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Encyclopedia > Foreign relations of Cyprus
Cyprus

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Cyprus
Cyprus coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... This entry is about politics of Cyprus, especially the island of Cyprus and the Republic of Cyprus. ...


See also: The Cyprus Dispute is the conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and also Republic of Cyprus and Turkey over Cyprus, an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... The two major communities of the de facto divided island nation of Cyprus held a referendum on settleing the Cyprus dispute on 24 April 2004. ... The President of Cyprus is the countrys head of state. ... Tassos Nikolaou Papadopoulos (Greek: Τάσσος Παπαδόπουλος) born January 7, 1934) is the president of The Republic of Cyprus since 2003. ... The House of Representatives (Vouli Antiprosópon/Temsilciler Meclisi) is the parliament of Cyprus. ... Political parties in Cyprus lists political parties in this country. ... Elections in Cyprus gives information on election and election results in Cyprus. ... The 2001 Parliamentary elections in Cyprus took place on 27th Mary Results ... The 2006 legislative election in Cyprus will take place on 21 May. ... The districts (επαρχίες) are the subnational subdivisions of Cyprus. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


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Cyprus has historically followed a non-aligned foreign policy, although it increasingly identifies with the West in its cultural affinities and trade patterns, and maintains close relations with Greece. Since 1974, Cyprus has been divided de facto into the internationally recognized southern two-thirds of the island and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus which controls the northern one-third of the island. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...


The prime originator of Cypriot non-alignment was Makarios III, the first President (1960-77) of the independent republic of Cyprus. Prior to independence, Makarios - by virtue of his post as Archbishop of Cyprus and head of the Cypriot Orthodox Church - was the Greek Cypriot Ethnarch, or de facto leader of the community. A highly influential figure well before independence, he participated in the 1955 Bandung Conference. After independence, Makarios took part in the 1961 founding meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement in Belgrade. Makarios (born Mihalis Christodoulou Mouskos, August 13, 1913—August 3, 1977) was archbishop and primate of the autocephalous Cypriot Orthodox Church (1950-1977) and first President of the Republic of Cyprus (1960-1977). ... The President of Cyprus is the countrys head of state. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... This is a list of Archbishops of the Autocephalous Greek Cypriot Orthodox Church since its foundation with known dates of enthronement: St. ... The ancient Church of Cyprus is one of the fourteen or fifteen independent (autocephalous) Eastern Orthodox churches, which are in communion and in doctrinal agreement with one another but not all subject to one patriarch. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The Bandung Conference was a meeting of Asian and African states, most of which were newly independent, organized by Egypt, Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon(Sri Lanka), India, and Pakistan. ... Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ...


Reasons for this neutrality may lie in the extreme pressures exerted on the infant Republic by its larger neighbours, Turkey and Greece. Intercommunal rivalries and movements for union with Greece or partial union with Turkey may have persuaded Makarios to steer clear of close affiliation with either side. In any case Cyprus became a high-profile member of the Non-Aligned Movement and retained its membership until its entry into the European Union in 2004. The Cyprus Dispute is the conflict between Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots and also Republic of Cyprus and Turkey over Cyprus, an island nation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. ... The word Ένωσις (enosis) is Greek for union. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Immediately after the 1974 Greek-sponsored coup d'etat and the Turkish invasion, Makarios secured international recognition of his administration as the legitimate government of the whole island. This was disputed only by Turkey, which currently recognises only the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, established in 1983. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... In 1974, a coup detat by Greek Army officers stationed on the Mediterranian island of Cyprus, tried to overthrow the then-President Makarios. ... Anthem: Ä°stiklâl Marşı  (Turkish) Independence March Capital Nicosia (LefkoÅŸa) Turkish Government Representative democratic republic[1]  - President Mehmet Ali Talat  - Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Sovereignty from Republic of Cyprus (de facto)   - Proclaimed November 15, 1983   - Recognition Only by Turkey and OIC  Area  - Total 3,355 km² (not ranked... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since the 1974 crisis, the chief aim of the foreign policy of the Republic of Cyprus has been to secure the withdrawal of Turkish forces and the reunification of the island under the most favourable constitutional and territorial settlement possible. This campaign has been pursued primarily through international forums such as the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement, and in recent years through the European Union. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Member states of the Non-Aligned Movement (2005). ...


