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Encyclopedia > Ford Taunus

Ford Taunus was a large family car sold by Ford in Germany. Some versions were similar to the Ford Cortina in the United Kingdom. The model line was named after the Taunus mountain range in Germany and was first made in 1939 and continued through several versions until 1982. A Ford Mondeo, a large family car. ... Ford Germany was the German subsidiary of the American automaker Ford Motor Company, which existed under various names from 1925. ... The Ford Cortina was a medium sized family car sold by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982. ... View (from top of Frankfurt) of Altkoenig and Grosser Feldberg For the automobile, see Ford Taunus. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ...

Contents

Taunus G73A/G93A (1939-1942)(1948-1952)

1949 Ford Taunus
1949 Ford Taunus

The original Taunus was a development of the Eifel and used the same 1172 cc four cylinder engine but in a longer chassis and a streamlined body. It was the first German Ford to have hydraulic brakes. Due to the war, production was interrupted from 1942 to 1948. 74,128 were made including estate cars and light vans. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 696 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (763 × 657 pixel, file size: 112 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 696 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (763 × 657 pixel, file size: 112 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Ford Eifel was a car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company in Germany that was produced between 1935 and 1939. ...


Taunus M-series (1952-1968)

From 1952 to 1968 all German Fords were called the Taunus, using the model names 12M, 15M, 17M, 20M, and 26M. The "M" is said to stand for "Meisterstück", in English "Masterpiece". Taunus was also sometimes adopted as the brand-name in export markets, particularly where British and North American Fords were also available.


The 12, 15 and 17M models had a straight-4, later ones a V4 engine. The 20 and 26M models had a V6 engine. The 12, 15, 17 etc. refer to the engine displacement; 1200, 1500, 1700 cc etc. The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... 1. ... Left side of a 2. ... One complete cycle of a four cylinder, four stroke engine. ...


From 1962 to 1970, the smaller models 12M (P4) and 12M/15M (P6) had front wheel drive. All other models had rear wheel drive.


The following models were offered:


Smaller line: 12M, 15M

first generation 12M (G13) 1952-1959, 15M 1955-1959

Ford Taunus 12M 1952-1955
Ford Taunus 12M 1952-1955

The first new German Ford after World War II. New pontoon body, similar in style to British Ford Zephyr. 12M maintains the old sidevalve engine of the Taunus, 15M uses a new and more powerful engine: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 696 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (751 × 647 pixel, file size: 118 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 696 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (751 × 647 pixel, file size: 118 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other Ford related cars called Zephyr, see Mercury Zephyr, Lincoln-Zephyr, and Lincoln Zephyr The Ford Zephyr was a car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company in the United Kingdom. ... The Ford Sidevalve is a side valve (flathead) engine from the British arm of the Ford Motor Company. ...

  • 12M: 1172 cc, 38 hp (28 kW), 112 km/h (70 mph)
  • 15M: 1498 cc, 55 hp (40 kW), 128 km/h (80 mph)

second generation 12M 1959-1962

Ford Taunus 12M 1959-1962
Ford Taunus 12M 1959-1962

Not a new car, but a rework of the 1952 model. All cars are called 12M, though both engines are continued (the car with the bigger engine is called "Taunus 12M 1.5 litre"). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 517 pixelsFull resolution (3449 × 2228 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 517 pixelsFull resolution (3449 × 2228 pixel, file size: 2. ...


third generation 12M (P4) 1962-1966

Ford Taunus 12M P4
Ford Taunus 12M P4

Same size, but a completely new car. New body, new V4 engine, front wheel drive. The first Ford car with front wheel drive (second is Ford Corcel, third is Ford Fiesta). Engines: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1. ... The Ford Corcel was a car sold by Ford Motor Company in Brazil. ... The Ford Fiesta is a mid-class supermini car designed and built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe, and also manufactured in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. ...

  • 1.2 litre: 1183 cc, 40 hp (29 kW), 123 km/h (77 mph)
  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 50, 55 or 65 hp (37, 40 or 48 kW), 135, 139 or 144 km/h (84, 87 or 90 mph)

fourth generation 12M (P6) 1966-1970, 15M (P6) 1966-1970

1969 Ford 12M P6

New body, engines and platform are continued. Again, the car with the bigger engine is called 15M. Engines: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 510 pixelsFull resolution (1810 × 1155 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Ford 12m Source: user:Arcturus Picture taken during 2000 km durch Deutschland File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 510 pixelsFull resolution (1810 × 1155 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Ford 12m Source: user:Arcturus Picture taken during 2000 km durch Deutschland File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old...

