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Encyclopedia > For Better or For Worse
For Better or For Worse
Author(s) Lynn Johnston
Current status / schedule Running
Launch date September 9, 1979
Syndicate(s) Universal Press Syndicate (1979-1997, 2004-present)
United Feature Syndicate (1997-2004)
Genre(s) Humour, Family, Drama

For Better or For Worse is a comic strip by Lynn Johnston that began in September 1979. The title is a reference to the marriage service in the Anglican Book of Common Prayer: Authorship redirects here. ... Lynn Johnston (born May 28, 1947) is a Canadian cartoonist, well known for her comic strip For Better or For Worse, and was the first female cartoonist to win the Reuben Award. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Universal Press Syndicate, an Andrews McMeel Universal company, provides syndication for a number of lifestyle and opinion columns, comics, and various other content. ... United Media is large editorial column and comic strip newspaper syndication service based in the United States, owned by The E.W. Scripps Company. ... The webcomic genres are the types of themes a webcomic can take. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... Lynn Johnston (born May 28, 1947) is a Canadian cartoonist, well known for her comic strip For Better or For Worse, and was the first female cartoonist to win the Reuben Award. ... For the novel by Joan Didion, see A Book of Common Prayer. ...

...to have and to hold from this day forward, for better for worse, for richer for poorer, in sickness and in health...

Set in the fictitious Toronto-area suburban town of Milborough, Ontario, the strip chronicles the lives of a Canadian family and their friends. The strip is different from most other comic strips in the sense that the characters in FBorFW undergo aged in "real time" through 2007. Although some other comic strips feature aging characters[1], they are usually not aged contemporaneously with the strip. Johnston has made some retroactive continuity changes to adjust a few characters' ages since the earliest years of the strip. [2] “Suburbia” redirects here. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... The effects of ageing on a human face Elderly woman Ageing or aging is the process of systems deterioration with time. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The comic's main characters were initially based upon Lynn Johnston's real family, but Johnston has made significant changes.[3] [4] When her children were younger, she asked their permission before depicting events from their lives;[5] and she only once used a "serious" story from their lives, when Michael and Josef photographed an accident before Michael realized he knew the victim.[6] When Johnston had the urge to have another child, she settled on creating a new daughter (April Patterson) for the strip.[7]

Contents

Characters

The characters in Lynn Johnstons cartoon strip For Better or For Worse have extensive back stories. ...

Original characters

The strip originally focused on four people:

  • John Patterson, dentist, father, and husband to protagonist Elly. Over time we see him develop interests in cars and model railroads.
  • Elly Patterson, a married stay-at-home mother of two. Restless, Elly tried night classes, writing columns for a small local paper, and periodically filling in as a dental assistant in John's office before landing a job in a library. Nearing menopause, Elly was surprised to learn she was pregnant with their daughter April. After the library job ended, Elly began working in a book store which she and John eventually bought and expanded to include toys and hobby supplies (such as model railroads).
  • Michael Patterson, a rambunctious and curious preschooler. Michael is now a freelance writer, married to his childhood crush Deanna and father to Meredith and Robin. Meredith and Robin's childhoods are now a feature in the strips.
  • Elizabeth Patterson began the strip as a toddler and is now a teacher.

As John and Elly's children grew older, the strip began to focus on neighbours and friends as well, creating an ever-changing roster of characters. A protagonist is the main figure of a piece of literature or drama and has the main part or role. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Menopause is the physiological cessation of menstrual cycles associated with advancing age in women. ...


