Milo Đukanović Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  13,812 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ Density  616,258  48. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ...


The Macedonian economy has since made a sluggish recovery, though the extent of unemployment, the grey market, corruption and a relatively feeble legal system continue to cause significant problems and a low growth rate. The Republic still has one of the lowest per capita GDPs in Europe. Dorothea Langes Migrant Mother depicts destitute pea pickers in California during the Great Depression. ... The grey market (in U.S. spelling, gray market) refers to the flow of goods through distribution channels other than those authorized or intended by the manufacturer or producer. ...


Since the end of the Greek embargo, Greece has become the most important business partner of the Republic of Macedonia. Many Greek companies have bought former state companies in the country, such as the oil refinery Okta, the baking company Zhito Luks, marble mine in Prilep, textile facilities in Bitola etc. Prilep (Macedonian: Прилеп, other forms: Parleap, Pirlepe and Perlepe) is a city of 73,925 citizens, covering 1. ... Bitola-View of the old town Bitola (Macedonian Битола, Bulgarian Битоля, Albanian Manastir, Turkish Manastır, Greek Μοναστήρι, Serbian Bitolj/Битољ) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia. ...


Growth barely recovered in 2002 to 0.9%, then rose by 3.4% in 2003, 2.9% in 2004, and about 4% in 2005. The past few years saw a significant rise in the economy and with the recent candidacy for the EU, the country should be making rapid progress.


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of the Republic of Macedonia

// Population Demographics of the Republic of Macedonia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ...

Population

The Republic of Macedonia has a population of approximately 2 070 000 citizens, according to the last population census in 2002. In the urban areas are inhabited 58% of the population.


The Republic's biggest city by far is Skopje, the capital, with an estimated 600,000 inhabitants, followed by:

  • Bitola (85 000)
  • Kumanovo (70 000)
  • Prilep (70 000)
  • Tetovo (60 000)
  • Veles (47 000)
  • Ohrid (43 000)

This is a list of cities in the Republic of Macedonia. ...

Ethnicities

The Republic of Macedonia is an ethnically diverse country. The biggest ethnical group in the country are Macedonians. In the last population census as Macedonians are declared approximately 1 300 000 inhabitants and it represents 64% of the total population. Approximately 500 000 inhabitants are declared as Albanians and it represents 25% of the population. They are concentrated mostly in the western and north-western part of the country. Smaller minorities include Turks (78,000 or 3.9%), Roma (54,000 or 2.7%) and Serbs (36,000 or 1.8%). Several other minorities also exist, including Aromanians, Bosniaks, Croats, Egyptians, Greeks, Bulgarians and several others, they account for less than 2.5% of the population of the country. The Macedonian national census registers all the ethnic groups, but the smaller ones are not enumerated separately in the final report of the census. The Roma people (pronounced rahma, singular Rom, sometimes Rroma, and Rrom) along with the closely related Sinti people are commonly known as Gypsies in English, and as Tsigany in most of Europe. ... Serbs (in the Serbian language Срби, Srbi) are a south Slavic people living chiefly in Serbia and Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Aromanian shepherd in traditional clothes, photo from the early 1900s. ... Bosniaks (Bosnian: Bošnjaci) are a South Slavic people living chiefly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a south Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ...

Albanians in the Republic of Macedonia are mostly situated in the western half of the country. ...

Languages

A wide variety of languages are spoken in the Republic of Macedonia, reflecting its ethnic diversity. The official and most widely spoken language is Macedonian, which belongs to the South Slavic language group.Structurally, it is closer to Bulgarian than to other Slavonic langages, though it contains many words of Greek origin. Its current form was codified after WWII and has accumulated a thriving literary tradition. South Slavic languages is one of the three groups of Slavic languages (besides West and East Slavic). ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ...


Other languages – including Albanian, Turkish, Serbian, Aromanian, Greek, Romany and Megleno-Romanian – are spoken roughly in proportion with their associated ethnic groups. The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect (former standard was known as Serbo-Croatian language). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Arvantovlaxika. ... Romany (or Romani) is the language of the Roma and Sinti, peoples often referred to in English as Gypsies. They came originally from the Indian Subcontinent or what is now, northern India and parts of Pakistan, and their language belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language... Megleno-Romanian (known as Vlaheshte by speakers and Moglenitic, Meglenitic or Megleno-Romanian by non-speakers) is a Romance language, similar to Aromanian, spoken in the Moglená region, located in the Kilkis and Serres prefectures in Macedonia, Greece, as well as in the Republic of Macedonia. ...


