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Encyclopedia > Ford Escort RS1800
Ford Escort (Europe)
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Production 1968-2000
1968-1998 (Rental Fleet)
Predecessor Ford Anglia
Successor Ford Focus
Class Small family car
Body style(s) 4-door sedan
3, 5-door hatchback
2, 4-door station wagon
2-door convertible
Engine(s) 1.0 L, 1.1 L, 1.3 L, 1.6 L Ford Kent (Mk1 & Mk2)
1.3 L, 1.4 L, 1.6 L,
Ford CVH (Mk3, Mk4)
1.6 L, 1.8 L, 2.0 L,
Ford Valencia (Mk.3 & Mk.4) 1.1 L, 1.3 L
Ford Zetec (Mk.4)

The Ford Escort was a small family car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. Although it was originally a European model, the Escort badge has been applied to several different designs in North America over the years. Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker after Toyota and General Motors, based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... The Ford Anglia was a British car from Ford in the UK. It was related to the Ford Prefect and the later Ford Popular. ... The Ford Focus is a small family car made by Ford and sold in most Ford markets worldwide. ... It has been suggested that Vehicle size class be merged into this article or section. ... A Ford Focus, classed as a small family car. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... This article is about the type of car. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... The Ford Kent is an internal combustion engine from Ford of Europe. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The Ford Kent is an internal combustion engine from Ford of Europe. ... The Ford Zetec is a name used on many inline 4 cylinder automobile engines. ... A Ford Focus, classed as a small family car. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker after Toyota and General Motors, based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The first use of the Ford Escort name was in the 1950s for an estate car version of the Ford Anglia 100E though this had few sales by comparison to the other members of the 100E family. The Ford Anglia was a British car from Ford in the UK. It was related to the Ford Prefect and the later Ford Popular. ...

Contents

Ford Escort Mk I (1968-1975)

The Ford Escort was a British automobile launched at the end of 1967 as a replacement for the Anglia. Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... The Ford Anglia was a British car from Ford in the UK. It was related to the Ford Prefect and the later Ford Popular. ...


It had conventional rear wheel drive and a four-speed manual gearbox. The suspension consisted of a simple live axle mounted on leaf springs, but with rack-and-pinion steering. The Mk I featured contemporary styling cues in tune with its time - a subtle Detroit-inspired "Coke Bottle" waistline and the "dogbone" shaped front grille - arguably the car's most famous stylistic feature. Initially, the Escort was sold as a 2-door saloon (with angular or circular front headlights) but a 3-door estate and a van were later available. In 1969 the 4-door saloon appeared. Rear wheel drive was a common form of engine/transmission layout used in automobiles throughout the 20th century. ... A gearbox is an assembly of gears allowing the rotational speed of an input shaft to be changed to a different speed. ... A live axle is a type of beam axle suspension system that uses the driveshafts that transmit power to the wheels to connect the wheels laterally so that they move together as a unit. ... A traditional leaf spring arrangement. ... BMWs distinctive kidney-shaped grille on an E34 M5 Audis single frame grille, here on a second generation TT Grille is also the name of a German self-propelled artillery vehicle. ... This article is about the type of car. ... A SAAB headlight with combination projector/reflector optics A headlight or headlamp is a lamp, usually attached to the front of a vehicle such as a car, with the purpose of illuminating the road ahead during periods of low visibility, such as night or precipitation. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... A van is a vehicle used for transporting goods or groups of people. ...


Underneath the bonnet was the Kent Crossflow engine. Diesel engines on small family cars were very rare, so the Escort featured initially only petrol engines - in 1.1 L, and 1.3 L editions. A 950 cc engine was also available in some export markets, but few were ever sold. The Ford Kent is an internal combustion engine from Ford of Europe. ... An engine is something that produces an effect from a given input. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Gasoline (or petrol) engine is a type of internal combustion engine which is often used for automobiles, aircraft, small mobile vehicles such as lawnmowers or motorcycles, and outboard motors for boats. ... A cubic centimetre (cm3) is an SI derived unit of volume, equal to the volume of a cube with side length of 1 centi metre. ...


There was a 1300GT (called 'Sport' in some markets) performance version, with a tuned 1.3L Kent (ohv) engine sporting a Weber carburetor and uprated suspension. There was also a higher performance for rallies and racing - the Escort Twin Cam, which featured a 1.6L engine with a Lotus made 8-valve twin camshaft head. 1961 Ferrari 250TR Spyder engine fitted with 6 Weber 2 barrel downdraft carburetors Weber carburetors were originally produced in Italy by Edoardo Weber as part of a conversion kit for 1920s Fiats. ...

1971 Ford Escort Mk I

The Mk I Escorts became very successful as a rally car, and they eventually went on to become the most successful rally car of all time. The Ford works team was practically unbeatable in the late '60s/early '70s, and arguably the Escort's greatest victory was in the 1970 London to Mexico World Cup Rally being driven by Finnish legend Hannu Mikkola. This gave rise to the famous Escort Mexico (1.6 'Kent' engined) special edition road versions in honour of the rally car. Image File history File links AAP_Goodshot2. ... Image File history File links AAP_Goodshot2. ... A Subaru Impreza WRX competing in a rally special stage on gravel. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hannu Olavi Mikkola (born 24 May 1942 in Joensuu, Finland) is a retired world champion rally driver. ...