Key storylines

In the comic's quarter century, the strip has featured a variety of storylines, as the characters and their friends age. These include Elly's return to the paid work force, John's mid-life crisis, the birth of a friend's six-fingered daughter, friends' divorces, the coming out of Michael's best friend Lawrence Poirier, child abuse (perpetrated by Gordon's alcoholic parents), the death of Elly's mother Marian Richards, and Elizabeth's experience with sexual harassment and assault at the hands of a co-worker. This article summarizes the backstory of For Better or For Worse by Lynn Johnston. ... Midlife crisis is the notion, popular in certain cultures, that many middle-aged people go through a period of dramatic self doubt brought on by the realization that their life is half over and they havent accomplished what they once wanted to. ... For the record label, see Divorce Records. ... For other uses, see Coming out (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The strip has also strived to present a relatively diverse and culturally sensitive portrayal. Although the Pattersons themselves are a fairly typical middle class white anglophone family, there have been recurring characters of many different backgrounds, including Caribbean, Asian, Latin American, Franco-Ontarian and First Nations cultures. Elizabeth's favourite high school teacher, who inspired her to study education herself, was paraplegic. The multicultural national representation of the countries of origin at the student union of San Francisco City College. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An Asian Canadian is a Canadian of Asian ancestry. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Franco-Ontarians (French: Franco-ontarien) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... First Nations is a Canadian term of ethnicity which refers to the aboriginal peoples located in what is now Canada, and their descendants who are neither Inuit nor Métis. ... Paraplegia is a condition in which the lower part of a persons body is paralyzed and cannot willfully function. ...


Other issues are also addressed. During her second year at university, Elizabeth moved in with her boyfriend, Eric Chamberlain, insisting that she would maintain her own bedroom. Elizabeth later broke up with Eric when she found out he was cheating on her. Storylines sometimes concern the Pattersons dealing with difficult acquaintances such as Thérèse, the ex-wife of Elizabeth's friend Anthony, who resents Elizabeth's presence, or Deanna's squabbling parents, Wilfred and Mira Sobinski.


Farley's death

John tries to pull April and Farley in from the fast-moving creek.

Since the comic happens in "real time," it eventually became apparent that the Patterson's first Old English Sheepdog, Farley, was starting to get fairly old. When he was fourteen years old, Farley saved April from drowning in a stream near the Patterson home. Farley could not take the shock of the cold water or the exertion of saving April, and died of a heart attack. Image File history File links Fbofw_april_and_farley. ... The Old English Sheepdog is a breed of dog used for herding livestock, and as a pet. ...


Very few comics permit the death of main characters, but in FBorFW the realism demands it. "People's emotions were kind of raw," said Johnston of the time. "I received 2,500 letters, about one-third negative. I didn't expect the response to be so great. The letters were open and emotional and honest and personal, full of stories and love."[8] The story line was published at the same time as the Oklahoma City bombing[8] and these strips were used by some parents and church groups to try and explain the concept of death to children.[citation needed] The Oklahoma City bombing was an attack on April 19, 1995 aimed at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, a U.S. government office complex in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The official FBorFW website has a section dedicated to Farley [9] This includes the strips depicting his heroism and death, plus a selection of "Farley's Spirit" strips (See External links)


Johnston has generously allowed the Ontario Veterinary Medical Association (OVMA) to use Farley's name and likeness for the "Farley Foundation", a charity established by OVMA to subsidize the cost of veterinary care for pets of low income seniors and persons with disabilities in Ontario. (See External links)


Lawrence comes out

Lawrence's mother Connie takes issue with her son coming out.

In recent years, the strip has tackled other sensitive issues. In 1993, Lawrence Poirier's coming out generated controversy [10], with readers opposed to homosexuality threatening to cancel newspaper subscriptions. Over 100 newspapers ran replacement strips or cancelled the comic.[11] Three years later Lawrence introduced his boyfriend, giving rise to another, though smaller, uproar. In 2001, when Michael chose Lawrence to be best man at his wedding to Deanna, Johnston ran two sets of comic strips– one for readers who had not been allowed to read the earlier coming-out story. Image File history File links Fbofw_lawrence_is_gay. ... For other uses, see Coming out (disambiguation). ...