Although Macedonian is the country's official national language, in municipalities where at least 20% of the population is from other ethnic minorities their individual languages are used for official purposes in local government. The languages of the minorities, for example the Albanian language, can also be used in the national parliament and other national level institutions.


Religion

The majority of the population belongs to the Macedonian Orthodox Church (66%). Muslims comprise 29% of the population and other Christian denominations comprise 0.2%. The remainder is recorded as "unspecified" in the 2002 national census. Most of the native Albanians, Turks and Bosniaks are Muslims, as are a minority of the country's ethnic Slavic Macedonian population, known as Macedonian Muslims. Altogether, there are more than 1200 churches and 400 mosques in the country. The Orthodox and Islamic religious communities have secondary religion schools in Skopje. There is an Orthodox Theological college in the capital. 1MOC claims continuity with historical Bulgarian Archbishopric of Ohrid, an autonomous Eastern Orthodox Church under the tutelage of the Patriarch of Constantinople, which existed between 1019 and 1767, but the claims are not recognized by other Orthodox churches. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... The Macedonian Muslims are a minority group within the Macedonian Slav community who profess the Islamic faith. ...

1MOC claims continuity with historical Bulgarian Archbishopric of Ohrid, an autonomous Eastern Orthodox Church under the tutelage of the Patriarch of Constantinople, which existed between 1019 and 1767, but the claims are not recognized by other Orthodox churches. ...

Culture

Main article: Macedonian Culture

The Republic of Macedonia has a rich cultural heritage in art, architecture, poetry, and music. It has many ancient, protected religious sites. Poetry, cinema, and music festivals are held annually. Macedonian Culture is the culture of the Slavic Macedonian population of the Balkan region was known in the 20th century as Vardar Macedonia, the current Republic of Macedonia). ... Winged Victory of Samothrace exihibited in the Louvre. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Table of architecture, Cyclopaedia, 1728 The following article focuses on built environment, the architecture of spaces designed for human habitation. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: ποιεω (poieo) = I create) is traditionally a written art form (although there is also an ancient and modern poetry which relies mainly upon oral or pictorial representations) in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ... Music is an art, entertainment, or other human activity which involves organized and audible sound, though definitions vary. ...


Macedonian music styles developed under the strong influence of Byzantine church music. Macedonia is among the countries with the most beautiful preserved Byzantine fresco painting, mainly from the period between the 11th and 16th centuries. There are several thousands square metres of fresco painting preserved, the major part of which is in very good condition and represent masterworks of the Macedonian School of ecclesiastical painting.


In Macedonia the past meets the present. Its age-old architecture and monasteries and churches of exquisite beauty make an interesting contrast to the super modern new architecture. Most of the Macedonian monasteries, built in various periods, and particularly those built between the 11th and 15th -16th centuries, have been completely preserved until today. The Macedonian collection of icons, and in particular the Ohrid one, is among the most valuable collections in the world today. After the Sinai and the Moscow collection of icons, it is third in importance in Orthodoxy. From a Byzantological aspect, it is unique.


The most important cultural events in the country are the Ohrid Summer festival of classical music and drama, the Struga Poetry evenings which gather poets from more than 50 countries in the world, Skopje May Opera Evenings, International Camera Festival in Bitola, Open Youth Theatre and Jazz festivals in Skopje etc. Ohrid (see also different names) is a city on the eastern shore of Lake Ohrid in western Republic of Macedonia. ... dating from the 18th and 19th century is also a cultural highlight. ... Bitola-View of the old town Bitola (Macedonian Битола, Bulgarian Битоля, Albanian Manastir, Turkish Manastır, Greek Μοναστήρι, Serbian Bitolj/Битољ) is a city in the Republic of Macedonia. ...

This is a list of modern Macedonians. ... The Republic of Macedonia, formally known by international organizations and foreign states as the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), is a diverse country, with a Slav Macedonian majority (65%) and a large Albanian minority (25%), and Turks, Cincars, Gypsies, Greeks and Serbs. ... The Macedonian language (Македонски, Makedonski) is a language in the Eastern group of South Slavic languages and is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia. ... 1–2 January : New Year – Нова Година 7 January : Christmas Day (Orthodox) – Прв ден Божиќ Easter Sunday (Orthodox) – Прв ден Велигден Easter Monday (Orthodox) – Втор ден Велигден 1–2 May : Labour Days – Ден на трудот 2 August : National (Ilinden Uprising) Day – Илинден 8 September : Independence Day – Ден на независноста 11 October: Revolution Day – Ден на востанието Category: ...