In addition to the Mexico, the RS1600 was developed which used a 'Kent' engine block with a 16-valve Cosworth cylinder head. This engine was essentially a detuned Formula 3 engine designated BDA, for Belt Drive series A. Both the Mexico and RS1600 were built at Ford's Advanced Vehicle Operations (AVO) facility located at the Aveley Plant in South Essex. As well as higher performance engines and sports suspension, these models featured strengthened bodyshells making them an ideal model for rallying. Even today Mk I's are still popular in the amateur rally scene. The BDA engine has a distinctive growling which can be heard for quite a distance when the vehicle is being driven hard, such as in competition. Cosworth Logo Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958 specialising in engines for automobile racing. ... Cosworth Logo Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958 specialising in engines for automobile racing. ...


Ford also produced a RS2000 model as a more "civilised" alternative to the somewhat temperamental RS1600 featuring a 2L 'Pinto' (ohc) engine. This also clocked up some rally and racing victories; and pre-empted the hot hatch market as a desirable but affordable performance road car. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sport compact. ...


The Escort quickly became one of Britain's most popular cars and was also a success on export markets (the car was built in Germany, Britain and several Commonwealth countries).


Ford Escort Mk II (1975-1980)

1980 Ford Escort Ghia

The square-edged Mk II version appeared in early 1975. The first production models of which rolled off the production lines 2 December 1974. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1553x972, 174 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1553x972, 174 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... December 2 is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

1978 Ford Escort RS2000, photo taken at the 2005 Clonroche Vintage Rally, car has Irish number plates

Unlike the first Escort (which was solely a British effort), the second generation was developed along with Ford of Germany. Codenamed "Brenda" during its development, it used the same mechanicals as the Mk I, although the unpopular 950 cc engine was dropped. The station wagon and van versions used the same panelwork as the Mk I, but with the Mk II front end and interior - giving the car a slight "identity crisis". The car used a revised underbody, which incidentially was introduced as a running change during the last six months of the Mk1's life. Image File history File links Ford_escort_rs2000. ... Image File history File links Ford_escort_rs2000. ...


This car made a point, just with its four bodystyles, of competing in many different niches of the market, which rival manufacturers either had multiple models ranges, or simply none at all. "L" and "GL" models (2-door, 4-door, estate) were in the mainstream private sector, the "Sport", "Mexico", and "RS2000" in the performance market, the "Ghia" (2-door, 4-door) for an untapped small car luxury market, and "Base/Popular" models for the bottom end. Panel-van versions catered to the commercial sector.


During the second half of the 1970s, the Escort continued to prove hugely popular with buyers in Britain and other parts of Europe. A cosmetic update was given in 1978, with most models gaining the square headlights (previously exclusive to the GL and Ghia variants), some models gaining the Escort Sport wheels, and an upgrade in interior spec - the 'L' in particular gaining a glovebox and centre console. Underneath a wider front track was given.


Production, after an incredibly popular model run, ended in Britain in August 1980, other countries following soon after.


Rallying

A mk2 rally car at a stage rally time control. (Note the extended wheel arches)

As with its predecessor, the Mk II had a successful rallying career. All models of the Mk I were carried over to the Mk II, though the Mexico had its engine changed to a 1.6 ohc 'Pinto' instead of the ohv for the UK market. Other markets continued with the 1.6L 'Kent' in the mk 2 and called it the 'Sport' model. Also a new and potent model was released, the RS1800, which had an 1800 version of the BDA engine. It was essentially a special created for racing, and surviving road versions are very rare and collectible today. There has been a longstanding debate regarding how the RS1800 was homologated for international motorsport, as Ford are rumoured to have built only fifty or so road cars out of the four hundred required for homologation. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1173x745, 453 KB)Taken during the 2003 Argyll Rally in Scotland at the start of a stage near Dunoon in Argyll. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1173x745, 453 KB)Taken during the 2003 Argyll Rally in Scotland at the start of a stage near Dunoon in Argyll. ... Petter Solberg driving on gravel at the 2006 Cyprus Rally, a World Rally Championship event. ...


The 'works' rally cars were highly specialised machines. Bodyshells were heavily strengthened. They were characterised by the wide wheelarch extensions (pictured right), and often by the fitment of four large spotlights for night stages. The BDA engine was bored to 2000cc and gave up to 270bhp by 1979. It was complemented by a strengthened transmission, five-speed straight-cut ZF gearbox, five-linked suspension and a host of more minor modifications. In this form, the Escort was perhaps not the most sophisticated of the rear-drive saloon cars that dominated rallying in the late 1970s, but it was reliable and powerful, and good enough to win in the hands of some of the best drivers of its day.