  • 12M 1.2 litre: 1183 cc, 45 hp (33 kW), 125 km/h (78 mph)
  • 12M 1.3 litre: 1305 cc, 50 or 53 hp (37 or 39 kW), 130 or 134 km/h (81 or 84 mph)
  • 15M 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 55 or 65 hp (40 or 47 kW), 136 or 145 km/h (85 or 90 mph)
  • 15M 1.7 litre: 1699 cc, 70 or 75 hp (51 or 55 kW), 153 or 158 km/h (95 or 98 mph)

In 1970, the P6 is replaced by the Taunus TC (see below).


Bigger line: 17M, 20M, 26M

first generation 17M (P2) 1957-1960

Ford Taunus 17M P2
Ford Taunus 17M P2

Growing wealth in postwar Germany encourages Ford to offer a line of bigger and more expensive cars. Same size as British Consul Mk2, but a different car. Style similar to American 1956 Ford. The P2 uses a ohv engine with 1698 cc and 60 hp (44 kW). It can do 128 km/h (80 mph). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 280 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 280 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Categories: Automobile stubs | Ford vehicles ... The Ford line of cars gained a new body for 1955 to keep up with surging Chevrolet, although it remained similar to the 1952 Ford underneath. ...


second generation 17M (P3) 1960-1964

1961 Ford Taunus 17M P3
1961 Ford Taunus 17M P3

Completely new body in very modern style. Engine is now offered in three sizes: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 349 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (Uploaded using CommonsHelper or PushForCommons. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 349 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (Uploaded using CommonsHelper or PushForCommons. ...

  • 1.5 litre: 1498 cc, 55 hp (40 kW), 136 km/h (85 mph)
  • 1.7 litre: 1698 cc, 60 or 65 hp (44 or 48 kW), 138 or 140 km/h (86 or 88 mph)
  • 1.8 litre: 1758 cc, 70 or 75 hp (51 or 55 kW), 148 or 154 km/h (92 or 96 mph).

A very successful car.


third generation 17M (P5) 1964-1967, 20M (P5) 1964-1967

1966 Ford Taunus 20M P5
1966 Ford Taunus 20M P5

New body, new engines. 17M now gets a V4 engine, new 20M gets a V6 engine with 2.0 litres and 85 or 90 hp (63 or 66 kW). Again, a good selling car. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 579 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 579 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1. ... Left side of a 2. ...


fourth generation 17M (P7) 1967-1968, 20M (P7) 1967-1968

New body, engines and platform are continued. Very big, very boxy, very American. Not the car which European car buyers desire. A complete failure.


fifth generation 17M (P7.2) 1968-1971, 20M (P7.2) 1968-1971, 26M 1969-1971

1969 Ford 20M XL P7.2
1969 Ford 20M XL P7.2

Shrinking sales of the P7 are forcing Ford to offer a restyled car only one year later. Ford is so ashamed by the failure of the last year's model that the new car is again called P7. Here, to avoid confusion, it is called P7.2, sometimes it is called P7b. 26M, introduced in 1969, is the top of the line version with the biggest engine (2.6 litres) and the most luxurious trim level. This is the last specifically German Ford. In early 1972, it is replaced by the new Consul and Granada. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 559 pixelsFull resolution (2504 × 1749 pixel, file size: 674 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Ford 20m XL Source: Stahlkocher File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 559 pixelsFull resolution (2504 × 1749 pixel, file size: 674 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: Ford 20m XL Source: Stahlkocher File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Categories: Automobile stubs | Ford vehicles ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


Taunus TC (1970-1976)

1974 Ford Taunus Coupé
1974 Ford Taunus Coupé

In 1970 a new Taunus, the Taunus TC, was introduced, as a two- or four-door sedan, station wagon (or Turnier) and coupé. It was very similar to the British Ford Cortina Mk III, having been developed under the auspices of Ford of Europe, and many components were identical (TC means "Taunus Cortina", to show the similarity of the cars). The 1976 Taunus and Cortina models were identical in all but name, 'Taunus' being the name used in left hand drive (LHD) markets, and 'Cortina' in right hand drive ones, although the Cortina name was used in LHD South Korea and Taiwan. The Mk III was also sold in Scandinavia, alongside the Taunus. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 381 pixelsFull resolution (829 × 395 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 381 pixelsFull resolution (829 × 395 pixel, file size: 134 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... The Peugeot 406 Coupé, designed by Pininfarina 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design 1980s Volvo 480 two-box coupé 1997 Rover Vitesse Coupe, club coupe Mercedes CLS, a modern four-door coupé Gala-Coupé of Leopold II, Brussels 1970s Sunbeam Alpine fastback coupé A coup... The Ford Cortina was a medium sized family car sold by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982. ... This article concerns rules of the road regarding land vehicles; for sea-going vehicles, see International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. ... This article concerns rules of the road regarding land vehicles; for sea-going vehicles, see International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe and includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ...