Gallery

See also

Telephones - main lines in use: 408,000 (1997) Telephones - mobile cellular: 12,362 (1997) Telephone system: domestic: NA international: NA Radio broadcast stations: AM 29, FM 20, shortwave 0 (1998) Radios: 410,000 (1997) Television broadcast stations: 136 (1997) Televisions: 510,000 (1997) Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 6 (1999) Internet... // International recognition The Republic of Macedonia became a member state of the United Nations on 8 April 1993, eighteen months after its independence from the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ... The Armed Forces of the Republic of Macedonia {Macedonian (Slavonic) Армијата на Република Македонија} were formed in 1992 after withdrawal of Yugoslav Peoples Army which left behind only small number of infantry weapons and four broken World War 2 T-34 tanks to equip new army. ... // Railways total: 699 km standard gauge: 699 km 1. ... 1–2 January : New Year – Нова Година 7 January : Christmas Day (Orthodox) – Прв ден Божиќ Easter Sunday (Orthodox) – Прв ден Велигден Easter Monday (Orthodox) – Втор ден Велигден 1–2 May : Labour Days – Ден на трудот 2 August : National (Ilinden Uprising) Day – Илинден 8 September : Independence Day – Ден на независноста 11 October: Revolution Day – Ден на востанието Category: ...

External links

Find more information on Macedonia by searching one of Wikipedia's sister projects:

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 News stories from Wikinews Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ...

Official government sites

  • Assembly of Republic of Macedonia
  • Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Resource Management
  • Ministry of Culture
  • Ministry of Defense
  • Ministry of Economy
  • Ministry of Education and Science
  • Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
  • Ministry of Finance
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of Health
  • Ministry of Labor and Social Policy
  • Ministry of Local Self-Government
  • Ministry of Transport and Communications
  • Official Government website
  • President of Republic of Macedonia
  • State Electoral Commission Republic of Macedonia

Other, unofficial web sites

  • The first webpage dedicated to the Republic of Macedonia has general information about the country
  • Development and Civil Society Issues on the FYR of Macedonia
  • Macedonia Becomes First All Wireless Country
  • Republic of Macedonia and the Balkans Discussion Forum
  • A website with general information about the state
  • macedonia :: general information
  • "Interim Accord between the Hellenic Republic and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia", United Nations, 13 September 1995
  • Macedonia Competitiveness Activity
  • Macedonian Discussions
  • Detailed Profile of Macedonia from the Encyclopedia of Nations
  • Macedonian Heritage FAQ from the Greek perspective
  • A collection of articles which argues against the Greek definition of Macedonia
  • a Macedonian search engine
  • Macedonian search engine, indexing Macedonian and English-language content
  • News from Macedonia
  • Organization for the European Minorities' reports on Macedonia
  • Photos of Macedonia
  • UNGA Resolution about the use of the provisional reference
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Other territories: Akrotiri and Dhekelia | Faroe Islands | Gibraltar | Guernsey | Jan Mayen | Jersey | Isle of Man | Svalbard
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Countries set to accede on January 1, 2007: Bulgaria | Romania
Other recognised candidate countries: Croatia | Macedonia | Turkey

  Results from FactBites:
 
Republic of Macedonia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3048 words)
The Republic of Macedonia remained at peace through the Yugoslav wars of the early 1990s but was destabilized by the Kosovo War in 1999, when an estimated 360,000 ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo took refuge in the country.
The Republic of Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy with an executive government composed of a coalition of parties from the unicameral legislature (Собрание, Sobranie), and an independent judicial branch with a constitutional court.
Macedonia's terrain is mostly rugged, located between the Šar and Rhodope mountains around the valley of the Vardar river.
MSN Encarta - Macedonia (1140 words)
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian Republika Makedonija), country in southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula.
In April 1993 the United Nations (UN) admitted the republic under the temporary name of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) until a settlement with Greece could be reached.
It is bounded on the north by Serbia, one of the constituent republics of Serbia and Montenegro; on the east by Bulgaria; on the south by Greece; and on the west by Albania.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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