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Encyclopedia > Forest Hills, Boston

Forest Hills is a part of the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ...

Contents

Overview

As the name indicates, Forest Hills is characterized by hilly terrain and wooded areas within and adjacent to its borders. In general, the area slopes upward from Hyde Park Ave and downward from Walk Hill Street. A hill in Hungary with a hillside vintage garden For the landform that extends less than 600 metres above the surrounding terrain and that is smaller than a mountain, see the mountain article. ... Eucalyptus Forest at Swifts Creek in East Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. ...


Forest Hills is primarily residential, although a number of small businesses (convenience store, tavern, martial arts studio, hairdresser, etc.) are clustered around the train station. Single family homes predominate, but triple deckers dominate other streets. Some streets have both one family and multi-family homes. Many of the later have "gone condo". Look up Business in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A convenience store is a small store or shop, generally accessible or local. ... A tavern is, loosely, a place of business where people gather to drink alcoholic beverages and, more than likely, also be served food, though not licenced to put up guests. ... A dojo is a term used in Japanese martial arts that refers to a formal training hall. ... A beauty salon is a place where people go to receive beauty treatments, and purchase beauty products. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Triple-decker apartment building in Cambridge, Massachusetts built in 1916 A row of triple-deckers in Cambridge, Massachusetts A three-decker (occassionally referred to as a triple-decker) is a three-story apartment building, usually of light-frame construction, where each floor consists of one apartment. ... A condominium, or condo for short, is a form of housing tenure. ...


Except for a few major thoroughfares, most of Forest Hills is characterized by curving, tree-lined streets laid out in irregular patterns indicative of how the area was thoughtfully transformed from country estates into a streetcar suburb. The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... A streetcar suburb is a community whose growth was mostly shaped by the coming of the electric streetcar or tram. ...


Although spaced relatively close together, homes are generally well-kept and many have lush gardens, interesting architectural details and so forth. A variety of home styles are represented including Arts & Crafts, Cape Cod, Colonial Revival, Queen Anne, Tudor Revival and Victorian.[1] A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ... Architectural style is a way of classifying architecture largely by morphological characteristics - in terms of form, techniques, materials, etc. ... Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ... A Cape Cod is a style of housing that originated in the New England area. ... The Colonial Revival was a nationalistic architectural style. ... The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... Ascott House, Buckinghamshire. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...


For much of 20th century, Forest Hills was an unmistakably White middle class section of Boston, with neither public housing nor areas of affluence. In the last generation, this area has become not only racially integrated, but has also undergone a degree of gentrification. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... White woman with red hair and blue eyes In the context of basic English usage, the term White people (also white race or whites) is used to denote ... a human group having light-coloured skin, especially of European ancestry. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... A local authority tower block in Cwmbrân, South Wales Public housing or project homes is a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... Wealth is an abundance of items of economic value, or the state of controlling or possessing such items, and encompasses money, real estate and personal property. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... Gentrification, or more specifically urban gentrification, is a process in which low-cost, physically deteriorated neighborhoods experience physical renovation and an increase in property values, along with an influx of wealthier residents who typically replace the prior residents. ...


These changes have been fueled, in part, by the close proximity of the Longwood Area, Museum School, Mass Art, and Northeastern, all of which can be reached by public transportation. Downtown Crossing and the Financial District are equally accessible, taking only a little longer to reach. Longwood Medical and Academic Area (also known as Longwood Medical Area, LMA, or just Longwood) is a section of Boston with a high density of hospitals, colleges, and biomedical research centers. ... The School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (also known as Museum School) is an undergraduate and graduate college located in Boston, Massachusetts and is dedicated to the visual arts. ... MassArt, August 2005 Massachusetts College of Art (also known as MassArt) is a publicly funded college of visual and applied art, founded in 1873. ... Northeastern University (NU) is a private research university in Boston, Massachusetts, in the New England region of the United States. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... The Financial District of Boston, Massachusetts, USA is located in the downtown area near Government Center and Chinatown. ...


Topics

Borders

Forest Hills is not an officially-designated area of the city nor have its borders been defined. Generally, "Forest Hills" refers to the area immediately surrounding the train station, plus the residential areas on the East side of Hyde Park Avenue extending perhaps as far as Cummings Highway or perhaps only as far as Walk Hill Street.[2]


More often, Forest Hills refers to a roughly triangular area laying between Hyde Park Avenue, American Legion Highway and Morton Street, except for those areas separated from the rest by the cemeteries.


This triangle is bisected by Walk Hill Street. The blocks South of Walk Hill Street were once regarded as the White City area of Jamaica Plain, Now they are regarded as the Woodbourne area. White City and Woodbourne are discussed in this article under their own headings.


