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Encyclopedia > Ford Torino
Ford Torino
1970 Ford Torino Cobra SportsRoof
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production 1968–1976
Predecessor Ford Fairlane
Successor Ford LTD II
Class Intermediate
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door fastback
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Layout FR layout
Related Ford Elite
Ford Ranchero
Mercury Comet
Mercury Cougar
Mercury Cyclone
Mercury Montego
Similar Chevrolet Chevelle
Plymouth Satellite
Plymouth Road Runner

The Ford Torino was an intermediate sized car produced by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market between 1968 and 1976. The Torino was an intermediate car by American standards of the time, but would be considered quite large by modern day standards. It was initially an upscale version of the intermediate sized Ford Fairlane, which Ford produced between 1962 and 1970. After 1968 the Fairlane name was retained for the base models with lower levels of trim from those models which wore the Torino name. During this time, the Torino was considered a subseries to the Fairlane. By 1970 the Torino name had become the primary name for Ford's intermediate, and the Fairlane was now a subseries of the Torino. In 1971 the Fairlane name was dropped all together and all Ford intermediates were called Torinos. The car's name, "Torino," is the Italian name of the city of Turin, which is considered the Detroit of Italy. This name was one of several originally proposed for the Mustang while in development.[1] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 266 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a photograph taken by Michael Chiolero of his own vehicle and he granted permission for this photo to be used under... Automakers or automobile manufacturers are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker based on vehicle sales in 2005. ... 1955 Ford Fairlane Crown Victoria 1957 Ford Fairlane 1966 Ford Fairlane GTA 1997 Ford Fairlane Ghia The Ford Fairlane was an automobile model sold between 1955 and 1971 by the Ford Motor Company in North America. ... The Ford LTD II was a mid-size car built by the Ford Motor Company between 1977 and 1979 for the North American market. ... It has been suggested that Vehicle size class be merged into this article or section. ... A mid-size car, frequently referred to as an intermediate, is an automobile with a size between that of a compact and a full-size or standard-size car. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... Ford Elite. ... The Ford Ranchero was a car/pickup truck combination vehicle produced between 1957 and 1979 based on full-size, compact and intermediate automobiles by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market. ... 1960 promotional art used in Comet advertising The Mercury Comet was an automobile produced by the Mercury division of the Ford Motor Company between 1960 and 1977. ... The Mercury Cougar was an automobile sold under the Mercury brand of the Ford Motor Companys Lincoln-Mercury Division. ... 1971 Mercury Cyclone GT Engine: 351 2-bbl, 240 hp @ 4000 rpm Quantity built in 1971: 2,287 Factory price new: $3,681. ... There is also a British car called the Austin Montego. ... The Chevrolet Chevelle was a mid-sized automobile from Chevrolet debuting in 1964. ... The Plymouth Satellite was an automobile introduced in 1965 as the top model in Plymouths mid-size Belvedere line. ... 1969 Plymouth Road Runner 1970 Plymouth Road Runner with Hemi engine and Air Grabber retractable hood scoop Plymouth dealers gave away this promotional windbreaker in 1970. ... A mid-size car, frequently referred to as an intermediate, is an automobile with a size between that of a compact and a full-size or standard-size car. ... Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker based on vehicle sales in 2005. ... 1955 Ford Fairlane Crown Victoria 1957 Ford Fairlane 1966 Ford Fairlane GTA 1997 Ford Fairlane Ghia The Ford Fairlane was an automobile model sold between 1955 and 1971 by the Ford Motor Company in North America. ... “Torino” redirects here. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... The Ford Mustang is an automobile produced by the Ford Motor Company, originally based on the Ford Falcon compact. ...


Most Torinos were conventional cars, and generally the most popular models were the 4-door sedans and 4-door hardtops. However, Ford produced some high performance versions of the Torino by fitting them with large powerful engines, such as the 428 CID and 429 CID "Cobra-Jet" engines. These cars are classified as muscle cars. Ford also chose the Torino as the base for its NASCAR entrants, and it has a highly successful racing hertiage. A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... The Pontiac GTO is a classic example of the muscle car. ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ...

Contents

1968 - 1969: The Upscale Fairlane

1968

1968 Ford Fairlane/Torino
1968 Ford Torino GT Pace Car
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
2-door fastback
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 200 CID I-6
289 CID Windsor V8
302 CID Windsor V8
390 CID FE V8
427 CID FE V8
428 CID FE V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 116"
113" (wagon)
Length 201"
203.9" (wagon)
Width 74.6"
Front track 58.8"
Rear track 58.5"
Curb weight 2932 lbs - 3514 lbs*
*Shipping weight

In 1968 the Ford Motor Company introduced its intermediate line with a new body and new styling. Along with the new body and styling came the new upscale series "Torino." The Fairlane name continued to be used for lower level models, and the Torino was considered a sub-series to the Fairlane during this time. The 1968 Fairlane and Torino used the same wheelbases as its 1967 predecessor---116" on 2 and 4-door models, and 113" for station wagon models. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x290, 56 KB) Ford Press Release Photo for 1968 Torino Pace Car Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image of than other motor vehicles. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ...


Styling was all new for the 1968 Fairlane/Torino, and it was drastically changed from the 1967 models. The new intermediate had grown in size and weight, and a new fastback model was added. The front fascia featured a full width recessed grille, with horizontal quad headlights placed at the outer edges. Horizontal dividing bars were featured in the grille depending on the model. Parking lights were placed at the outer edge of the front fenders and wrapped around the corner to also act as side marker lights (a new requirement in 1968). The body sides were smooth with one horizontal body crease running just below the beltline from front to back. The taillights were rectangular in shape and vertically situated in the rear panel above the rear bumper. Reverse lights were located in the middle of the taillights, and small side marker lights were located on the rear edge of the quarter panel. Fastback models, which Ford called "SportsRoof," featured a slightly concaved rear taillight panel unique to that body style. The new SportsRoof body style featured a gently sloped long roof line that extended to the edge of the trunk lid. This new fastback body style gave the Fairlane and the Torino excellent aerodynamics that would later prove to be advantageous on the race track.


Ford had 14 different models for its intermediate line for 1968. The base model was the "Fairlane", which was available in a 2-door hardtop, a 4-door sedan, and a 4-door station wagon. Next was the mid level "Fairlane 500", which was available as a 2-door hardtop, SportsRoof and convertible, and a 4-door sedan and station wagon. This was followed by the top level "Torino" series, which consisted of a 2-door hardtop and convertible, and a 4-door sedan and the Squire station wagon that featured wood grained applique. Finally, the "Torino GT", the sporty version of the Fairlane 500 series, included a 2-door hardtop, SportsRoof and convertible.


The Fairlane/Torino continued to be constructed with unit-construction like the 1967 models. The new car conituned to use the same suspension as 1967 models, which was coil springs pivot mounted on an upper control arm and a strut stabilized lower control arms in front, with long semi-elliptical leaf springs on a solid axle in rear. A heavy duty suspension option was available for V8 powered cars, and included extra heavy duty springs and shocks. Steering was recirculating ball system, with power steering optional. All cars came standard with four wheel drum brakes, although front disc brakes and power assist were an options. Monocoque (French for single shell) is a construction technique that uses the external skin of an object to support some or most of the load on the structure. ...

1968 Ford Torino interior
1968 Ford Torino interior

The interior on the Fairlane/Torino was all new for 1968. A new dashboard featured four equally sized round pods centred around the steering wheel. However, the pods did not contain a full set of gauges; rather an assortment of warning lights along with the speedometer and fuel gauge. The fuel gauge and temperature warning lights were in the first pod, a 120 MPH speedometer was located in the second pod from the left, alternator and oil pressure warning lights were in the third pod from the left and the forth pod was blank. An optional tachometer was available, which would be located in the third pod, and an optional clock occupied the forth pod. Ford offered many upholstery options, including a knitted vinyl option, called "comfortweave." This unique option allowed the vinyl to "breathe" unlike conventional vinyl, offering more comfort in hot weather. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

1968 Ford Torino 2-door hardtop
1968 Ford Torino 2-door hardtop

Ford had quite a variety of engine options for its intermediate line. All models came standard with a 200 CID I-6 engine, except for the Torino GT models, which came standard with a 302-2V small block V8. Available engines included a 289-2V small block V8, a 302-2V (for all models other than the GT), a 390-2V FE engine, and a 390-4V FE engine. A 427-4V FE engine was initially listed as an engine option for 1968, but was later removed and no Fairlanes or Torinos were actually produced with this engine during 1968. Introduced on April 1, 1968, the 428-4V CJ (Cobra-Jet) FE engine became available as an engine option, but due to its mid-year introduction these engines are very rare. The 428-4V Cobra-Jet was by far the most potent engine available, but was said to be under-rated at 335hp.[2] The cars equipped with the 428 Cobra Jets had emblems borrowed from the full-sized Fords (a red-and-chrome badge reading "428") mounted on the fenders behind the parking lamps. All models came standard with a three-speed manual transmission, while the Cruise-O-Matic and four-speed manual transmissions were options. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ...


The Torino model featured full colour-keyed carpeting, additional exterior and interior trim, and Torino crests on the 'C' pillar. The Torino GT's standard features included bucket seats and a console, special name plaques and exterior trim, GT markings on wheel covers, and courtesy lights on the inside door panels. The Torino GT was also available with a GT handling suspension package, which included extra heavy duty springs and shocks, and a heavy duty front anti-sway bar. Four-speed equipped cars had staggared rear shocks which help resist axle hop. GT's were available with a unique stripe option, which started as a 'C' shape at the edge of the front fender, and two body stripes extended the length of the car.

