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Encyclopedia > Foosball

Foosball (from the German Fußball = soccer - In German itself it's called Kicker or Tischfußball) is also known as table soccer, table football, babyfoot, jitz, or gettone. It is a table-top game based on soccer invented by Alejandro Finisterre, an editor and poet from Galiza. The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ... Alejandro Finisterre, a poet, inventor (of the foosball among other things) and editor, was born Alejandro Campos Ramírez in Galiza in 1919. ... Editor has four major senses: a person who obtains or improves material for a publication; a film editor, a person responsible for the flow of a motion picture or television program from scene to scene a sound editor, a person responsible for the flow and choice of music, voice, and... Poets are authors of poems, or of other forms of poetry such as dramatic verse. ... Galiza or Galicia (Galego-Português: Galiza, Spanish: Galicia) is an autonomous community in the northwest of Spain. ...

Contents

Origins

Alejandro Finisterre was injured during one of the fascist bombings of Madrid during the Spanish civil war. Seeing many children injured like himself in the hospital (i.e. unable to play football), he thought of the idea, which was borne from the concept of table tennis. Finistere credits his friend Francisco Javier Altuna, a Basque carpenter, for making the first foosball following the directions he gave him. Although the invention was patented in 1937, Finisterre had to escape from the fascist coup d'etat to France, and he lost the papers of the patent in a storm. Alejandro Finisterre, a poet, inventor (of the foosball among other things) and editor, was born Alejandro Campos Ramírez in Galiza in 1919. ... Coat of arms Plaza de España (Spain square) Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ... History of Spain Series -Timeline -Roman Spain -Visigothic Spain -Moorish Spain -Age of Reconquest -Age of Expansion -Age of Enlightenment -Reaction and Revolution -First Spanish Republic -The Restoration -Second Spanish Republic -Spanish Civil War -The Dictatorship -Modern Spain Topics -Economic History -Military History -Social History The Spanish Civil War (July... The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ... Regional competition level table tennis, showing table, net, and player getting ready to return the ball with a winning backhand topspin stroke. ... This article is about the Basque people. ... A carpenter is a skilled craftsman who performs carpentry -- a wide range of woodworking that includes constructing buildings, furniture, and other objects out of wood. ...


The game

A Garlando style table with a game in progress
A Garlando style table with a game in progress

Players attempt to use figures mounted on rotating bars to kick the foosball into the opponent's goal. A foosball may travel at speeds up to 35 mph in competition. Sometimes it is hard to even see the ball at that speed, it is more of a blur. The sport/game/simulation requires quick reflexes with a delicate touch using the player's fine tuned motor skills, control and knowledge. my picture, released under gfdl. ...


In foosball, the basics include 'catching' the ball, or gaining control of the ball when it is moving around; passing the ball, where you have the ball in your possession with one bar, and pass it to other bars; and shooting, where you find a hole in the defense and move the ball into shooting position and shooting it.


A winner is determined in foosball when one team scores a predetermined number of goals, say 5 or 10. A two goal victory is not often required. In competition every ball that enters the goal is counted, unless the player or players on the scoring team broke a rule during the play. Large events have referees that determine the infractions and penalties.


A foosball table can vary in size, but is typically about 4 feet long and 2 feet wide. The table usually contains 8 rows of "foos-men", which are plastic, metal or wooden figures mounted on horizontal metal bars. Each team of 1 or 2 human players controls 4 rows of figures. This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ...


The arrangement of foosmen is standard. Looking from left to right on one side of the table, you see:

Row 1 Your goalie 1 foosman (sometimes 3)
Row 2 Your defense 2 foosmen
Row 3 Opponent's attack 3 foosmen
Row 4 Your midfield 5 foosmen
Row 5 Opponent's midfield 5 foosmen
Row 6 Your attack 3 foosmen
Row 7 Opponent's defense 2 foosmen
Row 8 Opponent's goalie 1 foosman (sometimes 3)

Foosball is often played for fun in pubs, bars, workplaces, schools, and clubs with few rules. "House rules" often include a ban on spinning your foosmen, so one's hand must maintain continuous contact with the handle.


Foosball is also played in official competitions organized by a number of national organizations. An international organization named ITSF (International Table Soccer Federation) was established in august 2002 to bring together all of them, as well as organizing world Championships. 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A vast number of different tables exist. The table brands used on the world tour and official ITSF tournaments are "French-style" Bonzini, "American-style" Tornado, "Italian-style" Roberto-Sport, "Belgian-style" Eurosoccer. Other major brands include Kicker, Garlando, Lowen-Soccer, Warrior, Lehmacher, Leonheart and many more.


Differences in the table types have great influence on the playing styles. Most table have one goalie whose movements are restricted to the goal area. On those tables the corners are built as slopes so the ball can't get stuck out of reach. Other tables have three goalies, one in the center and one in each corner to reach the ball so sloped corners aren't needed. Another major difference is found in the balls, which can be made of cork, plastic or even marble and metal, varying the speed of shots a great deal, as well as the "grip" between the man and the ball.


Foosball strategy varies greatly. With teams of one human each, it is impossible for each person to control all four rows of foosmen simultaneously. Some players keep the left hand always on the goalie or defensemen and move the right hand among the other three rows. More aggressive players may take up an attack with the offense and midfield, leaving the goalie unattended.


With practice, it is possible to learn very fast "set-piece" moves, including the "snake", "pull-shot" and "front-pin". The pull shot is where you position the ball near the top of the oppositions goal. Then you pull your bar, which moves the ball downwards, and you aim for the hole or corner that is no longer guarded. The snake and front-pin both involve pinning the ball, or clamping the ball with your men. That way one can sway either direction.


Robots

Robots designed to play foosball by roboticists at the University of Freiburg are claimed to be able to beat 85% of casual players. They use a camera from below a transparent table base to track the ball, and an electronic control system to control high torque motors to rotate and move the foosmen. Currently an expert player can beat the robot 10 games to 1. [1] (http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99996346) A humanoid robot playing the trumpet In practical usage, a robot is a mechanical device which performs automated tasks, either according to direct human supervision, a pre-defined program or, a set of general guidelines using artificial intelligence techniques. ... Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg was founded 1457 in Freiburg by the Habsburgs. ...


See also

Subbuteo is a set of board games simulating team sports such as football and hockey. ... Table hockey is a table game derived from ice hockey. ...

External links

  • ITSF homepage (http://www.table-soccer.org/)
  • foosball.com, American site with rules, tricks, results (http://www.foosball.com/)
  • French table-soccer federation (http://www.francebabyfoot.com/)
  • German table-soccer federation (http://www.dtfb.de/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Table football - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (896 words)
Although the invention was patented in 1937, Finisterre had to escape from the fascist coup d'état to France, and he lost the papers of the patent in a storm.
A foosball table can vary in size, but is typically about 4 ft long and 2 ft wide.
Foosball is also played in official competitions organized by a number of national organizations.
Foosball - definition of Foosball in Encyclopedia (553 words)
Foosball (from the German Fußball = soccer) is also known as table soccer, table football, babyfoot, or gettone.
Although the invention was patented in 1937, Alejandro Finisterre had to escape from the fascist coup d'etat to France, and he lost the papers of the patent in a storm.
Foosball is often played for fun in pubs, bars, workplaces, schools, and clubs with few rules.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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