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Encyclopedia > Ford Cortina
Ford Cortina
Manufacturer Ford of Britain
Production 1962-1982
Predecessor Ford Consul Classic
Successor Ford Sierra
Ford Orion

The Ford Cortina is a mid sized family car sold by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982. Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... 1933 Ford Model Y 1953 Ford Anglia E494A 1960 Ford Anglia 100E Ford Zephyr Six 1966 Ford Anglia 105E in Wales 1966 Ford Cortina Mk I in GT trim, with Lotus Cortina-like side stripe 1967 Ford Anglia 105E 1936 Fordson trucks ad Ford of Britain Limited was the manufacturing... The Ford Consul Classic or 315 Consul was a mid-sized car built by Ford in the UK from 1961 to 1964. ... The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Uwe Bahnsen, Robert Lutz and Patrick le Quément, . Released on 21 September 1982, it replaced the Ford Cortina/Taunus, and was itself replaced by the Mondeo. ... The Ford Orion was a saloon built by the automaker Ford for the European market from July 22, 1983 to 19 September 1993. ... 1933 Ford Model Y 1953 Ford Anglia E494A 1960 Ford Anglia 100E Ford Zephyr Six 1966 Ford Anglia 105E in Wales 1966 Ford Cortina Mk I in GT trim, with Lotus Cortina-like side stripe 1967 Ford Anglia 105E 1936 Fordson trucks ad Ford of Britain Limited was the manufacturing...


The Cortina was Ford's mass-market midsize car and sold in enormous numbers, making it common on British roads. It was replaced in 1982 by the Ford Sierra. In other markets, particularly Asia and Australasia, it was replaced by the Mazda 626-based Ford Telstar, though Ford New Zealand did import British-made CKD kits of the Ford Sierra estate for local assembly from 1984. The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Uwe Bahnsen, Robert Lutz and Patrick le Quément, . Released on 21 September 1982, it replaced the Ford Cortina/Taunus, and was itself replaced by the Mondeo. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... The Mazda 626 is an automobile produced by Mazda for the export market. ... The Ford Telstar was an automobile sold by the Ford Motor Company in Asia, Australasia and Africa, comparable in size to the European Ford Sierra and the American Ford Tempo. ... Ford New Zealand is the New Zealand subsidiary of Ford Motor Company. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The Cortina was produced in five generations (Mark I through to Mark V, although officially the last one was called the Cortina 80) from 1962 until 1982. From 1970 onward, it was almost identical to the German-market Ford Taunus (being built on the same platform) which was originally a different car model. This was part of a Ford attempt to unify its European operations. By 1976, when the revised Taunus was launched, the Cortina was identical. In fact, this new Taunus/Cortina used the doors and some panels from the 1970 Taunus. Ford Taunus was a large family car sold by Ford in Germany. ...


All variants of the Cortina sold over one million, with each successive model proving more popular than its predecessor. Such was its fame in the UK that the BBC Two documentary series Arena once devoted an edition to the car and its enthusiasts. For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ... Arena is a British television documentary series, which has run in occasional seasons on BBC Two, and latterly BBC Four, since 1975, debuting on Wednesday October 1 that year. ...

Contents

Mark I (1962–1966)

Cortina Mark I
1966 Ford Cortina Mark I in GT trim, with Lotus Cortina-like side stripe
Production 1962-1966
933,143 units
Body style(s) 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door convertible (conversion)
Engine(s) 1.2 and 1.5 L Straight-4
Related Lotus Cortina

Notable models were the Lotus Cortina and Cortina GT. Available with 1.2 L and 1.5 L engines in 2 and 4-door saloon and 4-door estate forms. Standard, Deluxe, Super and GT trims were offered but not across all body styles. Estates offered the option of fake wood side and tailgate trim, aping American-style estates, for a short time. There were two main variants of the Mark 1. The Mark 1a possessed elliptical front side-lights, whereas the Mark 1b had a re-designed front grill incorporating the squarer side-lights. Advertising of the revised version, which appeared in late 1964, made much of the newly introduced "Aeroflow" through-flow ventilation, evident by the extractor vents on the rear pillars. The dashboard, instruments and controls were also revised. Ford Cortina Mark 1 from 1966. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The Lotus-Cortina was a high-performance car, the result of collaboration between Ford and Lotus. ... The Lotus-Cortina was a high-performance car, the result of collaboration between Ford and Lotus. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...


