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Encyclopedia > Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, due to its current unrecognized status internationally, has for most of its existence been dependent upon Turkey to facilitate its contacts with the outside world. The internationally-recognized Republic of Cyprus government has kept relatively intact since 1974 a political, cultural, economic, and sporting embargo of the TRNC. However, recent developments have begun to chip at the embargo. The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) (Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti [KKTC]) is a de facto state in the northern third of the island of Cyprus, in the eastern Mediterranean. ... This article is about the economic term. ...

TRNC National Flag



Since the 2004 referendum on the Annan Plan, the attiude of the international community towards the TRNC has begun to change. Azerbaijan has commenced direct air links with the TRNC (before this, all flights had to originate or stop off in Turkey first), the Organization of the Islamic Conference has upgraded the TRNC's status from a community to an observer-state, and delegations from various foreign governments (EU, USA) have been in direct contact with the TRNC Government, arriving in the TRNC without first going through the southern part of the island, and meeting the representatives in their ministries. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Annan Plan was a rejected United Nations proposal to bring about the reunification of the divided island nation of Cyprus as the United Cyprus Republic. ... The flag of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) is an inter-governmental organization with a Permanent Delegation to the United Nations. ...

Diplomatic representations

At the present time, only Turkey maintains a formal embassy in TRNC, while the TRNC has an embassy and consulates in Turkey. In various other countries, The TRNC has unofficial representative offices which serve as de facto embassies and consulates. Turkey represents TRNC interests in countries without such offices. In Northern Nicosia (the TRNC controlled northern half), both the British High Commissioner to Cyprus and the United States Ambassador to Cyprus have their formal residences, though since these residences had been in use since before 1963, it is not indicative of formal recognition of the TRNC from the United Kingdom or United States. A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... The term Consulate can refer to: the office or the period in office of a consul a diplomatic consulate the French Consulate which governed between 1799 and 1804 a brand of menthol cigarettes Consulate This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... The Representative Office of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus to the United States of America is the de facto embassy of the TRNC to the USA. Status As the United States does not officially recognize the TRNC as an independent country, the mission does not have formal diplomatic status... Nicosia, Cyprus Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia (Greek: Λευκωσία) or LefkoÅŸa (Turkish), population 177,410 (1992), 200,686 (2001), is the capital of Cyprus and of the unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... For other uses, see Ambassador (disambiguation). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Azerbaijan and the Gambia have recently announced their willingness to eventually formally recognize the TRNC. They so far have not followed through, but their informal contacts have increased. Also, diplomats from other countries have recently officially visited the Ankara Embassy of the TRNC to hold meetings with the TRNC Ambassador.

Foreign Minister

Serdar Denktaş (son of the former Turkish Cypriot President Rauf Denktas)is the TRNC Foreign Minister. He pursues a policy of raising international awareness of the TRNC, while strengthening the 'motherland' links with Turkey, which maintains 30,000 troops in the TRNC - obtensibly as a protection force against the Greek Cypriot South. When Denktaş visits OIC member countries, he is officially regarded as the "Foreign Minister of the Turkish Cypriot State" , which is a major upgrading of his status internationally. Denktaş portrays the TRNC as an independent, secular democracy and favors strengthening economic contacts internationally. Serdar DenktaÅŸ, Deputy PM and Foreign Minister of the TRNC Serdar Denktash (Serdar DenktaÅŸ) is the one surviving son of the NOV 1983 - APR 2005 President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (Rauf DenktaÅŸ). He currently serves as the TRNC Deputy Prime Minister and TRNC Minister of Foreign Affairs... Rauf R. Denktash Rauf Raif Denktash (in Turkish spelled Denktaş; born January 27, 1924) is a Turkish Cypriot political leader. ...


Southern Cyprus, EU, and UN

The internationally recognized Cypriot government refuses to give any official status to the Government of the TRNC, and actively disuades any other country from doing so. This is backed up by the United Nations. The Cypriot government regards the TRNC in such terms as: "illegitimate entity", "Turkish military occupied territory" and "a puppet state of Turkey". The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ... An occupied territory is a region that has been taken over by a sovereign power after a military intervention, see belligerent occupation. ... A puppet state is a state whose government, though notionally of the same culture as the governed people - owes its existence (or other major debt) to being installed, supported or controlled by a more powerful entity, typically a foreign power. ...

The TRNC President is referred to simply as the "Turkish Cypriot Leader" by the Cypriot government. (It is interesting to note that under the 1960 Constitution of Cyprus, the Leader of the Turkish Cypriots is regarded as the Vice-President of the Republic of Cyprus with wide veto powers, but this status is not acknowledged by the Cypriot government either). Due to this stance, the TRNC refuses any official recognition of the Cypriot Government, calling it the "Greek Cypriot Administation of Southern Cyprus". Turkey backs this position.

There have been some inter-Cypriot diplomatic successes recently however, the most recent being the opening of several checkpoints along the Green Line, allowing Greek and Turkish Cypriots to visit either side of the Green Line. Despite this, the negotiations have been complicated by the Greek Cypriots being admitted to the European Union under the name "Republic of Cyprus" in 2004. The TRNC views the EU accession as illegal as they had not been consulted (as the 1960 constitution stipulates), and that the Cypriot government does not represent the Turkish Cypriot populace. Legally, the EU regulations cover the whole island, but in practice, only the southern portion of the island enjoys the benefits of EU membership. The term Green Line can refer to a demarcation line and to a UK magazine. ...

The Cypriot government have used their EU position to veto promised aid packages from the EU to the TRNC, and are using their membership to add pressure on Turkey to end their support for the TRNC. This is being viewed in an increasingly negative way by the international community.


TRNC fully supports Turkey's bid to join the European Union. As part of this bid, Turkey recently signed a protocol extending its customs union to the new EU members, including Southern Cyprus, which Turkey does not recognise. Turkey made sure this was not tantamount to recognition with the inclusion of a declaration, stipulating their continued policy of non-recognition of the Greek Cypriot South until a settlement is found. A customs union is a free trade zone with a Common External Tariff. ...

In 2005, moves were made by TRNC to regulate Turkish migrants. This was in reaction to employment shortages and an increase in crime. Naturalized TRNC Citizens are persons granted TRNC Citizenship by the Government of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. ...


While the hard-line stance of the Republic of Cyprus has been the main source of the international isolation of the TRNC - and the attitude of the RoC Government is unlikely to end any time soon - this strategy has now started to attact sympathy for the Turkish Cypriot people. It is believed that with the continued chipping away of the embargo, the TRNC could end up with a political status similar to that of Republic of China (which has diplomatic relations with 25 states, but no barriers to trade, tourism, and sport and de facto relations with most countries in the world in the form of "economic and cultural" offices). Formal recognition would only be likely in the short to medium term from a handful of OIC nations. Most other nations would not follow suit while the relevent UN Security Council resolutions (550, 541) are still in force. National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... // International disputes The political status of the Republic of China on Taiwan is itself controversial and described in political status of Taiwan. ... The Taipei Economic and Cultural Office (TECO), sometimes known as Taipei Representative Offices, are de facto embassies and consulates of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in countries that do not have official relations with the ROC because of relations with the Peoples Republic of China, but have nevertheless established... A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ...

International Organizational Membership

TRNC is an observer-state member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.



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