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Encyclopedia > Football in Iran
Azadi Football Stadium is the biggest venue for Iranian football (soccer). Its also the world's 3rd largest soccer stadium.

Football in Iran is quite possibly the most followed sport, with only wrestling being able to match its popularity. Football has been a part of life for Iranians for many decades now and is played in schools, alleys, streets and football clubs nationwide. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Azadi Stadium (Persian: ) is Irans national and largest stadium. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Ancient Greek wrestlers (Pankratiasts) Wrestling is the act of physical engagement between two unarmed persons, in which each wrestler strives to get an advantage over or control of their opponent. ...

Contents

History of football in Iran

Football was an unknown sport in Iran until British workers introduced the game in the 1930's. At that time they were working at major oil refineries in the province of Khuzestan. The British played among themselves at first, as 22 men in shorts chasing after a plastic ball seemed to be more of a joke than a game to Iranians. The skepticism was short-lived and eventually the Iranian workers started playing as well, and in a small amount of time, football became extremely popular in Khuzestan. Clubs were established, and many travelled to Tehran and other cities to play other teams. Map showing Khuzestan in Iran Domes like this are quite common in Khuzestan province. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ...


Teams from Khuzestan were always the most successful was the powerhouse the 50's and early 60's, but the game had become very popular in Iran by then. Tehran slowly started becoming the football capital of Iran, and numerous great clubs emerged from there. Shahin FC, Oghab FC, and Taj, were all Tehran teams established in the mid 1940's which even to this day have a great following. As the number of club teams increased the need for a national league became apparent, and ever since 1960, with the exception of a few years, a nationwide football league has existed in Iran. The Takhte Jamshid Cup, Azadegan League and the IPL being the most important ones. Shahin Tehran Football Club (Persian: ) was an Iranian football club based in Tehran, Iran that existed until the early 1990s. ... Oghab FC (Persian: ‎ ) is a Iranian football team based in Tehran, Iran. ... Esteghlal (formerly known as Taj) is one of the most famous football (soccer) clubs in Irans Premier Football League, established in around 1950, and won many cups in different competitions. ... Irans Premier Football League also known as the IPL is the most important football league in Iran. ...


The very first match that the Iranian national football team played was on January 1, 1941 away at Afghanistan. The first two decades of international football for Iran was uneventful, but the 60's and 70's was when Iran established itself as one of Asia's top sides. They won the Asian Cup in 1968, 1972 and 1976, the 1974 Asian Games football tournament, qualified for the 1972 and 1976 Olympic Games and most importantly qualified for World Cup 1978 in Argentina. First international Afghanistan 0 - 0 Iran (Kabul, Afghanistan; January 1, 1941) Biggest win Iran 19 - 0 Guam (Tabriz, Iran; November 24, 2000) Biggest defeat Turkey 6 - 1 Iran (Istanbul, Turkey; May 28, 1950) South Korea 5 - 0 Iran (Tokyo, Japan; May 28, 1958) Hungary 5 - 0 Iran (Munich, Germany; August... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... The 46 member Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of football in Asia, excluding Cyprus and Israel but including Australia. ... The Asian Cup is run by the Asian Football Confederation. ... The Asian Football Confederations Asian Cup 1968 finals were held in Iran between May 10 and May 19. ... The Asian Football Confederations Asian Cup 1972 finals were held in Thailand between May 7 and May 19. ... The 1976 Asian Cup was the sixth edition of the Asian Nations Cup, the football (soccer) championship of Asia (AFC). ... The 7th Asian Games were held from September 1, 1974 to September 16, 1974 in Tehran, Iran. ... Final results for the Football competition at the 1972 Summer Olympics held in Munich, Augsburg, Ingolstadt, Nürnberg, Passau, and Regensburg. ... I love Football!!!! ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The 1978 Football World Cup was held in Argentina. ...


The Iranian Revolution and the Iran-Iraq War soon occurred and football was downplayed, but the national team has made a comeback in recent years, qualifying for the 1998 Football World Cup and recording their first win ever in World Cup (against the United States) and also qualifying for the 2006 tournament in Germany. After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran from a monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza... Combatants  Iran Kurdish Peshmerga Iraq Peoples Mujahedin of Iran Commanders Ruhollah Khomeini Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Ali Shamkhani Mostafa Chamran â€  Saddam Hussein Ali Hassan al-Majid Strength 305,000 soldiers 500,000 Pasdaran and Basij militia 900 tanks 1,000 armored vehicles 3,000 artillery pieces 470 aircraft 750 helicopters... The 1998 Football World Cup was held in France by the FIFA decision in July 1992. ... The 2006 FIFA World Cup (officially titled 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany, sometimes referred to as the Football World Cup) finals are scheduled to take place in Germany between 9 June and 9 July 2006. ...