The engines used across the Mark I range were of identical design, differing only in capacity and setup. The formula used was a 4-cylinder pushrod (Over Head Valve) design that came to be known as the "pre-crossflow" version as both inlet and exhaust ports were located on the same side of the head. The most powerful version of this engine (used in the GT Cortina) was 1498 cc (1500) and produced 78 bhp. This engine contained a different camshaft profile, a different cast of head featuring larger ports, tubular exhaust headers and a Weber double barrel carburettor. For the fictional characters of the same name, see Camshaft (Transformers). ... The carburetor (or carburettor, carb for short) is a device which mixes air and fuel for an internal_combustion engine. ...

Lotus Cortina models were solely offered as 2-door saloons all in white with a contrasting green side flash down each flank. Lotus Cortinas had a unique 1.6 L twin cam engine by Lotus, but based on the Cortina's Kent OHV engine. Aluminium was used for some body panels. For a certain time, it also had a unique A-frame rear suspension, but this proved fragile and the model soon reverted to the standard Cortina semi-elliptic rear end. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 480 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,248 × 749 pixels, file size: 211 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 480 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,248 × 749 pixels, file size: 211 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Lotus Logo with monogram of its founder, Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England. ... The Ford Kent is an internal combustion engine from Ford of Europe. ... OHV redirects here. ...

Mark II (1966–1970)

Cortina Mark II
1970 Ford Cortina Mark II
Production 1966-1970
1,159,389 units (UK)
Body style(s) 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door convertible (conversion)
Engine(s) 1.3, 1.5 and 1.6 L Straight-4
Designer Roy Haynes

Designed by Roy Haynes. Image File history File links Cortina. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Automotive design. ... Ford Cortina MkII 1976 Mini Clubman 1973 Morris Marina Roy Haynes was a British automobile designer. ... Ford Cortina MkII 1976 Mini Clubman 1973 Morris Marina Roy Haynes was a British automobile designer. ...


Again, a Lotus version was produced (this time done in-house at Ford) but the most admired was the 1600E that came out in late 1967. Lotus Logo with monogram of its founder, Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England. ...


The engines were at first carried over, but for 1967, they received a new crossflow cylinder head design, making them more efficient. At this time, they became 1.3 L and 1.6 L in size, with the Lotus Cortina continuing with its own unique engine. A stripped out 1.2 L version running the engine of the Ford Anglia Super was also available for some tax conscious markets. A crossflow cylinder head is a cylinder head that features the intake and exhaust ports on opposite sides. ... The Ford Anglia was a British car from Ford in the UK. It was related to the Ford Prefect and the later Ford Popular. ...


Again, 2 and 4-door saloons and a 4-door estate were offered with base, Deluxe, Super, GT and later 1600E trims available, but again, not across all body styles and engine options.


The 1600E combined the lowered Lotus Cortina's suspension with the high tune GT 1600 Kent engine and luxury trim featuring a Burr Walnut woodgrain-trimmed dashboard and door cappings, bucket seating, sports steering wheel and full instrumentation inside, while a black grille, tail panel, front fog lights and plated Rostyle wheels featured outside. Rostyle wheels are a particular design of wheels for cars made by the British firm of Rubery Owen, a diversified industrial company which made many car parts. ...

For 1969, the Mark II range was given subtle revisions, with separate "FORD" block letters mounted on the bonnet and boot lids, a blacked out grille and chrome strips on top and below the taillights running the full width of the tail panel marking them out. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 480 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,359 × 816 pixels, file size: 198 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 480 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,359 × 816 pixels, file size: 198 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

Mark III (1970–1976)

Cortina Mark III
1974 Ford Cortina Mark III
Production 1970-1976
1,126,559 units
Body style(s) 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door convertible (conversion)
2-door pickup (P100)
Engine(s) 1.3, 1.6 and 2.0 L Straight-4
Wheelbase 101 inches (2578 mm)
Length 168 inches (4267 mm)
Width 67 inches (1714 mm)
Height 52 inches (1320 mm)

The Mark III Detroit-inspired "coke bottle" shaped Cortina was a hit amongst fleet buyers. It replaced both the Cortina Mark II and the larger, more expensive Ford Corsair by offering more trim levels and the option of larger engines than the Mark II. 1972 Ford Cortina Mk3 at Bristol Car Show, The Downs, Bristol, England. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... Pickup or pick-up may refer to: Pickup, a device which detects vibrations from music instruments Pickup truck, a light truck with an open-top rear cargo area. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Ford Corsair The Ford Corsair, manufactured by Ford Motor Company in the United Kingdom, was a midsize car available as either a saloon or estate from 1964 until 1970. ...


