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Encyclopedia > Folketing
Denmark

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Denmark
Image File history File links Denmark_coa. ... The Folketing in session. ...


See also This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queen of Denmark, including Regents of the Kalmar Union. ... Queen Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant and head of state of Denmark. ... The Council of State (Statsrådet) The Council of State (Statsrådet) is the Danish Privy Council. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... This is a list over the heads of government in Denmark, from the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1849 until present. ... This is a list over the heads of government in Denmark, from the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1849 until present. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... In Denmark governments are named after the Prime Minister, who is also the leader of the government. ... Administrative division of Denmark. ... Denmark is divided into 13 counties (amter), and 271 municipalities (kommuner). ... Denmark is divided into 13 counties (amter), and 271 municipalities (kommuner): Copenhagen County comprise the municipalities in metropolitan Copenhagen, except Copenhagen Municipality and Frederiksberg Municipality. ... This article lists political parties in Denmark. ... Politics of Denmark See also Politics of Denmark Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Denmark | Danish stubs ... Legislative elections were held in Denmark on February 8, 2005. ... The Danish Parliamentary Election of 2001 held on November 20, 2001 saw a dramatic change in the political composition of the Danish parliament or Folketing. ... The Danish Parliamentary Election of 1998 was held on 11 March 1998. ... Danish foreign policy is founded upon four cornerstones: the United Nations, NATO, the EU, and Nordic cooperation. ...


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The Folketing ['fɔlgəˌtʰeŋˤ], or Folketinget, is the national parliament of Denmark. The name literally means the People's Ting - that is, the people's governing assembly. Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Faroe Islands local long form: none local short form: Føroyar Data code: FO Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1948 Government type: Constitional Monarchy Capital: Tórshavn Administrative divisions: 36... Country name: conventional long form: none conventional short form: Greenland local long form: none local short form: Kalaallit Nunaat (meaning Land of the Greenlanders in Kalaallisut, the Greenlandic Inuit language) Data code: GL Dependency status: part of the Kingdom of Denmark; self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark since 1979... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ... A thing or ting (Old Norse and Icelandic: þing; other modern Scandinavian: ting) was the governing assembly in Germanic societies, made up of the free men of the community and presided by lawspeakers. ...

Contents

History

From 1849 to 1953 the Folketing was one of the two houses in the bicameral parliament known as the Rigsdag; the other house was known as the "Landsting". Since both houses, in principle, had equal power, the terms "upper house" and "lower house" were not used. The difference between the houses was voter representation. 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... The Rigsdag was the name of the Parliament of Denmark from 1849 to 1953. ...


The Folketing was elected by common vote and consisted mainly of independent farmers, traders and merchants as well as the educated classes (i.e. the liberal forces of society). From 1866 to 1915 the right of vote for the Landsting was restricted to the wealthiest, and some of its members were even appointed by the king, thus it predominantly represented the old aristocracy and other conservatives. From 1915 the Landsting was also elected by common vote, although indirectly and with a higher age limit than for the Folketing. During the next decades, law making mainly took place in the Folketing and the Landsting came to be regarded as a superfluous rubber stamp. Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In 1953 the people by popular vote adopted a revised constitution. Among the changes was the elimination of the Landsting and the introduction of a unicameral parliament, known only as the Folketing. Christiansborg Castle has been the domicile of parliament since 1849. The palace is located in the heart of Copenhagen. 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ...