Explaining her decision to have Lawrence come out as gay, Johnston said that she had found the character, one of Michael's closest friends, gradually "harder and harder to bring... into the picture." Based on the fact the Pattersons were an average family in an average neighbourhood, she felt it only natural to introduce this element in Lawrence's character, and have the characters deal with the situation. After two years of development, Johnston contacted her editor, Lee Salem. Salem advised Johnston send the strips well ahead of time so that he could review the plot and suggest any necessary changes. So long as there was no offensive material, and Johnston was fully aware of what she was doing, Universal Press would support the action. Johnston's personal reflections on Lawrence, an excerpt from the comic collection "It's the Thought That Counts...", are included on the strip's official webpage. [12]


Milborough and Mtigwaki

The fictional suburban town of Milborough is located near Barrie, Ontario, Canada.. On the FBorFW website, Milborough is described as being about a 45 minute drive from Toronto and resembling Newmarket or Etobicoke. [1] The family's house is located on Sharon Park Drive. Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... Newmarket (2006 Population 74,295) is a town located approximately 45 km north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Country Province Established 1 January 1850 (township)   1 January 1967 (borough) Incorporated Amalgamation June 1983 (city) 1 January 1998 Government  - Mayor David Miller (Toronto Mayor)  - Governing Body Toronto City Council  - MPs Roy Cullen, Michael Ignatieff, Borys Wrzesnewskyj  - MPPs Shafiq Qaadri, Donna Cansfield, Laurel Broten Area  - Disolved city 123. ...


Mtigwaki is a fictional Ojibway community in Northern Ontario near Lake Nipigon, where Elizabeth Patterson taught from 2004 to 2006.[13] Government Canada Ontario Geographical characteristics Area     City km² Population     City (2005) 350   (not counting the dogs) Time zone   Summer (DST) EST (UTC-5) EDT (UTC-6) Website: http://www. ... Lake Nipigon (French : lac Nipigon) is the largest lake entirely within the boundaries of the Canadian province of Ontario and is sometimes described as the sixth Great Lake. ...


While living in an apartment in Mtigwaki, Elizabeth took in a stray kitten, whom she named "Shiimsa," an Ojibway word meaning "little animal friend." Shiimsa has had her share of mischievous escapades. Kitten at six weeks. ...


2007 format changes

Johnston had planned to retire in the fall of 2007[14] but in January 2007, it was announced that Johnston would be tweaking the format of FBorFW in September 2007: storylines would now focus primarily on the "second generation" family of one of the original children; scenes and artwork from older strips would be reused in new contexts; and the characters would stop aging. Johnston announced that the changes are to provide more time for travel and to help with health problems, including a neurological condition (dystonia) she controls with medication.[15] Dystonia (literally, abnormal muscle tone) is a generic term used to describe a neurological movement disorder involving involuntary, sustained muscle contractions. ...


In September, 2007, it was revealed that Lynn Johnston and her second husband, Rod, are separated and will probably divorce. In the Kansas City Star, Johnston is quoted as saying,

[...] I have a new life. My husband and I have separated. I am now free to do just about anything I want to do. We still communicate. We still have children in common. It’s a positive thing for both of us. And I just see so many things in the future.

But when asked if this would be a storyline for the strip, Johnston replied, "No, not a chance. I only want to live through this once."[16] Ms Johnston is now free to devote more time to the strip, and currently plans to create more new strips. The news is bittersweet to her fans.[17]


Criticism

Johnston herself has observed à propos of an increasing difficulty in keeping story lines germane to the experience of young families, "I have to admit that I'm not in a place where I can do this," Johnston says. "I'm past the point where I can remember what it's like to be a young mother."[18]


In an interview shortly after Lawrence came out, Johnston contrasted the reader response for it with the responses she'd received previously:

I have not slept, I have not eaten, I’ve lost 10 pounds, I’ve lost 19 papers, I’ve lost many readers. It was not something I did for joy, or something I did for publicity. I did not say, “Damn the detractors” and go ahead, intending to upset the editors. I did it because it was a story I really, fully believed in, and when you write a story that is perhaps a controversial one, you have to expect to take the heat....

I've had a pretty easy life as a cartoonist, and that's part of the problem for me. I get letters now and then that complain about the way I do things, and I generally think, "Get a life!" If you don't like the way I punctuate my sentences, tell me what else is interesting in your life. And most other people say, "I love your work, you're on my refrigerator, my dog is just like yours," and so on.

So I was bathed in this wonderful, warm glow of acceptance for so long [...] But then you get letters from people who say, "Do you realize that all serial killers are homosexual?" [19]

The controversial storyline with Lawrence made Johnston a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in editorial cartooning in 1994.[20] The final of a competition is the match or round in which the winner of the entire event is decided. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... A cartoonist at work. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ...