The Macperson strut front suspension was replaced with more conventional double A-arm suspension to give the car a soft 'freeway' ride. The larger engines induced distinct understeer.


Ford UK originally wanted to call it something other than Cortina, but the name stuck. Although the Mark III looked significantly larger than the boxier Mark II, it was actually the same overall length, but 4 inches (100 mm) wider.


Trim levels were now Base, L (for Luxury), XL (Xtra Luxury), GT (Grand Touring) and GXL (Grand Xtra Luxury). 1.3 L, 1.6 L and 2.0 L engines were offered, the 1.6 L having two distinct types - the Kent unit for models up to GT trim and a SOHC Pinto unit for the GT and GXL, the latter of which was also offered in 1600 form for a short while. 2.0 L variants used a larger version of the 1600 Pinto unit and were available in all trim levels except base. The Ford Kent is an internal combustion engine from Ford of Europe. ... Single overhead cam (also SOHC) refers to the internal combustion engine design where one camshaft is located above the valves. ... The Ford Pinto engine is the unofficial but ubiquitous nickname for a 4 cylinder internal combustion engine built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe. ...


Four headlights and Rostyle wheels marked out the GT and GXL versions, while the GXL also had bodyside rubstrips, a vinyl roof and a brushed metal and black tail panel on the GXL and plain black one on the GT. All models featured a downward sloping dashboard with deeply recessed dials and all coil suspension all round. In general styling and technical make up, many observed that the Mark III aped the Vauxhall Victor FD of 1967. Rostyle wheels are a particular design of wheels for cars made by the British firm of Rubery Owen, a diversified industrial company which made many car parts. ... The Vauxhall Victor was a medium/large model of automobile produced by Vauxhall Motors, the British subsidiary of General Motors from 1957 to 1976. ...


In late 1973, the car received a facelift. Outside, there were revised grilles, rectangular headlights for the XL, GT and the new 2000E which replaced the GXL. The 1.3 L Kent engine was carried over but now, 1.6 L models all used the more modern 1.6 L SOHC engine. The Ford Pinto engine is the unofficial but ubiquitous nickname for a 4 cylinder internal combustion engine built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe. ...


Inside, the car received a neater dashboard that no longer sloped away from the driver's line of sight and upgraded trim. The 2000E reverted to the classy treatment offered by the 1600E instead of the faux woodgrain trim offered by the GXL.

From 1972, the third generation Cortina was the most popular new car in Britain. The Mark III was never sold in the US, although it was available in Canada until 1973. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 480 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,328 × 797 pixels, file size: 209 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 480 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,328 × 797 pixels, file size: 209 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


The Mark III was available in South Africa as the XLE with the Essex V6 3.0L engine. There was also a pickup truck version available. The best selling North American pickup truck, the Ford F-Series. ...


They were also sold in Australia, known as the TC which were available with the 1300, 1600, 2.0l SOHC four cylinders, as well as a 200ci and a 250ci in-line six cylinder engine, which remained the same in the TD. The TE and TF retained the 2.0 L engine and did away with the smaller engines, as well as upgrading the six cylinders with a crossflow cylinder head.


For Japan, the cars were literally squashed by a few millimeters at each end on arrival in the country in order that they fit into a lower tax bracket.

