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Encyclopedia > Fomorians

In Irish mythology, the Fomorians, Fomors, or Fomori (Irish Fomóiri, Fomóraig) were a semi-divine race who inhabited Ireland in ancient times. They may have once been believed to be the beings who preceded the gods, similar to the Greek Titans. It has been suggested that they represent the gods of chaos and wild nature, as opposed to the Tuatha Dé Danann who represent the gods of human civilization. Alternatively, they may represent the gods of a proposed pre-Goidelic population of Ireland. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... The mythology of pre-Christian Ireland did not entirely survive the conversion to Christianity, but much of it was preserved, shorn of its religious meanings, in medieval Irish literature, which represents the most extensive and best preserved of all the branches of Celtic mythology. ... Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... “Áes dána” redirects here. ... Goidelic is one of two major divisions of modern-day Celtic languages (the other being Brythonic). ...

Contents

Characteristics

They are sometimes said to have had the body of a man and the head of a goat, according to an 11th century text in Lebor na hUidre (the Book of the Dun Cow), or to have had one eye, one arm and one leg, but some, for example Elatha, the father of Bres, were very beautiful. Bres himself, for example, carries the epithet "the Beautiful." Species See Species and subspecies The goat is a mammal in the genus Capra, which consists of nine species: the Ibex, the West Caucasian Tur, the East Caucasian Tur, the Markhor, and the Wild Goat. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Lebor na hUidre, or the Book of the Dun Cow, is the oldest Irish manuscript to contain primarily native narrative materials. ... In Irish mythology, Elatha (or Elathan) was a prince of the Fomorians and the father of Bres by Ériu of the Tuatha Dé Danann. ... In Irish mythology, Bres, aka Eochaid Bres, Eochu Bres (Eochaid/Eochu the Beautiful), was a king of the Tuatha Dé Danann. ...


History in Irish Mythology

The followers of Partholon were said to be the first to invade Ireland after the flood, but the Fomorians were already there: Seathrún Céitinn reports a tradition that the Fomorians, led by Cíocal, had arrived two hundred years earlier and lived on fish and fowl until Partholon came, bringing the plough and oxen. It is possible that this is a memory of Mesolithic hunter-gatherers giving way to Neolithic farmers[1]. Partholon defeated Cíocal in the Battle of Magh Ithe, but all his people later died of plague. In Irish mythology Partholon was the leader of the second group of people to settle in Ireland, the first to arrive after the biblical Flood. ... Seathrún Céitinn, known in English as Geoffrey Keating, was a 17th century Irish clergyman, poet and historian. ... In Irish mythology Cichol or Cíocal Gricenchos is the earliest-mentioned leader of the Fomorians. ... The traditional way: a German farmer works the land with a horse and plough. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age[1]) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ... In anthropology, the hunter-gatherer way of life is that led by certain societies of the Neolithic Era based on the exploitation of wild plants and animals. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Magh Ithe was the location of the first recorded battle fought in Ireland, dated to 2530 Anno Mundi (since the creation of the world), or 2670 BC, in the Annals of the Four Masters; or 2071 BC in Seathrún Céitinns chronology. ...


Then came Nemed and his followers. Ireland is said to have been empty for thirty years following the death of Partholon's people, but Nemed and his followers encountered the Fomorians when they arrived. At this point Céitinn reports another tradition that the Fomorians were seafarers from Africa, descended from Noah's son Ham. Nemed defeated them in several battles, killing their leaders Gann (1) and Sengann (1) (note that there were two Fir Bolg kings of the same name), but two new Fomorian leaders arose: Conand son of Faebar, who lived in Conand's Tower on Tory Island, County Donegal, and Morc son of Dela (note that the first generation of the Fir Bolg were also said to be sons of Dela). In Irish mythology, Nemed (holy or privileged) son of Agnoman of Scythia was the leader of the third group of inhabitants of Ireland. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Noahs Ark, Französischer Meister (The French Master), Magyar Szépművészeti Múzeum, Budapest. ... Ham (חָם, Standard Hebrew , Tiberian Hebrew , , Geez Kam), according to the Genealogies of Genesis, was a son of Noah and the father of Cush, Mizraim, Phut, and Canaan. ... Gann may refer to Ernest K. Gann (1910-1991), author, sailor, fisherman and airline captain Gann, in Irish mythology, king of the Fomorians Gann Academy (founded 1997), Jewish school supported by Joseph Gann Gann mac Dela (20th or 16th century BC), joint High King of Ireland Gann, Ohio, small village... Sengann (old-mean) is the name of two early settlers of Ireland according to Irish mythology. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... In Irish mythology Conand (Conann, Conaing) was a leader of the Fomorians who lived in a tower on Tory Island. ... Tory Island from Tor More. ... Statistics Province: Ulster Dáil Éireann: Donegal North East, Donegal South West County Town: Lifford Code: DL Area: 4,841 km² Population (2006) 146,956 Website: www. ...


