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Encyclopedia > Forensic identification

Forensic identification is the application of forensic science and technology to identify specific objects from the traces they leave, often at a crime scene. Forensic science (often shortened to forensics) is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to the legal system. ... A crime scene is a location where an illegal act took place, and comprises the area from which most of the physical evidence is retrieved by forensic scientists. ...

Sometimes, manufacturers and film distributors may intentionally leave subtle forensic markings on their products to identify them in case of piracy or involvement in a crime. (Cf. watermark, digital watermark, steganography.) A fingerprint is an impression normally made by ink or contaminants transferred from the peaks of friction skin ridges to a relatively smooth surface such as a fingerprint card. ... Genetic fingerprinting or DNA testing is a technique to distinguish between individuals of the same species using only samples of their DNA. Its invention by Sir Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester was announced in 1985. ... Forensic odontology (also called Forensic Dentistry) deals with the proper handling, examination and evaluation of dental evidence, which will be then presented in the interest of justice. ... A facial recognition system is a computer-driven application for automatically identifying a person from a digital image. ... Gait analysis is the process of quantification and interpretation of human locomotion. ... Voice analysis is the study of speech sounds for purposes other than linguistic content, such as in speech recognition. ... At Disney World, biometric measurements are taken of the fingers of multi-day pass users to ensure that the pass is used by the same person from day to day. ... An assortment of modern handheld firearms using fixed ammunition, including military assault rifles, a sporting shotgun (fourth from bottom), and a tactical shotgun (third from bottom). ... A ballistic body is a body which is free to move, behave, and be modified in appearance, contour, or texture by ambient conditions, substances, or forces, as by the pressure of gases in a gun, by rifling in a barrel, by gravity, by temperature, or by air particles. ... .357 Magnum cartridges, containing bullets A bullet is a solid projectile propelled by a firearm and is normally made from metal (usually lead). ... A document contains information. ... Piece of paper Paper is a thin, flat material produced by the compression of fibers. ... An ink is a liquid containing various pigments and / or dyes used for colouring a surface to render an image or text. ... Mechanical desktop typewriters, such as this Underwood Five, were long time standards of government agencies, newsrooms, and sales offices. ... Paper shredder with wastebasket Paper shredding can be contracted out Paper shredders are used to cut paper into very fine strips or tiny paper chips. ... A small, much-used Xerox copier in a high school library. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Steganography is the art and science of writing hidden messages in such a way that no one apart from the intended recipient knows of the existence of the message; this is in contrast to cryptography, where the existence of the message itself is not disguised, but the content is obscured. ... A small, much-used Xerox copier in a high school library. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Banding is the procedure where rubber bands are tied around the veins which are bleeding, thereby cutting off the bleeding at those points. ... A social network is a map of the relationships between individuals, indicating the ways in which they are connected through various social familiarities ranging from casual acquaintance to close familial bonds. ... Network analysis is the analysis of networks through network theory (or more generally graph theory). ... A transceiver is a device that has a transmitter and a receiver which are combined. ... CCTV can stand for: China Central Television Closed-circuit television This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The system must be able to deal with different styles of licence plates Automatic number plate recognition (ANPR) is a mass surveillance method that uses optical character recognition on images to read the licence plates on vehicles. ... An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is a unique number that devices use in order to identify and communicate with each other on a computer network utilizing the Internet Protocol standard (IP). ... In computer networking a Media Access Control address (MAC address) is a unique identifier attached to most forms of networking equipment. ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ... A Film distributor is an independent company, a subsidiary company or occasionally an individual, which acts as the final agent between a film production company or some intermediary agent, and a film exhibitor, to the end of securing placement of the producers film on the exhibitors screen. ... This Crown & CA (for Crown Agent) watermark was standard for postage stamps of the British colonies from the 1880s to the 1920s. ... Digital watermarking is a technique which allows to add hidden copyright or other verification messages to digital audio, video, or image signals and documents. ... Steganography is the art and science of writing hidden messages in such a way that no one apart from the intended recipient knows of the existence of the message; this is in contrast to cryptography, where the existence of the message itself is not disguised, but the content is obscured. ...


See also

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that File wipe be merged into this article or section. ... Information Forensics is the science of investigation into systemic processes that produce information. ... Mass surveillance is the pervasive surveillance of an entire population, or a substantial fraction thereof. ... Privacy is the ability of an individual or group to keep their lives and personal affairs out of public view, or to stop information about themselves from becoming known to people other than those whom they choose to give the information. ... Surveillance is the monitoring of behavior. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mass Disaster Identification Issues (6781 words)
The overweighing of "genetic identification" perpetuates the delusion that DNA profiling is "100% certain" and is a substitute for exhausting all avenues of traditional investigation.
Forensic trained people should be in charge of forensic operations regardless of their position in an organization rank, or perceived station.
If the forensic dental section of an identification operation is properly staffed and managed by experienced dentists, it is possible to offer inexperienced personnel, adequately versed in forensic dental techniques and capabilities, the opportunity to learn from their peers in the field.
Forensic Identification (4228 words)
Identification of a person means knowing positively who a given person is. In medico-legal practice it may be necessary to identify living as well as dead individuals in a variety of situations.
The case of identification of SaddamÂ’s sons is that of identification of the dead.
The doctor usually records some identification marks in his report, and he can compare those identification marks with those of the given person to assure himself that he is the same person whom he examined.
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