The late 1970s were Ford's most successful period in Rallying. The Mk II Escort continued its predecessor's unbeaten run on the RAC Rally, winning every year from 1975-9 and winning a variety of other events around the world as well. In the 1979 World Rally Championship, Björn Waldegård took the drivers' title, Hannu Mikkola was runner-up and Ari Vatanen finished the year in 5th place, all driving Escort RS1800's. These drivers' successes throughout the year gave Ford the Manufacturers' title, the only time the company had achieved this until the 2006 season, when Marcus Grönholm and Mikko Hirvonen won title for Ford in Ford Focus RS. The RAC Rally is the best-known motor rally in the UK. It is a round in the international rallying championship. ... The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a rallying series organised by the FIA, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. ... Björn WaldegÃ¥rd (born November 12, 1943) is a Swedish rally driver. ... Hannu Olavi Mikkola (born 24 May 1942 in Joensuu, Finland) is a retired world champion rally driver. ... Ari Vatanen (born April 27, 1952) is a Finnish rally driver turned politician and Member of the European Parliament. ... Marcus Bosse Grönholm (born February 5, 1968 in Kauniainen) is a rally driver from Finland. ... Mikko Hirvonen is a World Rally Championship driver from Finland. ...


The 1.6 L (1598 cc/97 in³) engine in the 1975 1.6 Ghia produced 84 hp (63 kW) with 125 N·m (92 ft·lbf) torque and weighed 955 kg (2105 lb). For rally use, this can be compared to the 1974 Toyota Corolla which output 75 hp (56 kW) and weighed 948 kg (2090 lb). The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has acquired significant popularity throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. ...

Mk.2 Escort RS2000 taking part in a road rally - The Mk II was a very popular rally car at its time and still is in entry level classes

The 2.0 L RS2000 version, which featured the Pinto engine from the Cortina, was available with a top speed of 110 mph (177 km/h). The 2.0 L engine was also easily retro-fitted into the Mk I, and this became a popular modification, along with the Ford Sierra's 5-speed gearbox, for rallying and other sports, especially given the Pinto's tunability. RS2000 Ford Escort on road rally - photo supplied by navigator for WP article. ... RS2000 Ford Escort on road rally - photo supplied by navigator for WP article. ... A road rally is a car rally that takes place on the public road. ... The Ford Pinto engine is the unofficial but ubiquitous nickname for a 4 cylinder internal combustion engine built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Motor Company in Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Patrick le Quément. ... Engine tuning or engine building is the adjustment, modification or design of internal combustion engines to yield optimal performance, either in terms of power output or economy. ...


The RS2000 was more distinctive, having a slanting plastic nose housing four round headlamps.


Australia and New Zealand

Ford Australia also built Mk II Escorts. The majority of Escorts (regular and performance models) sold there utilized the 1.6 OHV Kent and the Cortina's 2.0L Pinto engine (in a lower tune than European units, due to Australian emission laws). The bodyshells were 2-door, 4-door and van, the wagon models being unavailable to the Australian market. The slant-nose RS2000 was sold as a regular production model in 1979 and 1980, in both 2-door and - unique to Australia - 4-door variants. The Escort, like the Cortina, was never popular on the Australian market, due to the competing Japanese imports. It was an underrated car throughout its production life. Ford factory in Norlane, Victoria, 1957. ...


In New Zealand, MKII Escorts were built from CKD kits at the Ford plant in Wiri, South Auckland. Unlike Australia, Escorts and Cortinas always topped the monthly sales lists, and all body styles including the wagon were sold. Based on the British models (aside from using metric speedometers), the cars were sold in 1.1 (base), 1.3 (L, GL, 1300 Sport, estate and van variants) and 1.6 (Ghia, 1600 Sport) variants - the 1.3 being the most common.


The Escort was replaced in the Australian and New Zealand markets by the Ford Laser in 1981 which were locally built Mazda 323s with different panels. Deregulation allowing imported used cars eventually destroyed NZ's automotive assembly industry but the Escort returned briefly to NZ in the late 1990s before being replaced by the Focus. The Ford Laser was a compact car sold by Ford in Asia, Australia, and parts of South America and Africa. ...


Ford Escort Mk III (1980-1986)

Codenamed "Erika", the third generation Escort was launched in September 1980. The code name alluded to the leader of the product planning team, Erick A. Reickert. The North American Escort introduced at this time was a derivative. The two vehicles were intended to share component designs, but separate engineering organizations and government regulations made this impractical.