Last election results

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 8 February 2005 Danish Parliament election results
Parties Leaders Votes % Seats +/-
Venstre (Liberals) (V) Anders Fogh Rasmussen 974,657 29.0 52 −4
Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne) (A) Mogens Lykketoft 867,933 25.9 47 −5
Danish People's Party (Dansk Folkeparti) (O) Pia Kjærsgaard 444,205 13.2 24 2
Conservative People's Party (Det Konservative Folkeparti) (C) Bendt Bendtsen 345,132 10.3 18 2
Danish Social Liberal Party (Det Radikale Venstre) (B) Marianne Jelved 307,132 9.2 17 8
Socialist People's Party (Socialistisk Folkeparti) (F) Holger K. Nielsen 201,162 6.0 11 −1
Red-Green Alliance (Enhedslisten) (Ø) Collective Leadership 111,394 3.4 6 2
Christian Democrats (Kristendemokraterne) (K) Marianne Karlsmose 57,836 1.7 0 −4
Centre Democrats (Centrum-Demokraterne) (D) Mimi Jakobsen 33,635 1.0 0 0
Minority Party (Minoritetspartiet) (M) Rune Engelbreth Larsen 8,883 0.3 0 N/A
Siumut (Forward) (Greenland)       1 N/A
Inuit Ataqatigiit (Inuit Community) (Greenland)       1 N/A
Republican Party (Tjóðveldisflokkurin) (Faroe Islands)       1 N/A
People's Party (Fólkaflokkurin) (Faroe Islands)       1 N/A
Total (Turnout 84.4 %)       179  

Venstre[1] (IPA: , in Danish literally: Left), full name: Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti (Venstre, Liberal Party of Denmark) is the largest political party in Denmark, founded with a basis on free market Liberalism, now a right-of-centre party. ... Anders Fogh Rasmussen , also: (born January 26, 1953) is the current Prime Minister of Denmark (in Danish Statsminister, meaning State Minister). ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... Mogens Lykketoft Mogens Lykketoft (b. ... The Danish Peoples Party (Danish: Dansk Folkeparti) is a social conservative and nationalist political party in Denmark. ... Pia Kjærsgaard Pia Merete Kjærsgaard (born February 23, 1947 in Copenhagen) is a Danish politician. ... The Conservative Peoples Party (Danish Det Konservative Folkeparti) is a Danish political party. ... Bendt Bendtsen Bendt Bendtsen (born March 25, 1954) has been the leader of the Danish Conservative Peoples Party since August 5, 1999. ... Det Radikale Venstre (literally: The Radical Left, but officially translated by the party as Danish Social Liberal Party), is a social liberal party in Denmark. ... See Also: Politics of Denmark Danish parliamentary election, 2001 Categories: Danish stubs | 1943 births | Danish politicians ... The Socialist Peoples Party (Danish: Socialistisk Folkeparti (SF)) is a Danish socialist party. ... Holger K. Nielsen Holger Kirkholm Nielsen (born 23 April 1950) is a Danish politician, member of the Danish parliament (Folketinget) for the Socialist Peoples Party. ... The Red-Green Alliane () is a left-wing political party in Denmark. ... The Christian Democrats (Kristendemokraterne in Danish) are a political party in Denmark. ... Born June 6. ... The Centre Democrats (Centrum-Demokraterne or CD) is a Danish political party. ... Mimi Jakobsen is the daughter of Erhard Jakobsen and the leader of the Centre-Democrats, which was founded by her father when he broke with the Social Democracy party in 1972 to form his own Party in Denmark. ... Party logo The Minority Party (Danish: Minoritetspartiet) is a Danish political party without parliamentary representation. ... Forward (Greenlandic: Siumut) is a social democratic political party in Greenland. ... Inuit Ataqatigiit (Inuit Community) is a socialist political party in Greenland. ... The Republican Party or Party of Peoples Government (Tjóðveldisflokkurin) is a left of centre political party in the Faroe Islands committed to Faroese independence. ... The Peoples Party (Fólkaflokkurin) is a conservative political party in the Faroe Islands, led by Anfinn Kallsberg. ...