Early History

The first European known to have settled in Forest Hills was Capt. Joseph Weld (ancestor of former Governor of Massachusetts William Weld), the youngest of three immigrant brothers from England and a veteran of the Pequot War of 1637. For his efforts in that conflict and subsequent negotiations, the leaders of Massachusetts Bay Colony awarded him 278 untamed acres in what is now the Forest Hills area of Jamaica Plain. World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... The Weld Family is an extended family of Boston Brahmin most remembered for the philanthropy of its members. ... John Hancock, the first Governor The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts is the executive magistrate of the United States Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... William Weld William Floyd Weld (born July 31, 1945) was the Republican Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1991 to 1997, resigning to pursue the ambassadorship to Mexico. ... Although human migration has existed for hundreds of thousands of years, immigration in the modern sense refers to movement of people from one nation-state to another, where they are not citizens. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... The Pequot War was an armed conflict in 1637 between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies, with American Indian allies (the Narragansett, and Mohegan Indians), against the Pequot Indians. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... A map of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. ...


His descendant Col. Eleazer Weld, one of seven Weld family members who fought in the American Revolutionary War, bequeathed some of his land to fellow patriot Benjamin Bussey. His combined acreage was subsequently willed to Harvard University and become the basis for Arnold Arboretum. The Weld Family is an extended family of Boston Brahmin most remembered for the philanthropy of its members. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Dutch Republic, Spain, American Indians Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ...


In 1845, the Welds sold a large piece of land that would later become the Woodbourne area to William Minot, a fellow Yankee farmer. As the New England economy shifted from an agricultural base to a mercantile base, the Welds divided their land into smaller parcels for elite Bostonian friends and relatives. Some lived here year round; for others it was a rural retreat from Boston’s summer heat and seasonal cholera outbreaks. 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The term Yankee refers to citizens of the United States, particularly northerners, especially those Americans from the Northeastern United States whose ancestors arrived from Britain before 1700. ... The states marked in red show New England. ... The age of sail is the period in which international trade and naval warfare were both dominated by sailing ships. ... Boston Brahmins, also called the First Families of Boston are a blue-blooded class of New Englanders who claim hereditary or cultural descent from the Anglo-Saxon Protestants who founded the city of Boston, Massachusetts and originally settled New England. ... Cholera is a water-borne disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae, which is typically ingested by drinking contaminated water, or by eating improperly cooked fish, especially shellfish. ...


The Weld family and families to whom they were connected -- especially Guild, Minot, Perkins, Olney, Peters and Rodman -- were associated with Jamaica Plain for generations. A number of local statesmen were drawn from these families, and many of them became wealthy or famous. The Weld Family is an extended family of Boston Brahmin most remembered for the philanthropy of its members. ...


Richard Olney built what might be the first tennis court in Boston on what is now Patten Street. George Minot won a Nobel Prize. William Fletcher Weld (whose mother was a Minot) left behind a $20 million dollar fortune. Stephen Minot Weld, Jr. and George H. Perkins were Civil War heroes. Andrew James Peters (who married a Minot), became Mayor of Boston. A previous incarnation of Perkins School for the Blind stood atop Wachusett Street. Richard Olney (September 15, 1835–April 8, 1917) was an American statesman. ... Empty tennis courts. ... George Richards Minot (December 2, 1885 in Boston, Massachusetts – February 25, 1950) won the 1934 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with William P. Murphy and George H. Whipple for their work in the study of anemia. ... Nobel Prize medal. ... Commodore George Hamilton Perkins (20 October 1836 - 28 October 1899) was an officer in the United States Navy during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Lincoln, President Ulysses S. Grant, General Jefferson Davis, President Robert E. Lee, General Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action... This is a list of Mayors of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Postcard image of school sign, Watertown Massachusetts The Perkins School for the Blind is a learning center for people who are blind, deafblind, or have multiple disabilities. ...


In the early 1900s, the arrival of public transportation brought increasing numbers of working-class people and rich Yankee families abandoned Forest Hills. Some returned to ancestral haunts on Beacon Hill or in Brookline. Others went farther south to Dedham or Westwood or even left the state entirely. // First flight by the Wright brothers, December 17, 1903. ... Beacon Hill is a name shared by many hills, suburbs, villages and other places around the world. ... Brookline is the name of several places in the United States of America: Brookline, Massachusetts Brookline, New Hampshire There is also Brooklin, Maine and a number of places named Brooklyn. ...   Nickname: Contentment Settled: 1635 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02026-02027 â€“ Area Code(s): / 781 Official website: http://www. ...   Westwood is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. ...


Forest Hills Station

View of the original Forest Hills Station (on the right) circa 1905
Enlarge
View of the original Forest Hills Station (on the right) circa 1905

Forest Hills Station is the Southern terminus of the MBTA Orange Line which runs from here, through Downtown Crossing, and to Malden on the North Shore. Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... Forest Hills Station is a station on the MBTA Orange Line, located in the southern part of Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts between the intersection of Washington Street and Hyde Park Avenue and the intersection of Center Street and South Street. ... The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the MBTA. It extends from Forest Hills in Jamaica Plain, Boston in the south to Oak Grove in Malden, Massachusetts in the north. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... Malden Auditorium in 1909   Settled: 1640 â€“ Incorporated: 1649 Zip Code(s): 02148 â€“ Area Code(s): 339 / 781 Official website: http://www. ... The North Shore is a region north of Boston, consisting chiefly of urban suburban communities of Essex County along Massachusetts Bay. ...