The Mk III was intended to be a hi-tech, high-efficiency design which would compete with the Volkswagen Golf, and indeed the car was launched with the advertising tagline "Simple is Efficient". The Mk III was a radical departure from the two previous models, the biggest changes being the adoption of front wheel drive, and the new hatchback body, which introduced trademark styling cues which would be later seen in the forthcoming Sierra and Scorpio, most notably the "Aeroback" rear end - the "sawn off" bootlid stump which was proved to reduce the car's drag coefficient. Also new were the overhead camshaft CVH engines in 1.3 L and 1.6 L formats, with the Valencia engine from the Fiesta powering the 1.1 L derivative. The suspension was fully independent all around, departing from the archaic leaf spring arrangement found on its predecessors. The Escort Mk III was voted European Car of the Year in 1981. From launch, the car was available in Base (Popular), L, GL, Ghia and XR3 trim. The Volkswagen Golf (Mark 1 and Mark 5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in North America) is a compact car / small family car manufactured by Volkswagen. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Motor Company in Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Patrick le Quément. ... The Ford Scorpio is an executive car produced by the Ford Motor Company at its factory in Cologne, Germany between 1985 and 1998. ... The drag coefficient (Cd, Cx or Cw, depending on the country) is a dimensionless quantity that describes a characteristic amount of aerodynamic drag caused by fluid flow, used in the drag equation. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The Ford Kent is an internal combustion engine from Ford of Europe. ... The Ford Fiesta is a mid-class supermini car designed and built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe, and also manufactured in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. ... A traditional leaf spring arrangement. ... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ...


However, the car attracted criticism from the motoring press at launch due to how its suspension was set up - with positive camber on the front wheels and negative camber at the rear, giving rise to the Mk III's infamous "knock-kneed" stance. Although this gave the car acceptable handling on perfectly smooth roads, once the car was tested on bumpy British roads the effects of this decision was obvious and the Mk III soon had a reputation for a harsh, unforgiving ride, with questionable handling. The shock absorber specification was to blame also, and it was not until 1983 that the suspension gremlins were finally ironed out. A three-speed automatic transmission was available on the 1.6 engine within a couple of years of the car's launch. From mid-1982, a 5-speed manual gearbox was introduced across the range. This was now standard on the 1.6L versions and could be specified as an option on most 1.3L engines. Gasfilled Shock absorber. ... A gremlin is a folkloric creature, commonly depicted as mischievous and mechanically oriented with a specific interest in aircraft. ... An automatic transmission is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually. ...

1980 Ford Escort Mk III (shown in Ghia specification)

In order to compete with Volkswagen's Golf GTI, a hot hatch version of the Mk III was created from the outset - the XR3. Initially this featured a tuned version of the 1.6 L CVH engine fitted with a Weber carburettor, uprated suspension and numerous cosmetic alterations. Despite the initial lack of a 5-speed transmission and the absence of fuel injection, the XR3 instantly caught the public's imagination and became a cult car which was beloved of "boy racers" in the 1980s. Fuel injection finally arrived in 1983 (creating the XR3i), along with the racetrack-influenced RS1600i. The final performance update arrived in the form of the turbocharged RS Turbo model in 1985. Ford Escort Mk. ... Ford Escort Mk. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Ghia (Carrozzeria Ghia SpA) is one of the most famous Italian automobile design and coachbuilding firms, founded in 1921 in Turin by Giacinto Ghia (1887 - 1944). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sport compact. ... 1961 Ferrari 250TR Spyder engine fitted with 6 Weber 2 barrel downdraft carburetors Weber carburetors were originally produced in Italy by Edoardo Weber as part of a conversion kit for 1920s Fiats. ... In mechanics, a transmission or gearbox is the system of gears and/or the hydraulic system (called variously hydrodynamic, fluid or automatic transmission) that transmits mechanical power from a prime mover—such as an engine or electric motor—to a typically rotary output device at a lower angular momentum but... // Fuel injection is a means of metering fuel into an internal combustion engine. ... A Boy racer is a person- usually male and in their late teens or early 20s- who drives his car over the speed limit for fun. ...


Another engine introduced around the same time was the 1.6L diesel engine. Developed in Dagenham, it was remarkably economical for its time, managing over 70 miles per gallon. It was available on the L and GL models. However, the performance was not so impressive, with only 54Bhp and a top speed of barely 90 mph. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Dagenham is a suburban town in east London, in the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, situated 12 miles (19. ...


The Escort estate was initially only available with three doors, but a five-door version was eventually introduced in 1983. In that year, a saloon version of the Escort, the Orion, was launched. It used the same mechanicals as the hatchback, but had a more upmarket image and was not available with the rather underpowered 1.1 L engine. The Orion name would continue in use through until 1993, when it was dropped and the Orion simply called "Escort". The Ford Orion was a saloon built by the automaker Ford for the European market from July 22, 1983 to 19 September 1993. ...


A convertible version, courtesy of coachbuilder Karmann appeared the same year, significant as it was the first drop-top car produced by Ford Europe since the Corsair of the '60s. The Escort Cabriolet was initially available in both XR3i and Ghia specification, but the Ghia variant was dropped after a couple of years. Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American Convertible can also refer to a convertible (security) A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... Wilhelm Karmann GmbH in Osnabrück, Germany is an independent company in the motor vehicle industry. ... Ford Corsair The Ford Corsair, manufactured by Ford Motor Company in the United Kingdom, was a midsize car available as either a saloon or estate from 1964 until 1970. ...