1968 Ford Torino GT SportsRoof
1968 Ford Torino GT SportsRoof

Although there were faster cars for 1968, the Torino GT when equipped properly offered an excellent combination of power and handling. In Car Life magazine's test of a 1968 Torino GT SportsRoof equipped with a 390-4V, C-6, and 3.25:1 axle, they recored a 0 - 60 mph time of 7.7 seconds, and the quarter mile time of 15.8 seconds at 90 MPH. Motor Trend magazine wrote "Putting the car through quick and/or tight corners isn't a matter of practiced art - it's more like second nature for the GT" in their test of a 1968 Torino GT. Car and Driver magazine tested a 1968 Ford Torino GT equipped with the 428 CJ with Ram Air induction, C-6 Cruise-O-Matic, and 3.91:1 gears and recorded a quarter mile time of 14.2 seconds at 98.9 MPH. Car and Driver wrote the Torino had "a 1-2 shift that broke the Wide-Ovals loose for at least a length. With a price tag of $306 for the Cobra-Jet option, Ford lovers have a reason to rejoice." Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


As previously mentioned, station wagons came in three different models: "Fairlane", "Fairlane 500", and "Torino Squire." All wagons came equipped with Ford's "Magic Doorgate" three-way tailgate, and were available with an optional rear facing third seat which increased the car's carrying capacity from 6 to 8 people. Torino Squire models came standard with simulated woodgrain side panels, and had the more refined trim and upholstry of the Torino sedans. Unique station wagon options included a chrome roof rack and a power rear window.


The Torino was a successful model for 1968, and 172,083 units were produced. Including the Fairlane production, 371,787 cars were produced.[3] The Torino was well received by the automotive press and a 1968 Torino GT convertible was selected as the 1968 Indianapolis 500 pace car. Indy 500 redirects here. ... The Indianapolis 500 auto race has used a pace car since 1911. ...


1969

1969 Ford Fairlane/Torino
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
2-door fastback
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 250 CID I-6
302 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Windsor V8
390 CID FE V8
428 CID FE V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 116"
113" (wagon)
Length 201"
203.9" (wagon)
206" (Talladega)
Width 74.6"
Front track 58.8"
Rear track 58.5"
Curb weight 3010 lbs - 3556 lbs*
*Shipping weight

The 1969 Fairlane/Torino saw few cosmetic changes, but there were quite a few performance oriented changes. Ford performed the typical minor styling adjustments, but overall the 1969 models were very similar to the 1968 models. The grille was revised slightly, and now had a more prominent centre dividing bar, while the taillights were more square in shape than the 1968 units. All models above the Fairlane, had a aluminium dividing bar that ran across the rear panel, between the taillights and inline with the reverse lights on SportsRoof models. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1296x976, 840 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... The Ford FE engine was a Ford V8 engine used in vehicles sold in the North American market between 1958 and 1976. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ...


The number of models produced by Ford increase for 1969, from 14 to 16. All other models were the same as 1968, with the two new models being the "Cobra" 2-door SportsRoof and 2-door hardtop. Most automotive literature list these models as "Torino Cobra", with the Cobra being a sub-series to the Torino, although there is some debate about the true name of the vehicle. Most of Ford's literature at the time only used the name "Cobra" without Torino or Fairlane attached. However, the Cobra has the same body code as a Fairlane 500, so some refer to these cars as the "Fairlane Cobra". The car itself did not have any Fairlane or Torino nameplates on its exterior or interior, although 1969 NASCAR entrants were labeled "Torino Cobras." For the purpose of this article, "Cobra" will be used, as Ford marketed the car as such in 1969 without Fairlane of Torino attached. The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ...


The engine line-up was slightly revised for 1969. All models, except Torino GTs and Cobras, came standard with a new larger 250 CID I-6 engine. The larger displacement produced more power and torque than the 200 CID engine. Optional engines included the 302-2V (standard on GTs), the new for 1969 351-2V Windsor, 351-4V Windsor, 390-4V, and the 428-4V Cobra Jet (standard on Cobras). The 428 CJ was available with or with out the Ram Air Induction package, however, those with Ram Air still carried the same advertised horsepower rating. The 428 CJ without Ram Air, came with the following items: 80 Amp Heavy Duty battery, 3.25:1 open differential, heavy duty cooling package, 55 Amp alternator, chrome valve covers and dual exhaust. The Ram Air 428 CJ included all of the above, but had a 3.50:1 open differential, and the functional hood scoop. With Ram Air, "428 Cobra Jet" emblems were placed on each side of the hood scoop; without Ram Air, "428" emblems were placed on the front fender. The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ...


The 428 CJ was not the top engine choice for 1969, and the ultimate engine option was the 428-4V Super Cobra Jet (SCJ). This engine was specifically designed for drag racing, and the option package was referred to as the "Drag Pack." This engine option could be ordered with the non-Ram Air, or the Ram Air 428-4V. Included with 428 SCJ were forged pistons, hardened steel cast crankshaft, stronger connecting rods, an engine oil cooler, and either a 3.91:1 or 4.30:1 with a Detroit Locker in the 9" rear axle. The Detroit Locker and the oil cooler were industry exclusives to Ford. This package did not change Ford's advertised horsepower rating of 335 hp.

1969 Ford Cobra 2-door hardtop and 2-door SportsRoof
1969 Ford Cobra 2-door hardtop and 2-door SportsRoof

The Cobra was an exciting new car, and was a serious muscle car package. The Cobra came standard with a 428-4V CJ, competition suspension, 4-speed manual transmission and F70-14 tires. The car also included a blacked out grille, hood lock pins, and "Cobra" emblems. Early Cobras had a large "Cobra" decal on the front fenders, but this was later replaced with a metal emblem. The Cobra was Ford's response to the successful Plymouth Road Runner, which was a high performance car at low cost. For this reason, the Cobra had the lesser trim level of the Fairlane 500 to help keep costs low. Road Test magazine wrote the "big engine and whopping torque get the Cobra Jet off the line with smoking tires" in their test of a 1969 Cobra with the Ram Air 428 CJ, 4-speed and 3.50 gears. They obtained a 15.07 seconds at 95.74 MPH quarter mile run, however this was likely hampered due to the car not being equipped with a tachometer. They also reported difficulty with the factory shifter and stated "we would have liked a Hurst shifter, and might have bettered our times with one." Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Pontiac GTO is a classic example of the muscle car. ... 1969 Plymouth Road Runner 1970 Plymouth Road Runner with Hemi engine and Air Grabber retractable hood scoop Plymouth dealers gave away this promotional windbreaker in 1970. ...


The Torino GT relatively unchanged from 1968, and continued to come standard with a 302-2V engine. The grille received minor updates, including revised divider bars and a the GT emblem moved to the lower left corner of the grille. The 'C' stripe was revised, and now ran in straight lines, rather than following the body line like in 1968. All 1969 Torino GT's came equipped a non-functional fibreglass hood scoop that had turn signal indicators at the rear of the scoop (this was optional on non-Ram Air Cobras). This scoop became functional if the 428-4V with Ram Air induction was specified. The hood scoop could also be deleted from the GT for a credit. Although the Torino GT could easily be optioned to include all of the Cobra's performance features, the GT was a more upscale vehicle and had the more refined Torino trim. The Torino GT was marketed more towards the "luxury performance" market.

1969 Ford Torino Talladega
1969 Ford Torino Talladega

Ford added one more special high performance vehicle to its intermediate line-up, the Torino Talladega. This special edition car was made specifically for NASCAR racing and was made in response to the aerodynamic Dodge Charger 500. The Torino Talladega featured a new front fascia, that extended the length of the car by approximately 5". This new front end extension, allowed Ford engineers to taper the front end to improve aerodynamics. The grille, which was normally recessed was made to be flush fitting, and the smoother rear bumper was reworked to fit the front. The rocker panels were rolled, which allow NASCAR teams to lower their race Talladegas 1" lower legally. The Talladega came only in the SportsRoof body style, and in three colours: Wimbledon White, Royal Maroon, and Presidential blue. All featured a flat black hood, and a unique beltline pin stripe. The Talladega came standard with a 428 CJ (non-Ram Air), C-6 Cruise-O-Matic, staggered rear shocks (normally reserved for 4-speed cars) and 3.25:1 open differential. The Talladega came standard with a cloth and vinyl bench seat, and interestingly enough also used the Fairlane 500 body code like the Cobra. Talladega's could not be ordered with additional options, and only 743 Talladega's were produced.[4] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Ford Torino Talladega was a car produced by the Ford Motor Company during 1969 only. ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... There have been a number of vehicles bearing the Charger nameplate, but the name has generally denoted a performance model in the Dodge range. ...

1969 Ford Torino Squire Wagon
1969 Ford Torino Squire Wagon

Ford Torino production decreased for 1969, and a total of 129,054 units were produced. Including Fairlane production, 366,911 cars were produced, slightly down from the 1968 numbers. Torino GT's were the majority of Torino's produced, accounting for 81,822 units produced. Ford did not provide separate production number for the Cobra, so exact production numbers are unavailable for that model.[3] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 226 pixel Image in higher resolution (852 × 241 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 226 pixel Image in higher resolution (852 × 241 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image...





1970 - 1971: The Torino Take Over

1970

1970 Ford Fairlane/Torino
1970 Ford Torino Brougham 4-door hardtop
Body style(s) 2-door sedan
2-door hardtop
2-door fastback
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 250 CID I-6
302 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Cleveland V8
429 CID 385 Series V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 117"
114" (wagon)
Length 206.2"
209" (wagon)
Width 76.4" (4-door)
76.7" (2-door)
75.4" (wagon)
Front track 60.5"
Rear track 60.0"
Curb weight 3116 lbs - 3774 lbs*
*Shipping weight

The 1970 model year brought about a completely new body for the Torino/Fairlane line. The new car featured a more prominent long hood short deck styling, and was longer lower and wider than the 1969 models. The roofline was lower, while all models now featured a much less formal roof line than previous years. The windshield rake was increased, and the SportsRoof models had an even flatter fastback roofline. The overall styling appeared much more aerodynamic than years previous, and featured a pointed front end. The grille covered the full width of the front fascia, and surrounded the quad headlights. The front fender line gracefully extended to front door, sloping downward and gradually disappearing in the quarter panel. Both front and rear bumpers were slim tight fitting chromed units, that carefully followed the body lines. The taillights were situated in the rear panel above the bumper, and were now long rectangular units with rounded outer edges. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1593x786, 482 KB) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image of than other motor vehicles. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ...


