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Encyclopedia > Folk Dance

Folk dance is a term used to describe a large number of dances, mostly of European origin, that tend to share the following attributes:

  • They were originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not currently copyrighted);
  • Their performance is dominated by an inherited tradition rather than by innovation;
  • They were danced by common people and not exclusively by aristocracy;
  • They have been developed spontaneously and there is no governing body that has final say over what "the dance" is or who is authorized to teach it. This also means that no one has the final say over the definition of folk dance or the minimum age for such dances.

Folk dances are traditionally performed during social events by people with little or no professional training. New dancers often learn informally by observing others and/or receiving help from others. Folk dancing is viewed as more of a social activity rather than competitive, although there are professional and semi-professional folk dance groups, and occasional folk dance competitions. The copyright symbol is used to give notice that a work is covered by copyright. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      The term aristocracy refers to a form of government where power is held by a small number of individuals from an elite or from noble families. ... Social dance is a major category or classification of danceforms or dance styles, where sociability and socializing are the primary focuses of the dancing. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2408x1724, 1192 KB) Morris dancing in the grounds of Wells Cathedral, Wells, England. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2408x1724, 1192 KB) Morris dancing in the grounds of Wells Cathedral, Wells, England. ... Cotswold morris with handkerchiefs A morris dance is a form of English folk dance usually accompanied with music. ... The west front, completed c. ... For other uses, see Wells (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

Terminology

The term "folk dance" is sometimes applied to dances of historical European culture; typically originated before 20th century. For other cultures the terms "ethnic dance" or "traditional dance" are sometimes used, although the latter terms may encompass ceremonial dances. Ceremonial dance is a major category or classification of dance forms or dance styles, where the purpose is ceremonial or ritualistic. ...


There are a number of modern dances, such as hip hop dance, that evolve spontaneously, but the term "folk dance" is generally not applied to them, and the terms "street dance" or "vernacular dance" are used instead. The term "folk dance" is reserved for dances which are to a significant degree bound by European tradition and originated in the times when the distinction existed between the dances of "common folk" and the dances of the "high society".


A number of modern ballroom dances originated from folk ones.


The terms "ethnic" and "traditional" are used when it is required to emphasize the cultural roots of the dance. In this sense, nearly all folk dances are ethnic ones. If some dances, such as polka, cross ethnic boundaries and even cross the boundary between "folk" and "ballroom dance", ethnic differences are often considerable enough to mention, e.g., Czech polka vs. German polka.


Not all ethnic dances are folk dances; for example, ritual dances or dances of ritual origin are not considered to be folk dances.Ritual dances are usually called "Religious dances" because of their purpose.


Types of folk dance

A Ball de bastons stick dance from Catalonia
A Ball de bastons stick dance from Catalonia

Types of folk dance include clogging, English country dance, international folk dance, Irish dance, Maypole dance, Morris dance, Nordic polska dance, Ball de bastons, square dance, and sword dance. Some choreographed dances such as contra dance, Israeli folk dance, Scottish country dance, and modern Western square dance, are called folk dances, though this is not true in the strictest sense. Country dance overlaps with contemporary folk dance and ballroom dance. Most country dances and ballroom dances originated from folk dances, with gradual refinement over the years. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2240x1488, 818 KB) Sumari stick dance, danza de bastones, dansa de bastoners Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Folk dance Metadata This file contains additional information... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2240x1488, 818 KB) Sumari stick dance, danza de bastones, dansa de bastoners Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Folk dance Metadata This file contains additional information... The ball de bastons (Catalan: ) is a kind of folk dance from Catalonia. ... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ... Clogging is a traditional type of percussive folk dance which is associated with a number of different regions across the world. ... English Country Dance, sometimes abbreviated ECD, is a form of folk dance. ... International folk dance is a genre of dance wherein selected folk dances from multiple ethnic groups are done by the same dancers, typically as part of a regular recreational dance club, for performances or at other events. ... Irish dancers at St. ... Dancing around the maypole, in Åmmeberg, Sweden Maypole dancing is a traditional form of folk dance from western Europe, especially England, Sweden and Germany. ... Cotswold morris with handkerchiefs A morris dance is a form of English folk dance usually accompanied with music. ... The ball de bastons (Catalan: ) is a kind of folk dance from Catalonia. ... Square dance is often used as a general term for modern Western square dance. ... Although sometimes treated as a form of morris dance, sword dancers are proud of their own tradition and often wish to be treated as a traditional dance category in its own right. ... Choreography (also known as dance composition) is the art of making structures in which movement occurs, the term composition may also refer to the navigation or connection of these movement structures. ... Contredanse redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Scottish country dancing at the 2005 Skagit Valley Highland Games in Mount Vernon, Washington Scottish country dancing, SCD or reeling is a form of social dance involving groups of mixed couples of dancers tracing progressive patterns according to a predetermined choreography. ... The following dance categories are closely related to each other: Folk dance Folk dance is a term used to encompass a large number of dances that tend to share the following attributes: They were originally danced in about the 19th century or earlier (or are, in any case, not currently...


Folk dances are part of the overall culture of the country, and often have common features. People familiar with folk dancing can often determine what country a dance is from even if they have not seen that particular dance before. Some countries' dances have features that are unique to that country, although neighboring countries sometimes have similar features. For example, the German and Austrian schuhplattling dance consists of slapping the body and shoes in a fixed pattern, a feature that few other countries' dances have. Folk dances sometimes evolved long before current political boundaries, so that certain dances are shared by several countries. For example, some Serbian, Bulgarian, and Croatian dances share the same or similar dances, and sometimes even use the same name and music for those dances. The Schuhplattler is a traditional folk dance from Bavaria and Austria. ...