A pickup version of the Escort, the Bantam, was produced in South Africa, while Brazil had a two-door sedan known as the Verona, completelly different than Orion. The Ford Bantam is a utility vehicle sold by the Ford Motor Company in South Africa. ... 1990 Ford Verona 1. ...


Ford Escort Mk4. (III Erika-86/) (1986-1990)

The Escort Mk3 received a facelift in early 1986. Codenamed within Ford as Erika–86, and sometimes referred to as the "Mk IV" (although it was not officially the fourth generation), it was instantly recognisable as an updated version of the previous model, with a smooth Scorpio style nose and the "straked" rear lamp clusters smoothed over. New features included an optional mechanical anti‐lock braking system (standard on RS Turbo models) and the option of a heated windshield – features which were at the time unheard of on a car of this size and price. The trim designations were carried over from the pre-facelift car. The Ford Scorpio is an executive car produced by the Ford Motor Company at its factory in Cologne, Germany between 1985 and 1998. ...


Trim designations for the Escort Mk 4

  • Popular: 1.1, 1.3 petrol, 1.6 diesel
  • Bonus: 1.1, 1.3 petrol (4spd gearbox only)
  • L: 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 petrol, 1.6 diesel, 1.8 diesel
  • GL: 1.4, 1.6 petrol, 1.6 diesel
  • Ghia: 1.3, 1.4, 1.6 petrol
  • Cabriolet: 1.6 CVH carburettor engine or fuel injected 1.6 CVH engine
  • XR3i: fuel injected 1.6 CVH engine
  • RS Turbo: 1.6 CVH engine with Turbo

In Brazil, the trim designations were a bit different for the MK4:

  • Hobby - 1.0 CHT motor
  • L: 1.4, 1.6 petrol/alchool
  • GL: 1.4, 1.6 petrol/alchool
  • Ghia: 1.6, 1.8. 2.0 Petrol/alchool
  • Conversivel (cabriolet): 1.6, 1.8. 2.0 Petrol/alchool
  • XR3: 1.6, 1.8. 2.0 Petrol/alchool

There were special series in Brazil:

  • XR3 Formula: 1.8 VW motor Petrol/alchool, electronic suspension
  • Guaruja: 1.8 VW motor petrol/alchool, 5 doors

Note that in Brazil, the 1.8 and 2.0 motors were made by VolksWagen as part of the AutoLatina agreement, where Ford motors were used in VW cars and vice-versa. The 1.0 and 1.6 were all ford CHT motors. All Escorts made after 1993 were fuel injected. Also, the MK4 model was made until 1992.


As well as an all-new interior, a new 1.4 L derivative of the CVH engine was introduced, as well as numerous suspension tweaks to address the long standing criticisms of the Escort's handling and ride quality, although these had limited success. A new LX version was introduced in 1987 in order to bridge the gap between the L and GL models. In 1989, the diesel engine was enlarged to 1.8 L, and the poorly‐performing 1.1 L version was finally dropped from the range. Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel (1858-1913), inventor of the diesel engine. ...


The Orion was also proving popular with the motoring public, and Ford also gave the Escort‐based saloon a similar makeover. Carried over from the previous range was the 3–speed automatic which was ultimately replaced late in the production run with a variant of the CTX stepless gearbox as first used in the Fiesta a couple of years earlier.


At this time, the Escort was dropped in South Africa and replaced by the Laser and Meteor, although the Escort‐based Bantam pickup remained in production, facelifted, and also sold as a Mazda Rustler. The Ford Laser was a compact car sold by Ford in Asia, Australia, and parts of South America and Africa. ... The Ford Meteor describes two distinct lines of automobiles from the Ford Motor Company. ...


This Escort continued production until 1995 in some foreign markets, especially Latin America. In 1993, the Escort Hobby trim was introduced in Brazil, using a 1.0-litre 50hp engine derived from the European 1.1-litre. This was done in order to be eligible for tax breaks. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


The 1.0-litre engine was unique to Brazil, whereas the 1.1-litre engine was sold worldwide. This special 1.0 motor was the same CHT 1.6 used in the Escort but with smaller pistons/chambers making it less powerful but very economic. A very popular kit changed the pistons/crank rods to make the motor a 1.3L one. This kit was made by COFAP in Brazil.


Interesting to note that there were NO trims with a more powerful motorization in Brazil. No turbos or cosworth versions. The most powerful Escort was the Escort XR3 Formula 1991, which had 125CV. Also, the onboard computer wasn't avaiable in any trims/years in Brazil.


Ford Escort Mk5 (1990-1992)

1992 Ford Escort Mk5

The fifth generation Escort platform (and Mk 3 Orion saloon) arrived in September 1990 with an all-new bodyshell and a simplified torsion beam rear suspension (instead of the Mk III's fully independent layout). Initially the 1.3 L, 1.4 L and 1.6 L CVH petrol and 1.8 L diesel units were carried over from the old model, and were starting to show their age in terms of refinement especially compared to Rover's state of the art K-Series engine launched in 1989. Image File history File linksMetadata 1992Escort_Mk5. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 1992Escort_Mk5. ... Torsion beam suspension, also known as a torsion bar, is a vehicle suspension system. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The Rover Group K-Series engine was introduced in 1988 as a powerplant for the Rover Metro car. ...