Johnston's irascibility was more extensively noted in a Lunch with Jan Wong column in the Globe and Mail[21]. Jan Wong (pinyin: Huáng Míngzhēn) 黃明珍(born 1953 in Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian journalist of Chinese ancestry. ...


Distribution

The strip is now seen in over 2,000 newspapers throughout Canada, the United States and about 20 other countries, and is translated into eight languages from its native English. The strip is notable for attaining popularity in the United States notwithstanding its use of Canadian spelling (e.g. favourite vs. favorite) and, within limits, matter-of-fact references to things that are different in Canada from the U.S. (e.g. school grade numbers, metric measurements). For example, both Mike and Liz attended high school through grade 13 (a curriculum level which existed in Ontario at the time of publication, but has since been discontinued). Furthermore, Johnston had Michael study in London, Ontario, which she intended as a practical joke to confuse ignorant readers into thinking that Michael was studying in the United Kingdom until they learned of the Canadian city.[22] Additional references include the characters talking about writing a "cheque" (instead of the American spelling "check") and attending "university" instead of "college." This is remarkable in that American syndicators have historically shunned foreign strips that did not make concessions to a U.S. audience. An American interviewer elaborated further: "In their nameless southern Ontario town, the leaves fall off the trees in October, the same month as Thanksgiving, and Nov. 11 is called Remembrance Day, not Veterans Day. There is always snow on the ground after Christmas."[23] On the other hand, in more recent years as the strip became more and more popular in the United States, references which U.S. readers might find obscure are avoided: during a story line involving litigation, for example, a witness gives "depositions" rather than attending "discoveries," and Johnston generally uses U.S. spelling. Canadian English (CaE) is a variety of English used in Canada. ... The Ontario Academic Credit (OAC) is part of the curriculum(s) codified by the Ontario Ministry of Education in Ontario Schools:  Intermediate and Senior (OS:IS, oh-sis) and its revisions. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English (de facto) Government - Lieutenant-Governor David C. Onley - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area... Nickname: Location of London in relation to Middlesex County and the Province of Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Middlesex County Settled 1826 as a village Incorporated 1855 as a city Government  - City Mayor Anne Marie DeCicco-Best  - Governing Body London City Council  - MPs Sue Barnes (LPC) Glen Pearson...


Bibliography

Strip collections

These collections contains reprints of the comic almost as it appeared in the daily newspapers. They are listed in chronological order; each book spans about a year in time. They lag approximately two years behind the strips' original publication. For example, "She's Turning Into One Of Them!" was published in 2006, containing strips dealing with April's 13th birthday in 2004 (publication date shown in parentheses). These books are available from the official "For Better or For Worse" web site:.

  • 1st Collection: I've Got the One-More-Washload Blues... (1/1/1981)
  • 2nd Collection: Is This "One of Those Days," Daddy? (1/1/1982)
  • 3rd Collection: "It Must Be Nice to Be Little" (1/1/1983)
  • 4th Collection: Just One More Hug (1/1/1984)
  • 5th Collection: The Last Straw (1/1/1985)
  • 6th Collection: Keep the Home Fries Burning (1/1/1986)
  • 7th Collection: It's All Downhill from Here (1/1/1987)
  • 8th Collection: Pushing 40 (1/1/1988)
  • 9th Collection: A Teenager in the House
    (Included in "A Look Inside... The 10th Anniversary Collection"
    (1/1/1989)
  • 10th Collection: If This is a Lecture, How Long Will It Be? (1/1/1990)
  • 11th Collection: What, Me Pregnant? (1/1/1991)
  • 12th Collection: Things Are Looking Up... (1/1/1992)
  • 13th Collection: "There Goes My Baby!" (8/1/1993)
  • 14th Collection: That's Not How They Do It on TV!
    (Included in "It's the Thought That Counts... The 15th Anniversary Collection"
    (8/1/1994)
  • 15th Collection: Starting from Scratch (8/1/1995)
  • 16th Collection: Love Just Screws Everything Up (8/1/1996)
  • 17th Collection: Growing Like a Weed (10/1/1997)
  • 18th Collection: Middle Age Spread (8/1/1998)
  • 19th Collection: Sunshine and Shadow (8/1/1999)
  • 20th Collection: The Big 5-0 (8/15/2000)
  • 21st Collection: Graduation: A Time for Change (8/31/2001)
  • 22nd Collection: Family Business (8/2/2002)
  • 23rd Collection: With This Ring (4/25/2003)
  • 24th Collection: Reality Check (8/1/2003)
  • 25th Collection: Striking a Chord (3/1/2005)
  • 26th Collection: Never Wink at a Worried Woman (10/1/2005)
  • 27th Collection: She's Turning Into One of Them! (8/1/2006)
  • 28th Collection: Teaching... is a Learning Experience (3/1/2007)
  • 29th Collection: Senior's Discount (9/1/2007)