Mark IV (1976–1979)

Cortina Mark IV
1978 Ford Cortina Mark IV
Production 1976-1979
1,131,850 units (including Mark 5)
Body style(s) 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door convertible (conversion)
2-door pickup (P100)
Engine(s) 1.3, 1.6, 2.0 L ' Straight-4
2.3 L V-6
Designer Uwe Bahnsen

This Cortina had a conservative square-shaped style, this time imitating the Opel Rekord D, but this was largely appreciated by fleet buyers. Generally a re-body of the Mark III, as an integration of Ford's model range, this car was really a rebadged Ford Taunus. Many parts were carried over, most notably the running gear, and even the dashboard design. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2033 KB) Ford Cortina Mk IV. Picture taken Wellington, New Zealand, 3rd February 2005. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... Pickup or pick-up may refer to: Pickup, a device which detects vibrations from music instruments Pickup truck, a light truck with an open-top rear cargo area. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Automotive design. ... The Opel Rekord is an executive car from the German automaker Opel. ...


This series spawned the first Ghia top-of-the-range model, which replaced the 2000E. The 2.3 L Ford Cologne V6 engine was introduced in 1977 as an engine above the 2.0 L Pinto engine, already a staple of the Capri and Granada ranges. The 2.3 L was available to the GL, S and Ghia variants. Ghia (Carrozzeria Ghia SpA) is one of the most famous Italian automobile design and coachbuilding firms, founded in 1921 in Turin by Giacinto Ghia (1887 - 1944). ... Left side of a 2. ...


2 and 4-door saloons and a 5-door estate were offered with all other engines being carried over. There was a choice of base, L, GL, S (for Sport) and Ghia trims, again not universal to all engines and body styles. The dashboard was carried over intact from the last of the Mark III Cortinas while the estate used the rear body pressings of the previous 1970 release Taunus. A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ...


Throughout its production life, the Mark IV was the most popular new car in the United Kingdom. Despite this, it is now the rarest of all Cortinas. Scant rustproofing (much improved on the later "Cortina 80" models) and popularity with banger racers accelerated it's demise.

Mark V (1979–1982)

Cortina Mark V
1982 Ford Cortina Mark V in the Crusader version
Production 1979-1982
production — see Mark IV
Body style(s) 2-door saloon
4-door saloon
5-door estate
2-door convertible (conversion)
2-door pickup (P100)
Engine(s) 1.3, 1.6, 2.0 L ' Straight-4
2.3 L V-6

The Mark V was announced in September 1979. Officially it was known as "Cortina 80", although the Mark V tag was given to it immediately on release, by the press, insiders and the general public. Ford Cortina Mk 4, picture taken in England in 1982. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... Pickup or pick-up may refer to: Pickup, a device which detects vibrations from music instruments Pickup truck, a light truck with an open-top rear cargo area. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine A V6 is an internal combustion piston engine with six cylinders in a V configuration. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,116 × 1,411 pixels, file size: 812 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo myself and hereby release it into the public domain to the maximum extent possible in relevant jurisdications File historyClick on... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,116 × 1,411 pixels, file size: 812 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo myself and hereby release it into the public domain to the maximum extent possible in relevant jurisdications File historyClick on...


A large update on the Mark IV, it was really a step between a facelift and a re-body. The Mark V differentiated itself from the Mark IV by having revised headlights with larger turn indicators incorporated (which now showed to the side too), a wider slatted grille said to be more aerodynamically efficient, a flattened roof, more glass area, slimmer C-pillars with revised vent covers, larger, slatted tail lights (on saloon models) and upgraded trim.


Variants included the regular Base, L, GL, GLS and Ghia variants, although various "special editions" were announced, including Calypso, Carousel and Crusader, the Crusader being a high-volume version that saw the car towards the end of production.


By this time, the Cortina was starting to feel the competition from a rejuvenated (and Opel influenced) Vauxhall, which with the 1981 release Cavalier J-Car, was starting to make inroads on the Cortina's traditional fleet market, largely helped by the front wheel drive benefits, of weight and grip. For information about the football team see Vauxhall Motors F.C. Vauxhall Motors is a UK car company. ... The Vauxhall Cavalier was a large family car sold primarily in the UK by Vauxhall Motors, the British subsidiary of General Motors from 1976 to 1995. ...


Up to and including 1981, the Cortina was the best selling car in Britain. Even during its final production year, 1982, the Cortina was still selling well despite competition from the front-wheel drive hatchback Vauxhall Cavalier. On the continent, the Taunus version was competing with more modern and practical designs like the Talbot Alpine, Volkswagen Passat and Renault 18, but the brand image of Ford's blue oval ensured the Cortina was a success in virtually every country where it was sold. The Simca 1307 was a mid-sized hatchback car, sold by Chrysler in Europe and Talbot between 1975 and 1985. ... The Volkswagen Passat is a family car built by Volkswagen AG (VW), produced in various forms since 1973. ... The Renault 18 is a large family car produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1978 and 1993. ...