Despite being the most eagerly awaited model for year the Escort and Orion ranges were subjected to a surprising amount of criticism from the media and motoring public alike. Its downmarket interior design, bland looks and disappointing handling were the main reasons for this bad press. Some owners were also disappointed by the levels of quality. Despite this, the Escort remained hugely popular with buyers, coming second in the British car sales charts in 1990 and 1991 before topping the charts in 1992. The Orion was less popular, failing to feature in the Top 10 best selling cars in Britain after 1990. This is the list of the best selling 10 cars in the United Kingdom (Great Britain), from 1990 to 2005. ...


Matters improved in 1991 when the all new Zetec 16-valve engines were launched bringing improved driveability, while also marking the return of the XR3i which was available with 2 versions of the 1.8 litre Zetec engine. The 150 bhp (112 kW) RS2000 also appeared in 1991 with a 16v version of the Sierra's I4 2.0 litre engine and also improved ride and handling meaning a Mk.5 Escort finally delivered on the road. Specification, however, were also higher than before. The Escort was now available with items such as power steering, electric windows, central locking, electronic antilock brakes and even air conditioning. The Ford Zetec is a name used on many inline 4 cylinder automobile engines. ... These water valves are regulated by handles. ... The Ford Zetec is a name used on many inline 4 cylinder automobile engines. ... Power steering is a system for reducing the steering effort on cars by using an external power source to assist in turning the wheels. ... Power windows or electric windows are automobile windows which can be raised and lowered by depressing a button or switch of some sort, as opposed to using a hand-turned crank. ... Power door locks (aka electric door locks or central locking) allow the driver or front passenger to simultaneously lock or unlock all the doors of an automobile or truck, by pressing a button or flipping a switch. ... An anti-lock braking system (ABS) is a system on motor vehicles which prevents the wheels from locking while braking. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ...


1992 saw the launch of the Escort RS Cosworth, and a 5th generation Escort that was genuinely considered excellent. Intended to replace the Sapphire RS Cosworth as Ford's stalwart rally challenger, it used a turbocharged version of the 2.0 L Cosworth 16-valve engine, generated some 227 PS (167 kW) and was capable of 225 km/h (140 mph), as well as having four-wheel drive. Its most memorable feature was its outrageous "whale-tail" tailgate spoiler. The Cosworth ceased production in 1996 but the 2,500 road-going examples sold (required for homologation purposes) have already achieved classic status. However, the car wasn't really an Escort at all, being based from a Sierra floorpan and mechanicals, including its longitudinally mounted engine, and was merely clothed in body panels to look (supposedly) like a standard Mk 5. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... hp, see HP (disambiguation) The horsepower (hp) is the name of several non-metric units of power. ... This article is missing citation of sources. ... This Ford F-150 pickup truck has two spoilers one on the roof and another on the tailgate. ... The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Motor Company in Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Patrick le Quément. ...


The fifth generation Escort was launched in South America in 1992, being manufactured in Brazil and Argentina by Autolatina, a joint-venture between Volkswagen and Ford. This resulted with the top of the line Escort XR3i being equipped with a VW AP 2.0L engine generating 115.5 hp / 86 kW (although this value is supposed to be lower than the actual value, a practice that was done before with the 1989 XR3 model). This generation also spawned two VW-branded cars with the same mechanics (but different body styles and interiors) called Pointer (five-door hatchback) and Logus, a two-door sedan. Autolatina was the name of a joint venture between Volkswagen and Ford in South America. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... Brazilian VW Pointer The Volkswagen Pointer is a small family car sold by Volkswagen in South America between 1994 and 1997. ... Brazilian VW Pointer The Volkswagen Pointer is a small family car sold by Volkswagen in South America between 1994 and 1997. ...


Engines:

  • 1.4 CFi (1393 cc) CVH 52 kW
  • 1.4 EFi (1393 cc) CVH 55 kW
  • 1.4 G (1393 cc) CVH 54 kW
  • 1.6 EFi (1597 cc) CVH 79 kW
  • 1.6 G/H (1597 cc) CVH 66 kW
  • 1.6 EFi (1598 cc) Zetec 66 kW
  • 1.8 EFi (1796 cc) Zetec 77/85/96 kW
  • 1.8 D (1753 cc) Endura D 44 kW
  • 1.8 TD (1753 cc) Endura D 66 kW
  • 2.0 EFi (1998 cc) Ford I4 Engine 110 kW
  • 2.0 (1993 cc) Cosworth YBT 167 kW

The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... Ford Motor Company used the Zetec name on a variety of 4-cylinder automobile engines. ... Ford Motor Company used the Zetec name on a variety of 4-cylinder automobile engines. ... Cosworth Logo Cosworth is an automotive engineering company founded in London in 1958 specialising in engines for automobile racing. ...