Retrospectives

These books include a 'retrospect' section, the year of most recently printed comic strips, and usually some autobiographical and/or "behind the scenes" information. In particular The Lives Behind the Lines has biographies of all the major and many minor characters, including information not otherwise explored in the strip.

  • A Look Inside ... For Better or For Worse: The 10th Anniversary Collection (1989)
  • It's the Thought That Counts... Fifteenth Anniversary Collection (1994)
  • Remembering Farley: A Tribute to the Life of Our Favorite Cartoon Dog (1996)
  • The Lives Behind the Lines: 20 Years of For Better or For Worse (1999)
  • All About April: Our Little Girl Grows Up! (2001)
  • Suddenly Silver: 25 Years of For Better or For Worse (2004)

Little books

These "little books" combine character illustrations from the strip with inspirational text or verse.

  • Isn't He Beautiful? (text by Andie Parton) (2000)
  • Isn't She Beautiful? (text by Andie Parton) (2000)
  • Wags and Kisses (text by Andie Parton) (2001)
  • A Perfect Christmas (text by Andie Parton) (2001)
  • Graduation: Just the Beginning! (text by Andie Parton) (2003)

Gift books

Gift books are similar to little books, but are in a larger format.

  • So You're Going to Be a Grandma! text by Andie Parton) (2005)
  • I Love My Grandpa! text by Andie Parton) (2006)

Other

  • David, We're Pregnant! (1972)
  • Hi Mom! Hi Dad! (1975)
  • Do They Ever Grow Up? (1980)
  • Am I Too Big To Hug? (1992)
  • Leaving Home: Survival of the Hippest (text by Andie Parton) (2003)
  • Laugh 'n' Learn Spanish : Featuring the #1 Comic Strip "For Better or For Worse" (with Brenda Wegmann) (2003)

The first three books in this section collect cartoons by Johnston from before the strip began.


Animated series and specials

In 1985, Atkinson Film-Arts of Ottawa, in association with the CTV network, produced an animated special based on For Better or for Worse entitled The Bestest Present.


Beginning in 1992, another Ottawa-based studio, Lacewood Productions, produced six more specials, also for CTV. According to Lynn Johnston, the set designs (for instance, for the Pattersons' house) which these and subsequent TV programs required led her to develop a much more sophisticated background style in the comic strips, with the layouts of homes and even towns consistent from story to story.


The six specials produced by Lacewood were:

  • The Last Camping Trip
  • A Christmas Angel
  • The Good-for-Nothing
  • A Valentine from the Heart
  • The Babe Magnet (a.k.a. The Sweet Deal)
  • A Storm in April

In 2000, Ottawa's Funbag Animation produced a new animated series for cable TV network Teletoon. Featuring introductions by Lynn Johnston herself, the show looked at three related storylines from three different eras of the strip--the 1980s, the 1990s, and the 2000s. For the French-Canadian version of this television channel, see Télétoon (Canada). ...


The series consisted of 2 Seasons comprised of 8 episodes per season. On March 23, 2004, Koch Vision released the complete series on DVD for the very first time. Koch Vision, a division of Koch Entertainment LP, was founded in 1999 as part of Koch Entertainments entry into the television programming and home video market. ...


