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Encyclopedia > Forest of Dean

The Forest of Dean is a geographical, historical and cultural region in the county of Gloucestershire, England. It is a roughly triangular area bounded by the River Wye to the west and north, the River Severn to the south, and the City of Gloucester to the east. A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A triangle. ... River Wye and Lancat and Ban y Gore Nature Reserve The Wye at Hay-on-Wye The Wye at Tintern This article is about the river that flows along the Anglo-Welsh border. ... “Severn” redirects here. ... This article is about the city of Gloucester in England; for other uses see Gloucester (disambiguation). ...

The view north towards Ross-on-Wye from Symonds Yat Rock, a popular tourist destination in the Forest
The view north towards Ross-on-Wye from Symonds Yat Rock, a popular tourist destination in the Forest

It is characterised by over 110 km² of mixed forest, one of the most ancient surviving forests in England, with areas of associated woodland stretching across the border into Wales. It gives its name to the local government district, Forest of Dean. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1252 KB) Taken by Robert Hindle, August 2006 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1252 KB) Taken by Robert Hindle, August 2006 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... This article is about the country. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Forest of Dean is a local government district in Gloucestershire, England, named for the Forest of Dean. ...


The main town and administrative centre for the forest is Coleford. Cinderford and Lydney are also busy centres. The relative isolation of the region lends it a unique character, with a very broad and colourful local accent. Map sources for Coleford, Gloucestershire at grid reference SO5710 Coleford is a small market town in Gloucestershire, England in the west of the Forest of Dean which has a population of 79,974 (2001 census). ... Location within the British Isles Cinderford is a small town in Gloucestershire, England, with a population of 8,116 people (2001 census). ... Lydney is a small town and civil parish in the English county of Gloucestershire. ... Accents mark speakers as a member of a group by their pronunciation of the standard language. ...


In April 2007, a Reader's Digest poll voted the Forest of Dean the third best place in the UK, and the best place in England, in which to bring up a family. (see link). This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

History

The forest is steeped in history and goes back thousands of years, with the Forest being home to a number of Iron Age forts. The area was settled by the Romans, who were attracted by the natural resources of the area, which included iron ore, ochre and charcoal. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... This article is about the color. ... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ...


The name derived from the main market town of Dean, in St. Briavels, which was located in a dell (in Anglo-Saxon, dene).[1] St Briavels is a medium sized village and civil parish in the extreme west of Gloucestershire, on the border between England and Wales. ... In physical geography, a dell is a small wooded valley, either U- or V-shaped. ... Old English redirects here. ...


The forest later went on to be used exclusively as a royal hunting ground by the Tudor. Its rich deposits of iron ore led to its becoming a major source of iron at this time. Timber from the forest was particularly fine and was regarded as the best source for building ships, and it is possible that this timber was used to build the Mary Rose and Admiral Lord Nelson's ship, the HMS Victory. Later still, the exploitation of coal deposits led to a strong development of mining in the area, with commercial mining continuing until 1965. A royal forest has been a concept of land management England since the late eleventh century. ... For other uses, see Tudor (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Iron (disambiguation). ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... For other uses, see Ship (disambiguation). ... Mary Rose depicted on the Anthony Roll, a survey of Henry VIIIs navy, completed in 1546 The Mary Rose was an English Tudor warship of the carrack type and one of the first to be able to fire a full broadside of cannons. ... Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 – October 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ... HMS Victory is a 104-gun ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built between 1759 and 1765. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ...


Interestingly, Edward I granted the powers that allowed those born in the Forest to mine coal freely. There were, and are still, a number of small private mines in operation, with Hopewell colliery now open to the public. With the decline of the mines, the area itself suffered a decline, but this was ameliorated to some extent when a number of high technology industries established themselves in the area, attracted by grants and a willing workforce. Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1], also as Edward the Lawgiver or the English Justinian because of his legal reforms, and as Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and tried to do the same to Scotland. ... High tech refers to high technology, technology that is at the cutting-edge and the most advanced currently available. ... Grants are funds given to tax-exempt nonprofit organizations or local governments by foundations, corporations, governments, small business and individuals. ...


The area now relies heavily on tourism and agriculture. Tourist redirects here. ...