Constitutional Requirements

  • The Folketing consists of 179 members all elected for a four-year term or until the Prime Minister (via the Queen-in-council) calls for elections, whichever comes first. Greenland and the Faroe Islands each elect 2 members separately.
  • Members are elected in accordance with the principle of proportional majority.
  • The Constitution requires for "equal representation of the various opinions of the electorate", and for regional representaion to be secured. The electoral act stipulates the details for this: 135 seats are elected by proportional representation in 17 districts, and 40 supplementary seats are allotted to make out for the difference between district and nation-wide vote.
  • The result is proportional representation; however, in rare cases, the biggest parties may gain one or two seats extra from smaller parties.
  • The voter may vote for a party list, one of the candidates on a party list, or an independent candidate.
  • Parties (usually district party assemblies) decide on the nomination of candidates before the election. When co-nomination is assigned, candidates are elected according to personal votes. When priority order is assigned, only an extreme number of personal votes can change the rank.
  • Parties must pass the threshold, 2 % of the national vote, to gain any seats. A party below the threshold will, however, be able to be represented by way of district seats if it is very strong in one region. This has happened for the German minority party and in very rare cases for other parties.
  • To contest an election, parties which are not currently represented in Parliament must collect certificates of support from ca. 20,000 voters (number of votes equivalent to one seat) and have these individually stamped by the registration offices in these voters' municipalities of residence.
  • Denmark has universal suffrage for all citizens over 18 years who live in the realm and who have not been declared incapable of managing their own affairs. The constitution makes it possible to restrict suffrage for convicted criminals and people receiving social benefits, but this option has not been used for several decades.
  • All voters who have not been convicted of criminal acts, making them unworthy for a seat in the parliament, are eligible. The Folketing decides if a member is eligible or not (after his election).
  • The constitution does not mention political parties at all, although the electoral act does, and MPs are virtually always elected for a party. The only independent who has been elected in modern times is the comedian Jacob Haugaard, but independents, usually unknown ones, are seen at every election. Requirements for standing as an independent candidate are much smaller than for a new party, but independents are only allowed to contest in a single district, making it very difficult to gain the needed number of votes for a seat.
  • Members enjoy immunity, meaning that no criminal charges may be brought against an MP, unless he is caught red-handed, provided that the Folketing doesn't lift the immunity. The purpose of this is to prevent political persecution. In practice, the Folketing has always lifted the immunity when a member has been accused of a crime, usually with the consent of the accused member himself.
  • Debates can be conducted behind closed doors, although this hasn't happened since 9 April 1940, day of the German invasion in WW II.
  • Ministers may hold a seat in parliament, but they don't need to. Supreme Court judges - according to convention - may not hold a seat whilst also acting as judges.
  • Ministers may - even if they are not MPs - demand talking time whenever they want.
  • Bills may be brought before parliament by members (private bills) and ministers. Bills are predominantly brought before parliament by ministers, since they have the Law Office of the Ministry of Justice at their disposal. Instead of putting forward a private bill, the opposition usually put forward a proposal for parliamentary decision, i.e. a short resolution which addresses the subject and directs the relevant minister to propose a bill concerning it.
Christiansborg Castle
Christiansborg Castle
Christiansborg Castle at night
Christiansborg Castle at night
Folketing chamber
Folketing chamber
Folketing in session
Folketing in session

In party-list proportional representation systems, an election threshold is a clause that stipulates that a party must receive a minimum percentage of votes, either nationally or within a particular district, to get any seats in the parliament. ... Immunity confers a status ojavascript:insertTags(ì,,)n a person or body that makes that person or body free from otherwise legal obligations such as, for example, lijavascript:insertTags(Ú,,)ability for damages or punishment for criminal acts. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... A private bill is the term used for legislation that originates from a particular member of a legislature or parliament or from a member of the public. ... Download high resolution version (1200x811, 212 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x811, 212 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x1217, 269 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x1217, 269 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x817, 276 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x817, 276 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x791, 235 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1200x791, 235 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

List of Speakers of the Folketing (1933-present)