The model line-up for 1970 was quite extensive, initially featuring 13 models. The Torino now became the primary model and the Fairlane was a sub-series of Torino. The base model was the "Fairlane 500", which was available in a 2-door hardtop, 4-door sedan, and 4-door wagon. Next was the mid-level "Torino", which was available as a 2-door and 4-door hardtop, and a 4-door sedan and station wagon. The 4-door hardtop was a new body style for the 1970 model year. The "Torino Brougham" was the top trim level, and was available as a 2-door and 4-door hardtop, and a 4-door station wagon. The sporty "Torino GT" was available as a 2-door SportsRoof and convertible. Finally, the top performance model, the "Torino Cobra" was available as a 2-door SportsRoof only.


Too add this extensive line-up, in mid year 1970, the Falcon name was adopted for a new entry-level intermediate. The Ford Falcon compact model sold poorly for 1970 with the introduction of the new Ford Maverick, and so the old Falcon was dropped, and the name was adopted by the intermediate line. The 1970 ½ Falcon was available as a 2-door and 4-door sedan, and 4-door station wagon. This was the lowest priced intermediate, and had even less standard features than the Fairlane 500. The Falcon was the only intermediate that featured a rubber floor instead of carpet, and was the only model that featured a pillared 2-door sedan. Also introduced mid-year was a Torino 2-door Sportsroof model, which was marketed as a low price alternative to the GT. With the above mid-year additions, the Ford intermediate line-up consisted of 17 separate models. The 1960 Frontenac, which was essentially a rebadged Falcon for the Canadian market. ... Ford has used the Maverick name on four completely different automobiles in the last three decades. ...


The new body for 1970 added inches and pounds to the Torino. All cars grew by about 5" in length, and now rode on a 117" wheelbase (station wagons used a 114" wheelbase). The wheel track was widened, to help the Torino improve its road holding abilities. Although the track was widened, the suspension remained unchanged from the 1969 models. Weight was up for most models by at least 100 lbs for most models. The competition suspension and heavy duty suspension packages remained as options. The competition suspension package featured extra heavy duty front and rear springs (500 lbs per inch front, and 210 pounds per inch rear), Gabriel shocks (rear shocks staggered on 4-speed cars), and a large 0.95" front sway bar (0.75" standard on other suspensions). In a 1970 Motor Trend test of a Torino Cobra, Motor Trend described the competition suspension as "completely different: The car goes through tight turns in a confidence-inspiring controlled slide. It's all very smooth and unusual."

1970 Ford Torino initial 13 model line-up for 1970 which would be later expanded to 17 models
1970 Ford Torino initial 13 model line-up for 1970 which would be later expanded to 17 models

The engine line-up received major changes, and only the 250 CID I-6, 302-2V and the 351W-2V were carried over from 1969. Most models continued to feature the 250 CID I-6 as the standard engine. Optional engines included the 302-2V (standard on GT and Brougham models), 351W-2V, the new 351 Cleveland available with a 2 or 4 barrel carburetor, and the new 429-4V 385 Series V8 (standard on the Cobra models). It should be noted that selecting the 351-2V on the option list could have resulted in the buyer receiving either the 351W-2V or the 351C-2V; both shared the same horsepower rating and VIN code. The 429-4V was available in three different versions. The first was the 429 Thunder Jet, the standard engine for the Cobra, rated at 360hp. Next was the 429 CJ (Cobra Jet), rated at 370hp, which included a 2-bolt main block, hydraulic lifters, a 700 CFM Rochester Quadrajet carburetor. and was available with or without Ram Air. The top 429 option was the 429 SCJ (Super Cobra Jet), rated a 375 hp, and was part of the "Drag Pack" option. Selecting the "Drag Pack" option turned a 429 CJ into a 429 SCJ. The drag pack required either the 3.91:1 or the 4.30:1 axle ratio, and included a 4-bolt main engine block, forged pistons, 780 CFM Holley carburetor, engine oil cooler, and a solid lifter cam. The "Detroit Locker" rear differential was part of the "Drag Pack" option when the 4.30:1 axle was ordered while the "Traction-Lock" limited-slip differential was included with the 3.91:1 axle. The 429 SCJ was available with or without Ram Air induction both versions sharing the same horsepower ratings. Ram Air Induction was also optional on the 351C-4V. The Ram Air option was revised to include a new "shaker hood" where the scoop was attached to the top of the air cleaner assembly, and protruded through a hole in the hood. The 'shaker' nickname came from the fact that it vibrated, or 'shook', when the engine was running. A 3-speed transmission was standard on all models except the Cobra. The Cruise-O-Matic and 4-speed transmissions remained options. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 454 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (563 × 744 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicles Depicted are a hard to find vehicles, so it is harder to make a free image... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 454 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (563 × 744 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicles Depicted are a hard to find vehicles, so it is harder to make a free image... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ...

1970 Ford Torino Dash
1970 Ford Torino Dash

Interiors on the Torino were all new for 1970. The dashboard featured a linear style speedometer centered around the driver, and a new "ribbon" style tachometer was an option for V8 models. A temperature gauge was the only available gauge, oil pressure and electrics were monitored with warning lights only. High back bucket seats were available for all 2-door models, as was an optional console; the GT model no longer had the former as standard features. All 2-door hardtop, SportsRoof and convertible models featured "DirectAire" ventilation systems as a standard feature, which eliminated the need for side vent windows. The 2-door sedan, 4-doors and station wagons still had vent windows, and the "DirectAire" system was an option for these models. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Torino Brougham models came standard with extra exterior and interior trim, finer upholsteries, wheel covers, unique emblems, extra sound insulation and "Hideaway" headlights. "Hideaway" headlights were headlight covers that were styled to look like the grille of the vehicle extended across the front end without any headlights at all. When the lights were turned on, vacuum actuators would flip the covers up and out of the way to expose the quad headlamps. Motor Trend wrote that "when you get into a Brougham, it's the same feeling as an LTD, or even, dare we say it, a Continental. But in a more manageable scale." Motor Trend gave accolades to the 1970 Torino Brougham 2-door for its quiet interior that only allowed "the muffled thump of free way expansion-joints [to] interlude." Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ...


The Torino GT came standard with non-functional hood scoop moulded into the hood, GT emblems (including the centre of the grille), dual colour-keyed sport mirrors, full width tail lights with a honeycomb effect (the centre portion was non-functional but reflective), black decklid appliques (SportsRoof only), and hub caps with wheel trim rings. Standard tires for the GT were E70-14 fibreglass belted tires, while convertibles received F70-14s. New options for the Torino GT were a reflective laser stripe, which ran down the middle of the side of the Torino from the front fender to the door, and Hideaway headlamps. Motor Trend magazine tested a 1970 Torino GT SportsRoof with a 429 CJ, C-6 Automatic, and 3.50:1 gears, and obtained a 0 - 60 MPH time of 6.0 seconds, while the quarter mile took 14.4 seconds at 100.2 MPH. Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ...

1970 Ford Torino Cobra shown with optional sport slats and Magnum 500 wheels
1970 Ford Torino Cobra shown with optional sport slats and Magnum 500 wheels

The Torino Cobra remained the no-nonsense pure performance model, and had a lower level of trim than the Torino GT. The Cobra was only available as a SportsRoof model, and came standard with a 4-speed close ratio transmission, Hurst shifter, competition suspension, flat black hood and grille, 7" wide wheels, F70-14 tires with raised white letters, twist style exposed hood latches, and "Cobra" emblems. New options included 15-inch Magnum 500 wheels with F60-15 tires and flat black "Sport Slats" for the rear window. Both of these options were also available on the Torino GT. Performance was excellent with the new 429 engine even though the Torino was heavier for 1970. Motor trend tested a 1970 Torino Cobra equipped with the Ram Air 370hp 429 CJ, C-6 automatic and 3.50:1 rear axle, and it went 0 - 60 mph in 6.0 seconds while taking 14.5 seconds at 100 mph to go through the quarter mile. Motor Trend said "The weight obviously helped traction, as it was fairly easy to accelerate away from a standing start with only a modicum of wheelspin." Motor Trend also tested a 1970 Cobra with a 429 SCJ, 4-speed and 3.91:1 gears, and resulted in a 5.8 second 0 - 60 MPH time, with a 13.99 second quarter mile at 101.0 MPH. Super Stock and Drag Illustrated bested that time, in their test of a Torino Cobra equipped with the 375hp 429 SCJ, C-6 automatic, and 3.91:1 rear gears. They were able to run the quarter mile in 13.63 seconds at 105.95 mph, however, this was after the carburetor had been modified (improved power valve, larger primary and secondary jets). Super Stock and Drag Illustrated then fitted a pair of slicks to the same Torino and ran a super quick 13.39 seconds at 106.96 MPH. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 186 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a photograph taken by Michael Chiolero of his own vehicle and he granted permission for this photo to be used under... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 186 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a photograph taken by Michael Chiolero of his own vehicle and he granted permission for this photo to be used under... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ...