Foresters

If born within the hundred of St Briavels, an ancient administrative area covering most of what is now considered the Forest of Dean, one is classed as a true Forester. This classification bestows a unique right for males who are over 21 and have worked in a mine for a year and a day—they can register to be a freeminer. Residents of the hundred who are over 18 can also graze sheep in the Forest. These ancient rights that were put on the statute books in the Dean Forest (Mines) Act 1838, the only public act to affect private individuals. St Briavels is a medium sized village and civil parish in the extreme west of Gloucestershire, on the border between England and Wales. ... A Freeminer is the ancient title given to a miner in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, UK who has earned the right to mine personal plots known as gales within the royal forest. ... Species See text. ...


Nature

The forest is composed of both deciduous and evergreen trees. Predominant is oak, both pedunculate and sessile. Beech is also common, and sweet chestnut has grown here for centuries. Conifers include some Weymouth Pine dating from 1781, Norway spruce, douglas fir and larch. The deer are predominantly fallow and these have been present in the forest since the 13th century currently numbering around 600. A number of the fallow in the central area of the forest are melanistic. More recently roe and muntjac have arrived spreading in from the East but they are in much smaller numbers. Regrettably, the red squirrels are long gone, and the grey squirrels are abundant. Deciduous forest after leaf fall Like many deciduous plants, Forsythia flowers during the leafless season For other uses, see Deciduous (disambiguation). ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Binomial name Quercus robur L. The Pedunculate Oak or English Oak (Quercus robur) is native to most of Europe, and to Asia Minor to the Caucasus, and also to parts of North Africa. ... Binomial name Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl. ... For other uses, see Beech (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Mill. ... Binomial name Pinus strobus L. Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus) is a large pine native to eastern North America, occurring from Newfoundland west to Minnesota and southeasternmost Manitoba, and south along the Appalachian Mountains to the extreme north of Georgia. ... Binomial name Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. ... Species See text Douglas-fir is the common name applied to coniferous trees of the genus Pseudotsuga in the family Pinaceae. ... For other uses, see Larch (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Sciurus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758 The Red Squirrel, Sciurus vulgaris, is a common European tree squirrel. ... Gray squirrel is the common name for two species of squirrel native to North America: The Eastern Gray Squirrel (also introduced elsewhere) The Western Gray Squirrel. ...


The forest is also home to numerous wild boar; the exact number is currently unknown but is certainly in the hundreds. The boar were re-introduced to the forest from two sources, those in the Ross on Wye area on the northern edge of the forest escaped from a wild boar farm around 1999 and are believed to be of pure Eastern European origin, the second introduction was when a domestic herd was dumped near Staunton in late 2004 but these may not be completely pure bred wild boar —attempts to locate the owner have been unsuccessful. The boar can now be found in many parts of the Forest, particularly around Cinderford. They have also been spotted on both sides of the River Wye, including the around the village of Trellech and as far down the Wye Valley as Tintern. Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ... Staunton may refer to several things: Places Staunton, Illinois Staunton Township, Illinois Staunton, Indiana Staunton Township, Ohio Staunton, Virginia Staunton, Gloucestershire People Imelda Staunton, a British actress Howard Staunton, an English chess master who lends his name to a style of chess pieces Sir George Staunton, an English botanist who... Location within the British Isles Cinderford is a small town in Gloucestershire, England, with a population of 8,116 people (2001 census). ... Trellech is a village in Monmouthshire, Wales at grid reference SO500054, and the location of an archaeological site. ...


The Dean is well known for its western birds, in particular the pied flycatcher, redstart and woodwarbler. Hawfinch are regularly seen. The mixed forest supports what is probably Britain's best concentration of goshawk; a viewing site at New Fancy is manned during February and March when the soaring birds are best seen. The Peregrine Falcon can be easily seen nesting from the viewpoint at Symonds Yat rock. The ponds in the Forest are good for mandarin duck which nest up in the trees. Butterflies of note are small pearl bordered fritillary, wood white, white admiral. Gorsty knoll is famed for its glow-worms and Woorgreens lake for its dragonflies. Binomial name Ficedula hypoleuca (Pallas, 1764) The Pied Flycatcher, Ficedula hypoleuca, is a small passerine bird in the Old World flycatcher family. ... Species see text Redstarts are a group of small Old World birds. ... Genera Vermivora Parula Dendroica Catharopeza Mniotilta Setophaga Protonotaria Helmitheros Limnothlypis Seiurus Oporornis Geothlypis Microligea Teretistris Leucopeza Wilsonia Cardellina Ergaticus Myioborus Euthlypis Basileuterus Zeledonia Icteria Granatellus Xenoligea The New World warblers or wood-warblers are a group of small often colourful passerine birds restricted to the New World. ... Binomial name Coccothraustes coccothraustes (Linnaeus, 1758) The Hawfinch, Coccothraustes coccothraustes, is a passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis; from OE. góshafoc goose-hawk) is a medium-large bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes other diurnal raptors, such as eagles, buzzards and harriers. ... Binomial name Tunstall, 1771 Global range (shaded green, dark dots on islands) The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), occasionally known in North America as the Duck Hawk, is a medium-sized falcon about the size of a large crow: 380–530 millimetres (15–21 in) long. ...