The lower level of the station is a depot-area for MBTA buses. The an area adjacent to the station is a depot for MBTA buses and trolleys. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is a quasi-governmental organization formed in 1964 that controls the subway, bus, commuter rail, and ferry systems in the Boston, Massachusetts area. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... This article refers to the mass transit vehicle running on rails. ...


This station created the impetus for development of the local area since the Boston & Providence Railroad opened in 1834. The local area got its name after the establishment of the eponymous cemetery in 1848; subsequently, that name was applied to the station. The Attleboro/Stoughton Line is a line of the MBTA Commuter Rail system running southwest from Boston, Massachusetts, USA. The main line was originally built by the Boston and Providence Railroad, and now carries service during the week between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island, and weekend service to South Attleboro. ...


The original Forest Hills Station was a large red brick structure built in the 1800s. In the early 1900s, the traditional tracks to the North were replaced with an elevated railway which lead into Boston and connected with the city's subway, the oldest in the nation.. Red Brick is a name given originally to the six civic British universities that were founded in the industrial cities of England in the Victorian era and achieved university status before World War II. The civic university movement started in 1851 with Owens College, Manchester (now the University of Manchester... Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1805 - 1815). ... Subway redirects here; for the restaurant named Subway, see Subway (restaurant). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The elevated track and the original station were torn down in the early 1980s. The station was replaced with the current, modern style station and clock tower designed by Cambridge Seven Associates and completed in 1987. The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ... Modernism is a trend of thought which affirms the power of human beings to make, improve and reshape their built and designed environment, with the aid of scientific knowledge, technology and practical experimentation, thus in its essence both progressive and optimistic. ... The clock tower of Einsiedeln Abbey A clock tower is a tower built with one or more (often four) easily-seen clock faces. ... Cambridge Seven Associates, Inc. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Monsignor William J. Casey Overpass (a.k.a. Morton Street overpass) stands just North of the Station.


Green Areas

Forest Hills is surrounded by the three finals "links" of the Emerald Necklace park system designed by Frederick Law Olmsted in the 1800s: Arnold Arboretum, Arborway and Franklin Park. While teaching on "Schoolmaster's Hill" in Franklin Park, Ralph Waldo Emerson boarded on Morton Street near present-day Forest Hills Station in the same house used by feminist Margaret Fuller.[3] The Emerald Necklace is a long string of parks in Boston, Massachusetts designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and maintained by the City of Boston and Town of Brookline. ... [[Imagesystem of public parks and parkways in Buffalo, New York, the countrys oldest state park, the Niagara Reservation in Niagara Falls, New York, Mount Royal Park in Montreal, the Emerald Necklace in Boston, Massachusetts, Cherokee Park (and the entire parks and parkway system) in Louisville, Kentucky, as well as... The Arnold Arboretum is one of the worlds finest research arboretums. ... The Arborway is one of the four parkways designed by Frederick Law Olmsted for Bostons Emerald Necklace park system: Fenway, Riverway, Jamaicaway, and Arborway. ... Franklin Park may refer to: Franklin Park, Illinois Franklin Park, Florida Franklin Park, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Margaret Fuller (1810-1850), Marchioness Ossoli. ...


There is a baseball field at the top of Wachusett Street which is bordered by trees and adjacent to the well-maintained Parkman Playground. There are also small, nameless patches of woodland, such as the one between Patten Street and Eldridge Road.


A large portion of Forest Hills is occupied by Forest Hills Cemetery, a 275-acre park and arboretum recognized as one of the finest 19th century rural cemeteries in the country and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Eugene O'Neill, e.e. cummings and William Lloyd Garrison are among the famous people buried here. The Forest Hills Cemetery (1848) in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (formerly in the city of Roxbury, now in the city of Boston) is an early suburban garden cemetery inspired by the Mount Auburn Cemetery. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... An arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and other woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study. ... The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ... Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel and Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... Edward Estlin Cummings (October 14, 1894 - September 3, 1962) was an American poet and writer. ... William Lloyd Garrison William Lloyd Garrison (December 12, 1805–May 24, 1879) was a prominent United States abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. ...


St. Michael’s Cemetery & Crematory (across Walk Hill Street from the Forest Hills Cemetery) is smaller but shares the garden-like quality of its larger neighbor. A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ...