The very last Cortina Рa silver Crusader Рrolled off the Dagenham production line in July 1982 on the launch of the ultramodern Sierra, though there were still a few leaving the forecourt as late as 1987, with one final unregistered Cortina GL leaving a derbyshire dealership in 2005. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Uwe Bahnsen, Robert Lutz and Patrick le Qu̩ment, . Released on 21 September 1982, it replaced the Ford Cortina/Taunus, and was itself replaced by the Mondeo. ...


1982 was also the year in which the Cortina lost its title as Britain's best selling car, having held that position every year since 1972. It was still selling well though, and the number one position had been taken by another Ford product: the Escort. Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ford Escort was a compact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ...


Sales success

The Ford Cortina was a very popular car in Britain throughout its lifespan. In 1967, it interrupted the Austin/Morris 1100/1300s reign as Britain's best selling car. From 1972 to 1981, the Cortina enjoyed an unbroken run as Britain best selling car every year. Its key rivals in the 1960s were the Morris Oxford and Austin/Morris 1800, during the 1970s it was competing with the Vauxhall Cavalier, Austin Maxi and Morris Marina. At the end of its life it was facing stiff competition from the more advanced and practical second generation Vauxhall Cavalier, but was still more popular.


The final incarnation of the Cortina was Britain's best selling car for the 1980 and 1981 calendar years, and combined with Mark IV sales the Cortina also topped the sales charts for 1979. Even in 1982, when during its final year of production it was pushed off the top of the charts by the Ford Escort, the Cortina was still hugely popular with buyers. The Ford Escort was a compact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ...


The Cortina was also a very popular selling car in New Zealand throughout its production and continued to be sold new until 1984.


Although the last Cortina rolled off the production line over the summer of 1982, thousands of them remained in stock, and the final six models didn't find homes until 1987.


As recently as the early 1990s, Cortinas were still a common sight on British roads, and in May 1992 The Times newspaper revealed that the MK4/MK5 models were still among the 10 most common cars on Britain's roads. For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ...


By 2000, however, the vast majority of them had headed for the scrap yard. In August 2006, following a survey by Auto Express, it was identified as the second most scrapped car to be sold in Britain since 1976. Of the 1,065,682 Mark IV and Mark V Cortinas registered in the UK, just 2,010 were still in working order — fewer than 1 in 500. It was second only to the Morris Marina, which had ceased production two years before the Cortina and fared even worse with less than 1 in 1000 still registered. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see August (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Auto Express is Britains best selling weekly motoring magazine, edited by David Johns. ...


Racing and rallying

The Cortina also raced in rallies and Lotus did some sportier editions of the Cortina Mark 1 and Mark 2 referred to as the Lotus Cortina. A Subaru Impreza WRX competing in a rally special stage on gravel. ... Lotus Logo with monogram of its founder, Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England. ... The Lotus-Cortina was a high-performance car, the result of collaboration between Ford and Lotus. ...


This car is, today, used for racing, because of its powerful cast iron engine. The car can have imported cylinder heads, with hydraulic valves, which give an enormous power boost.


Other cars using Cortina engines

The Kent engines used in the Cortina, being lightweight, reliable and inexpensive, were popular with several low-volume sports car manufacturers, including Morgan who used them in the 1962-81 4/4 (and continue to use Ford engines in most of their current models). The engines are also found in a number of British kit cars, and are still the basis of Formula Ford racing. The Morgan Motor Company is a British automobile manufacturer. ...


The Kent engines were also used in several smaller Fords, most notably the Escort, lower end Capris and Fiesta. The Ford Escort was a compact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company from 1967 through 2003. ... Ford Capri Mk III 1. ... The Ford Fiesta is a mid-class supermini car designed and built by the Ford Motor Company in Europe, and also manufactured in Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, China, India and South Africa. ...