Famous natives

Dick Whittington also known as Richard Whittington, who later became Lord Mayor of London, was born in Pauntley, now part of the Forest of Dean district. The writer Dennis Potter was born near Coleford and frequently used the region as a setting in his work, most notably in The Singing Detective and Karaoke/Cold Lazarus; the local accent and dialect can be heard at some length in the BBC productions of these shows. The BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 2 DJ Jimmy Young is one of Cinderford's most famous sons, as are the early Britpop band EMF. J. K. Rowling, author of the Harry Potter series, lived on the southern edge of the Forest at Tutshill from 1974 to 1983 and used the forest as a setting in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. Dick Whittington is a character in British pantomime, very loosely based on the real-life Richard Whittington. ... Sir Richard Whittington and his Cat Richard Whittington (c1350 — 1423), medieval merchant and politician, was the real-life inspiration for the pantomime character, Dick Whittington. ... Former Lord Mayor of London John Stuttard during the parade on November 11, 2006 Michael Berry Savory, Lord Mayor 2004–2005 The Right Honourable Lord Mayor of London is the Mayor of the City of London and head of the Corporation of London. ... Liber Amoris Dennis Christopher George Potter (17 May 1935—7 June 1994) was a controversial British dramatist who is best known for several widely acclaimed television dramas which mixed fantasy and reality, the personal and the social. ... Map sources for Coleford, Gloucestershire at grid reference SO5710 Coleford is a small market town in Gloucestershire, England in the west of the Forest of Dean which has a population of 79,974 (2001 census). ... The Singing Detective The Singing Detective was a 1986 BBC television miniseries, written by Dennis Potter and starring Michael Gambon. ... Karaoke was a television play written by Dennis Potter with the knowledge that he was dying from cancer of the pancreas. ... Cold Lazarus is a television play written by Dennis Potter shortly before his death, and broadcast after it in 1994. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... BBC Radio 1 (commonly referred to as just Radio 1) is a British national radio station operated by the BBC, specialising in popular music and speech and is aimed primarily at the 14-29[1] age group. ... BBC Radio 2 is one of the BBCs national radio stations and is by far the most popular station in the UK, reaching some 27% of the available audience in 2006[1]. It broadcasts throughout the UK on FM radio between 88 and 91 MHz from its studios in... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... Sir Jimmy Young (born probably September 21, 1921) is a well-known British disc jockey and radio interviewer. ... Location within the British Isles Cinderford is a small town in Gloucestershire, England, with a population of 8,116 people (2001 census). ... Britpop was a mid-1990s British alternative rock genre and movement. ... EMF is a British indie dance band which came to prominence at the end of the 1980s and the early 1990s. ... Joanne Jo Murray, née Rowling OBE (born 31 July 1965),[1] who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling,[2] is an English writer and author of the Harry Potter fantasy series. ... Tutshill is a small village within the parish of Tidenham in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England. ... “HP7” redirects here. ...