Football structure

The league and national team are administrated by the Iranian FA known as the I.R.I.F.F. The I.R.I.F.F has also been a member of FIFA since 1945 and the Asian Football Confederation since 1958.The Federation receives most of its budget from the Iranian government's Physical Education Department, and also from sponsorships with various companies. Irans Premier Football League (Persian: , officially known as the Persian Gulf Cup, previously known as the IPL:Iranian Pro League) is a professional league competition for football clubs located at the highest level of the Iranian football league system above the Azadegan League. ... First international Afghanistan 0 - 0 Iran (Kabul, Afghanistan; January 1, 1941) Biggest win Iran 19 - 0 Guam (Tabriz, Iran; November 24, 2000) Biggest defeat Turkey 6 - 1 Iran (Istanbul, Turkey; May 28, 1950) South Korea 5 - 0 Iran (Tokyo, Japan; May 28, 1958) Hungary 5 - 0 Iran (Munich, Germany; August... The Islamic Republic of Iran Football Federation (IRIFF) is the governing body for soccer in Iran. ... This article is about an international football organization. ... The 46 member Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of football in Asia, excluding Cyprus and Israel but including Australia. ...


Attendance at football matches

Iran's Islamic law imposes tight restrictions on women. They need permission from their male guardian to travel to foreign countries, and since the 1979 Islamic revolution, have not been allowed to attend public sporting events, specifically football. While women were allowed to eventually attend most other sporting events, the football ban remained. This ban was lifted in April 2006 by the Mahmoud Ahmadinejad government, which ordered the country's sports organisations to provide special seating sections for women and families to attend football matches. [1], [2] However, he was quickly overruled by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. This article is about Islamic religious law. ... After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Iranian Revolution (also known as the Islamic Revolution,[1][2][3][4][5][6] Persian: انقلاب اسلامی, Enghelābe Eslāmi) was the revolution that transformed Iran from a monarchy under Shah Mohammad Reza... Mahmoud Ahmadinejad[1] (born October 28, 1956)[2] is the sixth and current President of the Islamic Republic of Iran. ... Ayatollah Sayyed Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran. ... For other uses, see Ayatollah (disambiguation). ... Grand Âyatollâh   (Persian: آیت‌الله سید علی حسینی کس ننه ای Ä€yatollāh Seyyed `AlÄ« ḤoseynÄ« KhāmeneÄ«) (born 17 July 1939), also known as Seyyed Ali Khamenei,[1] is the current Supreme Leader of Iran and was the president of Iran from 1981 to 1989. ...