After Nemed's death Conand and Morc enslaved his people and demanded a heavy tribute: two thirds of their children, grain and cattle. Nemed's son Fergus Lethderg gathered an army of sixty thousand, rose up against them and destroyed Conand's Tower, but Morc attacked them with a huge fleet, and there was great slaughter on both sides. The sea rose over them and drowned most of the survivors: only thirty of Nemed's people escaped in a single ship, scattering to the other parts of the world. Fergus is a popular Irish, Manx and Scottish name which anglicises Fearghas meaning man-strength or virility. Derived from the Gaelic fear-ghur the name Fergus was a royal name amongst the Celts in Ireland and the Picts. ...


The next invasion was by the Fir Bolg, who did not encounter the Fomorians.


Next, the Tuatha Dé Danann, who are usually supposed to have been the gods of the Goidelic Irish, defeated the Fir Bolg in the first Battle of Magh Tuiredh and took possession of Ireland. As their king, Nuada, had lost an arm in the battle and was no longer physically whole, their first king in Ireland was the half-Fomorian Bres. He was the result of a union between Ériu of the Tuatha Dé Danann and the Fomorian prince Elatha, who had come to her one night by sea on a silver boat. Both Elatha and Bres are described as very beautiful. However Bres turned out to be a bad king who forced the Tuatha Dé to work as slaves and pay tribute to the Fomorians. He lost authority when he was satirized for neglecting his kingly duties of hospitality. Nuada was restored to the kingship after his arm was replaced with a working one of silver, but the Tuatha Dé's oppression by the Fomorians continued. Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In Irish mythology, Magh Tuiredh (Mag Tuired, Magh Tuireadh, anglicised as Moytura) is the name of the locations of two battles said to have been waged by the Tuatha Dé Danann. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In Irish mythology, Bres, aka Eochaid Bres, Eochu Bres (Eochaid/Eochu the Beautiful), was a king of the Tuatha Dé Danann. ... In Irish mythology, Ériu (), daughter of Ernmas of the Tuatha Dé Danann, was the eponymous patron goddess of Ireland. ...


Bres fled to his father, Elatha, and asked for his help to restore him to the kingship. Elatha refused, on the grounds that he should not seek to gain by foul means what he couldn't keep by fair. Bres instead turned to Balor, a more warlike Fomorian chief living on Tory Island, and raised an army. In Irish mythology, Balor (Balar, Bolar) of the Evil Eye was a king of the Fomorians, a race of giants. ...


The Tuatha Dé also prepared for war, under another half-Fomorian leader, Lug. His father was Cian of the Tuatha Dé, and his mother was Balor's daughter Ethniu. This is presented as a dynastic marriage in early texts, but folklore preserves a more elaborate story, reminiscent the story of Zeus and Cronus from Greek mythology. Balor, who had been given a prophecy that he would be killed by his own grandson, locked Ethniu in a glass tower to keep her away from men. But when he stole Cian's magical cow, Cian got his revenge by gaining entry to the tower, with the help of a druidess called Biróg, and seducing her. She gave birth to triplets, which Balor ordered drowned. Two of the babies either died or turned into the first seals, but Biróg saved one, Lug, and gave him to Manannan and Tailtiu to foster. As an adult Lug gained entry to Nuada's court through his mastery of every art, and was given command over the army. Lugh (earlier Lug, modern Irish Lú, pronounced //) is an Irish deity represented in mythological texts as a hero and High King of the distant past. ... In Irish mythology, Cian ( ancient, distant), son of Dian Cecht of the Tuatha Dé Danann, is best known as the father of Lug by the Fomorian princess Ethniu. ... In Irish mythology, Ethniu (Eithne, Ethliu, Ethlinn, and a variety of other spellings - see below) was the daughter of Balor, king of the Fomorians. ... The Statue of Zeus at Olympia Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall statue of Zeus at Olympia about 435 BC. The statue was perhaps the most famous sculpture in Ancient Greece, imagined here in a 16th century engraving Zeus (in Greek: nominative: Zeús, genitive: Diós), is... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Two druids, from an 1845 publication, based on a bas-relief found at Autun, France. ... In Irish mythology, Birog was a druidess who aided Cian in climbing Balors crystal tower where had imprisoned his daughter, Ethlinn. ... Genera Monachus (Monk Seals) Mirounga (Elephant Seal) Lobodon (Crabeater Seals) Leptonychotes Hydrurga (Leopard Seals) Ommatophoca Erignathus (Bearded Seals) Phoca Halichoerus (Grey Seals) Cystophora (Hooded Seals) The true seals or earless seals are one of the three main groups of mammals within the seal suborder, Pinnipedia. ... In Irish mythology, Manannan mac Lir was a sea and weather god. ... Tailtiu (Tailltiu, Tailte, Teia Tephi) is the name of a presumed goddess from Irish mythology and the town in County Meath that was named after her. ...