Calvary Cemetery, Mt. Hope Cemetery and New Calvary Cemetery are also large in size but are more traditional (i.e. level and sparsely-wooded) burial grounds that lay on the opposite side of American Legion Highway. All these cemeteries forms "dead areas" that separate Forest Hills from the nearest sections of Mattapan and Roxbury.[4][5] Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Outcroppings of Roxbury puddingstone dot the landscape, both within the green areas and in unexpected locations, such as the immense lump of puddingstone on Wachusett Street across from the Parkman School. Roxbury Conglomerate in Savin Hill Park, Dorchester, Massachusetts. ... Puddingstone may refer to: Puddingstone (rock), a type of sedimentary rock Puddingstone Park, a park in Boston, Massachusetts Lake Puddingstone, a lake in Los Angeles County, California Category: ...


Hyde Park Ave

Hyde Park Avenue extends from Forest Hills Station out to Hyde Park. With two lanes of each side of its divide, it is the largest street in the area. A few businesses dot its length. The avenue (and the adjacent train tracks) form a border between Jamaica Plain and Roslindale.[6] Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Rail tracks. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ...


When Forest Hills Station was rebuilt, the City of Boston installed large, antique-style lampposts down the center of Hyde Park Ave. Still, with four lanes of traffic, a tiny car dealership, and train tracks running parallel to its Western side, this street lacks the charm possessed by many others in Jamaica Plain. A roadway light in front of a red sky at night A street light or street lamp, also known as a light standard or lamp standard, is a raised light on the edge of a road, turned on or lit at a certain time every night. ...


Parkman School

In 1896, the City of Boston acquired an acre of land from Andrew James Peters for a school designed by Charles B. Perkins to be placed at the corner of Wachusett Street and Walk Hill Street. The school was named after Francis Parkman, local scholar whose summer home overlooked Jamaica Pond. Perkins can mean: // People Last or surname Perkins Al Perkins (musician-guitarist) Anthony Perkins (actor) Bill Perkins several well-known people named Bill Perkins. ... Francis Parkman Francis Parkman (September 16, 1823 – November 8, 1893) was born in Boston, Massachusetts and died in Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Jamaica Pond, boathouse in distance, 2005 Jamaica Pond is a small kettlehole pond at the center of Jamaica Park, part of the Emerald Necklace of parks in Boston. ...


Francis Parkman School now houses two city educational programs: the Barton Assessment Center and The Young Achievers School, a city-wide pilot school dedicated to science and mathematics. The later program also occupies space in the Upham Church and school officials are considering expansion into one or more of the properties that comprise St. Andrew's.[7] Charter schools are publicly funded elementary or secondary schools that have been freed from some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools, in exchange for some type of accountability for producing certain results, which are set forth in each charter schools charter. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, known today as the father of geometry; shown here in a detail of The School of Athens by Raphael. ...


Seaver School

On the late 1920s, the City of Boston acquired land for a school to be built between Eldridge Road and Northbourne. The city leveled the parcel and built a huge concrete retaining wall in the rear. The red brick building was designed with a Georgian Revival style by John F. Cullen and completed in 1930. Side wings were added the following year. A Georgian house in Salisbury Georgian architecture at Royal Crescent, Bath, seen from a hot air balloon. ...


The school was eventually named after Edwin P. Seaver, Superintendent of Schools in Boston from 1880 to 1904. For much of the 20th century, this school provided education for grades K-8, Many local children attended kindergarten here, even those who would later attend St. Andrew's School from 1st grade and beyond. A kindergarten classroom in Afghanistan. ...


The Edwin P. Seaver building was sold by the city and turned into condominiums in 1983 by the Finch/Abbey Group and is now one of the largest residential buildings in Forest Hills. The former schoolyards serve as parking for residents.


St. Andrew's Parish

St. Andrew the Apostle Church was built by the Archdiocese of Boston in 1918. It stands on the corner of Walk Hills Street and Wachusett Street diagonally across from where the city built the Parkman School some two decades earlier. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the New England region of the United States. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


In 1942, St. Andrew the Apostle School was opened adjacent to the church. A convent next to the school housed the Sisters of Charity who staffed it. A rectory next to the church was home to four or more priests at a time. Eventually, a building directly across the street from St. Andrew's Church was purchased to serve as a "community hall." 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... The Sisters of Charity of Saint Elizabeth are a Roman Catholic apostolic congregation of pontifical right based in Convent Station, New Jersey, whose purpose is to show forth the love of Jesus Christ in serving those in need, especially the poor. ... The rectory is the title usually given to the building inhabited, or formerly inhabited, by the rector of a parish. ... Roman Catholic priests in traditional clerical clothing. ...


By the late 1940s, Forest Hills (on both sides of the Walk Hill Street divide) was predominantly Irish Catholic. Catholics of other ethnic groups (particularly Italians but also French, Poles, Portuguese, Scots and others) were also present but were collectively outnumbered by the Irish. The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... Irish Catholics are persons of predominantly Irish descent who adhere to the Roman Catholic faith. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ...