Non-United Kingdom sales and manufacture

The Cortina was also sold in other right hand drive markets such as the Republic of Ireland where it was assembled locally, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand,Malta and South Africa. Mark III Cortina estates were adopted as police cars in Hong Kong. The Cortina was also assembled in left hand drive in the Philippines, in South Korea (by Hyundai) and in Taiwan (by Ford Lio Ho) until the early 1980s. This article concerns rules of the road regarding land vehicles; for sea-going vehicles, see International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. ... This article concerns rules of the road regarding land vehicles; for sea-going vehicles, see International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. ... The Hyundai Motor Company, a division of the Hyundai Kia Automotive Group, is South Koreas largest and the worlds Sixth Largest Automaker. ... Ford Lio Ho is an automaker based in Taiwan. ...


The first two generations of the car were also sold through American Ford dealers in the 1960s. The Cortina competed fairly successfully there against most of the other small imports of its day, including GM's Opel Kadett, the Renault Dauphine, and the just-appearing Toyotas and Datsuns, although none of them approached the phenomenal success of the Volkswagen Beetle. The Cortina was withdrawn from the US market when Ford decided to produce a domestic small car in 1971, the Ford Pinto, though it continued in Canada until the end of the 1973 model year. General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, an American multinational corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by production volume for the first 9 months of 2007, and by sales volume for 76 consecutive years. ... The Opel Kadett is a small family car produced by the German automaker Opel between 1937 and 1940, then from 1962 to 1992. ... The Renault Dauphine was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault from 1956 to 1962. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Datsun is a car you own if you want no performance or speed wat so ever. ... This article is about the original Volkswagen Beetle. ... The Ford Pinto was an American subcompact car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company, first introduced in 1971, and built through the 1980 model year. ...


The third generation Cortina was also sold in some continental European markets, such as Scandinavia, alongside the Taunus. A small number were exported to Japan, with the rear of the bodyshell compressed to make it narrower — this was because cars in Japan were taxed on width, and having a narrower body enabled the Cortina to avoid being heavily taxed. Continental Europe, also referred to as mainland Europe or simply the Continent, is the continent of Europe, explicitly excluding European islands and, at times, peninsulas. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ...


Australia

In Australia, the Mark I Ford Cortinas sold well, helped by some outstanding successes on the racetrack. The most notable performances were in the Armstrong 500 at Mount Panorama in New South Wales where the Cortina GTs and GT 500s were outright winners from 1963 to 1965. The Bathurst 1000 is a 1000-kilometre motor race for touring cars, conducted each October at the Mount Panorama Circuit in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. ... NSW redirects here. ...


The Mark IIs continued the sales success, being offered in five different models - the 220, 240, 440, GT, and the rare "L" luxury model which featured solid wood panelling on the dashboard and doors.


After the Mark IIs, Cortinas in Australia had a two-letter code beginning with 'T' (with a wagon being introduced to the local range). Hence, the Mark III was the TC, with a mid-life revised model called the TD. The Mark IV was the TE and the Mark V the TF. Models for the TC and TD were L, XL, XLE and for the TE and TF were L, GL, Ghia, with sport options GS Rally Pack (TE) and S-Pack (TF).


While the first two generations were similar to the British models, Ford Australia began fitting the 200 and 250 in³ six-cylinder engines as available in the Ford Falcon to the TC onwards in addition to the four-cylinder engines. The last of the TD, TE and TF models were fitted with the cross-flow head versions of these engines, referred to as 3.3 L and 4.1 L. This article is about the Australian car model. ...


To hold the larger engines, the chassis had reinforced side rails and centre pillar, and a tubular crossmember support under the transmission. In addition, the firewall panels were shaped to accommodate the longer engines and wider bell housing, and were manufactured from thicker metal. This change was spread across the Cortina range so that the four cylinder models benefited too. But this was not enough to prevent the additional front mass of the larger engines causing roll steer, resulting in relatively unsophisticated handling by today's standards, especially on rough roads. Braking was also an issue under harsh conditions. Look up Chassis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A crossmember is a section of steel, usually boxed, that is bolted across the frame of a vehicle, to support the engine and/or transmission. ... The bell housing is part of the transmission system on a petrol or diesel powered vehicle. ...