1970 Ford Torino Cobra foreground, 1970 Torino GT background along with several 1970 Mustangs
1970 Ford Torino Cobra foreground, 1970 Torino GT background along with several 1970 Mustangs

With the success of the Torino Talladega from 1969, Dodge and Plymouth had developed the Dodge Charger Daytona, and the Plymouth Superbird that were even faster on the NASCAR circuit. For 1970, Ford planned to introduce another special version of the Torino, so that it could once again win at NASCAR. The result was the Ford Torino King Cobra. This car was a Torino Cobra that featured a special front end that radically changed the look while improving aerodynamics. All the front sheetmetal from the firewall forward was unique to this model. The King Cobra featured a radically sloped front end with dual headlamps located in sugar scoop shaped cut-outs in the front fenders, similar in appearance to the Datsun 240Z. Ford planned to offer covers for the headlight cutouts to NASCAR teams to improve aerodynamics even further. The King Cobra did not have a grille between the headlamps like other Torinos, rather it had a large opening below the front bumper, much like many modern cars. Parking lamps were located between the headlamps, moulded into the front fascia. King Cobras had a blacked out centre portion on the hood, and a side stripe similar to 1968-69 Torino GT's. Due to NASCAR changing the rules which increased the minimum number of street cars produced from 500 to 3000 for a vehicle to qualify at NASCAR, the Ford King Cobra never saw a NASCAR track. Only three cars were produced, and all had different engines. One was equipped with the Boss 429 engine, only offered otherwise in the Boss 429 Mustang, one had the 429 SCJ, and one had a 429 CJ.[5] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Ford Torino Talladega was a car produced by the Ford Motor Company during 1969 only. ... Dodge, an American automobile brand, has produced three separate vehicles with the name, Dodge Charger Daytona, all of which were modified Dodge Chargers. ... Plymouth Superbird The Plymouth Road Runner Superbird was a sister design to the Dodge Charger Daytona, an automobile that existed for two reasons - to beat the Ford Torino and win at NASCAR, an American stock car racing series. ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The S30 Nissan/Datsun 240Z (known in Japan as the Fairlady Z and later in other markets as the 260Z and 280Z) are sports cars from Nissan of the 1970s. ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The Ford Mustang is an automobile produced by the Ford Motor Company, originally based on the Ford Falcon compact. ...

1970 Ford Torino GT shown with optional laser stripe and Magnum 500 wheels
1970 Ford Torino GT shown with optional laser stripe and Magnum 500 wheels

Station wagon models for 1970 were offered initially in three different levels: the Fairlane 500 wagon, the Torino wagon, and the Torino Squire wagon. Mid-year 1970, the Falcon wagon became the new base station wagon. The sheetmetal on the station wagons was not changed as drastically as 2-door and 4-door models. The majority of the sheetmetal behind the front doors was carried over from the 1968-69 body style. As a result the wagons appeared more upright and square than the sedans and coupes. The Torino Squire was the top level wagon and it featured simulated woodgrain sides, headlamp covers and a trim level similar to the Torino Brougham sedan. The Squire came standard with a 302-2V V8 engine, as well as power front disc brakes; other wagons had 4 wheel drums and the 250 CID I-6. All wagons still featured Ford's "Magic Doorgate" three-way tailgate, while the power rear window, rear facing third seat and roof rack remained options. Ford offered a trailering towing package for all Torino's that would allow Torino to have a Class II tow rating (3500 lbs). This package included heavy duty suspension, heavy duty battery and alternator, extra cooling package, and power front disc brakes. The 351 CID or 429 CID engine, power steering and the Cruise-O-Matic transmission were required options. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Overall, 1970 was a very successful year for Torino. It was a well received car by the automotive press and was selected as the Motor Trend Car of the Year for 1970. Motor Trend said the Torino was "Not really a car line in the old sense, but a system of specialty cars, each for a different use ... from luxury to performance." Ford produced 230,411 Torinos for 1970, along with 110,029 Fairlanes and 67,053 Falcons, for a total production of 407,493 units.[3] Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ... Car of the Year is a phrase usually considered to have been invented by Motor Trend magazine in the 1950s for their annual award for best automobile. ...


1971

1971 Ford Torino
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
2-door fastback
2-door convertible
4-door sedan
4-door hardtop
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 250 CID I-6
302 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Cleveland V8
429 CID 385 Series V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 117"
114" (wagon)
Length 206.2"
209" (wagon
Width 76.4" (4-door)
76.7" (2-door)
75.4" (wagon)
Front track 60.5"
Rear track 60.0"
Curb weight 3141 lbs - 3663 lbs*
*Shipping weight

For the 1971 model year, Ford limited changes to its intermediate line to minor revisions. The biggest change for 1971 was the decision to drop the Fairlane name from the intermediate line-up all together; the Falcon name would also not return for 1971. The Torino line-up consisted of 14 models. The base model was now the "Torino", available as a 2-door hardtop, 4-door sedan and 4-door station wagon. Next was the mid-level "Torino 500", available as a 2-door hardtop and SportsRoof, 4-door sedan and hardtop and a 4-dr station wagon. The top of the line Torino remained the "Torino Brougham", available as a 2-door and 4-door hardtop, while the "Torino Squire" remained the station wagon equivalent to the Brougham. The "Torino GT" was offered as a 2-door SportsRoof and convertible, while the "Torino Cobra" was still only available as a 2-door SportsRoof. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ...


The styling was mostly unchanged for the 1971 models, save for minor revisions to trim and the grilles. The grilles on the 1971 Torinos now were divided by a vertical division in the centre of the grille for all models except the Cobra. The Cobra continued to use the same grille as used in 1970. A revised emblem was located on the vertical divider on the grille for all Torinos except the Cobra. The Torino 500, Brougham, Squire wagon and GT models had the Hideaway headlamp option available, which included a unique grille with a less prominent divider bar.


The engine line-up remained identical to the 1970 model year, with most models featuring the 250 CID I-6 as standard. Broughams, Squires and GT's continued to have the 302-2V as standard, while the Cobra was downgraded to a 351-4V as its standard engine. All engines, other than the 429s, saw a slight drop in compression, which also resulted in a drop in horsepower ratings. High insurance rates for muscle cars, and increasing concerns for emission controls were likely the reason for Ford's changes to its engines. Other manufactures were following suit, including Torino's main competitor Chevrolet's Chevelle, which featured lower compression on all of its 1971 engines, while SS models had the 350 CID 2-barrel as its standard engine. Ram Air induction remained an option on the 351-4V, 429 CJ, and the 429 SCJ. The Chevrolet Chevelle was a mid-sized automobile from Chevrolet debuting in 1964. ...


The Torino Brougham continued to be Torino's luxury oriented model. This model included Brougham ornamentation, additional trim, full wheel covers, additional sound proofing, and cloth trim. Hideaway headlamps were no longer standard, but remained an option for Brougham models. Motor Trend tested a 1971 Torino Brougham 4-door and stated "The [seat] cushioning and support was excellent...[and] the upholstery was magnificent." The GT remained the sporty Torino and included dual colour keyed racing mirrors, GT identification, a non-functional hood scoop, hub caps and trim, rings, chrome trim on the foot pedals, full width taillights with the honeycomb effect, and E70-14 tires (F70-14 on convertibles). Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ...

1971 Ford Torino 500 Station Wagon
1971 Ford Torino 500 Station Wagon

The Torino Cobra included a 351-4V rated at 285hp, a 4-speed manual with a Hurst shifter, F70-14 tires Cobra emblems, competition suspension, hub caps, and a blacked out grille. A new option for Cobra models was the reflective laser stripe, which also remained an option for GT models. Although the high performance 429 Cobra Jets were still rated at the same power as the 1970 models, Super Stock and Drag Illustrated had disappointing results from its test of a 1971 Torino Cobra. They tested a Cobra equipped with the 370hp 429 CJ, C-6 automatic, 3.50:1 gears, and were only able to turn a best quarter mile time of about 15 seconds at 97 mph. The article states "this car would really respond to a good ignition system, a better intake manifold, a larger carburetor and a set of headers." Cars magazine had better luck with their test of a 1971 Torino Cobra equipped with the Ram Air 370hp 429 CJ, C-6 automatic, and 3:50:1 gears. They went through the quarter mile in 14.5 seconds at 102 MPH in the 4100 lb Torino. The former time was obatined after the Cars staff did some "proper tuning." Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Production for 1971 was 326,463 units, slightly lower than 1970 Ford intermediate production. Only 1,613 Torino GT Convertibles and 3,054 Torino Cobras were produced for 1971.[3]


1972 - 1976: The Gran Torino

1972

1972 Ford Torino
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
2-door fastback
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 250 CID I-6
302 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Cleveland V8
400 CID 335 series V8
429 CID 385 Series V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 114" (2-door)
118" (4-door, wagon)
Length 203.7", 207.3" (2-door)
207.7", 211.3" (4-door)
211.6", 215.1" (wagon)
Width 79.3"
79.0" (wagon)
Front track 62.8"
63.9" (wagon)
Rear track 62.9"
64.0" (wagon)
Curb weight 3369 lbs - 4042 lbs*
*Shipping weight

For 1972, the Torino was completely redesigned from the ground up. The Torino's all new styling had many traits carried over from the previous generation. The 1972 Torino styling emphasized the "long hood short deck" look as well as "coke bottle" styling more than ever before. The most radical change was a large eggcrate grille in a oval opening on Gran Torinos. Tom McCahill, stated "the gaping grille looks a little like it was patterned after Namu, the killer whale," but also stated that the Torino had "kind of pleasing, no-nonsense styling." Gran Torinos had chrome bezels surrounding the headlamps, while base Torinos had a full width argent eggcrate grille that surrounded the headlights. Base Torinos also used a unique hood and front bumper. The new Torino's front fenders were aggressively flared, and the rear fender line swept up towards the roof, while the windshield had a 60 degree rake. The A-pillars were thinner, as was the roof, although the structural integrity remained the same as 1971 models. The rear featured a new full width bumper that incorporated thin rectangular tail lights into each bumper end. Window glass was now frameless for all models. For this year, vent windows vanished from four-door and station wagon models and all Torinos had "DirectAire" ventilation as standard equipment. The Torino incorporated new safety features for 1972, including new flush mount door handles and side door guard rails. Image File history File links 1972_Ford_Gran_Torino_Sport_SportsRoof. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The number of models was reduced from 14 models in 1971 to 9 in 1972. The convertible was discontinued, and the 4-door hardtops and sedans were replaced with 4-door "pillared hardtops." This was Ford's term for 4-door sedans with frameless door glass. All other body styles remained, including the fastback, which Ford continued to dub "SportsRoof". "Torino" remained the base series, but the mid-level Torino 500 was renamed "Gran Torino". The Torino Brougham was reduced to an option package for the Gran Torino, and Torino GT became "Gran Torino Sport." The Torino and Gran Torino were available as a 2-door hardtop and a 4-door sedan; the Gran Torino Sport was available as a 2-door hardtop and SportsRoof. The station wagon line-up consisted of three models: "Torino," "Gran Torino," and "Gran Torino Squire." The Cobra model was discontinued as the Torino line was refocused toward luxury and demphasized performance.