The Second Battle of Mag Tuireadh was fought between the Fomorians under Balor and the Tuatha Dé under Lug. Balor killed Nuada with his terrible, poisonous eye that killed all it looked upon. Lug faced his grandfather, but as he was opening his eye Lug shot a sling-stone that drove his eye out the back of his head, wreaking havoc on the Fomorian army behind. After Balor's death the Fomorians were defeated and driven into the sea. Cath Maige Tuireadh (the (second) Battle of Magh Tuiredh) is a tale of the Irish Mythological Cycle in which the Tuatha Dé Danann defeat their enemies, the Fomorians. ... Home-made sling. ...


The Tuatha Dé Danann and the Fomorians are closely related. Neit, a war god, is an ancestor of both. In Irish mythology Neit was a god of war, and husband of Nemain. ...


The word fomóire is believed to derive from Old Irish fo muire (Modern Irish faoi muire), "under the sea". This, combined with their association with glass towers in the western ocean, suggests a connection with icebergs. However the mór element may derive from a word meaning "terror", whose Anglo-Saxon cognate "maere" survives in English "nightmare", but not in "morbid" which instead comes from the latin, all from the Proto-IndoEuropean word *mor : "to rub, pound, wear away". However, Mac Bain holds that there are phonetic inconsistencies with both these theories that would prevent derivation of the long ó in the morpheme "-mór" from "muire, mora" ("sea") or from "mor, mar" (terror, death). His educated opinion leaves the conclusions of Zimmer fomóiri > fo-mór "sub-magnus" (giants, small? giants, nearly? giants, huge people?). [1] Old Irish is the name given to the oldest form of the Irish language which can be more or less fully reconstructed from extant sources. ... Percentage of Irish speakers by county of the Republic; the six Northern Ireland counties have been considered as one. ... An iceberg (berg is the German word for mountain) is a large piece of ice that has broken off from a glacier or ice shelf and is floating in open water. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ...


In later times any settled pirates or sea-borne raiders were labeled Fomorians and the original meaning of the word became overlooked.


Fomorians in other media

Role playing games and Trading Card Games

In the turn-based-strategy role playing game Celtic Tales: Balor of the Evil Eye by Koei, Balor is an end-game boss. The Battle for Wesnoth turn-based strategy, released under the GPL. A turn-based game, also known as turn-based strategy, is a game where the game flow is partitioned into well-defined and visible parts, called turns or rounds. ... This article is about traditional role-playing games. ... Koeis Current Company Logo Koei Co. ... In Irish mythology, Balor (Balar, Bolar) of the Evil Eye was a king of the Fomorians, a race of giants. ... Flag Ship from the video game Gorf A boss is a particularly challenging computer-controlled enemy in video games. ...


In the fantasy role playing game Dungeons & Dragons, the Fomorians are one of the Giant Kin Races. Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... This article is about traditional role-playing games. ... Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&D or DnD) is a fantasy role-playing game (RPG) originally designed by Gary Gygax and Dave Arneson, and first published in 1974 by Gygaxs company Tactical Studies Rules (TSR). ... Giant-kin are large humanoids related to the true giants in the Dungeons & Dragons role-playing game. ...