Ford Escort Mk5b (1993-1995)

Escort Mk5b

Stung by the criticism of the original Mk.5, Ford facelifted the Escort and Orion in September 1992, giving the revised cars a new grille, bonnet and, in the Escort hatch's case, a new rear end. A new 1.6L 16-valve 90 bhp (66 kW) Zetec engine was introduced, replacing the previous CVH. Fuel injection was now standard on all petrol models and Ford introduced a 4x4 variant of the RS2000, offering much improved handling over its front wheel drive cousins. A first for the Escort also saw the introduction of all 4 wheel disc brakes as standard on all RS2000 models. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 830 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2560x1920, 830 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Ford Zetec is a name used on many inline 4 cylinder automobile engines. ... // Fuel injection is a means of metering fuel into an internal combustion engine. ...


Also new for 1993 were 1.3 and 1.4 CFi petrol and 1.8D diesel engines.


In 1993, the Orion name was quietly dropped, the saloon taking on the Escort badge. The crash structure was also improved, featuring side impact bars, improved crumple zones and later on, airbags. These revisions made the Escort and Orion much better cars and they were competitive against rivals, if still not the best in class. An airbag is a flexible membrane or envelope, inflatable to contain air or some other gas. ...


The Facelifted Mk5 Escort is sometimes referred to in error as the Mk6, with the Mk6 in turn wrongly being called the Mk7 - which never existed. UK based enthusiasts generally agree that the model be referred to as the Mk5b.


Ford Escort Mk6 (1995-2000)

Ford Escort Mk6 Ghia
Escort Mk6 RS2000
Image:FordEscortMoscow.jpg
Ford Escort 1.6v in Moscow,2005

The Escort was thoroughly revised in January 1995 after the launch of the highly acclaimed Mondeo in 1993. Although the same basic design continued, this version had new front lights, bonnet, front wings, front and rear bumpers, wing mirrors and door handles. The interior of both cars was hugely revised too, featuring an all new dashboard arrangement of competitive Quality. Image File history File links Ford_Escort_vr_silver. ... Image File history File links Ford_Escort_vr_silver. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RS2000. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RS2000. ... The Ford Mondeo, launched in 1993, was billed as Fords world car, and was also sold in North America as the Ford Contour and Mercury Mystique. ...


Dynamically, the handling and ride were also much improved with revised suspension set up from that on the previous Mk5/5b models. However, the car was now five years old and most of its rivals were either new or to be imminently replaced. The RS2000 models ceased production in June 1996. These were the last Escorts ever to wear the famous RS badge. A new Ghia X model was introduced around 1996. This included Air Conditioning and a 6 CD multichanger as standard. Although the equipment of the Ghia below it was reduced, it was now more affordable. Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ...


The last 'standard' model to be introduced in 1997 was the GTi - the only GTi badged Ford to ever be sold in Europe. This used the same existing 115ps (85 kW) 1.8 Zetec-e engine found in other cars in the range, but included a bodykit borrowed from the now cancelled RS2000 model, part-leather seats plus the standard fitment of ABS.


In 1998, Ford announced an all-new car, the Focus, which was launched as a replacement for the 32 year old Escort, although the Escort would continue to be produced, as a move to give Fords loyal Escort buyers time to get used to the Focus (at that time) cutting edge design. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


With the arrival of the Focus, the Escort range was overhauled offering 'Flight' and 'Finesse' run out editions. The 1.3, 1.4 and 1.8 petrol engines, and the three-door hatchback and four-door saloon bodystyles, were dropped (except in mainland Europe, New Zealand, South Africa and South America) and the only versions remaining were the 1.6 petrol and 1.8 diesel. Prices were made more competitive and this managed to keep European Escort sales going until the last one rolled off the Halewood assembly line at the end of 2000. Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and, at times, peninsulas. ...


The van variant kept going until 2002 when the new Transit Connect model was introduced. The Escort hatchback and station wagon were produced in Argentina until 2004, being sold side-by-side with its successor, the Focus. Ford Transit Connect The Ford Transit Connect is a panel van developed by Ford Europe an introduced in 2002. ...


Engines:

  • 1.3 CFi (1299 cc) HCS 44 kW
  • 1.3 CFi/H (1299 cc) HCS 44 kW
  • 1.3 EFi (1299 cc) HCS 37/44 kW
  • 1.4 CFi (1393 cc) CVH 52 kW
  • 1.4 EFi (1393 cc) CVH 55 kW
  • 1.6 EFi (1598 cc) Zetec 66 kW
  • 1.6 G (1598 cc) CVH 66 kW
  • 1.8 D (1753 cc) Endura D 44 kW
  • 1.8 DT (1753 cc) Endura D 55/66 kW
  • 1.8 EFi (1796 cc) Zetec 85/96 kW
  • 2.0 EFi (1998 cc) Ford I4 Engine 110 kW

The HCS (High Compression Swirl) engine is a derivative of the popular Ford Kent overhead valve power unit. ... The HCS (High Compression Swirl) engine is a derivative of the popular Ford Kent overhead valve power unit. ... The HCS (High Compression Swirl) engine is a derivative of the popular Ford Kent overhead valve power unit. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... Ford Motor Company used the Zetec name on a variety of 4-cylinder automobile engines. ... The letters CVH denote a particular type of 4-cylinder internal combustion engine produced by the Ford Motor Company during the 1980s and 1990s. ... Ford Motor Company used the Zetec name on a variety of 4-cylinder automobile engines. ...