Although small numbers of non-Catholics remained in the area, for the second half of the 20th century, "Forest Hills" and "St. Andrew's Parish" were virtually synonymous. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


The 1970s busing crisis that erupted with violence in Boston neighborhoods such as Dorchester and South Boston had less visible effect in Jamaica Plain parishes such as St. Andrew's or its neighboring parent church St. Thomas Aquinas near Jamaica Plain Centre. Most White families in Jamaica Plain could afford to send their children to parochial schools, and did.[8] Desegregation busing, referred to as forced busing by opponents to desegregated schools in some areas, is the practice of remedying past racial discrimination in American public schools by busing children to specific schools in an effort to counteract discriminatory school construction and district assignments. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... South Boston is a heavily populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... A parochial school is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ...


During this time in which Forest Hills was mostly Irish-Catholic, two public schools operated within its borders: the Parkman and the Seaver. Students at these schools were mostly Black and Latino, reflecting the composition of Jamaica Plain as a whole. They travelled back and forth in yellow schoolbuses and there was little interaction between these schools and the all-White residents of the area. Male Kenyan This article describes competing perspectives on the word Black (and its equivalents in other languages) as applies to people, both at present and in historical contexts. ... This article deals with the use of the term Latino. ... A new 1973 Wayne Lifeguard school bus won in national contest for safety ideas is presented to winning driver from Goochland County Public Schools by Wayne dealer Jeff Davis at Virginia State Capitol A school bus is a bus used to transport schoolgirls and boys to and from school. ...


A thriving parish for much of the 1900s, St. Andrew's suffered a change at the end of the century. The surrounding area became increasingly heterogeneous, ethnically and culturally. Some locals resisted these changes and left the area in the process sometimes called "urban flight," further reducing the number the number of active parishners. Look up Heterogeneous in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The suburban colonization process is observed in larger cities that have suffered population and political power loss to suburbs. ...


Another strong factor in the decline of attendance and revenue at St. Andrew's was dissatisfaction with the Archdiocese in the wake of the Church sex scandal which came to light at this time. Forest Hills parishners had particular cause to feel betrayed. John J. Geoghan, one of the most notorious molesters among Catholic clergy, served at St. Andrew's from 1974 to 1980 and ran the altar boy program. Patrick McSorley, one of Geoghan's most visible accusers, was from this parish.[9] In the late 20th century, and early 21st, the Roman Catholic Church was confronted with a series of allegations of sexual abuse of children by Catholic priests (who are all male) and by members of the various religious orders (both male and female). ... John J. Geoghan (about 1935 - August 23, 2003) was a key figure in the Roman Catholic sex abuse cases that rocked the Boston Archdiocese in the 1990s and 2000s, and eventually led to the resignation of Bernard Cardinal Law on December 13, 2002. ... Clergy is the generic term used to describe the formal religious leadership within a given religion. ... An altar server is a lay assistant to a member of the clergy during a religious service. ...


St. Andrew's Church closed in 2000 although funeral masses are sometimes still held there. St. Andrew's School closed at the end of school year 2005. Students who had not yet graduated were given the option to attend Sacred Heart School in Roslindale.[10][11] Underwater funeral in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea A funeral is a ceremony marking a persons death. ... The word leitourgia is derived from the two Greek words, leos and ergon. Leos, meaning the people of God and Ergon meaning the work. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ...


Toll Gate Bridge

Before the trains were built in the 1830s, the area that is now Forest Hills Station was known as (the) Toll Gate.


The Norfolk and Bristol Turnpike was created in 1803, providing a main route between Boston and Providence, Rhode Island. The Hartford and Dedham Turnpike was chartered the following year, serving as a main road through to Hartford, Connecticut.[12] Washington Street is a street in Boston, Massachusetts and its extension southwest to the Massachusetts/Rhode Island border. ... Nickname: Beehive of Industry, The Renaissance City Location in Rhode Island Coordinates: Country United States State Rhode Island County Providence Mayor David N. Cicilline (D) Area    - City 20. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


At the facility that stood at what is now the MBTA station, carts and wagons from Roxbury and environs were weighed and charged a toll before being allowed onto the privately-owned turnpike. The turnpike became unprofitable and changed into a public road in 1857. In 1874, it was renamed Washington Street and it remains the one of the longest streets in the Commonwealth.[13]


Long after the train station had acquired the name "Forest Hills," its older identity was preserved in the name of the Toll Gate Bridge a metal footbridge that crossed the railroad tracks at the point where Walk Hill Street meets Hyde Park Ave. This structure was floored with wooden planks but had an over-all appearance not unlike an elongated birdcage, painted green.


The bridge was dismantled in the 1990s after Ukraine Way (nearer the station) provided a crossing point for both pedestrians and traffic. However, its large, concrete supporting pylons are still in place, along with remnants of the metal structure. Next to the pylons there is a small, neglected graveyard containing a few centuries-old graves and a monument to Irish-American war dead created in the 1980s and then seemingly forgotten. Germans dancing on the Berlin Wall in late 1989, the symbol of the cold war divide falls down as the world unites in the 1990s. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Look up Grave in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Population density of people born in Ireland, 1870; these were mostly Catholics; the older Scots Irish immigration is not shown. ...