The biggest change for the Torino was the switch to body-on-frame construction from the unit-construction of the 1971 models. The new chassis was a perimeter design that was used to help give the Torino a quieter and more isolated ride. It featured an energy absorbing "S" shaped front end, torque boxes to isolate road shock, fourteen rubber body mounts and five solid cross members. The front suspension used an unequal length control arm design, with a computer selected coil spring mounted on the strut stabilized lower control arm, much like the Ford LTD. The rear used the "Stabul" four link suspension with a computer selected coil spring mounted on a solid axle. The new suspension and chassis had a wheel track at least two inches wider than the 1971 models. Motor Trend stated the "road isolation and vibrational dampening is superb" in its test of a 1972 Gran Torino Brougham 4 door. Ford offered two suspension options, the heavy-duty and competition suspension. The heavy duty suspension included heavy duty springs and shocks, while the competition suspension included a larger front sway bar, heavy duty springs and shocks, and a rear sway bar. This was the first year that a rear sway bar was offered in the Torino. Front disc brakes now became standard on all Torinos, which no other American intermediate (other than the Mercury Montego) offered in 1972. Power brakes remained an option for sedans and coupes under 429 CID; they were standard on all station wagons and 429-powered models. The power steering was also revised to be integral in the steering box, rather than the external booster style used in previous years. All Torinos now had 14-inch wheels as the only wheel size available, while 15-inch wheels were used for police models. Body-on-frame is an automobile construction technology. ... Monocoque (French for single shell) is a construction technique that uses the external skin of an object to support some or most of the load on the structure. ... 1971 Ford LTD convertible The Ford LTD is a car model name that has been used by the Ford Motor Company both in North America and Australia. ... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ... There is also a British car called the Austin Montego. ...

1972 Ford Torino 2-door Hardtop
1972 Ford Torino 2-door Hardtop

The other major change for Torino was separate wheelbases for both 2-doors and 4-doors. Starting in 1968, GM had begun to use a smaller wheelbase for its 2-door intermediates, and a larger one for the 4-doors. This allowed for stylists to make fewer compromises when trying to turn a 2-door into a 4-door. Chrysler also followed suit in 1971, although its intermediate coupes and sedans didn't even share body panels. The 1972 Torino used a 114" wheelbase for 2-doors and a 118" wheelbase for 4-doors, station wagons, and its sister vehicle the Ranchero. Like GM intermediates, the Torino 2-door and 4-door still shared many body parts. Overall, the size and weight for Torino had increased for 1972, following the longer, lower, wider trend. Gran Torino sedans saw a 5" length increase, while 2-doors only had a 1" increase in length. Interestingly, base Torino sedans were only 1" longer, and 2-doors were actually 3" shorter than 1971 models. Weight increased significantly for 4-door and station wagon models, while 2-doors had a smaller increase in weight. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the company. ... For other uses, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... The Ford Ranchero was a car/pickup truck combination vehicle produced between 1957 and 1979 based on full-size, compact and intermediate automobiles by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market. ...

1972 Ford Gran Torino 2-door Hardtop - shown with optional vinyl roof covering, sport mirrors, bumper guards, whitewall tires, and wheel covers
1972 Ford Gran Torino 2-door Hardtop - shown with optional vinyl roof covering, sport mirrors, bumper guards, whitewall tires, and wheel covers

The base engine was the 250 CID I-6 in all models except station wagons and the Gran Torino Sport which had a 302-2V small-block V8 as standard. Available engines included the 302-2V, a 351-2V "Windsor" or "Cleveland", a 351C-4V "Cobra Jet" (CJ), a 400-2V, and the 429-4V. The 400-2V was a new engine to the Torino line-up, and was part of the 335 series engine family like the 351 Cleveland. The optional 429-4V was not a high performance engine like the Cobra Jets of previous years; instead, it was a high torque, low revving engine. Emissions, low lead requirements and fuel economy requirements had begun to take their toll. The compression ratios on all Torino engines were dropped to at least 8.5:1, and all engines ran on regular gasoline. These engines produced less power than their predecessors in 1971, although this was exaggerated due to the switch to the new SAE net BHP ratings from the SAE gross figures used in 1971. All models were equipped with a three-speed manual transmission as a standard feature. The Cruise-O-Matic remained optional, but was a mandatory option for the 351-2V, 400-2V and 429-2V. The 351-4V CJ required either the 4-speed or the Cruise-O-Matic as mandatory options. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ...


With the only performance engine being the 351-4V CJ , performance was no longer at the "super car" levels of the old 429 Cobra Jet Torinos. The 351-4V CJ was new for 1972 and offered an number of performance enhancing features not offered on the 1970-71 351C-4V. The 351 CJ included a special intake manifold, modified camsaft, special valve springs and dampers, a 750 CFM Motorcraft Carburetor, 4-bolt main bearing caps and 2 1/2" dual exhaust. The 351 CJ was the only engine equipped with dual exhaust, and the only engine that permitted the optional 'Ram Air' induction that made the hood scoop functional. Additionally, it was the only engine that could be mated to the available four-speed transmission; 400s and 429s were automatic only. Performance with the 351 CJ was still good though, and Car and Driver tested a 351 CJ, 4-speed Gran Torino Sport SportsRoof with 3.50:1 gears to have a 0 - 60 mph time of 6.8 seconds. Car and Driver did not publish its quarter mile times, but Cars magazine tested an Gran Torino Sport SportsRoof with a 351 CJ, C-6 automatic, and 3.50 gears to run though the quarter mile in 15.40 seconds.

1972 Ford Gran Torino Sport 2-door Interior
1972 Ford Gran Torino Sport 2-door Interior

Interiors were all new and featured a vastly improved instrument panel, that used ABS plastic for much of its construction. The standard instrument cluster featured five equally sized round pods and contained a speedometer, fuel gauge, and temperature gauge, along with various warning lights. The leftmost pod was a vent for the "DirectAire" ventilation system. A clock was optional with the standard instrument package. The "Instrumentation Group", available on all V8 models, featured two large round pods centered around the steering wheel, containing the speedometer (with trip odometer) and a tachometer. A third equal sized pod on the left contained the DirectAire vent. The instrument cluster featured an ammeter, fuel gauge, temperature gauge, oil pressure gauge and clock in set of smaller stacked pods near the centre of the instrument panel. The seats were also new for 1972, the standard front bench seat now had an integrated headrest for both outboard seating positions featuring, while the available high back buckets also featured integrated headrests. Ford's continued to offer "comfort weave" vinyl seats as an option. These seats had the centre portion upholstered with a knitted vinyl material that allowed the upholstery to "breathe" unlike conventional vinyl. An optional 6-way power bench seat, replaced the 4-way seat offered in 1971. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

1972 Ford Gran Torino Sport SportsRoof shown with optional laser stripe and Magnum 500 Wheels.
1972 Ford Gran Torino Sport SportsRoof shown with optional laser stripe and Magnum 500 Wheels.

The Gran Torino Sport was offered as a 2-door hardtop and a 2-door SportsRoof. All Sport models featured a integrated hood scoop, which was only functional with the optional (and very rare) Ram Air Induction system. Also included with this model was twin colour-keyed racing mirrors, moulded door panels (unique to the Sport model), body-side and wheel lip moldings, and F70-14 tires (E70-14 on hardtop models). A reflective laser stripe remained an option, and was revised to run the full length of the car. It replaced the chrome side molding, and was available in four colours to match the exterior paint. For the driving enthusiast, the "Rallye Equipment Group" included the Instrumentation Group, Competition Suspension, G70-14 tires with raised white letters, and a Hurst shifter for the 4-speed models. The Rallye Equipment Group was available with the 351CJ-4V or the 429-4V in Gran Torino Sport models. The Competition Suspension was highly regarded by Tom McCahill of Mechanix illustrated, as well as Motor Trend and Car and Driver as being less harsh than past Torino performance suspensions, while still offering excellent handling. Motor Trend described the suspension as "Unlike the super heavy-duty springs of years past, the folks at Ford have managed to produce superior ride control without harshness. It takes a ride in one [Torino] to truly appreciate it." Torino's new and improved chassis and suspension design can be attributed to this improvement. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 156 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a photograph taken by the author of his own vehicle I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 156 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This is a photograph taken by the author of his own vehicle I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ...

1972 Ford Gran Torino Squire
1972 Ford Gran Torino Squire

Torino wagons were much larger for 1972. Length increased by 2" for Torino models, and 6" for Gran Torinos. Wheelbase was up by 4", width increased by 3", and weight increased significantly. Torino station wagons could now carry a 4x8' sheet of plywood flat in the cargo area with the tailgate down. Station wagons had a rated capacity of 83.5 cubic feet, nearing the capacity of some full-size wagons. An available rear facing third seat was available increasing the wagons capacity from 6 to 8 passengers. All station wagons had the 3-way "Magic Doorgate", and a heavy duty frame as standard equipment. The Squire models came standard with a luggage rack and simulated woodgrain panels that were slightly translucent allowing some of the paint tint to show through. Torino wagons were often used to tow, but all Torino models could be equipped with an optional towing package. This included heavy-duty suspension, heavy-duty frame (standard on wagons), heavy-duty radiator and heavy-duty battery, along with a 3.25:1 axle and trailer wiring. This package allowed the Torino to tow up to 6000 lbs and required the 400-2V engine or larger. A light duty trailer package which allowed towing up to 3500 lbs was also offered, and did not included the heavy-duty frame, and 3.25:1 axle. This package required the 351-2V or larger for the engine. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 418 pixel Image in higher resolution (808 × 422 pixel, file size: 192 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 418 pixel Image in higher resolution (808 × 422 pixel, file size: 192 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image...