The TC six cylinder model had twin headlights which distinguished it from the four cylinder. The TD was identified by rectangular headlights. Both the TC and TD six cylinder models were immediately recognised over the four cylinder versions by the raised 'power bulge' (to clear the air cleaner) in the centre of the bonnet. Basic transmission for the six-cylinder model was originally a slick-shifting three-speed manual floor shift with a four-speed Borg-Warner transmission available, taken straight from the Falcon GT. Also available was a Borg-Warner three-speed automatic across all models. BorgWarner is a U.S. automotive parts supplier, known for its automatic transmissions and turbo chargers. ...


In 1973 to 1974, Ford Australia proposed a three-door coupé version of the Cortina, in order to compete with the upcoming Holden Torana hatchback. It would also be a local Capri replacement. This car would have used the Pinto tailgate and other parts from around the world (such as the longer 2-door Cortina doors). However, Ford rejected the idea, as a unique model, particularly a small coupé for Australia could not be justified on cost grounds. The Peugeot 406 Coupé, designed by Pininfarina 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design 1997 Rover Vitesse Coupe, club coupé Rover P5 Coupe, a traditional four-door coupé Mercedes CLS, a modern four-door coupé Gala-Coupé of Leopold II, Brussels 1970s Sunbeam Alpine fastback coup... The Holden Torana was a car produced by General Motors Holden (GMH), the Australian subsidiary of General Motors. ...


Also on cost grounds, there was a proposal in 1975 by Ford Australia to simply facelift the TD (Mark III) series Cortina for 1977, rather than introduce the Mark IV. A prototype facelift was made, however Ford instead went with a re-engineered Mark IV (TE, née the German Ford Taunus). Ford factory in Norlane, Victoria, 1957. ...


The TE Cortina was released in 1977, and the TF in 1980. Apart from specifications, the Australian TE and TF had minor exterior differences to the Cortina models sold elsewhere. Bumpers were the most noticeable differences (larger steel bumpers for the TE, rubber RIM moulded for the TF), while the TE had additional indicators in the front wings. Another example was that the TF's front numberplate was mounted below the front bumper, further distinguishing it from its European Mark V counterparts. The whole TE and TF range had a higher centre pressing in the bonnet to accommodate the six cylinder engines air cleaner. This change is not obvious unless you have the two different bonnets side by side.


In the late 1970s, the Cortina wagons were built in Renault's local Heidelberg factory in Melbourne, (now closed), as Ford Australia's own factories did not have the capacity. For the last year of Australian Cortina production, 1981, a Ghia wagon was produced, although this was also listed in the September 1980 factory brochure. For the author, see Mary Renault. ...


Despite the TF Cortina introducing worthwhile improvements in ride, handling, noise reduction and fuel consumption, the Cortina generally was seen by the motoring press as outdated, and buyers generally preferred the rival products — in marked contrast to New Zealand where the Cortina was a highly regarded success.


Ford Australia, however, found enough customers to last to the end of the model's life. In 1982 it was replaced initially by the smaller Ford Meteor (a rebadged Mazda 323 sedan) and then the Ford Telstar sedan/hatchback range in 1983. The Ford Meteor describes two distinct lines of automobiles from the Ford Motor Company. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mazda Familia. ... The Ford Telstar was an automobile sold by the Ford Motor Company in Asia, Australasia and Africa, comparable in size to the European Ford Sierra and the American Ford Tempo. ...


New Zealand

The New Zealand Cortina range generally followed that of Britain. Overall CKD assembly ran from 1962 to 1983, at Ford's Lower Hutt (Seaview) plant. This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Lower Hutt is a city in the lower North Island of the country of New Zealand. ...


The Mark IV Cortina range, introduced into local assembly early in 1977, was very similar to that offered in the UK - a main specification difference however was the use of metric instrumentation, and that a 2-door sedan was not offered. Engine sizes of 1.6 and 2.0 litres were available. The 2.0 L was a very popular fleet vehicle and the transport of thousands of sales reps in New Zealand over the years.


Additionally there were limited imports of Australian Mark IV Cortinas, equipped with both 2.0 four-cylinder engines – with more emissions control equipment than the UK-sourced cars – and the Falcon's 4.1 L six-cylinder engines.


The Mark V range was introduced early in 1980, a range that featured 1.6 base, 2.0 L, 2.0 GL, 2.0 Ghia, 2.3 V6 Ghia, and wagon variants for the 1.6 base and 2.0 L. A 2.0 S was introduced in 1982, and unlike in the UK, it was a model in its own right. A 'van' was also introduced - essentially a Cortina wagon without rear seats, aimed towards fleet buyers.