Major arenas

The Azadi Stadium (Persian: ) is Irans national and largest stadium. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dr Azodi Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Rasht, Iran. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Rasht Rasht ( رشت in Persian, also transcribed as Resht) is the capital of Gilan province in northwestern Iran. ... The Bagh Shomal Stadium or the Takhti Stadium of Tabriz (Persian: ) is a multi-use stadium in Tabriz, Iran. ... Tabriz (Persian and Azari: تبریز; Armenian: Թավրիզ) is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... Enghelab Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Karaj, Iran. ... Karaj Country Iran Province Tehran Population 2000000 (2005) Area 1000 km² Coordinates Lat. ... The Foolad Shahr Stadium (Persian: ‎ ) is a multi-use stadium in Aryashahr, Isfahan Province, Iran. ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan This article is about the city of Isfahan. ... Hafezieh Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Shiraz, Iran. ... For other uses, see Shiraz (disambiguation). ... Iran Khodro Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Tehran, Iran. ... Karaj Country Iran Province Tehran Population 2000000 (2005) Area 1000 km² Coordinates Lat. ... The Naghsh-e-Jahan Stadium (Persian: ‎ ) is a multi-use stadium in Isfahan, Iran. ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Isfahan This article is about the city of Isfahan. ... The Shahid Nassiri Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Yazd, Iran. ... Yazd or Yezd (In Persian: یزد), is the capital of Yazd province, one of the most ancient and historic cities in Iran and a centre of Zoroastrian culture. ... Rah Ahan Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Tehran, Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Samen Stadium is located in Mashhad, Iran. ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... Shahid Dastgerdi Stadium (اسناديوم شهيد دستگردي in Persian) is a football stadium located in the Ekbatan area of Tehran, Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Shahid Shiroudi Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Tehran, Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Shiroudi Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Karaj, Iran. ... Karaj Country Iran Province Tehran Population 2000000 (2005) Area 1000 km² Coordinates Lat. ... Shohada Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Noshahr, Iran. ... Noshahr (also written Nowshahr, Noushahr and نوشهر in persian) is a port city in the province of Mazandaran in northern Iran. ... Takhti Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Abadan, Iran. ... Arvand river between Abadan (left) and khorramshahr (right). ... Takhti Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Ahvaz, Iran. ... The city of Ahvaz or Ahwaz[1] (Persian: ahvāz, Arabic: ), is the capital of the Iranian province of Khūzestān. ... Takhti Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Anzali, Iran. ... Anzali Lagoon Bandar-e Anzali (Persian: ), known as Bandar-e Pahlavi (Persian: ) before the Iranian Revolution, is a harbour town on the Caspian Sea, in the Iranian province of Gilan, close to Rasht. ... Takhti Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Tehran, Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Yadegar-e-Emam Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Tabriz, Iran, and is the third largest stadium in Iran. ... Tabriz (Persian and Azari: تبریز; Armenian: Թավրիզ) is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ...

See also

The Azadegan League (ليگ آزادگان in Persian), is also known as Irans 1st division in football. ... Most European countries have two principal football competitions: a more prestigious league which is typically a double round-robin tournament restricted to the elite clubs, and a cup which is a single-elimination tournament open to both the elite and lesser clubs. ... Futsal in Iran is conducted under the aegis of the Futsal Commission of the Islamic Republic of Iran Football Federation. ... The Hazfi Cup, also known as the Iranian FA Cup, is the major knockout cup competition in Iranian football. ... Irans Premier Football League also known as the IPL is the most important football league in Iran. ... First international Afghanistan 0 - 0 Iran (Kabul, Afghanistan; January 1, 1941) Biggest win Iran 19 - 0 Guam (Tabriz, Iran; November 24, 2000) Biggest defeat Turkey 6 - 1 Iran (Istanbul, Turkey; May 28, 1950) South Korea 5 - 0 Iran (Tokyo, Japan; May 28, 1958) Hungary 5 - 0 Iran (Munich, Germany; August... First international Iran 19 - 6 Kuwait (Hong Kong; 2 May 1992) Largest win Iran 36 - 0 Singapore (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 7 March 1999) Worst defeat Brazil 8 - 1 Iran (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 6 October 2000) Futsal World Cup Appearances 4 (First in 1992 FIFA Futsal World Cup) Best result... Iran has several clubs playing association football. ... // Persia F.C. Antwerpen Based in: Antwerp SC Persia Hamburg Based in: Hamburg Assyriska Föreningen Based in: Föreningen Esteghlal S.C. Toronto Based in: North York, Ontario Shaheen F.C. Vancouver Based in: North Vancouver, British Columbia Ararat F.C. New York Based in: New York Alborz F... Association football in Iran is quite possibly the most followed sport, with only wrestling being able to match its popularity. ... The Swiss (Poma)-built gondolas that carry tourists and skiers to Tochal mountain in Tehran. ...

External links

  • Iran Football Center
  • Iran's National Football Federation
  • Iran Sports Press
  • National team archive
  • Pars Football
  • Persian Football League
  • PFDC-Persian Football Dot Com

  Results from FactBites:
 
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Iran’s Team Melli have drawn 1-1 against Angola’s Palancas Negras in their last match in Group D in Leipzig on Wednesday, with Angola’s dreams of reaching the last sixteen in the tournament having been extinguished...
Iran’s Team Melli have gone into half-time 0-0 against Angola’s Palancas Negras in their last match in Group D in Leipzig on Wednesday, with Angola still capable of reaching the last sixteen in the tournament...
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Iran national football team - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (623 words)
The Iran national football team is the national team of Iran and is controlled by the Islamic Republic of Iran Football Federation and is one of the strongest teams in Asia.
Iran play their home games in the massive Azadi (Freedom) Stadium which was built in the mid 1970s with a capacity of over 100,000.
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