Cyprus' 1990 application for full EU membership caused a storm in the Turkish Cypriot community, which argued that the move required their consent. Following the December 1997 EU Summit decisions on EU enlargement, accession negotiations began 31 March 1998. Cyprus joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. To fulfil its commitment as a member of the European Union, Cyprus finally withdrew from the Non-Aligned Movement on accession. This article is about the year. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... States colour-shaded according to entry (darkest being earliest) The European Union originally consisted of six member states. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Government of Cyprus enjoys close relations with Greece. Cyprus is expanding relations with Russia, Israel, and Syria, from which it purchases most of its oil. In the past it had some difficulty with both Israel and Egypt.


In the case of Israel, Cyprus has occasionally outwardly backed the Palestenians in the Arab-Israeli conflict, to the annoyance of some in the Israeli government. Cyprus, like over 100 other countries, officially recognizes Palestine as a de facto state. The island is also host to a number of Palestinian and Lebanese refugees. The expulsion of two alleged Israeli spies from the island in 1998 also caused tension between the two governments, who are now said to enjoy good relations. However, relations between the two countries suffered when Lila-Irene Klerides, the wife of then-President Glafkos Klerides, was declared Persona Non Grata in Israel after her attempt to meet with Yasser Arafat, who was under house arrest. Look up Persona non grata in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Egypt is a close ally, sharing as it does an oilfield with Cyprus. The relationship between the two countries was also strained in February 1973 when Cypriot National Guardsmen shot dead Egyptian Commandos at Larnaca Airport when the commandos attempted to intervene in a hostage situation. Larnaca International Airport (Greek: ) (IATA: LCA, ICAO: LCLK) is an international airport located at Larnaca, Cyprus. ...


Cyprus is a member of the United Nations and most of its agencies as well as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Council of Europe, and the Commonwealth of Nations. In addition, the country has signed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency Agreement (MIGA). The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Logo of the World Bank The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD, in Romance languages: BIRD), better known as the World Bank, is an international organization whose original mission was to finance the reconstruction of nations devastated by WWII. Now, its mission has expanded to fight poverty by means... The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that oversees the global financial system by observing exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering financial and technical assistance when requested. ... The Palace of Europe in Strasbourg European Flag: used by the Council of Europe and by the European Union The Council of Europe (French: Conseil de lEurope , German: Europarat /ˌɔɪ.ˈro. ... The Commonwealth of Nations (CN), usually known as the Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 53 independent sovereign states, the majority of which are former colonies of the United Kingdom. ... The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (typically abbreviated GATT) was originally created by the Bretton Woods Conference as part of a larger plan for economic recovery after World War II. The GATTs main purpose was to reduce barriers to international trade. ...


Disputes - international: The 1974 invasion of the Turkish army divided the island into two de facto autonomous areas, a Greek Cypriot area controlled by the internationally recognised Cypriot Government (59% of the island's land area) and a Turkish-Cypriot area (37% of the island) which declared UDI in 1983, that are separated by a United Nations buffer zone (4% of the island); there are two UK sovereign base areas mostly within the Greek Cypriot portion of the island. De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus(TRNC) {NOTE: the name is not accepted by UN} , in Turkish Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti, is a self-proclaimed state occupying the northern third of the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Declaration of Independence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Eight years after the Turkish Federative State of North Cyprus was proclaimed (in 1975), The UDI of North Cyprus was presented to the Northern Cypriot Parliament in North Nicosia by Turkish Cypriot... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... UN Buffer Zone on Cyprus The UN Buffer Zone on Cyprus is a 300 km (187 mile) separation barrier along the 1974 Green Line (or ceasefire line) between the self-proclaimed Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and the internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus. ... The UK Sovereign Base Areas are those British military base areas located in countries formerly ruled by the United Kingdom which were retained by it and not handed over when those countries attained independence. ...


Illicit drugs: Cyprus is a minor transit point for heroin and hashish via air routes and container traffic to Europe, especially from Lebanon and Turkey; some cocaine transits as well. The island has also been criticised for supposedly lax arms control legislation. Heroin, also known as diamorphine (BAN) or diacetylmorphine (INN), is a semi-synthetic opioid. ... Confiscated hashish from the United States Drug Enforcement Administration. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven continents of the Earth. ... Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ...

See also : Cyprus
Foreign relations of Northern Cyprus

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cyprus (07/05) (4683 words)
Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom and established a constitutional republic in 1960, after an anti-British campaign by the Greek Cypriot EOKA (National Organization of Cypriot Fighters), a guerrilla group that desired political union, or enosis, with Greece.
Cyprus is expanding relations with Russia, Israel, Egypt, and Syria, from which it purchases most of its oil.
Cyprus is a member of the United Nations and most of its agencies, as well as the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Council of Europe and the British Commonwealth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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