Overall the 1972 Torino was a success with the public, and a total of 496,645 units were produced.[3] Although there were no Torino Cobras like in past years, the Torino on average was a safer, quieter, better handling and better stopping car then ever before. The Automotive press responded well to the all new Torino, and it many received positive reviews. In addition, Consumer Guide selected the Torino as a "Best Buy" for 1972.


1973

1973 Ford Torino
1973 Ford Gran Torino 2-door hardtop
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
2-door fastback
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 250 CID I-6
302 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Cleveland V8
400 CID 335 series V8
429 CID 385 Series V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 114" (2-door)
118" (4-door, wagons)
Length 208" (2-door)
212" (4-door)
215.6" (wagons)
Width 79.3"
79.0" (wagon)
Front track 62.8"
63.9" (wagon)
Rear track 62.9"
64.0" (wagon)
Curb weight 3597 lbs - 4124 lbs*
*Shipping weight

For 1973 the Torino was for the most part unchanged from the 1972 model year. The most obvious change the 1973 model saw was a new front fascia, required to meet new federal regulations. The new regulation mandated that all cars manufactured after September 1, 1972 must be able to take a 5-mph strike to the front without damaging safety related components such as headlamps and the fuel system. For 1973 only, rear bumpers had a 2.5 mph requirement. The Torino's front end featured totally new sheetmetal from the firewall forward, with a blunt, more squared-off fascia replacing the previous year's pointed prow. The new large square 5-mph energy absorbing bumper replaced the almost body-fitting chrome bumper used on the front of the 1972 Torino. The new larger bumpers caused all Torino models to increase in length by at least 1", and weight also increased by at least 100lbs for all models. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... This 1968 Ford Mustang has a fastback body style. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ...


Separate grille designs were still maintained for Torino and Gran Torino models; they mimicked the '72s in design. The Gran Torino now had a more rectangular grill with the parking lamps horizontally placed in the grille, but the quad headlights were still surrounded with a chrome bezel. The Torino models had a wider full width grill that surrounded the headlamps, however, the parking lamps were located on the outer edge of the fascia. The leading edge of the hood was now squared off to follow the fascia's lines, and all models shared the same hood. The 1973 Torino maintained the rear bumper of the 1972 Torino, and incorporated minor changes to meet the 2.5-mph mandate. Rear bumpers now featured and impact strip and bumper gurads.


The model line-up for 1973 increased to 11 from the 9 models in 1972. The new top level Torino was the "Gran Torino Brougham", available as a 2-door hardtop and a 4-door sedan. All other models remained the same. Bench seats for 1973 now featured low backs with separate head rests to increase rear visibility. The high back bucket seats were still available on the two door models. The hood release was moved to inside, for increased security. Radial tires were also a new option, and offered longer tread life and better road manners. The standard engine remained as the 250 CID I-6 for all models, except the station wagons and Sport which used the 302-2V. Engine options also remained the same, and all engines now had their compression ratio dropped to 8.0:1. Horsepower for all engines was slightly lower than in 1972. The 351 CJ continued to be the only high performance engine and only saw a 2 hp drop from 1972, although performance decreased again due to the weight increase. All models featured larger 11" rear drum brakes for 1973 to help cope with the extra weight; 1972 models used 10" drums.


The Gran Torino Sport now featured its own unique emblem, which it displayed in the grille and on the trunk lock cover. The laser strip was still an option but was revised to a slightly different shape, and ran higher along on the body side. The Sport no longer featured a hood scoop, and the Ram Air induction option was also gone. Other than the above changes, the Gran Sport was unchanged from the 1972 model year, and continued to be offered as a 2-door hardtop and 2-door SportsRoof. In the Car and Driver road test of a 1973 Gran Torino Sport, the suspension received high marks for comfort and handling. Car and Driver wrote that the Torino was as "Quiet as a Jaguar, smooth as a Continental, the Torino's ride is exceptonal...even with the competition suspension."


Car and Driver's test of the 1973 Ford Gran Torino Sport SportsRoof equipped with the 351 CJ, C-6 automatic, and 3.25:1 gears, resulted in a 0 - 60 MPH time of 7.7 seconds while the quarter mile went buy in 16.0 seconds at 88.1 MPH. The 0-60 time was 0.9 seconds slower than the 1972 model Car and Driver tested a year before. However, this can partially be attributed to the difference in gear ratio, transmissions and the weight difference. The 1973 Sport had a test weight of 4308 lbs, while the 1972 had a test weight of 3966 lbs. Performance was certainly no longer at the "Super Car" level, but still was respectable. For comparison, in a Motor Trend test of a 1970 Torino 2-door equipped with a 351-4V, Cruise-O-Matic, and 3.00:1 gears, they recorded a 0 - 60 MPH time of 8.7 seconds, and a quarter mile time of 16.5 seconds at 86 MPH. This was while the high compression 1970 motor required premium fuel, while the low compression 1973 motor could run on regular. Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ...

1973 Ford Gran Torino Squire
1973 Ford Gran Torino Squire

The Gran Torino Brougham featured the finest upholsteries in the Torino line-up, including nylon cloth fabrics and "leather like" vinyl. Standard equipment included a front bench seat with a fold down armrest, woodgrained trim on the instrument panel, deluxe steering wheel, electric clock, bright pedal pad trim, and a dual note horn. The Squire wagon was trimmed similarly to the Brougham. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


1973 was another successful year for the Torino, with 496,581 units being sold. The public continued to respond well to the Torino, even with the stiff competition from GM's new for 1973 "Colonnade" intermediates. Torino in fact outsold its main competitor, the Chevrolet Chevelle, by over 168,000 units.[3] The Chevrolet Chevelle was a mid-sized automobile from Chevrolet debuting in 1964. ...





1974

1974 Ford Torino
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 302 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Cleveland V8
400 CID 335 series V8
460 CID 385 Series V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed manual
4-speed manual
3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 114" (2-door)
118" (4-door, wagons)
Length 211.4" (2-door)
215.4" (4-door)
222" (wagons)
Width 79.3"
79.0" (wagon)
Front track 63.4"
Rear track 63.5"
Curb weight 3509 lbs - 4250 lbs*
*Shipping weight

The 1974 model year saw more revisions to the Torino line. Government regulations now required that the rear bumpers must also meet the 5-mph standard, so all Torinos had the rear bumper and tail lamp panel redesigned. The new rear bumpers were much larger, square shaped, and sat lower on the body. No longer was there a roll pan located below the bumper as on the 1972-73 models. The tail lights were now shorter, more square, and wrapped around the corner, which eliminated the need for rear side marker lights. The fuel filler neck moved to a position above the bumper, rather than below as on 72-73 models. It was now behind an access door in the centre of the tail light panel just below the trunk lock, rather than behind the licence plate. The front fascia for Gran Torinos was revised for 1974. The new grille was of similar shape to the 1973, but was slightly larger and divided into 8 equal sized vertical sections. A revised emblem was located on the left side of the grille; it had a much finer mesh pattern, and now had the parking lamp lenses mounted vertically behind the outer sections. The front bumper was revised to be slightly more pointed, and the bumper guards were moved more towards the centre of the bumper compared to 1973 models; the license plate bracket was moved to the driver's side. Torino models carried on with the same front fascia as 1973; however, its front bumpers were revised similarly to the Gran Torinos and the license plate remained in the center. Gran Torino Broughams featured a full width red lense across the rear, but the centre portion was non-functional. Broughams and Squires had a stand-up hood ornament, and these models had no Gran Torino emblem on the grille. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1780x1169, 842 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ford Torino Starsky and Hutch Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ...


Torino added several new options and features for 1974. Gran Torino 2-doors now were available with "opera windows", a popular option during the mid 1970s, while Brougham models had these as a standard feature. All 2-door Torinos had fixed rear windows unlike the 72-73 models. The Torino was becoming more luxury oriented and new luxury features were available. These included a leather wrapped steering wheel, split bench seat, an electric sunroof, and speed control with steering wheel controls. Gran Torino hardtops and sedans had a new rear fender skirt option, to give the Torino a longer, lower look. The trim was revised on 1974 models; moldings now ran on the rocker panels instead of the lower doors. Brougham and Sport models had an extra chrome molding that ran on the lower fender edge between the front wheelwell and bumper; this gave the appearance of bumper-to-bumper chrome. Squires had no lower body moldings. All 1974 Torinos featured the seat belt-interlock system, as mandated U.S. government. This short-lived safety system would be removed after the 1974 model year. The competition suspension was no longer offered, and the only suspension option was a revised heavy-duty suspension package. This option was available on all Torinos except the Elite, and included a larger front sway bar and heavy duty front and rear springs. Heavy duty shocks and a rear sway bar were included in this package on 2-door and 4-door sedan models only; station wagons did not include these features.

1974 Ford Gran Torino Elite
1974 Ford Gran Torino Elite

The Torino model line-up was the same as 1973, with two exceptions. The Gran Torino Sport no longer was available with the Sportsroof, and the new "Gran Torino Elite" was introduced. The Gran Torino Elite was developed by Ford to help respond to Chevrolet's ever popular Monte Carlo. The Elite, was designed as an entry level "personal luxury" vehicle, for those who couldn't afford a Thunderbird, and was in the same price range as the Monte Carlo. The Elite was described by Ford as " A totally new 2-door hardtop...with Thunderbird-inspired styling, sold engineering and personal luxury...plus mid-size economy." The Elite wasn't totally new, as Ford described, but it did have a number of unique features. The Elite had totally unique front sheet metal, with styling that was inspired by the Thunderbird. The Elite had twin headlamps surrounded by chrome bezels, and the parking lamps were on the outer edges of the pointed front fenders. It had large rectangular grille, that arched across the front, and a unique hood ornament. The quarter panels and doors were shared with the Mercury Montego and Mercury Cougar and did not have the sweeping body line like other Torinos. The tail light panel also featured larger tail lights that ran the full width of the car; the centre section was non-functional. The Elite came standard with a 351-2V V8 engine, automatic transmission, and radial tires. It also featured standard luxury items such as a vinyl roof, opera windows, split bench seat, "Westminster" cloth upholstery, woodgrain trim, and complete instrumentation. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Chevrolet Monte Carlo is an American mid-size car. ... The Ford Thunderbird is a car manufactured in the United States by the Ford Motor Company. ... There is also a British car called the Austin Montego. ... The Mercury Cougar was an automobile sold under the Mercury brand of the Ford Motor Companys Lincoln-Mercury Division. ...