In the fantasy/cyberpunk role playing game Shadowrun, Formorians are a breed of Troll (known for being large and hairy rather than covered with bone deposits), and Wild Formorians are a type of vampiric creature. Shadowrun is a cyberpunk-urban fantasy cross-genre role-playing game, set 63 years in the future,[1]following a great cataclysm that has brought use of magic back to the world, just as it begins to embrace the marvels (and dangers) of technologies such as cyberspace, omnipresent computer networks...


In the fantasy role playing game Rifts, the Fomorians are an extra-dimensional race that has overrun Scotland in the England worldbook. Rifts is a multi-genre role-playing game created by Kevin Siembieda in 1990 and published continuously by Palladium Books since then. ...


In White Wolf Game Studio's Changeling: The Dreaming (a part of the World of Darkness), Fomorians are described as "great cthonic entities whose evil was beyond human ken." They may be related to the Fomor (World of Darkness), which are humans transformed into creatures of the Wyrm in the World of Darkness game Werewolf: The Apocalypse. A magical power available to Werewolves in this setting takes the name "Balor's Gaze". The logo of White Wolf Publishing, one of White Wolf, Inc. ... Changeling: The Dreaming was part of White Wolf Game Studios original World of Darkness role playing game line. ... The World of Darkness (or WoD) is the name given to two related but distinct fictional universes developed by Mark Rein-Hagen. ... Categories: Stub | Werewolf: The Apocalypse ... This articles content is specific to the fictional setting known as the World of Darkness. ... This articles content is specific to the fictional setting known as the World of Darkness. ...


In the MMORPG Final Fantasy XI, Fomors are undead or "shadow" versions of the five playable races. They appear as black skinned versions of the player models with glowing eyes. An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... Final Fantasy XI ), also known as Final Fantasy XI: Online, is a massively multiplayer online role-playing game developed and published by Square (now Square Enix) as a part of the Final Fantasy video game series. ...


In the MMORPG Dark Age of Camelot, the Fomorians were added to the game with the release of the expansion Shrouded Isles, where they inhabit the Island of HyBrasil, led by their king Balor, who is an end-game boss. Dark Age of Camelot is a 3D medieval fantasy MMORPG that revolves around the war between three realms at the end of King Arthurs rule: Arthurian-inspired Albion, Norse mythology inspired Midgard and Celtic Hibernia. ... In Irish mythology, Balor (Balar, Bolar) of the Evil Eye was a king of the Fomorians, a race of giants. ... Flag Ship from the video game Gorf A boss is a particularly challenging computer-controlled enemy in video games. ...


In the Celtos wargame, by Brigade Models, Fomorians are orc-like beings and distinct from the other four races of the game (Vanir, Sidhe, Gaels, and Fir Bolg). Celtos is a warband level fantasy miniatures wargame developed by Urban Mammoth, now owned by Brigade Models. ...


In the Albion, Land of Faerie wargame published by SPI in the now-defunct Ares magazine (number 11), the Fomorians fought the Sidhe in the Third Fomorian War of 2680. Fomorians are described as larger than men and the source of the legends of Trolls. Ares was a science fiction wargame magazine published by Simulations Publications, Inc. ...


The design of the Fimir of First Edition Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay are heavily influenced by some descriptions of the Fomorians. When they create a background for a fantasy game, the authors generally integrate ‘standard’ monsters like Orcs, Goblins, The Living Dead (Skeletons, Zombies, Mummies), Warriors of Chaos (Evil humans), ect To make the Game individual and to differentiate it from a traditional fantasy Game, original monsters are included... Warhammer Fantasy Roleplay (WFRP or WHFRP) is a role-playing game set in the Warhammer Fantasy setting. ...


In the role playing game Shin Megami Tensei III: Nocturne, Fomor appears as a demon, coming in the form of a giant, humanoid, goat-headed being with shaggy fur all over its body. This article is about traditional role-playing games. ...


Fomorians also appear in the game Nethergate, set during Roman Britain. Nethergate logo Nethergate is a computer-based historical-fiction fantasy role-playing game by Spiderweb Software available for the Macintosh and Microsoft Windows platforms. ...


Fomori Nomad is a creature in Future Sight expansion of Magic: the Gathering Future Sight is an expansion set, codenamed Pop, from the trading card game Magic: The Gathering. ... Magic: The Gathering (colloq. ...


In the Alternative Armies table top war game Erin The Fomorians are one of the available warbands. Look up Erin in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Books and Comics

The Fomorians are featured in a Sláine the King series in the comic 2000 AD. For other characters with the same name, see Sláine. ... Cover of the first issue of 2000 AD, 26 February 1977. ...