Comparable contemporaries

The Alfa Romeo Alfasud was a compact car made by Alfa Romeo of Italy from 1971 to 1989. ... The Alfa Romeo 33 is a small family car produced by the Italian automaker Alfa Romeo between 1983 and 1994. ... Photo from original press release of Austin 1100 The Morris 1100 was a small family car built by the British Motor Corporation and, later, British Leyland, from August 15, 1962 to June 1974, developed under the ADO16 codename. ... The Austin Allegro is a small family car that was manufactured by British Leyland under the Austin name from 1973 until 1983. ... The Austin Maestro is a mid-sized 5-door hatchback car that was produced by the Austin Rover subsidiary of British Leyland (BL), and its successors, from 1983 until 1994. ... The Horizon is a subcompact hatchback automobile, designed by the European division of Chrysler from 1977. ... The Citroën GS/GSA was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Citroën between 1970 and 1986. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Citroën ZX Inter. ... The Nissan Sunny is a compact car manufactured by Nissan of Japan. ... It has been suggested that Fiat 124 Sport Spider be merged into this article or section. ... The 1978 Fiat Ritmo, styled by Bertone of Italy, was the most distinctive looking small family car in Europe on its launch. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Hillman Avenger is a sub-compact car manufactured by the Rootes Group, and latterly Chrysler Europe. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mazda Familia. ... 1999 Mitsubishi Colt Colt was a name used as an export marque by the Mitsubishi Motors Corporation of Japan. ... The Nissan Sunny is a small car manufactured by Nissan of Japan. ... The Opel Kadett is a small family car produced by the German automaker Opel between 1937 and 1940, then from 1962 to 1992. ... See also Vauxhall Astra, Holden Astra, and Saturn Astra for the usage of the nameplate by other General Motors subsidiaries. ... The Peugeot 309 is a small family car designed and manufactured by Peugeot between 1986 and 1993, and between 1994 and 1997 in India by PAL-Peugeot Ltd. ... The Peugeot 306 is a small family car built by the French car manufacturer Peugeot from 1993 to 2001. ... The Renault 12 is a medium sized family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1968 and 1980. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Renault 19 was a compact automobile produced by the Renault company of France between 1988 and 1995. ... The Rover 200-series / 25 is an automobile produced by the Austin Rover Group, and latterly the Rover Group and MG Rover. ... The Rover 400/45 was a mid-size automobile introduced in the 1990s, and produced until 2005 under the name Rover 45. ... The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has acquired significant popularity throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. ... The Vauxhall Cavalier was a large family car sold primarily in the UK by Vauxhall Motors, the British subsidiary of General Motors from 1976 to 1995. ... The Viva was a model of car produced by Vauxhall Motors in a variety of models from 1963 to 1979. ... Vauxhall Chevette - rare HSR rally model in road-going trim The Vauxhall Chevette was a model of car manufactured by Vauxhall in the UK from 1975 to 1983. ... The Volkswagen Golf (Mark 1 and Mark 5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in North America) is a compact car / small family car manufactured by Volkswagen. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ford Escort
  • Ford Escort Owners Association
Ford car timeline, European market, 1960s-1980s  v  d  e  Next ->
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
Supermini Fiesta I Fiesta II
Small family car Anglia 105E/Super Anglia 123E Escort I Escort II Escort III
Large family car Consul Cortina I Cortina II Cortina III / Taunus TC Cortina IV/V / Taunus II Sierra
Taunus G13 Taunus P4 Taunus P6
Classic Corsair
Executive car Taunus P3 Taunus P5 Taunus P7 Granada I Granada II
Zephyr II Zephyr 4/6 III Zephyr 4/6 IV
Zodiac II Zodiac III Zodiac IV
Coupé Consul Capri Capri I Capri II Capri III
<- Previous Ford car timeline, European market, 1980s-present  v  d  e 
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
City car Ka I Ka II
Supermini Fiesta I Fiesta II Fiesta III Fiesta IV Fiesta V Fiesta VI Fiesta VII
Small family car Escort III / Orion I Escort IV / Orion II Escort V / Orion III Escort Vb Escort VI Focus I Focus II
Large family car Sierra Mondeo I Mondeo II Mondeo III Mondeo IV
Executive car Granada II Scorpio I / Granada III Scorpio II
Coupé Capri Puma
Probe Cougar
Mini MPV Fusion
Compact MPV C-MAX
Large MPV S-MAX
Galaxy I Galaxy II

 
 

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