Notable villages and towns

Alvington is a village and civil parish in the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England, situated on the A48 road, six miles north-east of Chepstow in Wales. ... Berry Hill is a small village in Gloucestershire, England not far from the town of Coleford. ... Near Lydney, has a hill or two, a pub called the Cock Inn (Huh Huh)another called the Kings Head or Arm or something and maybe another one too. ... Bream is a sizeable village in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire. ... Cinderford is a small town in Gloucestershire, England, with a population of about 7,500 people. ... Clearwell is an ancient village in the Forest of Dean, where a Gothic castle still stands, also the mines here date back over 7,000 years to the mining of Ochre, then later the Romans mined their Iron here and it is world famous for arming the Roman army. ... Map sources for Coleford, Gloucestershire at grid reference SO5710 Coleford is a small market town in Gloucestershire, England in the west of the Forest of Dean which has a population of 79,974 (2001 census). ... Coalway is a village in the West Forest of Dean region of Gloucestershire, England, approximately one mile south-east of the town of Coleford. ... Drybrook is a village in the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England. ... English Bicknor is a village in Gloucestershire, England. ... Huntley, Gloucestershire, is a village on the A40 road 7 miles west of Gloucestershire in the north of the Forest of Dean. ... Joys Green is a village in the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England. ... Littledean (grid reference SO672130) is a village in Gloucestershire, England. ... Longhope is is a village in Gloucestershire, United Kingdom. ... Lydbrook is a civil parish in the Forest of Dean, a local government district in the English county of Gloucestershire. ... Lydney is a town in Gloucestershire, England, near the Forest of Dean. ... Milkwall is a village in the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England. ... Mitcheldean is a small town in the east of the Forest of Dean, in the county of Gloucestershire, England. ... Location within the British Isles Newent, Gloucestershire (originally called Noent) is a small Market town (population approx. ... Newland is a village in the Forest of Dean. ... Parkend is a village in the Royal Forest of DeanGloucestershire which has a history dating back to the early 1800s. ... Ruardean is a village in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, England, encompassing the settlements of Ruardean Hill and Ruardean Woodside, as well as the main high street. ... Ruspidge is a village in Gloucestershire, England. ... Soudley is a small but thriving village north of Lydney, Gloucestershire, England. ... St Briavels is a medium sized village and civil parish in the extreme west of Gloucestershire, on the border between England and Wales. ... Woolaston is an English village in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire in South West England. ... Yorkley is a village in Gloucestershire, England. ...

Places of interest

Cannop Ponds (grid reference SO608106) are two large ponds in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire. ... Clearwell Caves are iron ore mines within the Forest of Dean, now used primarily as a mining museum. ... The Dean Forest Railway is a 4. ... Dean Heritage Centre The Dean Heritage Centre is located in Soudley in the Forest of Dean, United Kingdom and records the social and industrial history of the area and its people. ... The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) is Europes largest wildlife conservation charity. ... It has been suggested that Reserve design be merged into this article or section. ... The Perrygrove Railway is a Minimum Gauge Railway running on 15 inch gauge track. ... Puzzlewood is an area of the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire which was used by the Romans for iron mining, using the method of shallow trenches to get at the iron ore. ... The Forest of Dean Sculpture Trail is a point of interest in the Forest of Dean in the county of Gloucestershire, England. ... The Speech House is the administrative building of the Forest of Dean in Gloucestershire, England, lying at the centre of the forest on the road from Coleford to Cinderford. ... Symonds Yat is a village and popular tourist destination which straddles the River Wye in England. ...

In the media

  • In 1998 the area was on national news as it was going through a bad heroin epidemic and several young people fatally overdosed within a short period of time.
  • Many TV and film projects have been filmed at Clearwell Caves, including the 2005 Christmas special of Doctor Who.
  • In 2006, Coleford's St. John's Street was featured in a newspaper/magazine advert for the new Renault Clio.
  • Scenes from the 2007 film Outlaw were filmed in Coleford.
  • The first and last episodes of the television series Primeval featured and were filmed in the Forest of Dean.
  • The novel Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows contains a passage that is set in the Forest of Dean.

Clearwell Caves are iron ore mines within the Forest of Dean, now used primarily as a mining museum. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... Amputee boxer Baxter Humby, as Spider-Man, throws a computer-generated punch through the chest of Sandman, portrayed by Thomas Haden Church 2007 has been referred to, by film and media critics, as the year of the threequels, a nickname referring to both the 2004 summer movie season and several... UK promotional movie poster for the film Outlaw, is a film by director Nick Love and Vertigo Films is due for release on 9th March 2007 and stars Sean Bean, Danny Dyer, Bob Hoskins, Lennie James, Rupert Friend and Sean Harris. ... Look up primeval on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “HP7” redirects here. ...

References

  1. ^ Samuel Lewis (1831). A Topographical Dictionary of England. S. Lewis & Co.. 

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
ancient forest of dean (4263 words)
The Forest originally included the whole of the picturesque hill country in the angle between the Severn and the Wye, extending to Gloucester on the W. and Ross and Newent on the N.; and was even thus simply a remnant of a tract of woodland of much wider area.
The men of the Forest were in request in the wars of the Edwards, as a sturdy and skilful race; and they displayed the same qualities whenever occasion required, though they had little to do with actual fighting within their own borders until the conflict between Charles and the Parliament.
This Forest of Dean is located partly in the grounds of the West Point Military Academy in Orange County, some 45 miles from New York and like the UK Forest of Dean, it is also the site of an iron mine.
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