From To Speaker of the Folketing Years of living
9 May 1933 30 October 1945 Hans Rasmussen, S 1873-1949
22 November 1945 22 February 1950 Julius Bomholt, S 1896-1969
23 February 1950 22 September 1964 Gustav Pedersen, S 1893-1975
6 October 1964 22 January 1968 Julius Bomholt, S 1896-1969
6 February 1968 30 September 1978 Karl Skytte, B 1908-1986
3 October 1978 8 December 1981 Knud Børge Andersen, S 1914-1984
22 December 1981 10 January 1989 Svend Jakobsen, S b. 1935
10 January 1989 3 October 1989 Erik Ninn-Hansen, C b. 1922
3 October 1989 15 January 1993 H. P. Clausen, C 1928-1998
27 January 1993 5 October 1994 Henning Rasmussen, S 1926-1997
5 October 1994 11 March 1998 Erling Olsen, S b. 1927
26 March 1998 11 March 2003[1] Ivar Hansen, V 1938-2003
18 March 2003 Current incumbent Christian Mejdahl, V b. 1939

May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Julius Bomholt (June 11, 1896-January 2, 1969) was a Danish politician representing the Social Democrats. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... October 6 is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years). ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Julius Bomholt (June 11, 1896-January 2, 1969) was a Danish politician representing the Social Democrats. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Det Radikale Venstre (literally: The Radical Left, but officially translated by the party as Danish Social Liberal Party), is a social liberal party in Denmark. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Knud Børge Andersen (1914 - 23 March 1984) began his career as a journalist, but switched to politics in 1947, being elected to the Folketing as a Social Democrat. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Danish politician. ... The Conservative Peoples Party (Danish Det Konservative Folkeparti) is a Danish political party. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The Conservative Peoples Party (Danish Det Konservative Folkeparti) is a Danish political party. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (279th in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (279th in leap years). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (86th in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... March 11 is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (71st in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ivar Hansen Ivar Hansen (November 1, 1938-March 11, 2003) was a Danish politician from the Liberal party Venstre. ... Venstre[1] (IPA: , in Danish literally: Left), full name: Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti (Venstre, Liberal Party of Denmark) is the largest political party in Denmark, founded with a basis on free market Liberalism, now a right-of-centre party. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Venstre[1] (IPA: , in Danish literally: Left), full name: Venstre, Danmarks Liberale Parti (Venstre, Liberal Party of Denmark) is the largest political party in Denmark, founded with a basis on free market Liberalism, now a right-of-centre party. ...

See also

The Folketing in session. ... The cabinet of Denmark consists of the leaders of the Danish ministries. ... Politics of Denmark See also Politics of Denmark Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Denmark | Danish stubs ... This is a list over the heads of government in Denmark, from the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1849 until present. ... The Løgting, or Løgtingið is the parliament of the Faroe Islands, a self ruling dependency of Denmark. ... The Parliament of Greenland is the legislature (in this case, a parliament) in the government of Greenland, an autonomous province of Denmark. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Ivar Hansen died in office. His successor was not appointed immediately, and in the meantime Svend Auken, S was acting speaker.

Svend Auken Svend Gunnarsen Auken (born 24 May 1943) is a Danish politician and member of the Danish parliament (Folketinget) for the Social Democrats. ... The Social Democrats (Socialdemokraterne), is a Danish political party. ...

External links

Coordinates: 55°40′34″N, 12°34′47″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Parliamentary Elections and Election Administration in Denmark (13232 words)
The Danish Constitution states that the members of the Folketing shall be elected by universal suffrage, and by direct and secret ballot.
This is, for example, the case with the nomination of candidates, the layout of ballot papers, the polling procedures, and the allocation of seats.
All political parties which gained representation in parliament at the previous Folketing election and which are still represented in parliament when an election is called, are automatically assigned the right to participate in a Folketing election as a registered party.
Folketing - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (629 words)
The Folketing, or Folketinget, is the name of the national parliament of Denmark.
From 1849 to 1953 the Folketing was one of the two houses in the bicameral parliament known as the Rigsdag; the other house was known as the "Landsting".
Details of the election provedure are given by law: Currently 135 of Folketing members are elected by proportional representation in 17 districts, and 40 others are allotted in proportion to their total vote.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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