Exhibits

In 2001, Visual Arts Brampton's Artway Gallery exhibited Johnston's work. Visual Arts Brampton was formed in 1986 to organize the arts community, providing workshops, exhibits and a regular newsletter, among other things. ...


See also

Lynn Johnston (born May 28, 1947) is a Canadian cartoonist, well known for her comic strip For Better or For Worse, and was the first female cartoonist to win the Reuben Award. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of female comic book writers and artists. ... The Reuben Awards, named for Rube Goldberg, are presented each year by the National Cartoonists Society. ...

References

  1. ^ Other examples of comic strips where characters age include Gasoline Alley, Doonesbury, Funky Winkerbean, Baby Blues, and Jump Start.
  2. ^ For example, Elizabeth was a baby when the strip started in 1979, but according to current continuity, she was born in 1981.
  3. ^ Aaron Johnston wrote: "[T]he strip, though based in part on our family and our personalities during the early years, mostly comes from Lynn's own imagination. ... I think that in the late '80s and early 90s there was a real split ... [i]nstead of being a reflection of our family, they truly became Lynn's own imaginary family with a life all their own." - Suddenly Silver: Celebrating 25 Years of For Better or For Worse
  4. ^ "Elizabeth is me at the age of two melting crayons on the radiator; Michael is me at the age of six feeling jealousy and rage at the coddling of a younger sibling." - from A Look Inside For Better or For Worse: The 10th Anniversary Collection by Lynn Johnston.
  5. ^ Aaron Johnston relates being asked for permission to use his experiences with wearing glasses in the strip in Suddenly Silver. Aaron "dreaded" Michael getting glasses, and suggested that Elizabeth get them instead.
  6. ^ Tobin, Suzanne. "Comics: Meet the Artist", Washingon Post, Friday, October 8. Retrieved on 2007-06-30. 
  7. ^ Described by Johnston in All About April
  8. ^ a b Neutering Edgar, Gina Spadafori
  9. ^ Remembering Farley on the For Better or For Worse Official website.
  10. ^ Discussed in compilation books and the 1993 Slate interview
  11. ^ Zucco, Tom. "Comic controversy", St. Petersburg Times, Sept. 4, 2001. Johnston's web site says that about 40 newspapers ran replacement strips.
  12. ^ Official website
  13. ^ More information about Mtigwaki and how it was created is available on the official website.
  14. ^ For Better or For Worse comic winding down, CTV News, Sept 24, 2007
  15. ^ Universal Press Syndicate news release
  16. ^ Lynn Johnston’s ‘For Better or for Worse’ will continue in flashback form, Kansas City Star, Sept 6, 2007
  17. ^ End of Marriage Leads to New Content in Revamped Strip , Editor & Publisher, Sept 7, 2007.
  18. ^ http://www.lynnlake.ca/A_Place_to_Remember_13.html Retrieved 12 October 2006.
  19. ^ Slate / Hogan's Alley Interview
  20. ^ http://www.pulitzer.org/cgi-bin/catquery.cgi?type=f&category=Editorial+Cartooning&FormsButton5=Retrieve Retrieved 5 June 2007.
  21. ^ Reprinted in Jan Wong, Lunch With Jan Wong, Bantam, (June, 2001), trade paperback, ISBN 0-385-25982-4
  22. ^ Pg. 94, The Lives Behind the Lines: 20 Years of For Better or For Worse, Lynn Johnston, Andrews McMeel Publishing., 1.
  23. ^ http://www.lynnlake.ca/A_Place_to_Remember_13.html Retrieved 12 October 2006.

Gasoline Alley is a comic strip created by Frank King that was first published on 24 November 1918. ... Doonesbury is a comic strip by Garry Trudeau, popular in the United States and other parts of the world. ... Funky Winkerbean is a comic strip created by high school teacher Tom Batiuk (pronounced BAT-ick), which debuted on March 26, 1972. ... Baby Blues is a comic strip series produced by Rick Kirkman and Jerry Scott since January 7th, 1990. ... Jump Start is a daily comic strip by cartoonist Robb Armstrong. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


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