Upham Church

Upham Memorial Church, a small Methodist church at the corner of Wachusett and Patten Streets, was completed in 1901. Previously, Forest Hills Methodist Society had been holding services in a rented hall in the Forest Hills area. Designed by James G. Hutchinson in a Tudor Revival style, this wooden church was buily with a corner tower and half-timbering. A later addition was added in 1925. Methodism or the Methodist movement is a group of historically related denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Hutchinson may refer to: // People Alain Hutchinson, Belgian politician. ...


As this area became increasingly Catholic after World War II, attendance dropped sharply. The church closed in 1969 and remained boarded up and unused until acquired by the Knights of Columbus in 1977. The K's of C added aluminum siding shortly thereafter, obscuring much of the architectural details of the original structure. Events December 11 - John I becomes Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... The Knights of Columbus is the worlds largest Catholic family, fraternal, service organization and is named in honor of Christopher Columbus. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


This building, along with the Parkman School, now houses The Young Achievers School, a city-wide pilot school that may expand into the buildings once used by St. Andrew's.[14]


Wachusett Street

Wachusett Street starts near the top of Walk Hill Street, peaks at Parkman Playground, then descends sharply through the intersection of Walk Hill Street (where St. Andrew’s Church and Parkman School are located). It continues downhill sharply, passes the former Upham Memorial Church, and levels off at Eldridge Road, It continues on even ground for a few blocks then curls to an end at Florian Street in the most distinctive part of the Woodbourne area.


Walk Hill Street

Francis Parkman School on Walk Hill Street looking South. The Upham Memorial Church on Wachusett Street can be seen in the background. Both structures were new at the time of this circa 1907 photo.
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Francis Parkman School on Walk Hill Street looking South. The Upham Memorial Church on Wachusett Street can be seen in the background. Both structures were new at the time of this circa 1907 photo.

Walk Hill Street is a major thoroughfare in the area and dates from the 1700s or before. Where the street begins at Hyde Park Ave there is a small cluster of businesses. From there, Walk Hill Street climbs towards the intersection of Wachusett Street where the Parkman School Building and St. Andrew's Church are located. Events and trends The Bonneville Slide blocks the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet (60 m) high. ...


From this intersection, Walk Hill Street levels out. The street continues West from its intersection with Wachusett Street and eventually crosses American Legion Highway and enters Mattapan and Roxbury. Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Much of the length of Walk Hill Street has cemeteries behind tall, wrought-iron fences on one or both sides of the street. A wrought iron railing in Troy, New York. ...


Some well-informed parties, such as the Jamaica Plain Neighborhood Council, have regarded the area North of this street as the Weld Hill section and the area South of it as the Woodbourne section.

House on Eldridge Road, two blocks from where White City Cleansers and White City Food Store once stood. The term "White City" has fallen into disuse and the area is once again known as Woodbourne.
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House on Eldridge Road, two blocks from where White City Cleansers and White City Food Store once stood. The term "White City" has fallen into disuse and the area is once again known as Woodbourne.

White City

In 1914, four apartment buildings covered with light stucco were erected on Hyde Park Ave far South of the train station. The complex was called "White City" in emulation of the World's Columbian Exposition a decade earlier.[15] Stucco is a material made of an aggregate, a binder, and water which is applied wet, and hardens when it dries. ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in the U.S. city of Chicago in 1893, to celebrate...


The name was later borrowed by the White City Food Store and the White City Cleansers (sic) on the corner of Hyde Park Ave and Eldridge Road, thus putting the "White City" name on two large signs visible even to those whizzing by on Hyde Park Ave. [16]


White City came to be regarded as its own section of Jamaica Plain, or (less frequently, as a subsection of Forest Hills). It's borders were seen as Walk Hill Street, Hyde Park Ave and St. Michael's Cemetery. The area now thought of as "Woodbourne" was contained within.


An anonymous Jamaica Plain Library chronicler in the 1930's describes Jamaica Plain of that time as follows:

Quite a number of colored families now reside in the less attractive area in the vicinity of the railroad tracks. There are now very few descendants of the original settlers in Jamaica Plain. The more prolific Irish Catholic families have replaced them in numbers as well as influence. The present population of approximately 19,000 is predominantly Catholic of Irish descent.[17]

The number of Black people near the station decreased later in the century but they were replaced by a few Asian American and Latino families. The area around and South of Walk Hill Street remained non-integrated with few scant exceptions (for example, one somewhat affluent Filipino family moved into the Woodbourne area in the late 1970s and sent their children to St. Andrew's School). Male Kenyan This article describes competing perspectives on the word Black (and its equivalents in other languages) as applies to people, both at present and in historical contexts. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... This article deals with the use of the term Latino. ...


