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Encyclopedia > Footage

In film and video, footage is the raw, unedited material as it has been recorded by the camera, which usually must be edited to create a motion picture, video clip, television show or similar completed work. More loosely, footage can also refer to all sequences used in film and video editing, such as special effects and archive material (for special cases of this, see stock footage and B roll). Since the term originates in film, footage is only used for recorded images, such as film stock, videotapes or digitized clips – on live television, the signals from the cameras are called sources instead. Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... Video is the technology of electronically capturing, recording, processing, storing, transmitting, and reconstructing a sequence of still images which represent scenes in motion. ... A camera is a device used to capture images, usually photographs, either singly or in sequence such as with video cameras. ... Film editing, also called montage, is the connecting of one or more shots to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an entire movie. ... Video clips are short clips in video format and predominantly found on the internet where the massive influx of new video clips during 2006 has been dubbed as a new phenomenon having a profound impact on both the internet and other forms of media. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with film editing. ... For other uses of the word Archive, see Archive (disambiguation) Archives refers to a collection of records, and also refers to the location in which these records are kept. ... Stock footage, also termed archive footage, library pictures and file footage is film or video footage either in the public domain or available for a set fee that can thus be put into any other film. ... B roll is the secondary or safety footage for a film. ... Film stock is the term for photographic film on which films are recorded. ... Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording television pictures and accompanying sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ... Digitizing, or digitization, is the process of turning an analog signal into a digital representation of that signal. ... Live television refers to television broadcasts of events or performances on a delay of between zero and fifteen seconds, rather than from video recordings or film. ...

The origin of the term "footage" is that 35mm film has traditionally been measured in feet and frames; the fact that film was measured by length in cutting rooms, and that there are exactly 16 4-perf frames in a foot of 35mm film which roughly represented 1 second of silent film, made footage a natural unit of measure for film. The term then became used figuratively to describe moving image material of any kind. Simulated 35 mm film with soundtracks _ The outermost strips (on either side) contain the SDDS soundtrack as an image of a digital signal. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... In film, video production, animation, and related fields, a frame is one of the many still images which compose the complete moving picture. ... A comparison of 4 perf, 3 perf and 2 perf 35 mm film formats. ...

Television footage, especially news footage, is often traded between broadcasting organizations, but good footage usually commands a high price. The actual sum depends on duration, age, size of intended audience, duration of licensing and other factors. Amateur video footage of current events can also often fetch a high price on the market – scenes shot inside the World Trade Center during the September 11, 2001 attacks were reportedly sold for US$45,000. Sometimes film projects will also sell or trade footage, usually second unit material not used in the final cut. For example, the end of the non-director's cut version of Blade Runner used landscape views that were originally shot for The Shining before the script was modified after shooting had finished. Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals (programs) to a number of recipients (listeners or viewers) that belong to a large group. ... Look up amateur in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... World trade centers or world trade centres (usually abbreviated WTC) arose in the United States and Japan in the 1970s, spearheaded by New York Citys World Trade Center. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 3. ... In film, the second unit is a separate team that shoots footage which is of lesser importance for the final motion picture, as opposed to the first unit, which shoots all scenes involving actors, or at least the stars of the film. ... A Directors cut is a specially edited version of a movie (or sometimes a TV series) that is supposed to represent the directors own approved edit of the movie. ... Blade Runner is an influential 1982 science fiction film directed by Ridley Scott from a screenplay written by Hampton Fancher and David Peoples, loosely based on the novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? by Philip K. Dick. ... The Shining (1980) is a feature film by Stanley Kubrick based on the novel of the same title by Stephen King. ...

See also

Found footage is a filmmaking term which describes a method of compiling films partly or entirely of footage which has not been created by the filmmaker, and changing its meaning by putting it into a new context. ...


  • IMDb's Trivia page for Blade Runner – Retrieved April 6, 2005
  • Newsday.com - Amateur video playing greater role – Retrieved April 6, 2005

  Results from FactBites:
Stock Video Footage - Royalty Free by Wrightwood Labs (293 words)
Stock Footage and Stock Video collections start at $149.99 for 30 minutes of royalty free stock footage and video.
offers one of the most extensive and varied collections of royalty free stock footage and video to be found anywhere.
If you need stock footage or digital video, royalty free stock footage collections are the best value to be found.
DVD - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4598 words)
This can include audio commentary that is timed to the film sequence, documentary features, unused footage, trivia text commentary, simple games and film shorts.
Other extras that can be included on DVDs (extra to the main audio/visual programme) are motion menus, still pictures, up to 32 selectable subtitles, seamless branching for multiple storylines, 9 camera angles.
They would also include song remixes, ring tones, photos and other digital extras that can be accessed on a computer.
  More results at FactBites »



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