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Encyclopedia > Foreign Aid
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Development aid. (Discuss)

Foreign aid (also international aid or overseas aid) is a situation in which one country helps another country through some form of donation. The main recipients of foreign aid are developing countries (ie. "the Third World"), and the main contributors are developed countries (ie. "the First World"). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that Official Development Assistance, International development, Foreign aid, Aid, Tied aid, Aid effectiveness, Output-based aid be merged into this article or section. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: country In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical territory. ... A donation is a gift to a fund or cause, typically for charitable reasons. ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2003). ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (as of 2003). ... The terms First World, Second World, and Third World were used to divide the nations of Earth into three broad categories. ...


One major type of foreign aid, development aid, is aid given by developed countries to support economic development in developing countries. Humanitarian aid, on the other hand, is short-term foreign aid used to alleviate suffering caused by a humanitarian crisis such as genocide, famine, or a natural disaster. Finally, military aid is used to assist an ally in its defense efforts, or to assist a poor country in maintaining control over its own territory. It has been suggested that Official Development Assistance, International development, Foreign aid, Aid, Tied aid, Aid effectiveness, Output-based aid be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Humanitarian aid arriving by plane at Rinas Airport in Albania in the summer of 1999. ... A humanitarian crisis or (in the language of history) a humanitarian disaster is a health or otherwise natural disaster which mortally threatens a very large number of people. ... Genocide is defined by the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) Article 2 as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group, as such: Killing members of the group; Causing... A famine is a phenomenon in which a large percentage of the population of a region or country are so undernourished that death by starvation becomes increasingly common. ... A natural disaster is the consequence or effect of a hazardous event, occurring when human activities and a natural phenomenon (a physical event, such as a volcanic eruption, earthquake, landslide etc. ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Other types of foreign aid exist as well, although many could be considered to fall under one of the three categories listed above. Latin American countries, as well as countries on other parts of the world, receive a great deal of aid designed to help them fight drug trafficking and cultivation. Many countries receive military aid to help with counter-insurgency efforts, or to help them fight terrorism. Much of the aid to Africa is used to help combat diseases such as AIDS and malaria. The World Health Organization assists countries in keeping under control possible pandemics such as Avian Flu and (in the recent past) SARS. Other problems poor countries are assisted with include landmines, corruption, democratization, adjustment to trade liberalization, money laundering, and peace building. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events... Counter-insurgency is the combating of insurgency, by the government (or allies) of the territory in which the insurgency takes place. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... The Red Ribbon is a symbol for solidarity with HIV-positive people and those living with AIDS. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS or Aids) is a collection of symptoms and infections in humans resulting from the specific damage to the immune system caused by infection with... Red blood cell infected with Malaria, derived from mala aria (Medieval Italian for bad air) and formerly called ague or marsh fever in English, is an infectious disease which causes about 350-500 million infections with humans and approximately 1. ... The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations, acting as a coordinating authority on international public health, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. ... This article is about outbreaks of disease. ... Avian flu is any flu caused by a virus adapted to birds. ... Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is an atypical form of pneumonia. ... A landmine is a type of mine which is placed onto or into the ground and explodes when triggered by a vehicle or person. ... Democratization is the transition from authoritarian or semi-authoritarian systems to democratic political systems, where democratic systems are taken to be those approximating to universal suffrage, regular elections, a civil society, the rule of law, and an independent judiciary. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ... The peace process describes efforts by interested parties to effect a lasting solution to long-running conflicts, such as in Northern Ireland (see Belfast Agreement) or the Arab-Israeli conflict. ...


There has been some criticism of foreign aid. The von Mises Institute has pointed out that it can be route to reward multinational companies rather than the citizens of the country that it is supposed to help. Corruption in many third world nations leads to a portion of the aid money being siphoned off into private bank accounts. In addition, it can be a method of corruption at home. The money, once in the hands of corrupt dictators and off the stringent accounting books of most Western nations can then be kicked back to corrupt domestic politicians in a number of ways. And as an apparent act of charity it is also less politic to scrutinize such a transaction. Ludwig von Mises Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (September 29, 1881 – October 10, 1973) was a notable economist and a major influence on the modern libertarian movement. ...


See also

A conditionality in international development is a condition attached to a loan or to debt relief, typically by the International Monetary Fund or World Bank. ... Faith-based foreign aid refers to the contributions made to low income or impoverished countries motivated by religious reasons. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Foreign aid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (478 words)
Foreign aid (also international aid or overseas aid) is a situation in which one country helps another country through some form of donation.
One major type of foreign aid, development aid, is aid given by developed countries to support economic development in developing countries.
Humanitarian aid, on the other hand, is short-term foreign aid used to alleviate suffering caused by a humanitarian crisis such as genocide, famine, or a natural disaster.
Development aid - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1398 words)
Development aid (also development assistance, international aid, overseas aid or foreign aid) is aid given by developed countries to support the economic, sociological and political development of developing countries.
It is distinguished from humanitarian aid as being aimed at alleviating poverty in the long term, rather than alleviating suffering in the short term (Foreign aid, on the other hand, includes both development aid and humanitarian aid.
Aid effectiveness refers to the degree to which development aid works, and is a subject of significant disagreement.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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