1974 Ford Gran Torino 4-door Sedan shown with optional vinyl roof covering
1974 Ford Gran Torino 4-door Sedan shown with optional vinyl roof covering

Torinos were now even larger and heavier than ever before. The new bumpers added significant weight and inches to the Torino. All body styles were approximately 5" longer, and weight was increased significantly. With all Torinos gaining weight and inches, the 250 CID I-6 was no longer the base engine for any Torino; however, Chilton's and Motor's repair manuals list availability and data for 6-cylinder Torinos, so some may have been built. All Torinos and Gran Torinos now came with the 302-2V as the base engine, and the 3-speed manual remained the standard transmission. As in previous years, the larger V8 engine options required Cruise-O-Matic as a mandatory option. The Gran Torino Elite featured the 351-2V and automatic as its standard drivetrain. The 429-4V was replaced with a new 460-4V which produced more horsepower and torque, and was equipped with dual exhaust. Like the 429, the 460 was automatic transmission only. All other engines saw a very slight increase in power levels compared to 1973. The 351 CJ remained the only performance engine (it produced more horsepower than the 460-4V), and saw a 9 hp increase and a loss of 22 ft-lbs or torque. It was the only engine available with the 4-speed transmission; however, this engine was limited to 2 door models only. The tide had turned against performance cars especially since the Oil Crisis in the fall of 1973. Accordingly, 1974 was the last year for the 351 Cobra Jet and four-speed transmission. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... At the height of the crisis in the United States, drivers of vehicles with odd numbered license plates were allowed to purchase gasoline only on odd-numbered days of the month, while drivers with even-numbers were limited to even-numbered days. ...


The Gran Torino Sport was only a shadow of its former self for 1974. With the Sportsroof model discontinued, Sport models were often difficult to distinguish from Gran Torino 2-doors. To add insult to injury, the Sport was even available with optional fender skirts, while opera windows were available on vinyl-roofed cars. The Sport continued to have its unique emblems displayed on the grille, the C-pillar, and the fuel filler door, plus "Sport" script was placed by the C-pillar emblem. When opera windows were ordered, the script was placed below the "Gran Torino" nameplate on the fenders, and the C-pillar emblem was deleted. The laser stripe was no longer available, but a lower body multi-coloured non-reflective stripe was an option. The Sport no longer featured a unique interior with molded door panels, and used the same vinyl door panel of the other Gran Torinos (the "Gran Torino" script was replaced with "Sport"). The instrument package was now a standard feature on Sports, as were radial ply tires, although the new tires were 78 series vs. 70 series used in 1973. Bucket seats remained an option, but now were a low back design with separate head rests. At extra cost, Sport door panels and seats could be highlighted with coloured stripes. The optional "Magnum 500" wheel was revised with the formerly chromed wheel rim replaced by a polished trim ring. Performance was even more lackluster for 1974 models, with horsepower down and weight up. The 1974 Sport had a shipping weight almost 400 lbs. heavier than a 1972 Sport.


Torino had another successful year in 1974, and continued to be ever popular. Ford produced 426,086 units, including 96,604 Gran Torino Elites.[3]


1975

1975 Ford Torino
1975 Ford Gran Torino Brougham 4-door sedan
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 351 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Modified V8
400 CID 335 series V8
460 CID 385 Series V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 114" (2-door)
118" (4-door, wagons)
Length 213.6" (2-door)
217.6" (4-door)
222.6" (wagons)
Width 79.3"
79.0" (wagon)
Front track 63.4"
Rear track 63.2"
Curb weight 3987 lbs - 4456 lbs*
*Shipping weight

For the 1975 model year, the Ford Torino received a number of minor improvements, but was for the most part unchanged. The model line-up received only one change; the Gran Torino Elite was no longer part of the Torino line-up. The Elite was now an independent model, and marketed simply as the Ford Elite. All Torinos featured solid state ignition systems for 1975, which improved starting performance and fuel economy, while reducing maintenance costs. Radial tires, another fuel saving feature, power steering and power brakes were all new standard features for all Torinos. 1975 Torinos featured a new steering wheel design and a new for that year option was a "Fuel Sentry" vacuum gauge. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x452, 106 KB) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image of than other motor vehicles. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ... Ford Elite. ...


The 1975 model year saw almost no changes to the exterior styling. The only significant change was that Torino models now adopted the Gran Torino grille and front fascia. The grille and front fascia was unchanged for the Gran Torino. Torino's weight continued to climb, even though the exterior dimensions were unchanged from 1974.


The Federal Clean Air Act caused Ford to install catalytic converters for 1975 to help meet new emission standards. The converter significantly reduced the power output of the engines due to increased exhaust back pressure. In response, Ford changed the base engine on all Torinos to the 351-2V engine; along with this change, the Cruise-O-Matic transmission became standard. No manual transmissions were available. Power for all engines, except the 460, was significantly reduced compared to 1974, and with the weight increase, fuel economy and performance continued to decrease. The 400-2V and the 460-4V were the only engine options, as the 351-4V was no longer available. Catalytic converter on a Saab 9-5. ...


The 351 Cleveland was no longer produced after 1974. The new 351M (Modified) joined the line-up, although the 351W continued to be used along side when the 351-2V was specified. The 351M used the 400's tall deck block, and shared its connecting rods and intake manifold, so more parts were shared than between the 400 and 351C saving Ford production costs. The 351M and 351W had no appreciable power output difference. The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ...

1975 Ford Gran Torino Sport with optional electric sunroof
1975 Ford Gran Torino Sport with optional electric sunroof

The Gran Torino Sport was still available, and remained virtually unchanged from the 1974 model. The Gran Torino Sport continued to remain almost indistinguishable from a conventional Gran Torino, and customers responded with a lack of interest. 1975 was by far the least popular year for this model, and only 5,126 units were produced. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 285 pixel Image in higher resolution (1156 × 412 pixel, file size: 85 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 285 pixel Image in higher resolution (1156 × 412 pixel, file size: 85 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ford Promotional Photo from product brochure Vehicle Depicted is a hard to find vehicle, so it is harder to make a free image...


Sales for Torino's dropped off significantly from the 1974 model year. With the Elite now a separate model, Torino lost a large portion of its sales. Ford produced only 195,110 Torino's for 1975. Even with the addition of the 123,372 Elite's produced for 1975, total output was 318,482 which was still significantly lower than 1974. Sales decreases were likely due to the increased demand for smaller economical cars, while Ford's new sensibly sized Granada likely also stole sales from Torino. The Ford Granada was classed as a compact by Ford, but actually had dimensions close to that of a late 1960s Ford Torino.[3] Ford Elite. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


1976

1976 Ford Torino
1976 Ford Gran Torino 4-door Hardtop
Body style(s) 2-door hardtop
4-door sedan
4-door station wagon
Engine(s) 351 CID Windsor V8
351 CID Modified V8
400 CID 335 series V8
460 CID 385 Series V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 114" (2-door)
118" (4-door, wagons)
Length 213.6" (2-door)
217.6" (4-door)
222.6" (wagons)
Width 79.3"
79.0" (wagon)
Front track 63.4"
Rear track 63.2"
Curb weight 3976 lbs - 4454 lbs*
*Shipping weight

The 1976 model year saw no major changes to the Torino line-up. The Gran Torino Sport was discontinued, and so the Torino consisted of 9 separate models; 2 and 4-door versions of the Torino, Gran Torino, and Gran Torino Brougham, along with three station wagon models. New options for the 1976 model year included a power trunk release, and an automatic parking brake release. Gran Torino 2-doors could now be ordered with the center console when optional bucket seats were specified; previously the console was only available on Sport models. There were no styling changes made to Torino for 1976. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. ... A Toyota Camry, a recognizable sedan The Ford Five Hundred, a full-sized sedan The 3-box design, indicative of a notchback sedan, as illustrated on a full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Internal combustion engine. ... The Windsor engine is a 90-degree small-block V8 from Ford Motor Company. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... The Ford 335 engine family were a group of small-block V8 engines built by the Ford Motor Company between 1970 and 1982. ... Boss 429 engine The Ford 385 engine family was the American Ford Motor Companys final big block V8 engine design, replacing the Ford MEL engine and gradually superseding the Ford FE engine family. ... Epicyclic gearing or planetary gearing as used in an automatic transmission. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kerb (sometimes mis-spelled as curb by Americans) weight is the total weight of a vehicle with standard equipment, all necessary operating consumables (such as motor oil and coolant), a full tank of fuel and not loaded with either passengers or cargo. ...


Engine options remained the unchanged for 1976, however fuel economy was improved on all engines with revisions to the engine spark advance and the EGR valve operation. The 351-2V engines and the 400-2V had a horsepower and torque increase, and the 460-4V had a horsepower decrease. In an attempt to help improve fuel economy, the standard rear axle ratio for all models was now 2.75:1.