In Mark Chadbourn's trilogy The Age of Misrule, the Formorii return to present-day Britain in an attempt to resurrect Balor and finally defeat all humans. They are described as considerably larger than the average human, totally immune to 'modern' weapons (firearms, explosives and such), and shapeshifters. Capable of taking on any humanoid appearance they choose, their transformation and true form are particularly traumatic to witness. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Age of Misrule is a three-book modern fantasy series, written by Mark Chadbourn. ...


In Darren O'Shaughnessey's series of books Bec the formori are a race of demons. The book is the 4th in the Demonata series. This article is about the author. ... Bec is a book by Darren Shan in The Demonata series. ... Lord Loss cover Demon Thief cover Slawter cover Bec cover The Demonata is a series by best selling author Darren Shan. ...


In Patricia Kennealy's Keltiad [2]" series, the Fomor are an alien race who were called "Fomor" by Kelts fleeing Earth in the Thirteenth Century, in whom they recognized characteristics of their old foes. The Kelts called them "Fomor" for so long and so insistently that they eventually adopted the name themselves, to the point where they forgot their original appellation. Patricia Kennealy-Morrison (b. ... The Keltiad is a body of fantasy works written by Patricia Kennealy-Morrison, retired rock critic/editor, Celtic priestess and widow of the late rock star Jim Morrison. ... This article is about the European people. ...


In Diane Duane's A Wizard Abroad, the fomori are central villains. Diane Duane (b. ... A Wizard Abroad is the fourth book in the Young Wizards series by Diane Duane. ...


In Eoin Colfer's Artemis Fowl, the fomorians are the name for the demons at the battle causing the Giant's Causeway 10,000 years before. Eoin Colfer (pronounced Owen, IPA: )(born May 14, 1965) is an Irish author. ... Artemis Fowl is a series of fantasy novels written by Irish author Eoin Colfer. ...


In Juliet Marillier's Sevenwaters trilogy the Fomorians (in the book known as Fomhoire) played a vital role with the Tuatha Dé Danann. Juliet Marillier is an Australian writer of fantasy, especially historical fantasy. ... The Sevenwater Trilogy takes place in ancient Ireland, and is a blend of historical fact, and fiction. ...


A Fomor under the name Glomach who claims to be deformed by having 2 eyes, 2 arms and 2 legs (and is still grotesque) appears in Pat O'Shea's book The Hounds of the Morrigan. Pat OShea was born in 1931 in Galway. ... The Hounds of the Morrigan is a novel by Irish writer Pat OShea. ...


The Fomor have appeared in Marvel Comics. The Fomor are fictional characters in the Marvel Universe. ... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ...


Music

The French Celtic black metal band Aes Dana released an album called Formors in 2005. Folk metal is a diverse collection of music, encompassing a wide variety of different styles and approaches. ... Black metal is an extreme heavy metal subgenre. ... Aes Dana is a French Celtic black metal band, based in Paris. ... Formors is a full-length album by the French Celtic black metal band Aes Dana. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Fomorians not previously mentioned:

In Irish mythology, Buarainech was the father of Balor, the King of the Fomorians. ... In Irish mythology, Cethlenn was the wife of Balor and, by him, the mother of Ethlinn. ... In Irish mythology, Corb was one of the Fomorians. ... In Celtic mythology, King Tethra of the Fomorians ruled Mag Mell after dying in the First Battle of Mag Tuireadh. ...

References

Donnelly, Ignatius L.. Atlantis: The Antediluvian World. Dover Publications. Page 406. ISBN 0-486-23371-5.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Fomorians (2701 words)
In Goidelic mythology, Prince Elatha (or Elathan) of the Fomorians was the father of Bres by Ériu.
He was the result of a union between Ériu of the Tuatha Dé Danann and the Fomorian prince Elatha, who had come to her one night by sea on a silver boat.
In Irish mythology, Corb was one of the Fomorians.
Fomorians (199 words)
In Irish-Celtic mythology, the Fomorians are a race of demonic giants, ancient occupants of Ireland (or sometimes mentioned as a mythical, prehistoric people who raided and pillaged Ireland from the sea).
The Fomorians were given the province of Connacht, and were even allowed to marry some of the Tuatha Dé.
The king of the Fomorians is the one-eyed Balor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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