Although folk dancing was historically done by the common people of the local culture, international folk dance has received some popularity on college campuses and community centers within the United States and other countries. International folk dance is a genre of dance wherein selected folk dances from multiple ethnic groups are done by the same dancers, typically as part of a regular recreational dance club, for performances or at other events. ...


Mexican Folkloric dance developed over five centuries from the pre-Columbian, the Spanish conquest, the French Intervention which included an Austrian influence, the Porfiriato, and the 1910 Revolution to the modern. The fusion of all these influences with the indigenous created over 300 dance styles, within the thirty-two Mexican states, that are now just "Mexican" and unique. (From The Mexican Folkloric Dance Company of Chicago, www.mexfoldanco.org).


Folk dancing in the media

From the 1950 to the 60s, The White Heather Club broadcast Scottish country dancing live on television. The band was led by Jimmy Shand. Later, Richard Thompson wrote a song entitled "Don't Sit On My Jimmy Shands", a reference to the many dance records recorded by Jimmy Shand. In the 1960s, this movement was supported by record labels such as Folk Dancer by Michael and Maryann Herman, and the Folkways Records label by Moses Asch (currently part of the Smithsonian Institution). The White Heather Club was a BBC TV Scottish dancing show that ran on and off from May 7, 1958 to 1968. ... James Shand (January 28, 1908—December 23, 2000) was a Scottish musician who played traditional Scottish dance music on the accordion. ... Folkways Records is a record label founded by Moses Asch. ... Moses (Moe) Asch was the founder of Folkways Records and a key figure in bringing folk music into the American mainstream. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ...


See also

This is a list of ethnic, folk, traditional, regional, or otherwise traditionally assiciated with a particular ethnicity, dances , grouped by ethnicity, country or region. ... These should be the most basic topics in the field--topics about which wed like to have articles soon. ... International folk dance is a genre of dance wherein selected folk dances from multiple ethnic groups are done by the same dancers, typically as part of a regular recreational dance club, for performances or at other events. ... Der Kinderreigen (Childrens dances) by Thoma, Hans shows children engaged in the traditional Austrian Round dance. ... Boombal (pl. ... Bulgarian folk dances are intimately related to the music of Bulgaria. ... China National Ethnic Song and Dance Ensemble Each of China’s 55 ethnic minority groups possesses its own vibrant and unique arts traditions. ... Contredanse redirects here. ... Country/western dance, also called Country and Western dance, encompasses many dance forms or styles, which are typically danced to country-western music, and which are stylistically associated with American country and/or western traditions. ... Igor A. Moiseyev Igor Alexandrovich Moiseyev (Russian: ; born Kiev, January 21 [O.S. January 8] 1906) has been widely acclaimed as the greatest 20th-century choreographer of folk dance. ... Indian folk and tribal dances are simple dances, and are performed to express joy. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Kolo (Serbian Cyrillic: Коло , Croatian Latin: Кolo) is a collective folk dance, where a group of people (usually several dozen, at the very least three) hold each other by the hands or around the waist dancing, ideally in a circle, hence the name. ... Scottish country dancing at the 2005 Skagit Valley Highland Games in Mount Vernon, Washington Scottish country dancing, SCD or reeling is a form of social dance involving groups of mixed couples of dancers tracing progressive patterns according to a predetermined choreography. ... A young highland dancer demonstrates her form in the Scottish sword at the 2005 Bellingham (Washington) Highland Games The term Highland dancing is used today to refer to a style of athletic solo dancing which evolved into its current form during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in the context of... Square dance is a folk dance for four couples that was first described in 17th century England, but which has become associated with the United States of America due to its historic development in that country. ... Social dance is a major category or classification of danceforms or dance styles, where sociability and socializing are the primary focuses of the dancing. ... Tinikling is a Filipino folk dance, often dubbed the Philippine National Dance. ... A Ukrainian dance troupe at the BC Ukrainian Cultural Festival Ukrainian Dance most often to refers to Ukrainian Folk-Stage Dance (as it is known by ethnographers and dance historians), a stylized form of a Folk Dance based in part on the movements contained in, and the actual traditional dances...

External links

  • Folk festivals around the world
  • Folk Dancing at the Open Directory Project
  • Additional folk dance information
  • Folk Dance Association (US and Canada)
  • International folk dance articles
  • Largest collection of folk dance videos online on Dancilla

  Results from FactBites:
 
International folk dance - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (441 words)
International folk dance is a genre of dance wherein selected folk dances from multiple ethnic groups are done by the same dancers, typically as part of one event.
International folk dance developed in the immigrant communities of the United States of America during the first half of the 20th century.
Traditional dances such as branles, the polka, et al., have been done internationally for hundreds of years; however, the creation of international folk dance as such is often attributed to Vytautas Beliajus, a Lithuanian-American who studied, taught, and performed dances from various ethnic traditions in the 1930s.
Folk dance - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (746 words)
Folk dancing is viewed as more of a social activity rather than competitive, although there are professional and semi-professional folk dance groups, and occasional folk dance competitions.
There are a number of modern dances such as hip hop that evolve spontaneously, but the term "folk dances" is generally not applied to them, and the terms "street dance" or "vernacular dance" are used instead.
The term "folk dances" is reserved for dances which are to a significant degree bound by European tradition and originated in the times when the distinction existed between the dances of "common folk" and the dances of the "high society".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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