The origins of the name "White City" having been forgotten by this time, the name had by now acquired a specific meaning in the context of racially-tense Boston. White City was the last essentially all-White area of Jamaica Plain (with the possible exception of the palatial homes lining the Jamaicaway). Houses up for sale in the area were listed as being in White City and sold for more money than those listed as Forest Hills. [18]


After the Woodbourne area was designated as historic and the area became integrated, Woodbourne replaced White City in conversation and realty listings. White City Cleansers was renamed around 2003; its sign was the last prominent reminder of the name that was once given to this section of Jamaica Plain. The name, and the racial connotations it coincidentally acquired, are largely forgetten.


Woodbourne

The Woodbourne National Historic Landmark District is a 30-acre parcel southwest of Forest Hills Cemetery, roughly bounded by Walk Hill Street, Goodway Street, and Wachusett Street. This area was developed into house lots in the early 1900s and Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. was responsible for some of its layout.[19] USS Constitution. ... // First flight by the Wright brothers, December 17, 1903. ... Federick Law Olmsted, Jr. ...


The "bourne" element in streets such as Southbourne and Bournedale is taken from Bourne Street, a road established around 1820. Bourne Street begins at Walk Hill Street across from Forest Hills Cemetery, meanders through a scenic residential area and St. Michael’s cemetery, then comes to an end at Canterbury Street and Mt. Hope Cemetery.


The most distinctive homes in this section are designed to resemble gabled English cottages and are situated around a common courtyard. While the means to flatten out this terrain was readily available, developers chose to retain the uneven character of the landscape. [20] The House of the Seven Gables, Salem, Massachusetts, showing four gables in this view. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... 19th century Cottages in the small hamlet of Crafton, Buckinghamshire In modern usage, a cottage is a dwelling, typically in a non-urban location (although there are cottage-style dwellings in cities). ... A court or courtyard is an enclosed area, often a space enclosed by a building that is open to the sky. ...


Since Woodbourne was designated as a landmark district a few years ago, homeowners and realtors almost invariably advertise homes there as belonging to the "Woodbourne area" rather than saying that they are in "Forest Hills". Nevertheless, this area was designed and advertised with the proximity of the train station in mind, was an integral part of the Roman Catholic parish of St. Andrew the Apostle, and was thought of as part of Forest Hills by its residents throughout the 20th century. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society
  2. ^ Even the borders of officially-designated neighborhoods within the city, such as Jamaica Plain and Roslindale, do not have defined borders and might be (for example) served by the post office of one neighborhood but be listed as part of another neighborhood by a realtor. For example

    "The Canterbury urban wild area southeast of the Forest Hills Cemetery between Canterbury Street and American Legion Highway has an ambiguous identity. Under various definitions, the Canterbury parcel is a part of Roslindale, Jamaica Plain, and Mattapan."
    ("Neighborhood boundaries", Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston)
    Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ... A USPS Truck at Night A U.S. Post Office sign The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the United States government organization responsible for providing postal service in the United States and is generally referred to as the post office. ... Realtor is a U.S. registered trademark that identifies a real estate professional who is a member of the National Association of Realtors (NAR) and subscribes to its Code of Ethics. ...

  3. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society
  4. ^ Rappaport Institute
  5. ^ The term "dead area" does not refer specifically to cemeteries. Rather, it is an civil engineering term that describes an area without residences, businesses or significant pedestrian traffic. One effect of this is that Franklin Park is usually discussed in the context of Mattapan and Roxbury rather than in the context of Jamaica Plain.
  6. ^ Ukraine Way (about a block South of Forest Hills Station) has/is the only bridge in Forest Hills that spans the train tracks and connects Hyde Park Ave and Washington Street, making these tracks one of the most certain and impenetrable barriers between Boston neighborhoods. It is notable that predominately Black and Hispanic housing projects stand on the Roslindale side of this divide. Prior to local integration, this lent a very specific connotation to the invidious phrase "wrong side of the tracks."
  7. ^ Jamaica Plain Gazette
  8. ^ Boston College professor emeritus Thomas H. O'Connor has discussed the economic class issues surrounding the busing crisis in several of his works (see bibliography). He notes that Boston's more financially-able "lace curtain Irish" resisted racial integration not through protests and riots, but by enrollment in parochial schools followed with enrollment in one of Greater Boston's many private Catholic prep schools.
  9. ^ Boston Globe
  10. ^ Boston Globe Obituaries
  11. ^ Boston Globe
  12. ^ Dedham Historical Society
  13. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society
  14. ^ Jamaica Plain Gazette
  15. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society
  16. ^ "Cleansers", pronounced "Cleaners", is still seen on signs in the Boston-area.
  17. ^ Guide to Jamaica Plain
  18. ^ Rappaport Institute
  19. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society
  20. ^ Jamaica Plain Historical Society