All 2.0 litre models had the option of automatic transmission, and with the 2.3 V6, it was the only transmission offered. A unique option, offered under guarantee by a dealership, South Auckland Ford, was a turbo fitment.


The Ghia models were reasonably equipped, complete with wood trim; the 2.3 V6 models featured imported Ford alloy wheels. Ford "Rostyle" steel rims were fitted to all 2.0 GL, Ghia and S models, optionally on the other models. New Zealand Ghia models however did not feature a steel sliding sunroof (fitted as standard on UK Ghia models), although some models did feature an aftermarket sunroof.


Unlike Australia, the Cortina was always a popular car in New Zealand, and was missed by many when it ceased production in mid-1983, notably after Ford New Zealand had scoured the globe for surplus assembly kits, a number of which came from Cork in Ireland. Wagons remained available until 1984. The Cortina range was finally replaced by the 1983 Ford Telstar range and the 1984 Ford Sierra wagon. Ford New Zealand is the New Zealand subsidiary of Ford Motor Company. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... The Ford Telstar was an automobile sold by the Ford Motor Company in Asia, Australasia and Africa, comparable in size to the European Ford Sierra and the American Ford Tempo. ... The Ford Sierra was a large family car built by Ford Europe between 1982 and 1993, originally designed by Uwe Bahnsen, Robert Lutz and Patrick le Quément, . Released on 21 September 1982, it replaced the Ford Cortina/Taunus, and was itself replaced by the Mondeo. ...


South Africa

In South Africa, the Cortina range included V6 'Essex' engined variants, in both 2.5L and 3.0L forms. From 1971, a locally designed pickup truck version (known in South African English as a "bakkie") was also offered, and this remained in production after the Cortina was replaced by the Sierra. The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... South African English is a dialect of English spoken in South Africa and in neighbouring countries with a large number of Anglo-Africans living in them, such as Botswana, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. ...


The Cortina pickup was exported to the UK, in a lengthened wheelbase form, as the P100 until 1988, when Ford divested from South Africa, and a pickup truck version of the Sierra was introduced.


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Ford Cortina
  • Cortina Mk4 & 5 model information, dimensions, technical specifications
  • Online resource for the MK4 and MK5 Cortina
  • Classic Ford Website.
  • Ford Cortina Information Page.
  • NEW Ford Cortina Club.com - blogging community.
  • A Cortina enthusiast page
  • Reprint of an article on American Cortina marketing
  • Classic Cortinas
  • Cortina links page
  • The Australian and New Zealand Ford Cortina Website
  • Mark III GT 1971
  • Ford Cortina Australia | Cortina Crazy Car Club
Preceded by:
Ford Consul Classic
Succeeded by:
Ford Sierra
Ford Telstar (Asia-Pacific)
Hyundai Stellar (South Korea)
Ford car timeline, European market, 1960s-1980s  v  d  e  Next ->
Type 1960s 1970s 1980s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5
Supermini Fiesta I Fiesta II
Small family car Anglia 105E/Super Anglia 123E Escort I Escort II Escort III
Large family car Consul Cortina I Cortina II Cortina III / Taunus TC Cortina IV/V / Taunus II Sierra I
Taunus G13 Taunus P4 Taunus P6
Classic Corsair
Executive car Taunus P3 Taunus P5 Taunus P7 Granada I Granada II
Zephyr II Zephyr 4/6 III Zephyr 4/6 IV
Zodiac II Zodiac III Zodiac IV
Coupé Consul Capri Capri I Capri II Capri III

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ford Cortina - definition of Ford Cortina in Encyclopedia (776 words)
The Cortina was produced in five generations (Mark I through Mark V—though officially the last one was the Cortina 1980) from 1962 until 1982, when it was replaced by the Ford Sierra.
Officially, it was known as the 'Cortina 1980', rather than the Mk V. The Cortina was Ford's mass market medium-size car and sold in enormous numbers, making it ubiquitous on British roads until 1982, when it was replaced by the Ford Sierra.
The Cortina was also assembled in left hand drive by Hyundai in South Korea and Ford Lio Ho in Taiwan until the early 1980s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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