1974 - 1976 Gran Torinos were used in the popular Spelling-Goldberg Productions TV series Starsky and Hutch. The producers needed a flashy specialty car for the main characters to drive. Since Ford was the lease supplier for on-screen cars, eventually it was decided by the producers that a bright red 1975 Gran Torino two-door would be the vehicle of choice for the pilot episode. To make the Torino less mundane, a large white vector stripe was added. Aluminium 5-slot mag wheels and larger rear tires replaced the stock wheels and tires, and air shocks were added to give the car an aggressive rake. The television show became quite popular with the public, and much of that populairty was centred around the star Torino. Ford couldn't help but take notice to the public's interest in the "Starsky and Hutch" Torino, and decided to introduce a replica version of the TV car. For the film, see Starsky & Hutch (film). ...

1976 Ford Torino 2-door Hardtop
1976 Ford Torino 2-door Hardtop

Ford built 1,000 replicas of the "Starsky and Hutch" car in the spring of 1976. Production of the replicas began in March of 1976, and all were produced in Ford's Chicago manufacturing plant. This limited production package was essentially a special paint option, but required the deluxe bumper group and dual colour-keyed sport mirrors as mandatory options. The TV car's slotted mag wheels were not offered by Ford, and the only aggressive wheel option was the "Magnum 500" wheel. They were not a mandatory option though, and these cars came equipped with wheel covers as a standard feature. When producing the replicas, Ford painted the entire car white, then masked off the stripe and painted the rest of the car bright red (code 2B) used on the 1972-75 models (and subsequently the TV cars). This colour had been discontinued for all other Torino's in 1976 in favour of a different shade of red. The factory replicas were close to the TV show car, but had minor differences in the stripe, and did not have the aggressive rake of the TV car. Many replica owners installed slotted mag wheels, and air Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

1976 Ford Gran Torino Squire
1976 Ford Gran Torino Squire

shocks after purchase to give the car a more authentic look. The "Starsky and Hutch" replica was available with all Torino engines. Seat colours were limited to black or white and were available with all cloths and seating options. One of the factory replicas was leased to Spelling-Goldberg as a backup for the original Torinos that were created for the show. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Production total for Torino in 1976 was 193,096 units, slightly lower than 1975.[6] This would be the final year the Torino, and in 1977 Ford discontinued the Torino, replaced by the Ford LTD II. The Torino chassis continued to live on under the Ford LTD II, the Mercury Cougar, the Ford Ranchero and the Ford Thunderbird from 1977 to 1979. The Ford LTD II was a mid-size car built by the Ford Motor Company between 1977 and 1979 for the North American market. ... The Ford LTD II was a mid-size car built by the Ford Motor Company between 1977 and 1979 for the North American market. ... The Mercury Cougar was an automobile sold under the Mercury brand of the Ford Motor Companys Lincoln-Mercury Division. ... The Ford Ranchero was a car/pickup truck combination vehicle produced between 1957 and 1979 based on full-size, compact and intermediate automobiles by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market. ... The Ford Thunderbird is a car manufactured in the United States by the Ford Motor Company. ...


Engine Specifications

For fully detailed engine specifications for the Ford Torino, please see:

This article is to supplement the Ford Torino article with detailed engine specifications. ...

Popularity

Although muscle cars are at very high popularity today, the Ford Torino has not quite gained the status of many other cars from that era. The 1960s and 1970s Torino are no where near as popular with collectors as its contemporary competitors of the day. Today, a Chevrolet Chevelle or a Plymouth Road Runner, commands much greater popularity and value compared to a similarly equipped Torino. Among Ford Motor Company enthusiast the Torino is often the forgotten model and emphasis is generally put on the Mustang and earlier full-size Ford models. The Chevrolet Chevelle was a mid-sized automobile from Chevrolet debuting in 1964. ... 1969 Plymouth Road Runner 1970 Plymouth Road Runner with Hemi engine and Air Grabber retractable hood scoop Plymouth dealers gave away this promotional windbreaker in 1970. ... The Ford Mustang is an automobile produced by the Ford Motor Company, originally based on the Ford Falcon compact. ...


There are some highly collectable and desirable Torinos that are very valuable today. The 1970-71 Torino Cobras, the 1969 Torino Talladega, the 1970 Super Cobra, the 1968-1971 Torino GT Convertibles, and the 1969 Cobras are all very valuable collectable muscle cars today. Other less desirable Torinos have made significant gains in value over the past decade due to the general increase in interest for cars from this era. The 1974-76 body style, which has generally had the least amount of collectable status, has made recent gains in popularity after the release of the hit movie Starsky & Hutch. As a result the value of the 1974-76 Torinos has risen, but it is still generally the least valuable of the Torino body styles. The limited Edition Starsky And Hutch Torino made by Ford however will likely be a valuable investment. Starsky & Hutch is a 2004 American comedy/action film directed by Todd Phillips. ...


The Torino is still a relatively rare car at classic car meets and muscle car conventions. One possible reason for the lack of popularity and the low numbers of Torinos in existence today is likely due to the Torino's durability issues that caused low survivability. Torinos had serious problems with chassis and body corrosion as well as having a less then perfect reliability records. In areas where severe winters exposed these cars to road salt, Torino's were reported to have severe rust problems within the first 5 years of ownership. To further worsen the corrosion problems, 1969-1973 Torino's were reported to have severe paint peeling problems. As a result of the above, Torinos had the lowest resale value of any of the American Intermediates in the 1970s used car market.


See also

Ford Elite. ... The Ford Ranchero was a car/pickup truck combination vehicle produced between 1957 and 1979 based on full-size, compact and intermediate automobiles by the Ford Motor Company for the North American market. ... 1960 promotional art used in Comet advertising The Mercury Comet was an automobile produced by the Mercury division of the Ford Motor Company between 1960 and 1977. ... The Mercury Cougar was an automobile sold under the Mercury brand of the Ford Motor Companys Lincoln-Mercury Division. ... 1971 Mercury Cyclone GT Engine: 351 2-bbl, 240 hp @ 4000 rpm Quantity built in 1971: 2,287 Factory price new: $3,681. ... There is also a British car called the Austin Montego. ...

References

  1. ^ The Accelerator, Ford Mustang - 40 Years of History. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
  2. ^ Mueller, Mike (2006). American Horsepower: 100 Years of Great Car Engines. Motorbooks Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7603-2327-4. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Gunnell, John, Editor (1987). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946-1975. Kraus Publications. ISBN 0-87341-096-3. 
  4. ^ Fairlane Registry - 1969 Ford Torino Talladega. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
  5. ^ 1970 Ford Torino King Cobra, written by Keith Fudge. Retrieved on 2007-03-20.
  6. ^ Flammang, James & Ron Kowalke (1999). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1976-1999. Kraus Publications. ISBN 0-87341-755-0. 
  • 1970 Ford Torino - Car of the Year. Motor Trend Magazine, February 1970
  • Auto Editors of Consumer Guide. (2002). Encyclopedia of American Cars. Pulications International, Ltd.. ISBN 0-7853-6275-4. 
  • Brokaw, Jim. The Invisible Cars - 350 Chevelle vs 351 Torino vs 318 Satellite. Motor Trend Magazine, June 1971
  • Brokaw, Jim. The Long and the Short of It. Motor Trend Magazine, March 1972
  • The Brute from the Ford's Snake Pit. Road Test Magazine, July 1969
  • Consumer Guide. (1971). Auto 1972 Best Buys and Discount Prices. Lawrence-Treeman. 
  • Date with Three Strippers - SS454 vs. Torino Cobra vs. Road Runner 440. Motor Trend Magazine, December 1969
  • Edmonston, Phil. (1976). Canadian Used Car Guide. Musson Book Company. ISBN 0-7737-1011-6. 
  • Ford's Soul Survivor. Cars Magazine, June 1971
  • Ford Torino. Road Test Magazine, December 1973
  • Ford Torino - 390 Fastback 2-Dr. Hardtop. Car Life Magazine, March 1968
  • Ford Gran Torino Sport. Car and Driver Magazine, July 1973
  • First and Newest of the New for '72. Road Test Magazine, September 1971
  • Grand Tourer. Cars Magazine, December 1972
  • Gunnell, John (2003). The Standard Catalog of V-8 Engines 1906-2002. Kraus Publications. ISBN 0-87349-446-6. 
  • Heasley, Jerry. 69 Fairlane Cobra. Mustangs and Fords Magazine, July 1992
  • Inside the Cobra Jet Torino - 428. Car and Driver Magazine, June 1968
  • Mannel, Bob. 1976 Starsky and Hutch Ford Gran Torino. Fairlaner, Volume XVI, Number 1, January-February 1996
  • McCahill, Tom. MI Tests the 1972 Ford Torino: A Tom McCahill Report. Mechanix Illustrated, September 1971
  • Preview: Ford Torino GT. Car and Driver Magazine, September 1971
  • Ram Air Cobra. Classic American Magazine, July 2000
  • Torino Road Test Theme and Variations - Cobra 429 vs GT 429 vs Brougham 429 vs 351. Motor Trend Magazine, February 1970
  • Motor Repair Manual. Auto Repair Manual 1974-1979
  • Chilton's Repair Manual. Auto Repair Manual 1972-1979

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in leap years). ...

External links


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Ford Torino Parts - Partstrain.com (0 words)
It was supposed to replace the Ford Fairlane in the mid-size car line-up but the latter was still sold by Ford until 1971.
Upon introduction, the Ford Torino was available in a number of body styles: two-door fastback hardtop, four-door sedan, four-door station wagon, and two-door convertible.
The popularity of the Ford Torino began to decline in the 1970s as high emission controls and fuel economy standards took its toll on the car.
Ford Torino History and Production Figures (1146 words)
Still a sports sedan, the first Torino was larger in size than the previous year Fairlane and incorporated a whole new roof line in the fastback as well as the new two door hardtop, also called a two door formal roof.
The Torino was built from the start with plenty of power and comfort with standard equipment v-8 engines from the small block 302, to the big block 390 and 428 Cobra Jet introduced in 1969.
The Ford Torino offered many choices and was built Ford tough to cater to a variety of buyers from the family wagon to the ferocious cobra performance models.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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