The Falkirk Wheel in Scotland. ... Franklin Park may refer to: Franklin Park, Illinois Franklin Park, Florida Franklin Park, Pennsylvania This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Male Kenyan This article describes competing perspectives on the word Black (and its equivalents in other languages) as applies to people, both at present and in historical contexts. ... The Hispanic world Hispanic (Spanish Hispano, from Latin Hispānus, adjective from Hispānia, Iberian Peninsula) is a term denoting a derivation from Spain, its people and culture. ... Public housing describes a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... This article is about Boston College; for the unaffiliated urban university see Boston University. ... Desegregation busing, referred to as forced busing by opponents to desegregated schools in some areas, is the practice of remedying past racial discrimination in American public schools by busing children to specific schools in an effort to counteract discriminatory school construction and district assignments. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... A parochial school (or faith school) is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ... Greater Boston is the area of Massachusetts closely surrounding Boston, Massachusetts. ... In the United States a preparatory school, or prep school, is usually a private secondary school (or high school) designed to prepare a student for higher education. ...

References

Bibliography

  • Bergeron, Ralph. Housing the Middle Class Man, Technical World 14, no. 2, April 1913
  • Boston Dwelling House Company. Woodbourne: A Real Estate Development of the Boston Dwelling House Company. Boston: Walton Advertising and Printing Co..
  • Boston American. "Scientific Model House Community", December 19,1911
  • Boston Herald. Articles (April 24, 1899; May 8, 1904; April 18, 1913; July 3, 6, 1913)
  • Candee, Richard and Greer Hardwicke. Early Twentieth Century Reform Housing by Kilham & Hopkins Architects of Boston, Winterthur Portfolio, Spring 1987, no. 1, vol. 22.
  • Channing, K.M. Minot Family Letters, 1773 -1871. Sherborn, Mass., 1957.
  • City of Boston. Inspectional Services Department. Building permits.
  • Croly, Herbert. "The Work of Kilham & Hopkins, Architects of Boston, Mass." Architectural Record 31, no. 2 (Feb. 1912).
  • Drake, Francis S. The Town of Roxbury. Boston: Alfred Mudge and Son, 1878.
  • Eggat, Gerald. Richard Olney, Evolution of a Statesman. 1847.
  • A Genealogical Record of the Minot Family in America and New England. Boston, 1897.
  • Heath, Richard. Summer House to Garden Suburb: A History of Woodbourne in the Forest Hills Section of Jamaica Plain, Boston, 1997.
  • O'Connor, Thomas H. Bibles, Brahmins, and Bosses: A Short History of Boston.Trustees of the Public Library of the City of Boston, 1984.
  • O'Connor, Thomas H. Boston Catholics: A History of the Church and Its People. Northeastern University Press, 2000.


Neighborhoods in Boston, Massachusetts

Allston/Brighton · Back Bay · Beacon Hill · Charlestown · Chinatown · Dorchester · Downtown Crossing · East Boston · Fenway-Kenmore · Government Center · Hyde Park · Jamaica Plain · Longwood · Mattapan · Mission Hill · North End · Roslindale · Roxbury · South Boston · South End · West Roxbury Houses on Louisburg Square, Beacon Hill. ... Allston is a section of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, located in the western part of the city. ... Brighton is a section of the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Prudential Center and John Hancock Tower with MIT and Cambridgeport across the Charles River. ... 2nd Harrison Gray Otis House, 85 Mount Vernon Street. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... The Beach Street gate into Bostons Chinatown. ... 1888 German map of Boston Harbor showing Dorchester in the lower left hand corner. ... Downtown Crossing is a shopping district in Boston, Massachusetts, located due south of the Boston Common and west of the Financial District. ... East Boston is a blue-collar neighborhood that is separated from the rest of the city of Boston by Boston Harbor and bordered by Winthrop, Revere, and the Chelsea Creek. ... Fenway-Kenmore is a neighborhood (sometimes thought of as two neighborhoods) in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Government Center is a city square and plaza in Boston, Massachusetts, bounded by Cambridge, Court, Congress, and Sudbury Streets. ... Hyde Park is the most southern neighborhood of the City of Boston, Massachusetts. ... Jamaica Plain, commonly known as JP, is a historic neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Longwood Medical and Academic Area (also known as Longwood Medical Area, LMA, or just Longwood) is a section of Boston with a high density of hospitals, colleges, and biomedical research centers. ... Mattapan is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image of the North End, Boston neighborhood. ... Roslindale is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, with the ZIP Code 02131. ... Roxbury is a neighborhood within Boston, Massachusetts. ... Mural in South Boston South Boston is a densely populated neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts, located south of the Fort Point Channel and abutting Dorchester Bay. ... The South End is a neighborhood in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Founded in 1630 (contemporaneously with Boston), West Roxbury, Massachusetts was originally part of the town of Roxbury and was mainly used as farmland. ...


 
 

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