The Ford Taunus TC series was conceived in the late 1960s to be a "world car" alongside its technical sibbling the Cortina Mk III, with construction and design work taking place on both sides of the Atlantic. As with the design of the first generation, it was done under the supervision of Semon "Bunkie" Knudsen, of former General Motors fame. The car is often nicknamed "Barock 2" (pointing back to the Taunus P2 series of the late 1950s, commonly known as the "Barock-Taunus") or "The Knudsen Nose" by its German owners because of the pointy hood scoop that, as the legend has it, was put there on direct order from Knudsen. Otherwise the major design work is rumoured to have been done by Italian car designer Luigi Colani, who also did design concepts for BMW's motorcycle division in the late 1970s. Semon Bunkie Knudsen, October 2, 1912-July 6, 1998, was a prominent automobile executive. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Designers at work in 1961. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW), is an independent German company and manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles. ...


Taunus Mk III (1976-1982)

Ford Taunus 1979-1982
Ford Taunus 1979-1982

As from the 1976 model year the Taunus and Cortina were essentially the same cars. The Taunus TC along with the Cortina Mk III and their successors have been produced in slightly updated forms in Europe, Argentina and Asia (some Cortinas were built under license by Korean automaker Hyundai) with the last Turkish Otosan-Taunus leaving the factory in the mid-nineties. However the major components remained basically the same through the entire production run only receiving minor body changes with the biggest re-engineering in the 1979 model year, which involved a facelift (identical to the Ford Cortina Mk5 update). Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... The Ford Cortina was a medium sized family car sold by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982. ...


The 1979-82 series shared a good deal of its mechanics with the first generation Ford Sierra.


The Taunus and Cortina series are very easy to service and share a lot of mechanical components with the other European Ford cars of the period (excluding the Ford Fiesta), making them extremely easy to fix.


In 1982 production of the Taunus ceased in Europe, and was replaced by the Ford Sierra. Production continued in Argentina, where it also featured automatic transmission as optional, which had a local coupé version until 1984, and Otosan in Turkey, where a restyled version of the last model continued in production until 1994. The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Uwe Bahnsen, Robert Lutz and Patrick le Quément, . Released on 21 September 1982, it replaced the Ford Cortina/Taunus, and was itself replaced by the Mondeo. ... Otosan stands for Otomobil Sanayi which is Turkish and means Automobile Industry ...


See also

The Ford Cortina was a medium sized family car sold by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982. ... The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Uwe Bahnsen, Robert Lutz and Patrick le Quément, . Released on 21 September 1982, it replaced the Ford Cortina/Taunus, and was itself replaced by the Mondeo. ... The following is a list of vehicles manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ford Taunus
  • Club Taunus in Argentina
  • Dutch Ford Taunus GT and Ford OSI page
  • Austrian Ford Taunus site (English language)
  • German Ford Taunus site
  • German Ford Taunus-Board (mainly German language, but also English and others)
  • German site for M-series 1952 - 1972
  • Swiss Ford Taunus site
  • Hungarian Ford Taunus site
Preceded by:
Ford V8 G78
Ford Rheinland
Taunus 17M/20M/26M
(1957-1971)
Succeeded by:
Ford Granada
Preceded by:
Ford Eifel
Ford Köln
Taunus G73A/G93A
(1939-1951)
Taunus 12M/15M
(1952-1970)
Ford Taunus
(1970-1982)
Succeeded by:
Ford Sierra
Ford car timeline, European market, 1960s-1980s  v  d  e  Next ->
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
Supermini Fiesta I Fiesta II
Small family car Anglia 105E/Super Anglia 123E Escort I Escort II Escort III
Large family car Consul Cortina I Cortina II Cortina III / Taunus TC Cortina IV/V / Taunus II Sierra
Taunus G13 Taunus P4 Taunus P6
Classic Corsair
Executive car Taunus P3 Taunus P5 Taunus P7 Granada I Granada II
Zephyr II Zephyr 4/6 III Zephyr 4/6 IV
Zodiac II Zodiac III Zodiac IV
Coupé Consul Capri Capri I Capri II Capri III

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